Patent Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. P-4)

Act current to 2017-09-27 and last amended on 2017-09-21. Previous Versions

Abuse of Rights

Marginal note:Abuse of patent rights
  •  (1) The Commissioner may, in respect of application under section 65, exercise any of the powers under any of paragraphs 66(1)(a), (d) and (e) with respect to an issued certificate of supplementary protection if he or she is satisfied that a case of abuse of the exclusive rights under the patent that is set out in the certificate has been established.

  • Marginal note:Abuse — application to Commissioner

    (2) The Attorney General of Canada or an interested person may, at any time after a certificate of supplementary protection takes effect and after the expiry of three years from the date of the grant of the patent set out in the certificate, apply to the Commissioner alleging that there has been an abuse of the exclusive rights granted under a certificate of supplementary protection issued with respect to that patent and asking for relief under this Act.

  • Marginal note:What amounts to abuse

    (3) The exclusive rights under a certificate of supplementary protection are abused in any of the following circumstances:

    • (a) the demand in Canada for a drug that contains the medicinal ingredient or a combination of the medicinal ingredients set out in the certificate is not being met to an adequate extent and on reasonable terms;

    • (b) by reason of the refusal of the certificate’s holder to grant a licence or licences on reasonable terms, the trade or industry of Canada or the trade of any person or class of persons trading in Canada, or the establishment of any new trade or industry in Canada, is prejudiced, and it is in the public interest that a licence or licences should be granted;

    • (c) any trade or industry in Canada, or any person or class of persons engaged in such a trade or industry, is unfairly prejudiced by the conditions attached by the certificate’s holder to the purchase, hire, licence, use or working of the invention protected by the certificate.

  • 2017, c. 6, s. 59.
Marginal note:Provisions that apply

 Sections 66 to 71, other than paragraph 66(1)(c), apply for the purposes of section 127, with

  • (a) any reference to “patent”, other than with respect to the Patent Office, to be read as a reference to “certificate of supplementary protection”;

  • (b) any reference to “patentee” to be read as a reference to “holder of the certificate of supplementary protection”;

  • (c) any reference in paragraphs 66(1)(d) and (e) and subsection 68(1) to “section 65” to be read as a reference to “section 127”;

  • (d) any reference in subsection 69(1) or section 71 to “sections 65 to 70” to be read as a reference to “sections 66 to 70 and 127”; and

  • (e) the reference in subsection 69(3) to “the Minister” to be read as a reference to “the Minister of Industry”.

  • 2017, c. 6, s. 59.

General

Marginal note:Electronic form and means
  •  (1) Subject to the regulations, any document, information or fee that is submitted to the Minister under this Act may be submitted in any electronic form, and by any electronic means, that is specified by the Minister.

  • Marginal note:Collection, storage, etc.

    (2) Subject to the regulations, the Minister may use electronic means to create, collect, receive, store, transfer, distribute, publish, certify or otherwise deal with documents or information under sections 106 to 134.

  • Marginal note:Definition

    (3) In this section, electronic, in reference to a form or means, includes optical, magnetic and other similar forms or means.

  • 2017, c. 6, s. 59.
Marginal note:Certified copies as evidence

 In any action or proceeding respecting a certificate of supplementary protection authorized to be had or taken in Canada under this Act, a copy purporting to be certified by the Minister of any such certificate, or of any other document that is made by or filed with the Minister and is connected to such a certificate, may be produced before the court or other tribunal, or a judge or member of the court or tribunal, and the copy purporting to be so certified may be admitted in evidence without production of the original and without proof of the Minister’s certification.

  • 2017, c. 6, s. 59.
Marginal note:Costs of proceedings

 In all proceedings before any court under this Act, including, for greater certainty, an application for judicial review of a decision of the Minister under this Act, the costs of the Minister are in the discretion of the court, but the Minister shall not be ordered to pay the costs of any other of the parties.

  • 2017, c. 6, s. 59.
Marginal note:Time limit deemed extended
  •  (1) If any time period fixed under any of sections 106 to 134 in respect of dealings with the Minister ends on a prescribed day or a day that is designated by the Minister, that time period is extended to the next day that is not a prescribed day or a designated day.

  • Marginal note:Power to designate day

    (2) The Minister may, on account of unforeseen circumstances and if the Minister is satisfied that it is in the public interest to do so, designate any day for the purposes of subsection (1). If a day is designated, the Minister shall inform the public of that fact on the Department of Health’s website.

  • 2017, c. 6, s. 59.
Marginal note:User Fees Act

 The User Fees Act does not apply in respect of the fees referred to in section 106 or 134.

  • 2017, c. 6, s. 59.
Marginal note:Regulations
  •  (1) The Governor in Council may make rules or regulations

    • (a) defining the term authorization for sale;

    • (b) respecting the form and contents of applications for certificates of supplementary protection;

    • (c) respecting the processing of such applications;

    • (d) respecting the determination of when, for the purpose of paragraph 106(1)(f), an application for an authorization for sale was filed and, for the purpose of subsection 106(3), an application for a certificate of supplementary protection is filed;

    • (e) prescribing the fees or the manner of determining the fees that may be charged in respect of the filing of applications for certificates of supplementary protection, the issuance of such certificates or the taking of other proceedings under sections 106 to 133 or under any rule or regulation made under this section, or in respect of any services or the use of any facilities provided by the Minister under those sections or such a rule or regulation;

    • (f) respecting the payment of any prescribed fees including the time when and the manner in which such fees shall be paid, the additional fees that may be charged for the late payment of such fees and the circumstances in which any fees previously paid may be refunded in whole or in part;

    • (g) respecting the submission, including in electronic form and by electronic means, of documents and information to the Minister, including the time at which they are deemed to be received by the Minister;

    • (h) respecting the use of electronic means for the purposes of subsection 129(2), including requiring the use of those electronic means;

    • (i) respecting the withdrawal of an application for a certificate of supplementary protection;

    • (j) respecting communications between the Minister and any other person;

    • (k) respecting the correction of obvious errors in documents submitted to the Minister, in certificates of supplementary protection or in other documents issued under sections 106 to 133, including

      • (i) the determination by the Minister of what constitutes an obvious error, and

      • (ii) the effect of the correction; and

    • (l) generally, for carrying into effect the objects and purposes of sections 104 to 133 or for ensuring their due administration by the Minister.

  • Marginal note:For greater certainty

    (2) For greater certainty, the Governor in Council may make rules or regulations under paragraphs 12(1)(d), (g), (h) and (k) for the purposes of this section and sections 104 to 133.

  • 2017, c. 6, s. 59.
 
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