Supreme Court Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. S-26)

Act current to 2014-08-05 and last amended on 2013-12-12. Previous Versions

THE COURT

Marginal note:Original Court continued

 The court of law and equity in and for Canada now existing under the name of the Supreme Court of Canada is hereby continued under that name, as a general court of appeal for Canada, and as an additional court for the better administration of the laws of Canada, and shall continue to be a court of record.

  • R.S., 1985, c. S-26, s. 3;
  • 1993, c. 34, s. 115(F).

THE JUDGES

Marginal note:Constitution of Court
  •  (1) The Court shall consist of a chief justice to be called the Chief Justice of Canada, and eight puisne judges.

  • Marginal note:Appointment of judges

    (2) The judges shall be appointed by the Governor in Council by letters patent under the Great Seal.

  • R.S., c. S-19, s. 4.
Marginal note:Who may be appointed judges

 Any person may be appointed a judge who is or has been a judge of a superior court of a province or a barrister or advocate of at least ten years standing at the bar of a province.

  • R.S., c. S-19, s. 5.
Marginal note:For greater certainty

 For greater certainty, for the purpose of section 5, a person may be appointed a judge if, at any time, they were a barrister or advocate of at least 10 years standing at the bar of a province.

  • 2013, c. 40, s. 471.
Marginal note:Three judges from Quebec

 At least three of the judges shall be appointed from among the judges of the Court of Appeal or of the Superior Court of the Province of Quebec or from among the advocates of that Province.

  • R.S., c. S-19, s. 6;
  • 1974-75-76, c. 19, s. 2.
Marginal note:For greater certainty

 For greater certainty, for the purpose of section 6, a judge is from among the advocates of the Province of Quebec if, at any time, they were an advocate of at least 10 years standing at the bar of that Province.

  • 2013, c. 40, s. 472.
Marginal note:No other office to be held

 No judge shall hold any other office of emolument under the Government of Canada or the government of a province.

  • R.S., c. S-19, s. 7.
Marginal note:Residence

 The judges shall reside in the National Capital Region described in the schedule to the National Capital Act or within forty kilometres thereof.

  • R.S., c. S-19, s. 8;
  • 1974-75-76, c. 18, s. 1;
  • 1976-77, c. 25, s. 19.