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Hull Construction Regulations (C.R.C., c. 1431)

Regulations are current to 2023-09-13 and last amended on 2021-06-23. Previous Versions

Hull Construction Regulations

C.R.C., c. 1431

CANADA SHIPPING ACT, 2001

Regulations Respecting the Construction of Hulls of Steamships

Short Title

 These Regulations may be cited as the Hull Construction Regulations.

Interpretation

 In these Regulations,

‘A’ Class division

‘A’ Class division[Repealed, SOR/2017-14, s. 400]

accommodation space

accommodation space includes

  • (a) passenger spaces,

  • (b) crew space,

  • (c) offices,

  • (d) pantries, and

  • (e) space similar to any of the foregoing not being service spaces or open spaces on deck; (locaux habités)

approved

approved means approved by the Board; (approuvé)

‘B’ Class division

‘B’ Class division[Repealed, SOR/2017-14, s. 400]

Board

Board means the Board of Steamship Inspection; (Bureau)

breadth of the ship

breadth of the ship means the greatest moulded breadth at or below the ship’s deepest subdivision load water line; (largeur du navire)

bulkhead deck

bulkhead deck means the uppermost deck up to which transverse watertight bulkheads are carried; (pont de cloisonnement)

Chairman

Chairman means the Chairman of the Board of Steamship Inspection; (président)

combustible material

combustible material[Repealed, SOR/2017-14, s. 400]

control station

control station[Repealed, SOR/2017-14, s. 400]

criterion numeral

criterion numeral, in relation to any ship, means the criterion numeral of the ship determined in accordance with the provisions of section 5 of Schedule I; (critérium)

deepest subdivision loadline

deepest subdivision loadline means the water line that corresponds to the greatest draught; (ligne de charge maximum de compartimentage)

draught

draught means the vertical distance from the moulded base line amidships to a subdivision load water line; (tirant d’eau)

existing ship

existing ship means a ship that is not a new ship; (navire existant)

factor of subdivision

factor of subdivision, in relation to any ship or portion thereof, means the factor of subdivision determined in accordance with such of the provisions of sections 4 and 9 of Schedule I as apply to that ship or portion thereof, as the case may be; (facteur de cloisonnement)

ferry vessel

ferry vessel means any vessel, having provision only for deck passengers and for vehicles, that is operated on a short run on a schedule between two points over the most direct water route and offers a public service of a type normally attributed to a bridge or tunnel; (transbordeur)

floodable length

floodable length, in relation to any portion of a ship at any draught, means the maximum length of that portion having its centre at a given point in the ship that, at that draught and under such of the assumptions of permeability set forth in Schedule I as are applicable in the circumstances, can be flooded without submerging any part of the ship’s margin line when the ship has no list; (longueur envahissable)

hotel ship

hotel ship[Repealed, SOR/2017-14, s. 400]

incombustible material

incombustible material[Repealed, SOR/2017-14, s. 400]

length

length, in respect of a ship, means, except in Part VII, the horizontal distance between perpendiculars erected at the extreme ends of the deepest subdivision load water line of the ship; (longueur)

machinery space

machinery space means the space extending from the moulded base line of the ship to the margin line and between the extreme transverse water-tight bulkheads bounding the spaces appropriated to the main and auxiliary propelling machinery, boiler and the permanent coal bunkers; (locaux de machines ou tranche des machines)

main vertical zones

main vertical zones[Repealed, SOR/2017-14, s. 400]

margin line

margin line means a line drawn at least 76 mm below the upper surface of the bulkhead deck at the side of a ship, and assumed for the purpose of determining the floodable length of the ship; (ligne de surimmersion)

Minister

Minister means the Minister of Transport; (ministre)

new ship

new ship means

  • (a) a Safety Convention ship the keel of which was laid on or after May 26, 1965,

  • (b) a ship, other than a passenger ship, that is converted to a Safety Convention passenger ship on or after May 26, 1965,

  • (c) a ship, other than a Safety Convention ship, the keel of which was laid on or after February 7, 1958,

  • (d) a ship that is converted to a passenger ship, other than a Safety Convention passenger ship, on or after February 7, 1958, and

  • (e) a ship that is transferred to registry in Canada after February 7, 1958; (navire neuf)

passenger

passenger means any person carried on a ship, but does not include

  • (a) a person carried on a Safety Convention ship who is

    • (i) the master or a member of the crew or a person employed or engaged in any capacity on board the ship on the business of that ship, or

    • (ii) a child under one year of age,

  • (b) a person carried on a ship that is not a Safety Convention ship who is

    • (i) the master or a member of the crew, or a person employed or engaged in any capacity on board the ship on the business of that ship,

    • (ii) the owner or charterer of the ship, a member of his family or a servant connected with his household,

    • (iii) a guest of the owner or charterer of the ship if it is used exclusively for pleasure and the guest is carried on the ship without remuneration or any object of profit, or

    • (iv) a child under one year of age, or

  • (c) a person carried on any ship in pursuance of the obligation laid upon the master to carry shipwrecked, distressed or other persons or by reason of any circumstances that neither the master nor the owner nor the charterer, if any, could have prevented or forestalled; (passager)

passenger ship

passenger ship means a ship carrying passengers, and passenger steamship means a steamship carrying passengers and in the case of a Safety Convention ship means a steamship carrying more than 12 passengers; (navire à passagers)

passenger space

passenger space means space provided for the use of passengers; (espace à passagers)

permeability

permeability, in relation to a space, means the percentage of that space below the ship’s margin line that, on the assumption that it is in use for the purpose for which it is appropriated, can be occupied by water; (perméabilité)

public rooms

public rooms[Repealed, SOR/2017-14, s. 400]

radiotelegraph room

radiotelegraph room[Repealed, SOR/2000-264, s. 1]

Safety Convention ship

Safety Convention ship means a ship to which the Safety Convention applies; (navire ressortissant à la Convention de sécurité)

service space

service space includes galleys, main pantries, laundries, store rooms, paint rooms, baggage rooms, mail rooms, bullion rooms, carpenters’ and plumbers’ workshops, and trunkways leading to such spaces; (locaux de service)

ship

ship[Repealed, SOR/95-254, s. 1]

short international voyage

short international voyage means an international voyage from a port in one country to a port in another country, in the course of which a ship is not more than 200 nautical miles from a port or place in which the passengers and crew may be placed in safety, and which does not exceed 600 nautical miles in length between the last port of call in the country in which the voyage begins and the final port of destination; (voyage international court)

standard fire test

standard fire test[Repealed, SOR/2017-14, s. 400]

steamship

steamship means a ship propelled by machinery; (navire à vapeur)

subdivision load water line

subdivision load water line means the water line assumed in determining the subdivision of the ship in accordance with these Regulations; (ligne de charge de compartimentage)

superstructure

superstructure means, except in Part VIII, a decked structure above the bulkhead deck

  • (a) extending from side to side of the ship, or

  • (b) the side plating of which is not inboard of the shell plating by more than four per cent of the breadth of the ship; (superstructure)

watertight

watertight, in relation to a structure, means the structure is capable of preventing the passage of water through it in any direction, under a head of water up to the ship’s margin line; (étanche)

weathertight

weathertight, in relation to a structure, means the structure is capable of preventing the passage of sea water through it in ordinary sea conditions. (étanche aux intempéries)

  • SOR/78-605, s. 1
  • SOR/81-86, s. 1
  • SOR/83-521, s. 1
  • SOR/90-240, s. 1
  • SOR/95-254, ss. 1, 32
  • SOR/2000-264, s. 1
  • SOR/2017-14, s. 400

Application

  •  (1) These Regulations do not apply to fishing vessels.

  • (2) Parts I, II and VII of these Regulations apply

    • (a) to new ships; and

    • (b) to existing ships in so far as, in the opinion of the Board, is reasonable and practicable.

  • (3) to (6.1) [Repealed, SOR/2017-14, s. 401]

  • (7) Part VII applies to all passenger and non-passenger ships.

  • (8) Part VIII applies to a ship that is a steamship of more than five tons, gross tonnage, built or converted for the purpose of towing, but does not apply to such a ship that, when used for towing, is used only for salvaging logs.

  • (9) to (12) [Repealed, SOR/2017-14, s. 401]

  • SOR/78-605, s. 2
  • SOR/83-521, s. 2
  • SOR/90-240, s. 2(E)
  • SOR/95-254, s. 32(E)
  • SOR/2002-220, s. 1
  • SOR/2017-14, s. 401

 In addition to the requirements of these Regulations, vessels making international voyages shall comply with the Safety Convention.

 Notwithstanding anything in these Regulations,

  • (a) subject to paragraph (b), the Board may, if satisfied that it can with propriety do so, exempt any ship from full compliance with any of the requirements of these Regulations; and

  • (b) in the case of a Safety Convention ship, where these Regulations require that the hull of a ship be constructed in a particular manner or that a particular provision be made, the Board may allow the hull to be constructed in any other manner or allow any other provision to be made if it is satisfied that such other manner of construction or such other provision is at least as effective as that required by these Regulations.

  •  (1) For the purposes of these Regulations, passenger ships are classified as follows:

    • (a) Class I, consisting of steamships certified to carry more than 12 passengers on international voyages that are not short international voyages;

    • (b) Class II, consisting of steamships certified to carry more than 12 passengers on short international voyages;

    • (c) Class III, consisting of steamships certified to carry passengers on home-trade voyages, Class I, or home-trade voyages Class II, that are not international voyages;

    • (d) Class IV, consisting of steamships certified to carry passengers on home-trade voyages, Class III, that are not international voyages;

    • (e) Class V, consisting of steamships certified to carry passengers on home-trade voyages, Class IV, that are not international voyages;

    • (f) Class VI, consisting of steamships certified to carry passengers on inland voyages, Class I;

    • (g) Class VII, consisting of steamships certified to carry passengers on inland voyages, Class II, or minor waters voyages, Class I; and

    • (h) Class VIII, consisting of steamships certified to carry passengers on minor waters voyages, Class II.

  • (2) A reference to a home-trade, inland waters or minor waters voyage by class means that class as defined in the Home-Trade, Inland and Minor Waters Voyages Regulations.

 The structural strength of every ship to which these Regulations apply shall be sufficient for the service for which the ship is intended.

PART I

Application of Part

 This Part applies to the following classes of ships if those ships are carrying more than 12 passengers:

  • (a) steamships of Class I and Class II; and

  • (b) steamships of 150 tons, gross tonnage, or over, that are ships of Class III or Class IV.

Watertight Subdivision

 Every ship shall be subdivided into compartments by bulkheads that are watertight up to the bulkhead deck, the maximum length of which compartments shall be calculated in accordance with such of the provisions of Schedule I as apply to that ship; every other portion of the internal structure that affects the efficiency of the subdivision of the ship shall be watertight, and shall be of a design that will maintain the integrity of the subdivision.

 
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