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Feeds Regulations, 1983 (SOR/83-593)

Regulations are current to 2022-05-02 and last amended on 2019-01-15. Previous Versions

Standards and General Requirements (continued)

 Every feed shall have the uniformity of mix, the chemical composition and the physical composition necessary for it to be efficacious for the purpose for which it is manufactured, sold or represented.

  •  (1) Chopped, crushed or ground grain sold as a feed or as an ingredient or constituent of a feed shall meet the minimum standards of quality allowed under the Canada Grain Act and Canada Grain Regulations for the lowest Class I (Statutory) or Class II (Special Grades) grade of that kind of grain, except that, when a numerical grade is claimed for such grain, the grain shall meet the standards of quality of that grade under the Canada Grain Act or Canada Grain Regulations.

  • (2) Where oats wild-oats-cereals grain (Mixed Feed Oats), commercial grades of grain or off-grades of grain are ground, crushed or chopped, they shall be labelled in a manner satisfactory to describe their quality, using the terminology applied to such kind and quality of grain under the Canada Grain Act if such terminology is consistent with feed terminology and these Regulations.

  •  (1) Every mixed feed that is sold or imported under a name set out in Column I of Table 3 of Schedule I shall conform to any definition of that feed in section 2 and to the standards prescribed in these Regulations for that feed and shall be packaged and labelled as prescribed in these Regulations.

  • (2) Every single ingredient feed sold or imported under a name set out in italics in an item of Schedule IV shall conform to the description of that feed set out in that item and to the standards prescribed in these Regulations for that feed and shall be packaged and labelled as prescribed in these Regulations.

 [Repealed, SOR/90-73, s. 8]

Guaranteed Analysis

  •  (1) Subject to subsections (2) and (3), the guaranteed analysis required by these Regulations for the purposes of the labelling of a feed shall include the appropriate particulars set out in Column II of an item of Table 3 of Schedule I for the feed described in Column I of that item.

  • (2) Where a feed is in an individual feeding form, the guaranteed analysis referred to in subsection (1) may include a statement of the amount per individual feeding form of each nutrient set out in column II of an item of Table 3 of Schedule I for the feed set out in column I of that item.

  • (3) The guaranteed analysis required by these Regulations for the purposes of the registration or labelling of a single ingredient feed shall include the appropriate particulars set out in Schedule IV.

  • SOR/90-73, s. 9
  • SOR/95-548, s. 3

Tolerances

  •  (1) The tolerances set out in Column III of an item of Table 1 of Schedule I shall be applied to the analysts’ results for the purpose of determining the accuracy of the nutrient guarantees for the nutrients set out in Column I of that item.

  • (2) The tolerances set out in Column II of an item of Table 2 of Schedule I shall be applied to the analysts’ results for the purpose of determining the accuracy of the guarantee for a medicating ingredient of a feed.

Labelling

  •  (1) Subject to subsections (2) to (6), every feed that is manufactured, sold or imported shall have attached to it or to a package containing it or, if the feed is shipped in bulk, to or on the invoice, shipping bill or statement delivered to the purchaser with the shipment, a label containing the following information:

    • (a) in the case of a feed not required to be registered, the name and address of the person who manufactured the feed or caused it to be manufactured;

    • (b) in the case of a feed required to be registered, the name and address of the registrant;

    • (c) the name of the feed in accordance with section 32;

    • (d) the brand of the feed, if any;

    • (e) the registration number, where applicable;

    • (f) the net amount

      • (i) expressed as the number of units in a package, in the case of a package of feed containing individual feeding forms, or

      • (ii) expressed as the mass or volume in the package or shipment, in the case of any other package or bulk shipment of feed;

    • (g) an accurate statement of the guaranteed analysis in respect of the feed;

    • (h) subject to subsection 27(3), directions for use in sufficient detail to permit the safe and effective use of the feed for its intended purpose by users with no special knowledge of the purpose and use of the feed;

    • (i) if the feed is or contains prohibited material, as defined in subsection 162(1) of the Health of Animals Regulations, the following statement written legibly, indelibly and conspicuously:

      “Feeding this product to cattle, sheep, deer or other ruminants is illegal and is subject to fines or other punishment under the Health of Animals Act./Il est interdit d’en nourrir les bœufs, moutons, cerfs et autres ruminants et des amendes ou autres peines sont prévues à cet égard par la Loi sur la santé des animaux.”;

    • (j) in the case of a feed that is required to comply with the guarantees set out in item 7 of Table 3 of Schedule I, the name of each ingredient in the feed;

    • (j.1) in the case of a feed, other than a feed referred to in paragraph (j), the name of each ingredient in the feed or the statement “A list of the ingredients used in this feed may be obtained from the manufacturer or registrant./La liste des ingrédients de cet aliment peut être obtenue du fabricant ou du titulaire de l’enregistrement.”;

    • (k) if the feed contains a medicating ingredient and is in a form other than a mash, the particular form of the feed;

    • (l) an identification code, in the case of a micro-premix feed or a feed designed to replace whole milk in the ration of the livestock;

    • (m) if the feed is a medicated feed, other than a veterinary prescription feed,

      • (i) the name and actual amount of the medicating ingredient present in the feed, in accordance with the Compendium of Medicating Ingredient Brochures, in direct association with the feed name,

      • (ii) the claim or claims applicable to the kind of medicating ingredient present in the feed, the level of medicating ingredient present in the feed and the type of livestock for which the feed is intended, as set out in the Compendium of Medicating Ingredient Brochures,

      • (iii) every caution statement in respect of the medicating ingredient present in the feed that is set out in the Compendium of Medicating Ingredient Brochures under or next to the heading, in bold print, “Caution” or “Précaution”, and

      • (iv) every warning statement in respect of the medicating ingredient present in the feed that is set out in the Compendium of Medicating Ingredient Brochures under or next to the heading, in bold print, “Warning” or “Mise en garde”;

    • (n) [Repealed, SOR/93-157, s. 1]

    • (o) in the case of a consultant formula feed, the name and address of the specific purchaser for whom the feed was manufactured; and

    • (p) any other information, notes, caution statements or warning statements necessary to convey useful information to the purchaser of the feed.

  • (2) For the purposes of subparagraph (1)(m)(iii), the caution statements required to be shown on a label shall be preceded by the word “Caution” or “Précaution” in bold print and each caution statement shall be clearly separated from any other caution statement and any other information shown on the label.

  • (3) For the purposes of subparagraph (1)(m)(iv), the warning statements required to be shown on a label shall be preceded by the words “Warning” or “Mise en garde”, in bold print, and each warning statement shall be clearly separated from any other warning statement and any other information shown on the label.

  • (4) Subsection (1) does not apply to a customer formula feed that does not contain a medicating ingredient but such customer formula feed shall

    • (a) when in packages, have on at least one package in each lot a label showing the name of the supplier of the formula, the name of the feed in accordance with section 32, the net mass of individual packages of the feed and the number of packages in the lot; and

    • (b) when in bulk, have on the shipping bill or statement acompanying the shipment, the name and address of the supplier of the formula, the name of the feed in accordance with section 32 and the net mass of the feed in the shipment.

  • (5) A customer formula feed that contains a medicating ingredient shall have on each package, on the shipping bill or on a statement accompanying the shipment

    • (a) the name and address of the supplier of the feed; and

    • (b) all the information required by subsection (1), other than the information contained in paragraphs (1)(g), (i) and (j).

  • (6) Subsection (1) does not apply to a customer formula feed if the feed is manufactured by a livestock feeder and is used for feeding to his own livestock.

  • (7) In addition to the labelling requirements prescribed in subsection (1), a veterinary prescription feed shall have on each package or, if the feed is shipped in bulk, on the shipping bill, or on a statement accompanying the shipment

    • (a) the name and address of the manufacturer;

    • (b) the name of the person for whom the feed was manufactured;

    • (c) the name of the veterinarian who issued the veterinary prescription;

    • (d) the name of the feed including the name and amount of the medicating ingredient present in the feed;

    • (e) the directions for use including the duration of feeding, as indicated on the veterinary prescription;

    • (f) any caution statement or warning statement indicated on the veterinary prescription and in the format indicated in subsections (2) and (3); and

    • (g) the net mass of the feed.

  • (8) In addition to the labelling requirements prescribed in subsection (1), a single ingredient feed shall be labelled in accordance with the labelling requirements set out for that feed in Schedule IV.

  • (9) Where any reference, direct or indirect, is made on a label or container to the place of manufacture of the label or container and not to the place of manufacture of the feed, the reference shall be accompanied by an additional statement indicating that the place of manufacture refers only to the label or container.

  • (10) Where a feed that is manufactured or produced and labelled in a country other than Canada has applied to it a label that shows the identity and principal place of business of the person in Canada for whom the feed was manufactured or produced for resale, the identity and principal place of business of that person shall be preceded by the words “imported by” or “importé par” or by the words “imported for” or “importé pour”, unless the geographic origin of the product is stated on the label.

  • (11) No statement shall be made on the label of a feed indicating that such feed has been biologically tested unless

    • (a) the feed has been biologically tested using scientifically acceptable test methodology;

    • (b) the results of such tests support any claim contained in the statement or any claim implied by the statement; and

    • (c) evidence that such tests have been made and the results of such tests have been supplied to the Director for assessment or evaluation.

  • SOR/88-473, s. 4
  • SOR/90-73, s. 10
  • SOR/93-157, s. 1
  • SOR/93-232, s. 2
  • SOR/95-548, s. 3
  • SOR/96-422, s. 3
  • SOR/2000-184, s. 50
  • SOR/2006-147, s. 5
  • SOR/2009-220, s. 2
  •  (1) Any information required to be shown on the label of a feed shall be printed conspicuously, legibly and indelibly in English or French or both languages.

  • (2) Subject to subsection (3) and unless otherwise authorized by the Director, any information that is required to be shown on a label shall appear on the main panel of the package label or, where the package contains less than 5 kg, on the surface of the package.

  • (3) Any directions for use required to be shown on a label may refer to an insert containing detailed directions for use if such an insert is enclosed within the package that bears the label.

  • SOR/2000-184, s. 51

 A label shall not contain

  • (a) any variation in the character, size, colour or placing of the printing that obscures or emphasizes any part of the information required to be shown on that label unless such variation is to draw attention to the caution statements or warning statements required to be shown on the label;

  • (b) any incorrect or misleading information or mark;

  • (c) any claim for a mixed feed or any ingredient in the feed unless evidence has been assessed or evaluated and has been found to support the claim; or

  • (d) any claim for a single ingredient feed unless evidence has been assessed or evaluated and has been found to support the claim.

  • SOR/96-422, s. 4(F)

 [Repealed, SOR/95-548, s. 3]

 The label for a feed shall not show a guarantee for a nutrient that is not required to be guaranteed unless

  • (a) the amount of the nutrient guaranteed is such that, when used as directed, the complete diet including the feed will supply at least the minimum generally accepted requirements for that nutrient for the intended class of livestock; and

  • (b) the guarantee is approved in writing by the Director as conveying useful information to the feed purchaser.

Naming Feeds

 The name of a feed shall be appropriate for the intended use of the feed and shall not be misleading.

  •  (1) Subject to subsections (2) to (6), every mixed feed designed for a unique species or class of livestock shall have as part of the name or in direct association with it the name of the species or class of livestock and the purpose for which it is intended.

  • (2) Micro-premixes, facilitating agents, feed preservatives and other feeds that are not designed for unique species or classes of livestock shall have as part of the name or in direct association with it a general nutritive classification such as “Vitamin A, D, E Premix” or “prémélange de vitamines A, D et E” or a general functional classification such as “Antioxidant” or “antioxydant” acceptable to the Director.

  • (3) Where the word “growing” or “croissance”, “laying” or “ponte”, “breeder” or “reproduction” or other similar word is used as part of the name of a feed and the feed is intended for chickens, the name is not required to have as part of its name the kind of livestock for which it is intended.

  • (4) Where the word “dairy” or “laitier” is used as part of the name of a feed and the feed is intended for lactating dairy cows, the name is not required to have as part of its name the kind of livestock for which it is intended.

  • (5) Where a feed is a premix or supplement formulated for a unique species but may be used for more than one purpose, the feed name shall indicate each purpose for which the feed is intended or the feed name shall include the word “Multipurpose” or the words “à usages multiples” and the directions for use of the feed shall indicate each purpose for which the feed is promoted or intended to be used.

  • (6) Where a feed is a mineral feed, the feed shall have as part of its name or in direct association with it the name of each kind of livestock for which it is intended.

  • (7) Where a feed is identical as to kind with another feed of the same manufacturer but is guaranteed to contain a different level of protein from the other feed, the brand of the feed shall be different from the brand of the other feed or the percentage of protein content of the feed shall form part of the name of the feed.

  • (8) Where a feed is a micro-premix or a macro-premix, the word “premix” or “prémélange” shall form part of the name of the feed and, where a feed is a supplement, the word “supplement” or “supplément” shall form part of the name of the feed.

Units of Measurements Shown on Labels

  •  (1) All units of measurement shown on a label of a feed shall be expressed in metric measure only in accordance with the Weights and Measures Act.

  • (2) to (4) [Repealed, SOR/95-246, s. 1]

  • SOR/90-73, s. 12(F)
  • SOR/95-246, s. 1
 
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