Food and Drug Regulations (C.R.C., c. 870)

Regulations are current to 2016-09-18 and last amended on 2016-08-26. Previous Versions

 [S]. Decaffeinated (indicating the type of tea)

  • (a) shall be tea of the type indicated, from which caffeine has been removed and that, as a result of the removal, contains not more than 0.4 per cent caffeine; and

  • (b) may have been decaffeinated by means of extraction solvents set out in Table XV to Division 16.

  • SOR/90-429, s. 2.

DIVISION 21Marine and Fresh Water Animal Products

 The foods referred to in this Division are included in the term marine and fresh water animal products.

 In this Division,

filler

filler means

  • (a) flour or meal prepared from grain or potato, but not from a legume,

  • (b) processed wheat flour containing not less than the equivalent of 80 per cent dextrose, as determined by official method FO-32, Determination of Fillers, Binders and Dextrose Equivalent, October 15, 1981,

  • (c) bread, biscuit or bakery products, but not those containing or made with a legume,

  • (d) milk powder, skim milk powder, buttermilk powder or whey powder, and

  • (e) starch; (remplissage)

Marine and fresh water animal

Marine and fresh water animal includes

  • (a) fish,

  • (b) crustaceans, molluscs, other marine invertebrates,

  • (c) marine mammals, and

  • (d) frogs. (animaux marine et animaux d’eau douce)

  • SOR/82-768, s. 62.

 [S]. Fish shall be the clean, dressed edible portion of fish, with or without salt or seasoning, and may

  • (a) in the case of frozen fillets, contain ascorbic acid or its sodium salt, citric acid, or erythorbic acid or its sodium salt, and

    • (i) sodium tripolyphosphate, sodium hexametaphosphate or a combination of sodium tripolyphosphate, sodium acid pyrophosphate and sodium pyrophosphate tetrabasic, or

    • (ii) a mixture of sodium hexametaphosphate and sodium carbonate;

  • (b) if frozen, have a glaze consisting of water, acetylated monoglycerides, calcium chloride, sodium alginate, sodium carboxymethyl cellulose, sodium phosphate (dibasic), corn syrup, dextrose, glucose, glucose solids, ascorbic acid or its sodium salt or erythorbic acid or its sodium salt; and

  • (c) if frozen minced, contain sodium tripolyphosphate, sodium hexametaphosphate, ascorbic acid or its sodium salt, citric acid, erythorbic acid or its sodium salt, or a combination of sodium tripolyphosphate, sodium acid pyrophosphate and sodium pyrophosphate tetrabasic.

  • SOR/84-300, s. 53;
  • SOR/88-534, s. 7;
  • SOR/91-149, s. 4;
  • SOR/97-562, s. 2;
  • SOR/2000-353, s. 9(F).

 [S]. In this Division, meat shall be the clean, dressed flesh of crustaceans, molluscs, other marine invertebrates and marine mammals, whether minced or not, with or without salt or seasoning, and in the case of frozen lobster, frozen crab, frozen shrimp and frozen clams, may contain sodium tripolyphosphate or sodium hexametaphosphate or a combination of sodium 0hexametaphosphate and sodium carbonate or a combination of sodium tripolyphosphate, sodium acid pyrophosphate and sodium pyrophosphate tetrabasic.

  • SOR/88-534, s. 8;
  • SOR/91-149, s. 5.

 Fish, except fish protein, and meat products or preparations thereof are adulterated if any of the following substances or any substance in one of the following classes is present therein or has been added thereto:

  • (a) mucous membranes, any organ or portion of the genital system, or any organ or portion of a marine or fresh water animal that is not commonly sold as an article of food;

  • (b) preservatives, other than those provided for in this Division, except

    • (i) sorbic acid or its salts in dried fish that has been smoked or salted, and in cold processed smoked and salted fish paste, and

    • (ii) benzoic acid or its salts, methyl-p-hydroxy benzoate and propyl-p-hydroxy benzoate in marinated or similar cold-processed, packaged fish and meat products; and

  • (c) food colour except as provided for in this Division.

 [S]. Prepared fish or prepared meat shall be the whole or comminuted food prepared from fresh or preserved fish or meat respectively, may be canned or cooked, and may,

  • (a) in the case of lobster paste and fish roe (caviar), contain food colour;

  • (b) in the case of canned shellfish, canned spring mackerel and frozen cooked shrimp, contain citric acid or lemon juice;

  • (c) in the case of fish paste, contain filler, fish binder, monoglycerides or mono and diglycerides;

  • (d) in the case of canned crabmeat, lobster, salmon, shrimp and tuna, contain aluminum sulphate and calcium disodium ethylenediaminetetraacetate;

  • (e) in the case of canned tuna, contain ascorbic acid;

  • (f) in the case of canned seafoods, contain sodium acid pyrophosphate, sodium hexametaphosphate or sodium tripolyphosphate, singly, or in combination, at a maximum level of total added phosphate not to exceed 0.5%, calculated as sodium phosphate, dibasic;

  • (g) contain liquid smoke flavour or liquid smoke flavour concentrate;

  • (h) contain edible oil, vegetable broth and tomato sauce or puree;

  • (i) contain a gelling agent if the principal display panel carries the word “jellied” as an integral part of the common name;

  • (j) contain salt;

  • (k) in the case of canned clams, canned sea snails and canned snails, contain calcium disodium ethylenediaminetetraacetate;

  • (l) in the case of canned flaked tuna, contain sodium sulphite;

  • (m) in the case of lumpfish caviar, contain tragacanth gum;

  • (n) in the case of a blend of prepared fish and prepared meat that has the appearance and taste of the flesh of a marine or freshwater animal, contain filler, fish binder, whole egg, egg-white, egg-yolk, food colour, gelling or stabilizing agents, texture-modifying agents, natural and artificial flavouring preparations, pH-adjusting agents, sweetener and, in a proportion not exceeding two per cent of the blend, a legume;

  • (o) in the case of crustaceans, contain potassium bisulphite, potassium metabisulphite, sodium bisulphite, sodium dithionite, sodium metabisulphite, sodium sulphite or sulphurous acid;

  • (p) in the case of frozen crustaceans and molluscs, contain calcium oxide and sodium hydroxide;

  • (q) in the case of frozen pre-cooked battered or breaded fish products, contain citric acid at a level of use not exceeding 0.1 per cent;

  • (r) in the case of canned clams, contain sodium erythorbate at a level of use not exceeding 350 parts per million;

  • (s) in the case of comminuted products, other than lumpfish caviar, contain tragacanth gum at a level of use not exceeding 0.75 per cent; and

  • (t) contain a Class II preservative.

  • SOR/80-13, s. 9;
  • SOR/81-60, s. 12;
  • SOR/84-602, s. 4;
  • SOR/86-1020, s. 2;
  • SOR/89-197, s. 2;
  • SOR/92-344, s. 6;
  • SOR/93-276, s. 13;
  • SOR/94-141, s. 2;
  • SOR/94-567, s. 3;
  • SOR/94-689, s. 2(E);
  • SOR/97-151, s. 27;
  • SOR/97-562, s. 3;
  • SOR/2005-316, s. 12;
  • SOR/2007-76, s. 4;
  • SOR/2011-280, s. 9;
  • SOR/2012-43, s. 46.

 [S]. Fish binder for use in or upon prepared fish or prepared meat shall be filler with any combination of salt, sugar, dextrose, glucose, spices and other seasonings.

 No person shall sell filler or a fish binder represented for use in fish products either by label or in any advertisement unless the label carries adequate directions for use in accordance with the limits provided in section B.21.020.

 Powdered hydrogenated cottonseed oil in an amount not greater than 0.25 per cent of the product may be applied as a release agent to the surface of marine and fresh water animal products.

  • SOR/2010-142, s. 59(F).

Prepared Fish

 No person shall sell prepared fish or prepared meat that contains more than

  • (a) that amount of filler, fish binder or other ingredients that is represented by four per cent reducing sugars, calculated as dextrose, as determined by official method FO-32, Determination of Fillers, Binders and Dextrose Equivalent, October 15, 1981; and

  • (b) 70 per cent moisture where such prepared fish contains filler.

  • SOR/82-768, s. 63.
 
Date modified: