Canada Cooperatives Act (S.C. 1998, c. 1)

Act current to 2018-07-05 and last amended on 2018-05-01. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Pre-emptive right
  •  (1) If the articles so provide, no investment shares of any class may be issued unless the investment shares are first offered to the shareholders of that class. The shareholders of that class have a pre-emptive right to acquire the offered investment shares in proportion to their holdings of the investment shares of that class, at the price at which and on the terms on which those investment shares are to be offered to others.

  • Marginal note:Limitation

    (2) Even if the articles provide the pre-emptive right referred to in subsection (1), shareholders have no pre-emptive right to acquire investment shares that are to be issued

    • (a) in exchange for a thing or service other than money;

    • (b) as an investment share dividend or in payment of a patronage return; or

    • (c) pursuant to the exercise of conversion privileges, options or rights previously granted by the cooperative.

Marginal note:Commissions

 The directors may authorize the cooperative to pay a reasonable commission to any person in consideration of the person

  • (a) purchasing or agreeing to purchase investment shares from the cooperative or from some other person; or

  • (b) procuring or agreeing to procure purchasers for any such investment shares.

Marginal note:Charge, lien or hypothec on investment shares
  •  (1) Subject to subsection 183(2), the articles may provide that the cooperative has a charge, lien or hypothec on an investment share registered in the name of a shareholder or the personal representative of a shareholder for a debt of the shareholder to the cooperative, including an amount unpaid as of the date a body corporate was continued under this Act, in respect of an investment share issued by it.

  • Marginal note:Enforcement

    (2) A cooperative may enforce a charge, lien or hypothec referred to in subsection (1) in accordance with its by-laws.

  • 1998, c. 1, s. 129;
  • 2001, c. 14, s. 177;
  • 2011, c. 21, s. 80.

Constraints

Marginal note:Constraints on shares
  •  (1) Subject to subsection 290(3), a distributing cooperative that has issued investment shares that remain outstanding and are held by more than one person may, by special resolution of the members and by a separate special resolution of the shareholders of each class, amend its articles to constrain

    • (a) the issue or transfer of investment shares of any class or series to persons who are not resident in Canada;

    • (b) the issue or transfer of investment shares of any class or series to enable the cooperative or any of its affiliates or associates to qualify under any prescribed law of Canada or a province

      • (i) to obtain a licence to carry on a business,

      • (ii) to become a publisher of a Canadian newspaper or periodical, or

      • (iii) to acquire investment shares of a financial intermediary as defined in the regulations;

    • (c) the issue, transfer or ownership of investment shares of any class or series to assist the cooperative or any of its affiliates or associates to qualify under any prescribed law of Canada or a province to receive licences, permits, grants, payments or other benefits by reason of attaining or maintaining a specified level of Canadian ownership or control;

    • (d) the issue, transfer or ownership of any investment share to assist the cooperative to comply with any prescribed law; or

    • (e) the issue, transfer or ownership of any investment share to enable the cooperative to be a registered labour sponsored venture capital corporation under Part X.3 of the Income Tax Act.

  • Marginal note:Exception in respect of paragraph (1)(c)

    (2) Paragraph (1)(c) does not permit a constraint on the issue, transfer or ownership of investment shares of any class or series of which any investment shares are outstanding unless the investment shares of that class or series are already subject to a constraint permitted under that paragraph.

  • Marginal note:Limitation of prohibition of investment shares

    (3) If the ownership by a person of investment shares would adversely affect the ability of a cooperative or any of its affiliates or associates to attain or maintain a level of Canadian ownership or control specified in its articles that equals or exceeds a specified level referred to in paragraph (1)(c), the cooperative may, under that paragraph, limit the number of investment shares of the cooperative that may be owned, or prohibit the ownership of investment shares, by that person.

  • Marginal note:Change or removal of constraint

    (4) A cooperative referred to in subsection (1) may, by a special resolution of the members and by a separate special resolution of the shareholders of each class, amend its articles to change or remove any constraint on the issue, transfer or ownership of its investment shares.

  • Marginal note:Termination

    (5) The directors may, if authorized by a special resolution effecting an amendment under subsection (1) or (4), revoke the resolution before it is acted on without further approval.

  • Marginal note:Regulations

    (6) The Governor in Council may make regulations with respect to a cooperative that constrains the issue, transfer or ownership of its investment shares, prescribing

    • (a) the disclosure required of the constraints in documents issued or published by the cooperative;

    • (b) the duties and powers of the directors to refuse to issue or register transfers of investment shares in accordance with the articles;

    • (c) the limitations on voting rights of any investment shares held contrary to the articles;

    • (d) the powers of the directors to require disclosure of beneficial ownership of investment shares of the cooperative and the right of the cooperative and its directors, employees and agents or mandataries to rely on that disclosure and the effects of that reliance; and

    • (e) the rights of any person owning investment shares of the cooperative at the time of an amendment to its articles constraining investment share issues or transfers.

  • Marginal note:Validity of acts

    (7) An issue or a transfer of an investment share or an act of a cooperative is valid despite any failure to comply with this section or the regulations.

  • 1998, c. 1, s. 130;
  • 2001, c. 14, s. 178;
  • 2011, c. 21, s. 81(E).
Marginal note:Sale of constrained shares
  •  (1) A cooperative that has constraints on the issue, transfer or ownership of any class of investment shares may, in accordance with any regulations, sell any of the investment shares that are owned, or that the directors determine may be owned, contrary to those constraints, as if it owned the investment shares, for the purposes of

    • (a) attaining or maintaining the level of Canadian ownership or control specified in its articles or required by law to carry on a business or qualify for a benefit; or

    • (b) complying with any prescribed law.

  • Marginal note:Selection of shares

    (2) The directors must select the investment shares to be sold under subsection (1) in good faith and in a manner that does not unfairly prejudice or disregard the interests of the holders of the investment shares in the constrained class as a whole.

  • Marginal note:Right to proceeds

    (3) A person who owned an investment share that was sold under this section is divested of all interests or rights in the investment share and is entitled to receive only the net proceeds of the sale and any net income on the proceeds.

  • Marginal note:Immunity

    (4) Sections 192, 193 and 194 apply to the person referred to in subsection (3) as if the proceeds were a security and the person were a registered owner of the security.

  • 1998, c. 1, s. 131;
  • 2001, c. 14, s. 179;
  • 2011, c. 21, s. 82.
Marginal note:Trust moneys
  •  (1) The proceeds of a sale under section 131 are trust moneys in the hands of the cooperative for the benefit of the person who is entitled to receive them.

  • Marginal note:Handling of trust moneys

    (2) Trust moneys under this section

    • (a) may be commingled with other such trust moneys; and

    • (b) must be invested as may be prescribed.

  • Marginal note:Costs of administration

    (3) Reasonable costs of administration of trust moneys referred to in subsection (1) may be deducted from the trust moneys and any income earned on them.

  • Marginal note:Appointment of trust company

    (4) Subject to this section, a cooperative may transfer any trust moneys referred to in subsection (1), and the administration of them, to a trust company in Canada registered as one under the laws of Canada or a province, and the cooperative is discharged of all further liability in respect of the trust moneys.

  • Marginal note:Discharge of cooperative and trust company

    (5) A receipt signed by a person entitled under subsection 131(3) to receive the proceeds of a sale that constitute trust moneys under subsection (1) constitutes a complete discharge of the cooperative and of any trust company to which trust moneys are transferred under subsection (4), in respect of the trust moneys and income earned on them paid to the person.

  • Marginal note:Vesting in Crown

    (6) Trust moneys described in subsection (1), together with any income earned on them, less any taxes and costs of administration, that has not been claimed by a person entitled under subsection 131(3) to receive the proceeds of a sale that constitute the trust moneys for a period of ten years after the date of the sale vests in Her Majesty in right of Canada.

  • Marginal note:Escheats Act applies

    (7) Sections 3 to 5 of the Escheats Act apply in respect of a trust fund that vests in Her Majesty in right of Canada under subsection (6).

 
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