Transportation Safety Board Regulations

Version of section 2 from 2014-07-01 to 2018-11-22:

Marginal note:Report to Board

  •  (1) The owner, operator, pilot-in-command, any crew member of the aircraft and any person providing air traffic services that have direct knowledge of an occurrence must report the following aviation occurrences to the Board if they result directly from the operation of an aircraft:

    • (a) in the case of an accident

      • (i) a person is killed or sustains a serious injury as a result of

        • (A) being on board the aircraft,

        • (B) coming into direct contact with any part of the aircraft, including parts that have become detached from the aircraft, or

        • (C) being directly exposed to jet blast, rotor down wash or propeller wash,

      • (ii) the aircraft sustains structural failure or damage that adversely affects the aircraft’s structural strength, performance or flight characteristics and would normally require major repair or replacement of any affected component, except for

        • (A) engine failure or damage, when the damage is limited to the engine, its cowlings or accessories, or

        • (B) damage limited to propellers, wing tips, antennae, tires, brakes, fairings or small dents or puncture holes in the aircraft’s skin, or

      • (iii) the aircraft is missing or inaccessible; and

    • (b) in the case of an incident involving an aircraft having a maximum certificated take-off weight greater than 2 250 kg, or of an aircraft being operated under an air operator certificate issued under Part VII of the Canadian Aviation Regulations

      • (i) an engine fails or is shut down as a precautionary measure,

      • (ii) a power train transmission gearbox malfunction occurs,

      • (iii) smoke is detected or a fire occurs on board,

      • (iv) difficulties in controlling the aircraft are encountered owing to any aircraft system malfunction, weather phenomena, wake turbulence, uncontrolled vibrations or operations outside the flight envelope,

      • (v) the aircraft fails to remain within the intended landing or take-off area, lands with all or part of the landing gear retracted or drags a wing tip, an engine pod or any other part of the aircraft,

      • (vi) a crew member whose duties are directly related to the safe operation of the aircraft is unable to perform their duties as a result of a physical incapacitation which poses a threat to the safety of persons, property or the environment,

      • (vii) depressurization of the aircraft occurs that requires an emergency descent,

      • (viii) a fuel shortage occurs that requires a diversion or requires approach and landing priority at the destination of the aircraft,

      • (ix) the aircraft is refuelled with the incorrect type of fuel or contaminated fuel,

      • (x) a collision, a risk of collision or a loss of separation occurs,

      • (xi) a crew member declares an emergency or indicates an emergency that requires priority handling by air traffic services or the standing by of emergency response services,

      • (xii) a slung load is released unintentionally or as a precautionary or emergency measure from the aircraft, or

      • (xiii) any dangerous goods are released in or from the aircraft.

  • Marginal note:Information in report

    (2) The report must contain the following information:

    • (a) the type, model, nationality and registration marks of the aircraft;

    • (b) the name of the owner, operator, pilot-in-command and, if applicable, hirer of the aircraft;

    • (c) the last point of departure and the intended destination of the aircraft, including the date and time of the departure;

    • (d) the date and time of the occurrence;

    • (e) the name of the person providing air traffic services related to the occurrence;

    • (f) the number of crew members, passengers and other persons involved in the occurrence and the number of those who were killed or sustained serious injuries as a result of the occurrence;

    • (g) the location of the occurrence by reference to an easily defined geographical point, or by latitude and longitude;

    • (h) a description of the occurrence and the extent of any resulting damage to the environment and to the aircraft and any other property;

    • (i) a list of any dangerous goods carried on board or released from the aircraft, including the shipping name or UN number and consignor and consignee information;

    • (j) if the aircraft is missing or inaccessible

      • (i) the last known position of the aircraft by reference to an easily defined geographical point, or by latitude and longitude, including the date and time that the aircraft was at that position, and

      • (ii) the actions taken or planned to locate or gain access to the aircraft;

    • (k) a description of any action taken or planned to protect persons, property and the environment;

    • (l) the name and title of the person making the report and the phone number and address at which they can be reached; and

    • (m) any information specific to the occurrence that the Board requires.

  • Marginal note:Time limit

    (3) The person making the report must send to the Board

    • (a) as soon as possible and by the quickest means available, all the information required under subsection (2) that is available at the time of the occurrence; and

    • (b) the remainder of that information as soon as it becomes available within 30 days after the occurrence.

  • Marginal note:Agreement

    (4) The Board and any person mentioned in subsection (1) may enter into an agreement regarding a format and time frame for reporting aviation occurrences that are not likely to require immediate Board response.

  • Marginal note:Exemption

    (5) If a person making a report has sent any information described in subsection (2) to the Board

    • (a) the Board may exempt other persons from the requirement to send that information; and

    • (b) if the person is a member of a company, any other person from that company is exempt from the requirement to send that information.

  • Marginal note:Definitions

    (6) The following definitions apply in this section.

    air traffic services

    services de la circulation aérienne

    air traffic services has the same meaning as in subsection 101.01(1) of the Canadian Aviation Regulations. (services de la circulation aérienne)



    collision means an impact, other than an impact associated with normal operating circumstances, between aircraft or between an aircraft and another object or terrain. (collision)

    loss of separation

    perte d’espacement

    loss of separation means a situation in which the distance separating two aircraft is less than the minimum established in the Canadian Domestic Air Traffic Control Separation Standards, published by the Department of Transport, as amended from time to time. (perte d’espacement)



    operation means the activities for which an aircraft is used from the time any person boards the aircraft with the intention of flight until they disembark. (exploitation)



    operator has the same meaning as in subsection 101.01(1) of the Canadian Aviation Regulations. (utilisateur)



    owner has the same meaning as in subsection 101.01(1) of the Canadian Aviation Regulations. (propriétaire)

    risk of collision

    risque de collision

    risk of collision means a situation in which an aircraft comes so close to being involved in a collision that a threat to the safety of any person, property or the environment exists. (risque de collision)

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