Copyright Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. C-42)

Act current to 2016-04-12 and last amended on 2015-06-23. Previous Versions

Retransmission

Marginal note:Interpretation
  •  (1) In this section,

    new media retransmitter

    retransmetteur de nouveaux médias

    new media retransmitter means a person whose retransmission is lawful under the Broadcasting Act only by reason of the Exemption Order for New Media Broadcasting Undertakings issued by the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission as Appendix A to Public Notice CRTC 1999-197, as amended from time to time; (retransmetteur de nouveaux médias)

    retransmitter

    retransmetteur

    retransmitter means a person who performs a function comparable to that of a cable retransmission system, but does not include a new media retransmitter; (retransmetteur)

    signal

    signal

    signal means a signal that carries a literary, dramatic, musical or artistic work and is transmitted for free reception by the public by a terrestrial radio or terrestrial television station. (signal)

  • Marginal note:Retransmission of local and distant signals

    (2) It is not an infringement of copyright for a retransmitter to communicate to the public by telecommunication any literary, dramatic, musical or artistic work if

    • (a) the communication is a retransmission of a local or distant signal;

    • (b) the retransmission is lawful under the Broadcasting Act;

    • (c) the signal is retransmitted simultaneously and without alteration, except as otherwise required or permitted by or under the laws of Canada;

    • (d) in the case of the retransmission of a distant signal, the retransmitter has paid any royalties, and complied with any terms and conditions, fixed under this Act; and

    • (e) the retransmitter complies with the applicable conditions, if any, referred to in paragraph (3)(b).

  • Marginal note:Regulations

    (3) The Governor in Council may make regulations

    • (a) defining “local signal” and “distant signal” for the purposes of subsection (2); and

    • (b) prescribing conditions for the purposes of paragraph (2)(e), and specifying whether any such condition applies to all retransmitters or only to a class of retransmitter.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-42, s. 31;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 10 (4th Supp.), s. 7;
  • 1988, c. 65, s. 63;
  • 1997, c. 24, ss. 16, 52(F);
  • 2002, c. 26, s. 2.

Network Services

Marginal note:Network services
  •  (1) A person who, in providing services related to the operation of the Internet or another digital network, provides any means for the telecommunication or the reproduction of a work or other subject-matter through the Internet or that other network does not, solely by reason of providing those means, infringe copyright in that work or other subject-matter.

  • Marginal note:Incidental acts

    (2) Subject to subsection (3), a person referred to in subsection (1) who caches the work or other subject-matter, or does any similar act in relation to it, to make the telecommunication more efficient does not, by virtue of that act alone, infringe copyright in the work or other subject-matter.

  • Marginal note:Conditions for application

    (3) Subsection (2) does not apply unless the person, in respect of the work or other subject-matter,

    • (a) does not modify it, other than for technical reasons;

    • (b) ensures that any directions related to its caching or the doing of any similar act, as the case may be, that are specified in a manner consistent with industry practice by whoever made it available for telecommunication through the Internet or another digital network, and that lend themselves to automated reading and execution, are read and executed; and

    • (c) does not interfere with the use of technology that is lawful and consistent with industry practice in order to obtain data on the use of the work or other subject-matter.

  • Marginal note:Hosting

    (4) Subject to subsection (5), a person who, for the purpose of allowing the telecommunication of a work or other subject-matter through the Internet or another digital network, provides digital memory in which another person stores the work or other subject-matter does not, by virtue of that act alone, infringe copyright in the work or other subject-matter.

  • Marginal note:Condition for application

    (5) Subsection (4) does not apply in respect of a work or other subject-matter if the person providing the digital memory knows of a decision of a court of competent jurisdiction to the effect that the person who has stored the work or other subject-matter in the digital memory infringes copyright by making the copy of the work or other subject-matter that is stored or by the way in which he or she uses the work or other subject-matter.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (6) Subsections (1), (2) and (4) do not apply in relation to an act that constitutes an infringement of copyright under subsection 27(2.3).

  • 2012, c. 20, s. 35.

Persons with Perceptual Disabilities

Marginal note:Reproduction in alternate format
  •  (1) It is not an infringement of copyright for a person with a perceptual disability, for a person acting at the request of such a person or for a non-profit organization acting for the benefit of such a person to

    • (a) make a copy or sound recording of a literary, musical, artistic or dramatic work, other than a cinematographic work, in a format specially designed for persons with a perceptual disability;

    • (b) translate, adapt or reproduce in sign language a literary or dramatic work, other than a cinematographic work, in a format specially designed for persons with a perceptual disability; or

    • (c) perform in public a literary or dramatic work, other than a cinematographic work, in sign language, either live or in a format specially designed for persons with a perceptual disability.

  • Marginal note:Limitation

    (2) Subsection (1) does not authorize the making of a large print book.

  • Marginal note:Limitation

    (3) Subsection (1) does not apply where the work or sound recording is commercially available in a format specially designed to meet the needs of any person referred to in that subsection, within the meaning of paragraph (a) of the definition “commercially available”.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-42, s. 32;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 10 (4th Supp.), s. 7;
  • 1997, c. 24, s. 19;
  • 2012, c. 20, s. 36.
Marginal note:Sending copies outside Canada
  •  (1) Subject to this section, it is not an infringement of copyright for a non-profit organization acting for the benefit of persons with a print disability to make a copy, in a format specially designed for persons with a print disability, of a work and to send the copy to a non-profit organization in another country for use by persons with print disabilities in that country, if the author of the work that is reformatted is

  • Marginal note:Limitation

    (2) Subsection (1) does not authorize a large print book or a cinematographic work to be sent outside Canada.

  • Marginal note:Work available in country

    (3) Subsection (1) does not authorize a copy to be sent to a country if the organization knows or has reason to believe that the work, in the format specially designed for persons with a print disability, is available in that country within a reasonable time and for a reasonable price, and may be located in that country with reasonable effort.

  • Marginal note:Good faith mistake as to author’s nationality

    (3.1) If a non-profit organization that is relying on the exception set out in subsection (1) infringes copyright by reason only of making a mistake in good faith as to the citizenship or residency of the author of the work, an injunction is the only remedy that the owner of the copyright in the work has against the organization.

  • Marginal note:Royalty

    (4) The organization making and sending the copy shall pay, in accordance with the regulations, any royalty established under the regulations to the copyright owner in the work.

  • Marginal note:If copyright owner cannot be located

    (5) If the organization cannot locate the copyright owner, despite making reasonable efforts to do so, the organization shall pay, in accordance with the regulations, any royalty established under the regulations to a collective society.

  • Marginal note:Reports

    (6) The organization making and sending the copy shall submit reports to an authority in accordance with the regulations on the organization’s activities under this section.

  • Marginal note:Regulations

    (7) The Governor in Council may make regulations

    • (a) requiring a non-profit organization that seeks to send a copy outside Canada to, before doing so, enter into a contract with the recipient non-profit organization with respect to the use of the copy;

    • (b) respecting the form and content of such contracts;

    • (c) respecting any royalties to be paid under subsections (4) and (5);

    • (d) respecting to which collective society a royalty is payable in relation to works or classes of works for the purposes of subsection (5);

    • (e) respecting what constitutes reasonable efforts for the purposes of subsection (5); and

    • (f) respecting the reports to be made, and the authorities to which the reports are to be submitted, under subsection (6).

  • Meaning of print disability

    (8) In this section, print disability means a disability that prevents or inhibits a person from reading a literary, musical or dramatic work in its original format, and includes such a disability resulting from

    • (a) severe or total impairment of sight or the inability to focus or move one’s eyes;

    • (b) the inability to hold or manipulate a book; or

    • (c) an impairment relating to comprehension.

  • 2012, c. 20, s. 37.
 
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