Copyright Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. C-42)

Act current to 2015-05-11 and last amended on 2015-01-02. Previous Versions

Rights of Broadcasters

Marginal note:Copyright in communication signals
  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), a broadcaster has a copyright in the communication signals that it broadcasts, consisting of the sole right to do the following in relation to the communication signal or any substantial part thereof:

    • (a) to fix it,

    • (b) to reproduce any fixation of it that was made without the broadcaster’s consent,

    • (c) to authorize another broadcaster to retransmit it to the public simultaneously with its broadcast, and

    • (d) in the case of a television communication signal, to perform it in a place open to the public on payment of an entrance fee,

    and to authorize any act described in paragraph (a), (b) or (d).

  • Marginal note:Conditions for copyright

    (2) Subsection (1) applies only if the broadcaster

    • (a) at the time of the broadcast, had its headquarters in Canada, in a country that is a WTO Member or in a Rome Convention country; and

    • (b) broadcasts the communication signal from that country.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (3) Notwithstanding subsection (2), if the Minister is of the opinion that a Rome Convention country or a country that is a WTO Member does not grant the right mentioned in paragraph (1)(d), the Minister may, by a statement published in the Canada Gazette, declare that broadcasters that have their headquarters in that country are not entitled to that right.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-42, s. 21;
  • 1994, c. 47, s. 59;
  • 1997, c. 24, s. 14.

Reciprocity

Marginal note:Reciprocity
  •  (1) If the Minister is of the opinion that a country other than a Rome Convention country or a WPPT country grants or has undertaken to grant

    • (a) to performers and to makers of sound recordings, or

    • (b) to broadcasters

    that are Canadian citizens or permanent residents within the meaning of subsection 2(1) of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act or, if corporations, have their headquarters in Canada, as the case may be, whether by treaty, convention, agreement or law, benefits substantially equivalent to those conferred by this Part, the Minister may, by a statement published in the Canada Gazette,

    • (c) grant the benefits conferred by this Part

      • (i) to performers and to makers of sound recordings, or

      • (ii) to broadcasters

      as the case may be, that are citizens, subjects or permanent residents of or, if corporations, have their headquarters in that country, and

    • (d) declare that that country shall, as regards those benefits, be treated as if it were a country to which this Part extends.

  • Marginal note:Reciprocity

    (2) If the Minister is of the opinion that a country other than a Rome Convention country or a WPPT country neither grants nor has undertaken to grant

    • (a) to performers, and to makers of sound recordings, or

    • (b) to broadcasters

    that are Canadian citizens or permanent residents within the meaning of subsection 2(1) of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act or, if corporations, have their headquarters in Canada, as the case may be, whether by treaty, convention, agreement or law, benefits substantially equivalent to those conferred by this Part, the Minister may, by a statement published in the Canada Gazette,

    • (c) grant the benefits conferred by this Part to performers, makers of sound recordings or broadcasters that are citizens, subjects or permanent residents of or, if corporations, have their headquarters in that country, as the case may be, to the extent that that country grants that those benefits to performers, makers of sound recordings or broadcasters that are Canadian citizens or permanent residents within the meaning of subsection 2(1) of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act or, if corporations, have their headquarters in Canada, and

    • (d) declare that that country shall, as regards those benefits, be treated as if it were a country to which this Part extends.

  • Marginal note:Application of Act

    (3) Any provision of this Act that the Minister specifies in a statement referred to in subsection (1) or (2)

    • (a) applies in respect of performers, makers of sound recordings or broadcasters covered by that statement, as if they were citizens of or, if corporations, had their headquarters in Canada; and

    • (b) applies in respect of a country covered by that statement, as if that country were Canada.

  • Marginal note:Application of Act

    (4) Subject to any exceptions that the Minister may specify in a statement referred to in subsection (1) or (2), the other provisions of this Act also apply in the way described in subsection (3).

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-42, s. 22;
  • 1994, c. 47, s. 59;
  • 1997, c. 24, s. 14;
  • 2001, c. 27, s. 239;
  • 2012, c. 20, s. 16.