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Playpens Regulations (SOR/2018-186)

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Regulations are current to 2020-07-28 and last amended on 2019-04-03. Previous Versions

Playpens Regulations

SOR/2018-186

CANADA CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT

Registration 2018-09-26

Playpens Regulations

P.C. 2018-1187 2018-09-24

Her Excellency the Governor General in Council, on the recommendation of the Minister of Health, pursuant to section 37Footnote a of the Canada Consumer Product Safety ActFootnote b, makes the annexed Playpens Regulations.

Interpretation

Marginal note:Definitions

 The following definitions apply in these Regulations.

accessory

accessory means a product, including a change table accessory and a sleep accessory, that is designed or advertised to be used with a playpen and that has the following characteristics:

  • (a) it is designed to support the weight of a child;

  • (b) it can be placed on or fixed to the playpen; and

  • (c) its primary function is

    • (i) in the case of a change table accessory, to allow the changing of a child’s diaper or the dressing of a child,

    • (ii) in the case of a sleep accessory that has sides to confine the child, to provide sleeping accommodation for a child, and

    • (iii) in any other case, to provide a play area for a child or an area to enable caregiver-child interaction. (accessoire)

fastener

fastener includes all of the following items:

  • (a) items that, once installed on a playpen or accessory, are capable of being joined or unjoined without the use of any tool or equipment, such as

    • (i) string, cords, straps, wire and other similar items, and

    • (ii) zippers, buttons, snaps and other similar items; and

  • (b) items that join two objects together on being installed on a playpen or accessory, such as screws, bolts, hinges, nails and other similar items. (attaches)

good laboratory practices

good laboratory practices means practices that are in accordance with the principles set out in the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development document entitled OECD Principles of Good Laboratory Practice, Number 1 of the OECD Series on Principles of Good Laboratory Practice and Compliance Monitoring, ENV/MC/CHEM(98)17, the English version of which is dated January 21, 1998 and the French version of which is dated March 6, 1998. (bonnes pratiques de laboratoire)

occupant retention area

occupant retention area means

  • (a) in the case of a playpen, the space that is bounded by the playing surface and the interior surfaces of the playpen’s sides; and

  • (b) in the case of a sleep accessory, the space that is bounded by the sleeping surface and the interior surfaces of the accessory’s sides. (espace de confinement)

playpen

playpen means a product that has the following characteristics:

  • (a) its function is to provide a play area for a child who has a height of 90 cm or less;

  • (b) none of its structural components are inflatable;

  • (c) it has sides, at least one of which is made of a textile or other pliable material, that are attached to its floor;

  • (d) it serves to confine the child; and

  • (e) it can be used as a stand-alone product. (parc pour enfant)

structural cover

structural cover means a structural component of a playpen or sleep accessory that has the following characteristics:

  • (a) it is made of a textile or other pliable material;

  • (b) it attaches to the frame of the playpen or sleep accessory with a zipper, snaps, buttons or other similar fasteners;

  • (c) it completely or partially defines the occupant retention area; and

  • (d) it is removable. (recouvrement structurel)

supplied with

supplied with, in respect of an accessory, means designed to be used and sold together with a specific playpen or accessory that is made by the same manufacturer. (fourni)

Specifications

Requirements for Playpens and Accessories

Marginal note:Toxicity

 Every playpen or accessory that contains a toxic substance must comply with section 25 of the Toys Regulations in relation to that substance.

Marginal note:Coatings

 Every playpen and accessory must be free from any surface coating material that contains any of the following substances:

  • (a) more than 90 mg/kg total lead when the material is tested in accordance with a method that conforms to good laboratory practices;

  • (b) any compound of antimony, arsenic, cadmium, selenium or barium if more than 0.1% w/w of the compound dissolves in 5% hydrochloric acid after being stirred for 10 minutes at 20°C; or

  • (c) any compound of mercury when the material is tested in accordance with a method that conforms to good laboratory practices.

Marginal note:Stitching

 All stitching that forms part of a playpen or accessory must be lock-stitching.

Marginal note:Shearing and pinching

 A playpen or accessory must not have any part that is accessible to the child and that may cause injury to the child due to shearing or pinching.

Marginal note:Parts — textile or other pliable material

 Any part of a playpen or accessory that is made of a textile or other pliable material and that is permanently affixed to a rigid structural component of the product must not, when the playpen or accessory is tested in accordance with Schedule 1, tear or become detached from the component.

Marginal note:Mesh — strength and integrity

  •  (1) Any mesh that is made of a textile or other pliable material and that forms part of a playpen or accessory must not, when tested in accordance with Schedule 2, tear or become detached.

  • Marginal note:Mesh — size of openings

    (2) The openings in mesh that is made of a textile or other pliable material and that forms part of a playpen or accessory must be of such a size that the hemispherical tip of a probe described in Schedule 3 is unable to pass through the openings when tested in accordance with that schedule.

Marginal note:Flammability

 Any part of a playpen or accessory that is made of a textile or other pliable material must have a flame spread time greater than seven seconds, when tested in accordance with the Canadian General Standards Board standard CAN/CGSB-4.2 No. 27.5, entitled Textile Test Methods: Flame Resistance — 45° Angle Test — One-Second Flame Impingement, as amended from time to time, in either of the following circumstances:

  • (a) it does not have a raised fibre surface; or

  • (b) it has a raised fibre surface and, when tested, exhibits ignition or fusion of its base fibres.

Marginal note:Posts

 A post of a playpen or sleep accessory must not extend more than 1.5 mm — measured within 76 mm from the outermost surface of the post — above the lowest point on the upper surface of the higher of the sides that adjoin the post.

Marginal note:Openings — entrapment

 When a playpen or sleep accessory is tested in accordance with Schedule 4, there must not be any completely bounded opening in the surfaces that define the occupant retention area through which a solid rectangular block that measures 60 mm × 100 mm × 100 mm is capable of passing in any orientation.

Marginal note:Parts — wood, plastic or similar hard material

  •  (1) Every exposed part of a playpen or accessory that is made of wood, plastic or a similar hard material must be smoothly finished to eliminate sharp edges and points and be free from cracks, burrs and other defects.

  • Marginal note:Parts — metal

    (2) Every exposed part of a playpen or accessory that is made of metal must be smoothly finished to eliminate sharp edges and points and be free from burrs.

  • Marginal note:Metal tubing

    (3) Every cut edge of any metal tubing that is part of a playpen or accessory must meet one of the following requirements if the cut edge is accessible to the child:

    • (a) it must be smoothly finished to eliminate sharp edges and points and be free from burrs; or

    • (b) it must be protected by a cap that remains in place when the cap is subjected to a force of 90 N applied in any direction.

  • Marginal note:Bolts

    (4) The threaded end of every bolt of a playpen or accessory must, if the end is accessible to the child, be covered by an acorn nut or a device that offers equivalent protection.

Marginal note:Small parts

 Every part of a playpen or accessory that is accessible to the child and that is small enough to be totally enclosed in the small parts cylinder illustrated in Schedule 5 must be affixed to the product so that the part does not become detached when it is subjected to a force of 90 N applied in any direction.

Marginal note:Parts — openings

 Every slot, notch, groove or other opening in a wooden, plastic or metal part of a playpen or accessory — or in a part of one made of a similar hard material — that is accessible to the child must meet one of the following requirements:

  • (a) it must be of such a size and shape that, if it admits a probe that is 5.33 mm in diameter, it will also admit a probe that is 9.53 mm in diameter; or

  • (b) it must have a depth that is not greater than the minor span dimension across its opening, if that minor span dimension is greater than or equal to 5.33 mm and less than 9.53 mm.

Marginal note:Cords and straps — length — general

  •  (1) A cord, strap or other similar item that is attached by only one of its ends to a playpen or sleep accessory must not measure more than 188 mm in length when it is stretched by the gradual application of a force of 22 N.

  • Marginal note:Cords and straps — length — change table accessory

    (2) In the case of a cord, strap or other similar item that is attached by only one of its ends to a change table accessory that is placed on or fixed to a playpen, the portion of the cord, strap or item that extends into the playpen’s occupant retention area must not measure more than 188 mm in length when it is stretched by the gradual application of a force of 22 N.

Marginal note:Cords and straps — loops — general

  •  (1) When tested in accordance with section 1 of Schedule 6, a cord, strap or other similar item that is attached to a playpen or sleep accessory must not be capable of forming either of the following loops:

    • (a) a loop inside the occupant retention area that permits the passage of the small head probe illustrated in the figure to that schedule; or

    • (b) a loop outside the occupant retention area that permits the passage of that probe and that, when the loop is pulled into the occupant retention area, remains there.

  • Marginal note:Cords and straps — loops — change table accessories

    (2) When tested in accordance with section 2 of Schedule 6, a cord, strap or other similar item that is designed to restrain a child in a change table accessory that is placed on or fixed to a playpen must not be capable of forming a loop that can be pulled into the occupant retention area of the playpen and that permits the passage of the small head probe illustrated in the figure to that schedule.

Marginal note:Pads

 A floor pad or mattress pad that is supplied with, or that is designed or advertised to be used with, a playpen or sleep accessory respectively must, when it is installed according to the manufacturer’s instructions, meet the following requirements:

  • (a) it must not be more than 38 mm thick; and

  • (b) it must be of such a size that, when it is pushed firmly against any side of the playpen or sleep accessory, it does not leave a gap of more than 30 mm between the floor pad or mattress pad and any part of any other side.

Additional Requirements for Playpens

Marginal note:Stability

 When a playpen is tested in accordance with Schedule 7, at least three support points, each of which is found below or as close as possible to a post and one of which is not in a straight line with the other two, must remain in contact with the inclined plywood sheet.

Marginal note:Height of sides

 When the top rails of the sides of a playpen are placed in the manufacturer’s recommended use position and no load is applied to its playing surface, the upper surface of the top rail of every side must be at least 508 mm higher than the playing surface.

Marginal note:Side deflection

 The upper surface of the top rail of every side of a playpen must

  • (a) when tested in accordance with paragraphs 1(a) to (e) of Schedule 8, be at least 508 mm higher than the playing surface; and

  • (b) when tested in accordance with paragraphs 1(f) to (k) of Schedule 8, be at least 460 mm higher than the playing surface.

Marginal note:Strength of sides

 The top rail of every side of a playpen that has a hinge and the latching or locking mechanisms of the rail must not, when the playpen is tested in accordance with section 2 of Schedule 8, break or disengage.

Marginal note:Rigid top rails — folding playpen

 A rigid top rail of a folding playpen that has at least two hinges that latch or lock when the playpen is placed in the manufacturer’s recommended use position and that permits the top rail to fold vertically downwards from that position when unlatched or unlocked must meet the following requirements:

  • (a) when the top rail is tested in accordance with section 1 of Schedule 9, it must be possible to insert the probe described in that section into the space that is created by the folding of the top rail to a depth that is equal to or greater than the minimum distance between the opposite folded segments of the top rail; and

  • (b) if at least one of the hinges can be unlatched or unlocked independently from any other hinge, when the top rail is tested in accordance with section 2 of Schedule 9, the interior angle that is formed by the folding of the top rail must be at least 75°, measured within a radius of 76 mm of the hinge that is unlatched or unlocked.

Marginal note:Non-rigid top rails

 A non-rigid top rail of a playpen must not, when tested in accordance with section 3 of Schedule 9, deform so that the surfaces or points that are identified on the template that is illustrated in the figure to that section and that are set out in columns 1 and 2 of the table to that section are in simultaneous contact with the top rail.

Marginal note:Top rails affixed to brackets

 A playpen that has brackets that are affixed to its top rails and that are located above its posts must, when the playpen is tested in accordance with Schedule 10, meet the following requirements:

  • (a) the brackets must be free from any visible cracks;

  • (b) the fasteners of each bracket must not pass completely through any bracket wall; and

  • (c) any part of a fastener must not completely detach.

Marginal note:Latching or locking mechanisms — folding playpens

  •  (1) A folding playpen must have a latching or locking mechanism that prevents the playpen from spontaneously folding up or collapsing when the playpen is placed in the manufacturer’s recommended use position.

  • Marginal note:Latching or locking mechanisms — top rails that fold down

    (2) A latching or locking mechanism that is on the top rail of a folding playpen that has a hinge permitting the rail to fold downwards must latch or lock automatically when the rail is placed in the manufacturer’s recommended use position.

Marginal note:Latching or locking mechanisms — operation

 Every latching or locking mechanism on a playpen must meet one of the following requirements:

  • (a) the mechanism requires a single action to latch or lock it and requires a force of at least 45 N to unlatch or unlock it; or

  • (b) the mechanism requires at least two separate, deliberate and simultaneous actions to unlatch or unlock it.

Marginal note:Appearance of latching or locking — top rails

 When a playpen is tested in accordance with Schedule 11, a top rail of a playpen that has a latching or locking mechanism must fold when the mechanism is unlatched or unlocked.

Marginal note:Entanglement

 When a playpen is tested in accordance with Schedule 12, the load illustrated in Figure 2 to that schedule must not remain caught on any mechanism, fastener or projection of the playpen that is accessible to the child.

Marginal note:Structural integrity

 The playing surface of a playpen, any component of the playpen that is located below the playing surface as well as the playpen’s rigid structural components must not exhibit any damage when the playpen is tested in accordance with Schedule 13.

Marginal note:Vertical displacement — removable floor pad with panel

  •  (1) A removable floor pad of a playpen that is composed of a rigid panel or a series of rigid panels must not, when the playpen is tested in accordance with section 1 of Schedule 14, be displaced upwards more than 133 mm.

  • Marginal note:Vertical displacement — removable and foldable component

    (2) A removable and foldable component of a playpen that is composed of a rigid panel or a series of rigid panels and on which a removable floor pad rests must not, when the playpen is tested in accordance with section 2 of Schedule 14, be displaced upwards more than 133 mm.

Additional Requirements for Accessories

Marginal note:Entrapment — accessory placed on or fixed to playpen

  •  (1) When tested in accordance with section 1 of Schedule 15, any opening that is created when an accessory is placed on or fixed to a playpen must not permit the passage of the small head probe illustrated in Figure 1 to that section unless the opening also permits the passage of the large head probe illustrated in Figure 2 to that section.

  • Marginal note:Entrapment — accessory detached or displaced

    (2) When tested in accordance with section 2 of Schedule 15, any opening that is created when an accessory detaches or is displaced from a playpen must not permit the passage of the small head probe illustrated in Figure 1 to section 1 of that schedule.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (3) Subsections (1) and (2) do not apply in respect of a manufacturer’s recommended use position for an accessory if, in that position, the playpen’s floor pad cannot be used with the playpen.

Marginal note:Structural integrity — sleep and change table accessories

 Every sleep accessory and change table accessory must be capable of supporting one of the following loads at the following locations for 60 seconds without any damage to the accessory:

  • (a) in the case of a sleep accessory, a load of 24 kg that has a square base that measures 152 mm × 152 mm applied to the geometric centre of the sleeping surface and, if the surface has corners, then to each of the corners of the surface successively; and

  • (b) in the case of a change table accessory, a load of 45 kg that has a square base that measures 152 mm × 152 mm applied to the geometric centre of the surface that supports the weight of the child.

Marginal note:Sleep accessories — angle

  •  (1) The angle of the sleeping surface of a sleep accessory must not exceed 7° from the horizontal.

  • Marginal note:Sleep accessories — angle of foldable mattress pad

    (2) The angle of the surfaces adjacent to a fold in a foldable mattress pad that is supplied with, or that is designed or advertised to be used with, a sleep accessory must not, when the sleep accessory is tested in accordance with Schedule 16, exceed 7° from the horizontal.

Marginal note:Sleep accessories that rock or swing — angle

 Every sleep accessory that rocks or swings must meet the following requirements:

  • (a) it does not rock or swing beyond a 20° angle from the horizontal; and

  • (b) its angle at rest does not exceed 7° from the horizontal.

Marginal note:Sleep accessories — height of sides

 The upper surface of every side of a sleep accessory must be at least 191 mm higher than the sleeping surface when no load is applied to the sleeping surface.

Marginal note:Sleep accessories — restraint systems

 A sleep accessory must not have a child restraint system.

Information and Advertising

General Provisions

Marginal note:Reference to Canada Consumer Product Safety Act or Regulations

 Information that appears on a playpen or accessory, that accompanies one or that is in any advertisement for one must not make any direct or indirect reference to the Canada Consumer Product Safety Act or these Regulations.

Marginal note:Advertising

 An advertisement must not show a playpen or accessory in any way that is contrary to the warnings set out in sections 44 to 49.

Presentation of Information

Marginal note:Presentation — general

 The information required by these Regulations must meet all of the following requirements:

  • (a) it must be displayed in both English and French;

  • (b) it must be printed on the playpen or accessory, or on a label that is permanently affixed to it;

  • (c) it must be legible and clearly displayed, including being printed in characters whose colour contrasts sharply with the background; and

  • (d) it must be sufficiently durable to remain legible or visible, as the case may be, throughout the useful life of the playpen or accessory under normal conditions of transportation, storage, sale and use.

Marginal note:Print

  •  (1) The required information must be printed in a standard sans-serif type that

    • (a) is not compressed, expanded or decorative; and

    • (b) has a large x-height relative to the ascender or descender of the type, as illustrated in Schedule 17.

  • Marginal note:Height of type

    (2) The height of the type is determined by measuring an upper case letter or a lower case letter that has an ascender or a descender, such as “b” or “p”.

Marginal note:Signal words

  •  (1) The signal words “WARNING” and “MISE EN GARDE” must be displayed in boldfaced, upper case type that is not less than 5 mm in height.

  • Marginal note:Other information — height of type

    (2) All other required information must be displayed in type that is not less than 2.5 mm in height.

Requirements for Playpens and Accessories

Marginal note:Required information

 The following information must appear on every playpen and on every accessory that is sold separately, as well as on any packaging in which one of those products is displayed to the consumer:

  • (a) in the case of a playpen or accessory that is manufactured in Canada, the name and principal place of business of the manufacturer or the person for whom the playpen or accessory was manufactured;

  • (b) in the case of a playpen or accessory that is imported for commercial purposes, the name and principal place of business of the manufacturer, the person for whom the playpen or accessory was manufactured or the importer;

  • (c) its model name or model number; and

  • (d) the expression “DATE:” followed immediately by words or numbers that indicate when it was manufactured, consisting of the year and either the month or week, listed in that order.

Marginal note:Assembly and use — playpens

  •  (1) The following information must appear on every playpen in text, drawings or photographs, or in any combination of them:

    • (a) instructions on how to assemble it and a quantitative list of its parts, if it is sold not fully assembled; and

    • (b) instructions on how to fold and unfold it, if it is a folding playpen.

  • Marginal note:Assembly and use — accessories

    (2) The following information must appear on every accessory in text, drawings or photographs, or in any combination of them:

    • (a) instructions on how to assemble it and a quantitative list of its parts, if it is sold not fully assembled;

    • (b) instructions on how to fold and unfold it, if it is a folding accessory; and

    • (c) instructions on how to place it on or fix it to a playpen.

  • Marginal note:Exception — accessories supplied with playpens

    (3) Despite subsection (2), if the accessory is supplied with a playpen, the information required by that subsection may appear on the playpen.

Marginal note:Exception — Pouches

 Despite paragraph 38(b), the information that is required by section 42 may be contained in or on a pouch that is permanently affixed to the playpen or accessory if the relevant warnings set out in sections 44 to 49 are provided with that information.

Additional Requirements for Playpens

Marginal note:Warning — all playpens

 The following warning or its equivalent must appear on every playpen:

WARNING

  •  
    Do not use this playpen if you cannot exactly follow the instructions that come with it.
  •  
    Do not use this playpen for a child who can climb out of it or who is taller than 90 cm.
  •  
    Do not place any cord, strap or similar item in or near this playpen that could become wrapped around a child’s neck.
  •  
    Do not place this playpen near a window or patio door where a child could reach the cord of a blind or curtain and be strangled.
  •  
    Check this playpen regularly before using it, and do not use it if any part is loose or missing or if there are any signs of damage. Do not substitute parts. Contact the manufacturer if replacement parts or additional instructions are needed.
  •  
    Children can suffocate on soft bedding. Do not place pillows, comforters or an additional floor pad in this playpen.
  •  
    Do not leave a child unattended in this playpen.

MISE EN GARDE

  •  
    Ne pas utiliser ce parc pour enfant à moins d’être en mesure de suivre précisément les instructions qui l’accompagnent.
  •  
    Ne pas utiliser ce parc pour enfant si l’enfant est capable d’en sortir ou mesure plus de 90 cm.
  •  
    Ne pas mettre dans ce parc pour enfant ou à proximité de celui-ci des cordes, sangles ou objets semblables qui risqueraient de s’enrouler autour du cou de l’enfant.
  •  
    Ne pas placer ce parc pour enfant près d’une fenêtre ou d’une porte-fenêtre où l’enfant pourrait saisir les cordes d’un store ou d’un rideau et s’étrangler.
  •  
    Vérifier régulièrement ce parc pour enfant préalablement à son utilisation et ne pas l’utiliser si une pièce est desserrée, une pièce est manquante ou s’il y a un signe de dommages. Ne pas substituer une pièce à une autre. Communiquer avec le fabricant pour obtenir, au besoin, une pièce de rechange ou des instructions supplémentaires.
  •  
    Les articles de literie mous présentent un risque de suffocation pour l’enfant. Ne pas mettre d’oreiller, d’édredon ou de matelas de sol supplémentaire dans ce parc pour enfant.
  •  
    Ne pas laisser sans surveillance un enfant qui utilise ce parc pour enfant.

Marginal note:Warning — folding playpens

 The following warning or its equivalent must appear on every folding playpen, immediately after the warning required by section 44:

WARNING

  •  
    Ensure that the sides of this playpen are properly latched or locked in the appropriate position before placing a child in it.

MISE EN GARDE

  •  
    S’assurer que les côtés de ce parc pour enfant sont bien enclenchés ou verrouillés à la position appropriée avant d’y placer un enfant.

Additional Requirements for Accessories

General

Marginal note:Warning — accessories

 The following warning or its equivalent must appear on every accessory:

WARNING

  •  
    Do not use this accessory if you cannot exactly follow the instructions that come with it.

MISE EN GARDE

  •  
    Ne pas utiliser cet accessoire à moins d’être en mesure de suivre précisément les instructions qui l’accompagnent.

Marginal note:Warning — accessories — occupant retention area

 The following warning or its equivalent must appear on every accessory that extends over or into the occupant retention area, immediately after the warning required by section 46:

WARNING

  •  
    Remove this accessory when a child is in the playpen.

MISE EN GARDE

  •  
    Retirer cet accessoire si l’enfant occupe le parc pour enfant.

Marginal note:Warning — accessories other than sleep accessories

 The following warning or its equivalent must appear on every accessory other than a sleep accessory, immediately after the warnings required by sections 46 and 47:

WARNING

  •  
    Do not use this accessory for a child who has reached [insert manufacturer’s recommended weight limit].
  •  
    Do not leave a child unattended in or on this accessory.
  •  
    Do not put a child to sleep or leave a sleeping child in or on this accessory.

MISE EN GARDE

  •  
    Ne pas utiliser cet accessoire si l’enfant a atteint [insérer le poids maximal recommandé par le fabricant].
  •  
    Ne pas laisser sans surveillance un enfant qui utilise cet accessoire.
  •  
    Ne pas utiliser cet accessoire pour y faire dormir un enfant ou l’y laisser dormir.

Sleep Accessories

Marginal note:Warning — sleep accessories

 The following warning or its equivalent must appear on every sleep accessory immediately after the warnings required by sections 46 and 47:

WARNING

  •  
    Do not use this accessory for a child who can roll over or who has reached [insert manufacturer’s recommended weight limit].
  •  
    Do not place any cord, strap or similar item in or near this accessory that could become wrapped around a child’s neck.
  •  
    Check this accessory regularly before using it, and do not use it if any part is loose or missing or if there are any signs of damage. Do not substitute parts. Contact the manufacturer if replacement parts or additional instructions are needed.
  •  
    Children can suffocate on soft bedding. Do not place pillows, comforters or an additional mattress pad in this accessory.

MISE EN GARDE

  •  
    Ne pas utiliser cet accessoire si l’enfant est capable de se retourner ou a atteint [insérer le poids maximal recommandé par le fabricant].
  •  
    Ne pas mettre dans cet accessoire ou à proximité de celui-ci des cordes, sangles ou objets semblables qui risqueraient de s’enrouler autour du cou de l’enfant.
  •  
    Vérifier régulièrement cet accessoire préalablement à son utilisation et ne pas l’utiliser si une pièce est desserrée, une pièce est manquante ou s’il y a un signe de dommages. Ne pas substituer une pièce à une autre. Communiquer avec le fabricant pour obtenir, au besoin, une pièce de rechange ou des instructions supplémentaires.
  •  
    Les articles de literie mous présentent un risque de suffocation pour l’enfant. Ne pas mettre d’oreiller, d’édredon ou de matelas supplémentaire dans cet accessoire.

Repeal

 The Playpens RegulationsFootnote 1 are repealed.

Coming into Force

Marginal note:Six months after publication

Footnote * These Regulations come into force on the day that, in the sixth month after the month in which they are published in the Canada Gazette, Part II, has the same calendar number as the day on which they are published or, if that sixth month has no day with that number, the last day of that sixth month.

SCHEDULE 1(Section 6)Test for Strength of Parts Made of a Textile or Other Pliable Material that are Permanently Affixed to a Rigid Structural Component

  • 1 The following method is to be used for testing the strength of playpen or accessory parts that are made of a textile or other pliable material and that are permanently affixed to a rigid structural component of the product:

    • (a) assemble the playpen or accessory according to the manufacturer’s instructions, omitting any attachments that could interfere with the conduct of the test;

    • (b) over a period of five seconds, gradually apply a force of 130 N using a clamp with a 19-mm diameter clamping surface to a part that is made of a textile or other pliable material and that is permanently affixed to a rigid structural component, in the direction that is most likely to cause the part to tear or become detached from the component, and maintain the force for 10 seconds; and

    • (c) repeat the step set out in paragraph (b) for all the other playpen or accessory parts that are made of a textile or other pliable material and that are permanently affixed to a rigid structural component.

SCHEDULE 2(Subsection 7(1))Test for Strength of Mesh and Integrity of Attachment

  • 1 The following method is to be used for testing the strength of mesh on a playpen or accessory and the integrity of its attachment to that product:

    • (a) assemble the playpen or accessory according to the manufacturer’s instructions, omitting any attachments that could interfere with the conduct of the test;

    • (b) place the playpen or accessory on a horizontal surface on its side so that the side with the mesh panel that is being tested is positioned above the opposite side and, if necessary, secure it by using any blocking or support that maintains its position and that does not act directly on the frame of the side that is being tested;

    • (c) apply a load of 9.18 kg that has a rectangular base that measures 150 mm × 75 mm to the geometric centre of the mesh panel or, if any exterior framing interferes with the test, as close as possible to the geometric centre, so that the 150-mm dimension of the load is aligned parallel to the top rail of the side that is being tested, in the following way:

      • (i) gradually apply the load over a period of five seconds,

      • (ii) leave the load in place for 10 seconds,

      • (iii) gradually remove the load over a period of five seconds, and

      • (iv) allow a recovery time of 10 seconds;

    • (d) repeat the step set out in paragraph (c) nine times for a total of 10 applications;

    • (e) repeat the steps set out in paragraphs (c) and (d) on the top portion of the mesh panel in the following way:

      • (i) align the load so that the 75-mm dimension is parallel to the top edge of the mesh panel, and

      • (ii) apply the load to the mesh panel so that the centre of the 75-mm dimension of the load is 25 mm below the centre of the top edge of the panel;

    • (f) repeat the steps set out in paragraphs (c) and (d) on the bottom portion of the mesh panel in the following way:

      • (i) align the load so that the 75-mm dimension is parallel to the bottom edge of the mesh panel, and

      • (ii) apply the load to the mesh panel so that the centre of the 75-mm dimension of the load is 25 mm above the centre of the bottom edge of the panel;

    • (g) if the bottom of the playpen or accessory has a mesh panel, place the product upside down on a horizontal surface and, if necessary, secure it by using any blocking or support that maintains its position and that does not act directly on the frame of the bottom of the product, and repeat the steps set out in paragraphs (c) to (f); and

    • (h) repeat the steps set out in paragraphs (b) to (g) on all the other mesh panels of the playpen or accessory.

SCHEDULE 3(Subsection 7(2))Test for Determination of Mesh Size

  • 1 The following method is to be used for testing the size of openings in mesh on a playpen or accessory:

    • (a) assemble the playpen or accessory according to the manufacturer’s instructions, omitting any attachments that could interfere with the conduct of the test; and

    • (b) using a probe that has a hemispherical tip with a diameter of 6.3 mm, attempt to pass the tip of the probe through openings in the mesh at 10 evenly distributed locations by gradually applying a force of 22 N to the probe perpendicularly to the plane of the mesh.

SCHEDULE 4(Section 10)Test for Openings

  • 1 The following method is to be used for testing completely bounded openings that are formed or exposed in the surfaces that define the occupant retention area of a playpen or sleep accessory:

    • (a) assemble the playpen or sleep accessory according to the manufacturer’s instructions, omitting any attachments that could interfere with the conduct of the test;

    • (b) inside the occupant retention area, place a solid rectangular block that measures 60 mm × 100 mm × 100 mm against a side of the playpen or sleep accessory in a location where the application of force is likely to create or expose a completely bounded opening;

    • (c) gradually apply a force of 90 N to the block over a period of five seconds and maintain the force for an additional 10 seconds;

    • (d) repeat the steps set out in paragraphs (b) and (c) for all the other locations that are likely to create or expose a completely bounded opening in that side;

    • (e) repeat the steps set out in paragraphs (b) to (d) for all the other sides;

    • (f) repeat the steps set out in paragraphs (b) to (d) for the playing surface or sleeping surface, but place the block on the surface;

    • (g) by gradually applying a force of 90 N over a period of five seconds and maintaining the force for an additional 10 seconds, attempt to pass the block, in all possible orientations, through any completely bounded opening that is located — or that was created or exposed as a result of the steps set out in paragraphs (b) to (f) — in each of the surfaces that define the occupant retention area;

    • (h) if the playpen or sleep accessory has a structural cover, attempt to undo the zippers, snaps or other similar fasteners that attach it to the playpen or accessory by applying a force of 90 N in any direction to each of them; and

    • (i) repeat the step set out in paragraph (g) for all the other completely bounded openings that are created or exposed in the surfaces that define the occupant retention area.

SCHEDULE 5(Section 12)Small Parts Cylinder

A sectional view of the small parts cylinder which is a hollow cylinder with an inner diameter of 31.7 mm. The inner base of the cylinder is diagonal at a 45° angle so that the minimum depth of the cylinder is 25.4 mm and the maximum depth of the cylinder is 57.1 mm.

SCHEDULE 6(Section 15)Tests for Loops

Playpens and Sleep Accessories

  • 1 The following method is to be used for testing a loop that is formed by a cord, strap or other similar item of a playpen or sleep accessory:

    • (a) assemble the playpen or sleep accessory according to the manufacturer’s instructions, omitting any attachments that could interfere with the conduct of the test;

    • (b) if the product is a sleep accessory, place the accessory in the manufacturer’s recommended use position on the playpen or fix it in that position to the playpen;

    • (c) select a loop to be tested and, while holding the loop open to its maximum diameter, attempt to pass the small head probe illustrated in the figure to this schedule through the loop;

    • (d) if a loop that allows the passage of the probe is outside the occupant retention area, apply a force of 22 N to the loop to attempt to pull it into the occupant retention area;

    • (e) release the loop and observe whether the loop remains inside the occupant retention area; and

    • (f) repeat the steps set out in paragraphs (c) to (e) for all the other loops.

Change Table Accessories

  • 2 The following method is to be used for testing a cord, strap or other similar item of a change table accessory that is designed to restrain a child:

    • (a) assemble the playpen and the change table accessory according to the manufacturer’s instructions, omitting any attachments that could interfere with the conduct of the test;

    • (b) place the change table accessory in the manufacturer’s recommended use position on the playpen or fix it in that position to the playpen;

    • (c) if the change table accessory has at least one opening, select a cord, strap or other similar item to be tested and, with it unfastened, apply a push or pull force to it of at most 111 N and attempt to pass it into the occupant retention area through the opening and, if a loop forms inside the occupant retention area, hold the loop open to its maximum diameter and attempt to pass the small head probe illustrated in the figure to this schedule through the loop;

    • (d) repeat the step set out in paragraph (c) for all the other cords, straps or similar items;

    • (e) if two cords, straps or other similar items pass into the occupant retention area, adjust them to their greatest length and fasten them together according to the manufacturer’s instructions to form a loop and, while holding the loop open to its maximum diameter, attempt to pass the small head probe illustrated in the figure to this schedule through the loop;

    • (f) unfasten the cords, straps or other similar items and pull them from the opening referred to in paragraph (c);

    • (g) repeat the steps set out in paragraphs (c) to (f) for all the other possible combinations of openings and cords, straps or other similar items;

    • (h) adjust the cords, straps or other similar items to their greatest length, fasten them together and then drape the loop that is formed over the side of the change table accessory so that it hangs inside the occupant retention area and, while holding the loop open to its maximum diameter, attempt to pass the small head probe illustrated in the figure to this schedule through the part of the loop that is inside the occupant retention area;

    • (i) repeat the step set out in paragraph (h) for all the other possible combinations of cords, straps or other similar items;

    • (j) repeat the step set out in paragraph (c) for fastened cords, straps or other similar items; and

    • (k) repeat the step set out in paragraph (j) for all the other possible combinations of openings and fastened cords, straps or other similar items.

    Figure — Small head probe

    The small head probe simulates the head of a fifth percentile six-month-old child. The small head probe is an oval cylinder with a width of 144.8 mm, a depth of 109.2 mm and a height of 132.1 mm. The top surface is convex and has a radius of 54.6 mm. A handle protrudes from the bottom surface.

SCHEDULE 7(Section 17)Test for Stability

  • 1 The following method is to be used for testing the stability of a playpen:

    • (a) assemble the playpen according to the manufacturer’s instructions, omitting any attachments that could interfere with the conduct of the test;

    • (b) mark each support point of the playpen in order to be able to identify them;

    • (c) place the playpen on a plywood sheet that is 19 mm thick and has a surface area of such a size that all support points are at least 50 mm from any edge of the plywood sheet, orient the playpen so that a pair of adjacent support points is parallel to an edge of the plywood sheet and, if necessary, block the support points to prevent slippage;

    • (d) place the test device illustrated in the figure to this schedule on the playing surface of the playpen in such a way that one of the sides that measures 300 mm is parallel to the edge of the plywood sheet selected under paragraph (c) and is centred along and as close as possible to that side of the playpen;

    • (e) tilt the plywood sheet by pivoting it on the edge that is closest to the testing device until the plywood sheet forms an angle of 10° from the horizontal; and

    • (f) repeat the steps set out in paragraphs (c) to (e) until each support point is tested with each support point that is adjacent to it.

    Figure — Stability test device

    The device is shaped like a bookshelf with a base, three shelves and a top. It is 530 mm tall, 300 mm long and 150 mm deep. The upper surface of the first shelf is 100 mm from the top of the device. The upper surface of the second shelf is 200 mm from the top of the device. The upper surface of the third shelf is 300 mm from the top of the device. Each of the three shelves has a mass of 6.75 kg, with the total device having a mass of 23 kg.

SCHEDULE 8(Sections 19 and 20)Tests for Deflection and Strength of Sides

  • 1 The following method is to be used for testing the deflection of a playpen’s sides:

    • (a) assemble the playpen according to the manufacturer’s instructions, omitting any attachments that could interfere with the conduct of the test;

    • (b) with no load placed on the playing surface, gradually apply a vertical force of 220 N downwards to a location that measures 50 mm on the upper surface of the top rail of a side where the application of the force is likely to cause the top rail to deflect, then maintain the force for 10 seconds;

    • (c) remove the force and measure the distance between the lowest point on the upper surface of the top rail and the playing surface;

    • (d) repeat the steps set out in paragraphs (b) and (c) at all the other locations on the upper surface of the top rail where the application of the force is likely to cause the top rail to deflect;

    • (e) repeat the steps set out in paragraphs (b) to (d) for all the other top rails of the playpen;

    • (f) identify a location that measures 50 mm on the upper surface of a top rail where the application of force is likely to cause the top rail to deflect;

    • (g) place on the playing surface a wooden block that has a square base that measures 152 mm × 152 mm so that the centre of the side of the block that is closest to the top rail is aligned on a vertical axis with the centre of the identified location;

    • (h) place a load of 4.5 kg on the centre of the wooden block;

    • (i) gradually apply a vertical force of 130 N downwards to the location identified in paragraph (f) and then maintain the force for 10 seconds while measuring the distance between the playing surface and the identified location;

    • (j) repeat the steps set out in paragraphs (f) to (i) at all the other locations on the upper surface of the top rail where the application of the force is likely to cause the top rail to deflect; and

    • (k) repeat the steps set out in paragraphs (f) to (j) for all the other top rails of the playpen.

  • 2 The following method is to be used for testing the strength of a side of a playpen that has a hinge:

    • (a) assemble the playpen according to the manufacturer’s instructions, omitting any attachments that could interfere with the conduct of the test, and place the playpen against a wall or in a test device that holds the playpen at a 45° angle from the horizontal;

    • (b) gradually apply, over a period of five seconds, a force of 445 N to a location that measures 50 mm on the upper surface of a top rail that is as close to the centre of the top rail as possible and in a direction that is 45° to the playing surface and towards the interior of the playpen, and maintain the force for 10 seconds; and

    • (c) repeat the step set out in paragraph (b) for all the other top rails of the playpen.

SCHEDULE 9(Sections 21 and 22)Tests for Top Rail Configuration

  • 1 The following method is to be used for testing the space created when a rigid top rail of a folding playpen is folded:

    • (a) assemble the playpen according to the manufacturer’s instructions, omitting any attachments that could interfere with the conduct of the test;

    • (b) fold the playpen completely;

    • (c) position the two opposite folded segments of a top rail parallel to each other so that they are not more than 6 mm from each other, or are as close to being parallel as possible, while making sure that the corner brackets do not overlap, and maintain this position during the test;

    • (d) move aside any parts made of a textile or other pliable material as well as any other part of the playpen that could interfere with the insertion of a probe — that is a rectangular aluminum prism that has a minimum length of 75 mm and square ends that measure 38 mm × 38 mm and whose edges have a radius of curvature of 3 mm — into the space created by the folding of the top rail;

    • (e) place the probe on the lowest possible point between the opposite folded segments in such a way that the lower surface of the probe is in contact with the upper surface of the top rail and that the square end of the probe is perpendicular to the upper surface of the top rail;

    • (f) apply a horizontal force of 45 N to the probe towards the interior of the playpen; and

    • (g) repeat the steps set out in paragraphs (b) to (f) for all the other top rails.

  • 2 The following method is to be used for testing the V-shaped space created by the unlatching or unlocking of only one of the hinges of a rigid top rail of a playpen:

    • (a) assemble the playpen according to the manufacturer’s instructions, omitting any attachments that could interfere with the conduct of the test;

    • (b) unlatch or unlock one of the hinges of a top rail and latch or lock its other hinges;

    • (c) reposition any parts made of a textile or other pliable material that could interfere with the measurement of the angle;

    • (d) attach a load of 4.5 kg to a strap with a width of 25 mm and suspend the strap from the hinge that is unlatched or unlocked for 10 seconds and then remove the load;

    • (e) measure the angle that is formed between the two folded segments of the top rail within a radius of 76 mm of the hinge that is unlatched or unlocked;

    • (f) repeat the steps set out in paragraphs (b) to (e) for all the other hinges of the top rail; and

    • (g) repeat the steps set out in paragraphs (b) to (f) for all the other top rails.

  • 3 The following method is to be used for testing the space created when a non-rigid top rail of a playpen is folded:

    • (a) assemble the playpen according to the manufacturer’s instructions, omitting any attachments that could interfere with the conduct of the test;

    • (b) place the surface identified as surface A of Test Template B illustrated in the figure to this section on the upper surface of a top rail and apply a vertical force of 134 N downwards to Test Template B;

    • (c) while maintaining the force, visually inspect the playpen to determine whether any combination of surfaces and points set out in the table to this section comes into contact with the top rail; and

    • (d) repeat the steps set out in paragraphs (b) and (c) for all the other top rails.

    Figure — Test Template B

    The template is flat and resembles the contour of a child’s head. It has a width of 142.24 mm and a height of 177.80 mm. The bottom of the template is horizontal, is 38.10 mm in length and is designated surface A. The sides are symmetrical in relation to the central axis of the bottom of the template and extend upwards and outwards in such a way that an angle of 37.5° exists between surface A and each of the sides that are designated surface B1 and surface B2, respectively. Those sides extend upwards and outwards until the template reaches its width of 142.24 mm. Two vertical sides, each of which is contiguous to one of the sides that extends outward, rise vertically such that the distance between the highest point of each vertical side and the top of the template is 50.80 mm. The vertical sides are designated surface C1 and surface C2, respectively. The top of the template is convex, has a radius of 75.44 mm and is designated surface D.

    TABLE

    Combinations of Surfaces and Points

    Column 1Column 2
    ItemSurface or point of templateSurface or point of template
    1B1B2
    2C1C2
    3C1D
    4C2D
    5B1C1B2C2
    6C1DC2D

SCHEDULE 10(Section 23)Test for Top Rails Affixed to Brackets

  • 1 The following method is to be used for testing the top rail of a playpen that is affixed to brackets that are located above a post:

    • (a) assemble the playpen according to the manufacturer’s instructions, omitting any attachments that could interfere with the conduct of the test;

    • (b) secure the playpen by using any blocking or support that does not interfere with the conduct of the test;

    • (c) mount at the centre of a top rail a rigid moment arm that has a mass of less than 2.2 kg, has a length of at least 610 mm and has two clamping surfaces — each having a surface area that is a minimum of 6.5 cm2 and a maximum of 26 cm2 — in such a way that it extends horizontally towards the exterior of the playpen;

    • (d) over a period of 10 seconds, gradually apply a force — in a direction that is perpendicular to the moment arm and is upwards — to a location that is 610 mm from the centre of the top rail until a force of 89 N is reached or the moment arm has rotated 90° and then maintain the force for 10 seconds;

    • (e) repeat the steps set out in paragraphs (c) and (d) on the same top rail but apply the force downwards; and

    • (f) repeat the steps set out in paragraphs (c) to (e) for all the other top rails.

SCHEDULE 11(Section 26)Test for Latching or Locking Mechanisms

  • 1 The following method is to be used for testing the latching or locking mechanism of a top rail of a playpen:

    • (a) assemble the playpen according to the manufacturer’s instructions, omitting any attachments that could interfere with the conduct of the test;

    • (b) take the steps that are necessary to ensure that the hinges of only one top rail are unlatched or unlocked and, if applicable, that the centre floor hub is latched or locked;

    • (c) attempt to place the top rail in the manufacturer’s recommended use position;

    • (d) observe whether the top rail folds within two seconds;

    • (e) if the top rail did not fold within the two seconds, gradually apply over a period of five seconds a force of 44 N to the location on the top rail that is most likely to result in the top rail folding, maintain the force for 30 seconds and observe whether the top rail folds while the force is applied;

    • (f) repeat the steps set out in paragraphs (c) to (e) four more times for the same top rail; and

    • (g) repeat the steps set out in paragraphs (b) to (f) for all the other top rails.

SCHEDULE 12(Section 27)Test for Entanglement

  • 1 The following method is to be used for determining whether a mechanism, fastener or projection of a playpen that is accessible to the child poses an entanglement hazard:

    • (a) assemble the playpen according to the manufacturer’s instructions, omitting any attachments that could interfere with the conduct of the test;

    • (b) select a mechanism, fastener or projection to be tested that is accessible to the child;

    • (c) attempt to place the centre axis of the ring gauge illustrated in Figure 1 to this schedule perpendicular to the surface of the component of the playpen to which the mechanism, fastener or projection is affixed;

    • (d) if the mechanism, fastener or projection extends beyond the thickness of the ring gauge, place the short loop of the load illustrated in Figure 2 to this schedule around the mechanism, fastener or projection with the load freely hanging down;

    • (e) repeat the step set out in paragraph (d) using the long loop of the load with the load hanging over the top rail of the playpen and freely hanging on the other side; and

    • (f) repeat the steps set out in paragraphs (c) to (e) for all the other mechanisms, fasteners or projections of the playpen that is accessible to the child.

    Figure 1 — Ring gauge

    The ring gauge is a washer whose interior surface has a diameter of 15.9 mm, whose exterior surface has a diameter of 25.4 mm and whose thickness is 3.0 mm.

    Figure 2 — Load

    The load is a 2-kg cylinder with a diameter of 63.5 mm. One loop having a perimeter of 760 mm or greater and another loop having a perimeter of 150 mm are attached to the top of the load with a closed eye bolt.

SCHEDULE 13(Section 28)Tests for Structural Integrity

  • 1 The following method is to be used for testing the structural integrity of the playing surface of a playpen, of any component of the playpen that is located below the playing surface and of the playpen’s rigid structural components under static conditions:

    • (a) assemble the playpen according to the manufacturer’s instructions, omitting any attachments that could interfere with the conduct of the test;

    • (b) place two wooden blocks, each of which has a square base that measures 152 mm × 152 mm, on the playing surface 152 mm apart at the location that is most likely to be damaged as a result of the step set out in paragraph (c); and

    • (c) apply a load of 23 kg to one block and a load of 14 kg to the other block, and leave the loads in place for 60 seconds.

  • 2 The following method is to be used for testing the structural integrity of the playing surface of a playpen, of any component of the playpen that is located below the playing surface and of the playpen’s rigid structural components under dynamic conditions:

    • (a) assemble the playpen according to the manufacturer’s instructions, omitting any attachments that could interfere with the conduct of the test;

    • (b) place a wooden block that has a square base that measures 152 mm × 152 mm on the playing surface at the location that is most likely to be damaged as a result of the step set out in paragraph (c);

    • (c) using a solid load of 14 kg, cause the load to fall freely onto the block from a height of 76 mm, measured from the upper surface of the block; and

    • (d) repeat the step set out in paragraph (c) 49 times at the rate of no more than 10 seconds between impacts for a total of 50 impacts.

SCHEDULE 14(Section 29)Tests for Vertical Displacement of Removable Floor Pad and Removable and Foldable Component

  • 1 The following method is to be used for testing the vertical displacement of a removable floor pad of a playpen that is composed of a rigid panel or a series of rigid panels:

    • (a) assemble the playpen according to the manufacturer’s instructions, omitting any attachments that could interfere with the conduct of the test;

    • (b) attach a clamp with a 19-mm diameter clamping surface as close as possible to a corner of the removable floor pad;

    • (c) using the clamp, apply a vertical upwards force of 2.2 N;

    • (d) while maintaining the force, select a fixed reference point on the clamp that is near the upper surface of the removable floor pad, and another fixed reference point on the component on which the floor pad rests, directly below the first fixed reference point;

    • (e) using the clamp, gradually apply a vertical upwards force of 66 N over a period of five seconds;

    • (f) while maintaining the force, measure the vertical upwards displacement of the removable floor pad between the fixed reference points;

    • (g) repeat the steps set out in paragraphs (b) to (f) to the other corners; and

    • (h) if the removable floor pad is foldable, repeat the steps set out in paragraphs (b) to (f) to other locations on the removable floor pad that are most likely to be displaced upwards and that are situated along the edges of the removable floor pad that are parallel to the axis around which the floor pad folds.

  • 2 The following method is to be used for testing the vertical displacement of a removable and foldable component of a playpen that is composed of a rigid panel or a series of rigid panels and on which a removable floor pad rests:

    • (a) assemble the playpen according to the manufacturer’s instructions, omitting any attachments that could interfere with the conduct of the test;

    • (b) remove the removable floor pad;

    • (c) attach a clamp with a 19-mm diameter clamping surface as close as possible to a corner of the removable and foldable component;

    • (d) using the clamp, apply a vertical upwards force of 2.2 N;

    • (e) while maintaining the force, select a fixed reference point on the clamp that is near the upper surface of the removable and foldable component, and another fixed reference point on the component on which the floor pad rests, directly below the first fixed reference point;

    • (f) using the clamp, gradually apply a vertical upwards force of 66 N over a period of five seconds;

    • (g) while maintaining the force, measure the vertical upwards displacement of the removable and foldable component between the fixed reference points; and

    • (h) repeat the steps set out in paragraphs (c) to (g) to the other corners and other locations on the removable and foldable component that are most likely to be displaced upwards and that are situated along the edges of the removable and foldable component that are parallel to the axis around which the component folds.

SCHEDULE 15(Subsections 30(1) and (2))Tests for Entrapment in Accessories

  • 1 The following method is to be used for testing openings that are created when an accessory is placed on or fixed to a playpen:

    • (a) assemble the playpen and the accessory or accessories according to the manufacturer’s instructions, omitting any attachments that could interfere with the conduct of the test;

    • (b) place the accessory or combination of accessories on the playpen — or fix it or them to the playpen — in one of the manufacturer’s recommended use positions, and identify any openings that are created and are likely to permit the passage of the small head probe illustrated in Figure 1 to this section but not the large head probe illustrated in Figure 2 to this section;

    • (c) rotate the small head probe to the orientation that is most likely to permit its passage through one of the identified openings and, from inside the occupant retention area of the playpen, gradually apply an upward or outward force of 111 N to the probe over a period of five seconds, then maintain the force for 10 seconds;

    • (d) if the small head probe can pass entirely through the opening, repeat the step set out in paragraph (c) using the large head probe and attempt to pass it, without forcing it, through the opening in any orientation;

    • (e) repeat the steps set out in paragraphs (c) and (d) for all the other identified openings; and

    • (f) repeat the steps set out in paragraphs (b) to (e) for all the other manufacturer’s recommended use positions.

    Figure 1 — Small head probe

    The small head probe simulates the head of a fifth percentile six-month-old child. The small head probe is an oval cylinder with a width of 144.8 mm, a depth of 109.2 mm and a height of 132.1 mm. The top surface is convex and has a radius of 54.6 mm. A handle protrudes from the bottom surface.

    Figure 2 — Large head probe

    The large head probe simulates the head of a 97th percentile three-year-old child. The large head probe is shaped like a tapered cylinder. The height of the probe is 101.6 mm. The diameter of the probe is constant at 228.6 mm for the first 25.4 mm of height, measured from the bottom of the probe, and is then reduced to 203.2 mm over the next 76.2 mm of height. A handle protrudes from the centre of the bottom surface of the probe.
  • 2 The following method is to be used for testing openings that are created by the detachment or displacement of an accessory from a playpen:

    • (a) assemble the playpen and the accessory or accessories according to the manufacturer’s instructions, omitting any attachments that could interfere with the conduct of the test;

    • (b) place the accessory or combination of accessories on the playpen — or fix it or them to the playpen — in one of the manufacturer’s recommended use positions, and identify the parts of the accessory that are most likely to detach or become displaced and so create an opening;

    • (c) using a rod that has a circular tip with a diameter of 50 mm, gradually apply an upward or outward force of 111 N over a period of five seconds to one of the identified locations;

    • (d) if an opening is created, attempt to pass the small head probe illustrated in Figure 1 to section 1, without forcing it, through the opening in any orientation;

    • (e) repeat the steps set out in paragraphs (c) and (d) for all the other identified parts of the accessory; and

    • (f) repeat the steps set out in paragraphs (b) to (e) for all the other manufacturer’s recommended use positions.

SCHEDULE 16(Subsection 32(2))Test for Angle of Foldable Mattress Pad of Sleep Accessories

  • 1 The following method is to be used for testing the angle of the surfaces adjacent to a fold in a foldable mattress pad that is supplied with, or that is designed or advertised to be used with, a sleep accessory:

    • (a) assemble the playpen and sleep accessory according to the manufacturer’s instructions, omitting any attachments that could interfere with the conduct of the test;

    • (b) place the playpen on a horizontal surface in the manufacturer’s recommended use position;

    • (c) place the sleep accessory on, or fix it to, the playpen in the manufacturer’s recommended use position;

    • (d) if the playpen or sleep accessory rocks or swings, disable that function;

    • (e) establish a horizontal reference plane by placing on the horizontal surface and near the playpen an inclinometer with a minimum resolution of 0.5° and set it out to zero;

    • (f) place a cylinder that has a mass of 7.6 kg, a length of 305 mm and a diameter of 152 mm horizontally on a fold in the foldable mattress pad so that the centre of the cylinder is above the fold and the cylinder is aligned parallel to that fold, and if the cylinder does not remain in that location, place a sufficient number of stops to immobilize it, with the total mass of the stops not exceeding 0.11 kg;

    • (g) place, within 12.7 mm of one of the ends of the cylinder, a steel block measuring 152 mm × 101.6 mm, that has a thickness of 12.7 mm and a mass of 1.5 kg so that one of the sides of the block is placed on the fold parallel to the central axis of the cylinder and ignore any contact that results from the block sliding and touching the cylinder;

    • (h) if the size of the sleep accessory does not allow the steel block to be placed in accordance with paragraph (g), move the cylinder off-centre sufficiently so that the block can be placed in accordance with that paragraph;

    • (i) if the size of the sleep accessory does not allow the steel block to be placed in accordance with paragraph (h), use a steel block with a mass of 1.5 kg that is of such a size that it can be placed in accordance with paragraph (g);

    • (j) place the inclinometer on the centre of the upper surface of the block and measure the angle that is formed between the upper surface of the block and the horizontal, while ensuring that the inclinometer does not come into contact with the upper surface of the foldable mattress pad;

    • (k) if the angle is greater than 7°, repeat the steps set out in paragraphs (g) to (j) two times and calculate the average of the three measurements;

    • (l) repeat the steps set out in paragraphs (g) to (k) but move the block horizontally while maintaining the same orientation so that the opposite side of the block is placed on the same fold, parallel to the central axis of the cylinder;

    • (m) repeat the steps set out in paragraphs (f) to (l) for all the other folds in the foldable mattress pad; and

    • (n) remove any removable component of the sleep accessory that supports the foldable mattress pad and repeat the steps set out in paragraphs (f) to (m).

SCHEDULE 17(Paragraph 39(1)(b))Standard Sans-serif Type

The height of the lower case letter x is the x-height. The part of the lower case letter b that is above the x-height is called an ascender. The part of the lower case letter p that is below the x-height is called a descender.
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