Youth Criminal Justice Act (S.C. 2002, c. 1)

Act current to 2016-05-12 and last amended on 2015-07-19. Previous Versions

Notices to Parents

Marginal note:Notice in case of arrest or detention
  •  (1) Subject to subsection (4), if a young person is arrested and detained in custody pending his or her appearance in court, the officer in charge at the time the young person is detained shall, as soon as possible, give or cause to be given to a parent of the young person, orally or in writing, notice of the arrest stating the place of detention and the reason for the arrest.

  • Marginal note:Notice in other cases

    (2) Subject to subsection (4), if a summons or an appearance notice is issued in respect of a young person, the person who issued the summons or appearance notice, or, if a young person is released on giving a promise to appear or entering into an undertaking or recognizance, the officer in charge, shall, as soon as possible, give or cause to be given to a parent of the young person notice in writing of the summons, appearance notice, promise to appear, undertaking or recognizance.

  • Marginal note:Notice to parent in case of ticket

    (3) Subject to subsection (4), a person who serves a ticket under the Contraventions Act on a young person, other than a ticket served for a contravention relating to parking a vehicle, shall, as soon as possible, give or cause to be given notice in writing of the ticket to a parent of the young person.

  • Marginal note:Notice to relative or other adult

    (4) If the whereabouts of the parents of a young person are not known or it appears that no parent is available, a notice under this section may be given to an adult relative of the young person who is known to the young person and is likely to assist the young person or, if no such adult relative is available, to any other adult who is known to the young person and is likely to assist the young person and who the person giving the notice considers appropriate.

  • Marginal note:Notice on direction of youth justice court judge or justice

    (5) If doubt exists as to the person to whom a notice under this section should be given, a youth justice court judge or, if a youth justice court judge is, having regard to the circumstances, not reasonably available, a justice may give directions as to the person to whom the notice should be given, and a notice given in accordance with those directions is sufficient notice for the purposes of this section.

  • Marginal note:Contents of notice

    (6) Any notice under this section shall, in addition to any other requirements under this section, include

    • (a) the name of the young person in respect of whom it is given;

    • (b) the charge against the young person and, except in the case of a notice of a ticket served under the Contraventions Act, the time and place of appearance; and

    • (c) a statement that the young person has the right to be represented by counsel.

  • Marginal note:Notice of ticket under Contraventions Act

    (7) A notice under subsection (3) shall include a copy of the ticket.

  • Marginal note:Service of notice

    (8) Subject to subsections (10) and (11), a notice under this section that is given in writing may be served personally or be sent by confirmed delivery service.

  • Marginal note:Proceedings not invalid

    (9) Subject to subsections (10) and (11), failure to give a notice in accordance with this section does not affect the validity of proceedings under this Act.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (10) Failure to give a notice under subsection (2) in accordance with this section in any case renders invalid any subsequent proceedings under this Act relating to the case unless

    • (a) a parent of the young person attends court with the young person; or

    • (b) a youth justice court judge or a justice before whom proceedings are held against the young person

      • (i) adjourns the proceedings and orders that the notice be given in the manner and to the persons that the judge or justice directs, or

      • (ii) dispenses with the notice if the judge or justice is of the opinion that, having regard to the circumstances, the notice may be dispensed with.

  • Marginal note:Where notice is not served

    (11) Where there has been a failure to give a notice under subsection (1) or (3) in accordance with this section and none of the persons to whom the notice may be given attends court with the young person, a youth justice court judge or a justice before whom proceedings are held against the young person may

    • (a) adjourn the proceedings and order that the notice be given in the manner and to the persons that the judge or justice directs; or

    • (b) dispense with the notice if the judge or justice is of the opinion that, having regard to the circumstances, the notice may be dispensed with.

  • Marginal note:Exception for persons over the age of twenty

    (12) This section does not apply to a person who is alleged to have committed an offence while a young person, if the person has attained the age of twenty years at the time of his or her first appearance before a youth justice court in respect of the offence.

Marginal note:Order requiring attendance of parent
  •  (1) If a parent does not attend proceedings held before a youth justice court in respect of a young person, the court may, if in its opinion the presence of the parent is necessary or in the best interests of the young person, by order in writing require the parent to attend at any stage of the proceedings.

  • Marginal note:No order in ticket proceedings

    (2) Subsection (1) does not apply in proceedings commenced by filing a ticket under the Contraventions Act.

  • Marginal note:Service of order

    (3) A copy of the order shall be served by a peace officer or by a person designated by a youth justice court by delivering it personally to the parent to whom it is directed, unless the youth justice court authorizes service by confirmed delivery service.

  • Marginal note:Failure to attend

    (4) A parent who is ordered to attend a youth justice court under subsection (1) and who fails without reasonable excuse, the proof of which lies on the parent, to comply with the order

    • (a) is guilty of contempt of court;

    • (b) may be dealt with summarily by the court; and

    • (c) is liable to the punishment provided for in the Criminal Code for a summary conviction offence.

  • Marginal note:Warrant to arrest parent

    (5) If a parent who is ordered to attend a youth justice court under subsection (1) does not attend when required by the order or fails to remain in attendance as required and it is proved that a copy of the order was served on the parent, a youth justice court may issue a warrant to compel the attendance of the parent.

Detention before Sentencing

Marginal note:Application of Part XVI of Criminal Code

 Except to the extent that they are inconsistent with or excluded by this Act, the provisions of Part XVI (compelling appearance of an accused and interim release) of the Criminal Code apply to the detention and release of young persons under this Act.

Marginal note:Detention as social measure prohibited
  •  (1) A youth justice court judge or a justice shall not detain a young person in custody prior to being sentenced as a substitute for appropriate child protection, mental health or other social measures.

  • Marginal note:Justification for detention in custody

    (2) A youth justice court judge or a justice may order that a young person be detained in custody only if

    • (a) the young person has been charged with

      • (i) a serious offence, or

      • (ii) an offence other than a serious offence, if they have a history that indicates a pattern of either outstanding charges or findings of guilt;

    • (b) the judge or justice is satisfied, on a balance of probabilities,

      • (i) that there is a substantial likelihood that, before being dealt with according to law, the young person will not appear in court when required by law to do so,

      • (ii) that detention is necessary for the protection or safety of the public, including any victim of or witness to the offence, having regard to all the circumstances, including a substantial likelihood that the young person will, if released from custody, commit a serious offence, or

      • (iii) in the case where the young person has been charged with a serious offence and detention is not justified under subparagraph (i) or (ii), that there are exceptional circumstances that warrant detention and that detention is necessary to maintain confidence in the administration of justice, having regard to the principles set out in section 3 and to all the circumstances, including

        • (A) the apparent strength of the prosecution’s case,

        • (B) the gravity of the offence,

        • (C) the circumstances surrounding the commission of the offence, including whether a firearm was used, and

        • (D) the fact that the young person is liable, on being found guilty, for a potentially lengthy custodial sentence; and

    • (c) the judge or justice is satisfied, on a balance of probabilities, that no condition or combination of conditions of release would, depending on the justification on which the judge or justice relies under paragraph (b),

      • (i) reduce, to a level below substantial, the likelihood that the young person would not appear in court when required by law to do so,

      • (ii) offer adequate protection to the public from the risk that the young person might otherwise present, or

      • (iii) maintain confidence in the administration of justice.

  • Marginal note:Onus

    (3) The onus of satisfying the youth justice court judge or the justice as to the matters referred to in subsection (2) is on the Attorney General.

  • 2002, c. 1, s. 29;
  • 2012, c. 1, s. 169.
 
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