Controlled Drugs and Substances Act (S.C. 1996, c. 19)

Act current to 2017-08-27 and last amended on 2017-05-18. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Possession, sale, etc., for use in production of or trafficking in substance
  •  (1) No person shall possess, produce, sell, import or transport anything intending that it will be used

    • (a) to produce a controlled substance, unless the production of the controlled substance is lawfully authorized; or

    • (b) to traffic in a controlled substance.

  • Marginal note:Punishment

    (2) Every person who contravenes subsection (1)

    • (a) if the subject matter of the offence is a substance included in Schedule I, II, III or V,

      • (i) is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than 10 years, or

      • (ii) is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than 18 months; and

    • (b) if the subject matter of the offence is a substance included in Schedule IV,

      • (i) is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than three years, or

      • (ii) is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than one year.

  • 2011, c. 14, s. 1;
  • 2017, c. 7, s. 6.

Notice

Marginal note:Notice

 The court is not required to impose a minimum punishment unless it is satisfied that the offender, before entering a plea, was notified of the possible imposition of a minimum punishment for the offence in question and of the Attorney General’s intention to prove any factors in relation to the offence that would lead to the imposition of a minimum punishment.

  • 2012, c. 1, s. 42.

Report to Parliament

Marginal note:Review
  •  (1) Within five years after this section comes into force, a comprehensive review of the provisions and operation of this Act, including a cost-benefit analysis of mandatory minimum sentences, shall be undertaken by any committee of the Senate, of the House of Commons or of both Houses of Parliament that may be designated or established for that purpose.

  • Marginal note:Report

    (2) The committee referred to in subsection (1) shall, within one year after a review is undertaken under that subsection, submit a report to Parliament including a statement of any changes that the committee recommends.

  • 2012, c. 1, s. 42.

Sentencing

Marginal note:Purpose of sentencing
  •  (1) Without restricting the generality of the Criminal Code, the fundamental purpose of any sentence for an offence under this Part is to contribute to the respect for the law and the maintenance of a just, peaceful and safe society while encouraging rehabilitation, and treatment in appropriate circumstances, of offenders and acknowledging the harm done to victims and to the community.

  • Marginal note:Factors to take into consideration

    (2) If a person is convicted of a designated substance offence for which the court is not required to impose a minimum punishment, the court imposing sentence on the person shall consider any relevant aggravating factors including that the person

    • (a) in relation to the commission of the offence,

      • (i) carried, used or threatened to use a weapon,

      • (ii) used or threatened to use violence,

      • (iii) trafficked in a substance included in Schedule I, II, III, IV or V, or possessed such a substance for the purpose of trafficking, in or near a school, on or near school grounds or in or near any other public place usually frequented by persons under the age of 18 years, or

      • (iv) trafficked in a substance included in Schedule I, II, III, IV or V, or possessed such a substance for the purpose of trafficking, to a person under the age of 18 years;

    • (b) was previously convicted of a designated substance offence; or

    • (c) used the services of a person under the age of eighteen years to commit, or involved such a person in the commission of, the offence.

  • Marginal note:Reasons

    (3) If, under subsection (1), the court is satisfied of the existence of one or more of the aggravating factors enumerated in paragraphs (2)(a) to (c), but decides not to sentence the person to imprisonment, the court shall give reasons for that decision.

  • Marginal note:Drug treatment court program

    (4) A court sentencing a person who is convicted of an offence under this Part may delay sentencing to enable the offender

    • (a) to participate in a drug treatment court program approved by the Attorney General; or

    • (b) to attend a treatment program under subsection 720(2) of the Criminal Code.

  • Marginal note:Minimum punishment

    (5) If the offender successfully completes a program under subsection (4), the court is not required to impose the minimum punishment for the offence for which the person was convicted.

  • 1996, c. 19, s. 10;
  • 1999, c. 5, s. 49;
  • 2012, c. 1, s. 43;
  • 2017, c. 7, s. 7.

PART IIEnforcement

Search, Seizure and Detention

Marginal note:Information for search warrant
  •  (1) A justice who, on ex parte application, is satisfied by information on oath that there are reasonable grounds to believe that

    • (a) a controlled substance or precursor in respect of which this Act has been contravened,

    • (b) any thing in which a controlled substance or precursor referred to in paragraph (a) is contained or concealed,

    • (c) offence-related property, or

    • (d) any thing that will afford evidence in respect of an offence under this Act or an offence, in whole or in part in relation to a contravention of this Act, under section 354 or 462.31 of the Criminal Code

    is in a place may, at any time, issue a warrant authorizing a peace officer, at any time, to search the place for any such controlled substance, precursor, property or thing and to seize it.

  • Marginal note:Application of section 487.1 of the Criminal Code

    (2) For the purposes of subsection (1), an information may be submitted by telephone or other means of telecommunication in accordance with section 487.1 of the Criminal Code, with such modifications as the circumstances require.

  • Marginal note:Execution in another province

    (3) A justice may, where a place referred to in subsection (1) is in a province other than that in which the justice has jurisdiction, issue the warrant referred to in that subsection and the warrant may be executed in the other province after it has been endorsed by a justice having jurisdiction in that other province.

  • Marginal note:Effect of endorsement

    (4) An endorsement that is made on a warrant as provided for in subsection (3) is sufficient authority to any peace officer to whom it was originally directed and to all peace officers within the jurisdiction of the justice by whom it is endorsed to execute the warrant and to dispose of or otherwise deal with the things seized in accordance with the law.

  • Marginal note:Search of person and seizure

    (5) Where a peace officer who executes a warrant issued under subsection (1) has reasonable grounds to believe that any person found in the place set out in the warrant has on their person any controlled substance, precursor, property or thing set out in the warrant, the peace officer may search the person for the controlled substance, precursor, property or thing and seize it.

  • Marginal note:Seizure of things not specified

    (6) A peace officer who executes a warrant issued under subsection (1) may seize, in addition to the things mentioned in the warrant,

    • (a) any controlled substance or precursor in respect of which the peace officer believes on reasonable grounds that this Act has been contravened;

    • (b) any thing that the peace officer believes on reasonable grounds to contain or conceal a controlled substance or precursor referred to in paragraph (a);

    • (c) any thing that the peace officer believes on reasonable grounds is offence-related property; or

    • (d) any thing that the peace officer believes on reasonable grounds will afford evidence in respect of an offence under this Act.

  • Marginal note:Where warrant not necessary

    (7) A peace officer may exercise any of the powers described in subsection (1), (5) or (6) without a warrant if the conditions for obtaining a warrant exist but by reason of exigent circumstances it would be impracticable to obtain one.

  • Marginal note:Seizure of additional things

    (8) A peace officer who executes a warrant issued under subsection (1) or exercises powers under subsection (5) or (7) may seize, in addition to the things mentioned in the warrant and in subsection (6), any thing that the peace officer believes on reasonable grounds has been obtained by or used in the commission of an offence or that will afford evidence in respect of an offence.

  • 1996, c. 19, s. 11;
  • 2005, c. 44, s. 13;
  • 2017, c. 7, s. 9.
 
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