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Canadian Aviation Regulations

Version of section 400.01 from 2020-07-08 to 2021-07-06:

  •  (1) In this Part,

    aerobatic manoeuvre

    aerobatic manoeuvre[Repealed, SOR/2001-49, s. 1]


    aeroplane does not include an ultra-light aeroplane; (avion)

    aviation document booklet

    aviation document booklet means a booklet issued by the Minister in which certain documents issued under this Part can be affixed. (carnet de documents d’aviation)


    balloon includes any lighter-than-air aircraft; (ballon)

    booklet label

    booklet label means a label that is intended to be affixed in an aviation document booklet. (étiquette de carnet)

    complex aeroplane

    complex aeroplane means an aeroplane that has flaps and a constant-speed propeller and, except in the case of a seaplane, retractable landing gear; (avion complexe)

    dual instruction flight time

    dual instruction flight time means the flight time during which a person is receiving flight instruction from a person qualified in accordance with section 425.21 of Standard 425 — Flight Training; (temps d’instruction de vol en double commande)

    employed on a full-time basis

    employed on a full-time basis means working for a flight training unit on a continuous basis for at least the number of hours required to carry out the duties of the position intended to ensure the safe operation of the flight training service; (employé à temps plein)


    examination means any written examination or written practical qualifications examination required by the personnel licensing standards for the issuance of a permit or licence or for the endorsement of a permit or licence with a rating; (examen)

    flight following

    flight following[Repealed, SOR/2014-131, s. 8]

    flight instructor experience

    flight instructor experience with respect to the experience requirements for a flight instructor rating for an aeroplane or helicopter, means the flight time accumulated in an aeroplane or helicopter

    • (a) by a holder of a flight instructor rating while providing dual flight instruction to applicants for

      • (i) a pilot permit — recreational,

      • (ii) a private or commercial pilot licence, or

      • (iii) a night rating, VFR OTT rating, flight instructor rating — aeroplane, flight instructor rating — helicopter or flight instructor rating — aeroplane — aerobatic,

    • (b) by a holder of a foreign flight instructor rating issued by a contracting state, while providing dual flight instruction to an applicant for a permit, licence or rating equivalent to one of those referred to in paragraph (a), and

    • (c) by a Canadian Forces qualified flying instructor while providing dual flight instruction to persons undergoing initial flight training in the Canadian Forces; (expérience d’instructeur de vol)

    flight watch

    flight watch[Repealed, SOR/2014-131, s. 8]

    foreign licence validation certificate

    foreign licence validation certificate means a certificate issued by the Minister pursuant to subsection 401.07(1); (certificat de validation de licence étrangère)


    glider includes a powered glider; (planeur)

    ground school instruction

    ground school instruction means classroom-type instruction generally given to one or more persons and covering an organized program of lectures, homework or self-paced study that adheres to an approved training program; (instruction théorique au sol)

    high-performance aeroplane

    high-performance aeroplane, with respect to a rating, means

    • (a) an aeroplane that is specified in the minimum flight crew document as requiring only one pilot and that has a maximum speed (Vne) of 250 KIAS or greater or a stall speed (Vso) of 80 KIAS or greater, or

    • (b) an amateur-built aeroplane that has a wing loading greater than that specified in section 549.103 of the Airworthiness Manual; (avion à hautes performances)

    instrument time

    instrument time[Repealed, SOR/2014-131, s. 8]

    integrated course

    integrated course means a course of pilot training developed using the principles of instructional systems design, in which all instructional stages are completed as one continuous course and the flight training elements are interrelated and sequenced to provide for the efficient achievement of the learning objectives; (cours intégré)


    invigilator means a person who is designated by the Minister to supervise a written examination; (surveillant)

    main base

    main base means a location at which a flight training unit has personnel, aircraft and facilities for the operation of a flight training service and that is established as the principal place of business of the flight training unit; (base principale)

    minimum flight crew document

    minimum flight crew document means a document, issued by the Minister, a contracting state or an aircraft manufacturer, that relates to an aircraft and that specifies the number of pilots required to operate the aircraft; (document relatif à l’équipage de conduite minimal)

    operational control

    operational control means the exercise of authority over the initiation, continuation, diversion or termination of a flight in the interest of the safety of the aircraft and the regularity and efficiency of the flight; (contrôle d’exploitation)

    operations specifications

    operations specifications, in respect of a flight training unit, means the operations specifications set out in a flight training unit operator certificate, and includes any amendment to the conditions of operation; (spécifications d’exploitation)

    pilot’s self-dispatch

    pilot’s self-dispatch[Repealed, SOR/2014-131, s. 8]

    pre-flight briefing

    pre-flight briefing means a one-to-one practical briefing that is conducted just prior to a training flight for the purpose of ensuring that the trainee understands exactly what will take place during the flight; (exposé avant vol)

    preparatory ground instruction

    preparatory ground instruction means classroom-type instruction, generally on a one-to-one basis but not excluding group instruction, that is based on lesson plans contained in or developed from the applicable flight instructor guide; (instruction au sol avant vol)

    satellite base

    satellite base means a location at which a flight training unit has personnel, aircraft and facilities for the operation of a flight training service on a temporary basis; (base satellite)

    solo flight time

    solo flight time means, with respect to the flight time necessary to acquire a permit, licence or rating,

    • (a) in the case of a pilot, the flight time during which the pilot is the sole flight crew member, and

    • (b) in the case of a student pilot permit holder, the flight time during which the holder is the sole occupant of an aircraft while under the direction and supervision of the holder of an instructor rating for the appropriate category of aircraft; (temps de vol en solo)


    sub-base means a location at which a flight training unit positions aircraft and personnel and from which operational control is exercised in accordance with the flight training operations manual and operational control system; (base secondaire)

    training flight

    training flight means a dual instruction flight or a solo practice flight that is conducted under the direction and supervision of a flight instructor; (vol d’entraînement)

    ultra-light aeroplane

    ultra-light aeroplane includes a powered parachute and a powered para-glider. (avion ultra-léger)

  • (2) Any reference in this Part to a permit, licence, rating or foreign licence validation certificate is a reference to a valid Canadian permit, licence, rating or foreign licence validation certificate.

  • (3) Any reference in this Part to “military” is a reference to the Canadian Forces.

  • SOR/2001-49, s. 1
  • SOR/2003-129, s. 2
  • SOR/2005-320, s. 1
  • SOR/2006-352, s. 4
  • SOR/2010-26, s. 2
  • SOR/2014-131, s. 8
  • SOR/2019-119, s. 47
  • SOR/2020-151, s. 4
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