Immigration and Refugee Protection Regulations (SOR/2002-227)

Regulations are current to 2017-04-12 and last amended on 2017-03-10. Previous Versions

Marginal note:When removal order is enforced
  •  (1) A removal order against a foreign national, whether it is enforced by voluntary compliance or by the Minister, is enforced when the foreign national

    • (a) appears before an officer at a port of entry to verify their departure from Canada;

    • (b) obtains a certificate of departure from the Department;

    • (c) departs from Canada; and

    • (d) is authorized to enter, other than for purposes of transit, their country of destination.

  • Marginal note:When removal order is enforced by officer outside Canada

    (2) If a foreign national against whom a removal order has not been enforced is applying outside Canada for a visa, an authorization to return to Canada or an electronic travel authorization, an officer shall enforce the order if, following an examination, the foreign national establishes that

    • (a) they are the person described in the order;

    • (b) they have been lawfully admitted to the country in which they are physically present at the time that the application is made; and

    • (c) they are not inadmissible on grounds of security, violating human or international rights, serious criminality or organized criminality.

  • SOR/2015-77, s. 7;
  • SOR/2016-136, s. 12(F).
Marginal note:Country of removal
  •  (1) If a removal order is enforced under section 239, the foreign national shall be removed to

    • (a) the country from which they came to Canada;

    • (b) the country in which they last permanently resided before coming to Canada;

    • (c) a country of which they are a national or citizen; or

    • (d) the country of their birth.

  • Marginal note:Removal to another country

    (2) If none of the countries referred to in subsection (1) is willing to authorize the foreign national to enter, the Minister shall select any country that will authorize entry within a reasonable time and shall remove the foreign national to that country.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (3) Despite section 238 and subsection (1), the Minister shall remove a person who is subject to a removal order on the grounds of inadmissibility referred to in paragraph 35(1)(a) of the Act to a country that the Minister determines will authorize the person to enter.

Marginal note:Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters Act

 A person transferred under an order made under the Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters Act is not, for the purposes of paragraph 240(1)(d), a person who has been authorized to enter their country of destination.

Marginal note:Payment of removal costs

 Unless expenses incurred by Her Majesty in right of Canada have been recovered from a transporter, a foreign national who is removed from Canada at Her Majesty’s expense shall not return to Canada if the foreign national has not paid to Her Majesty the removal costs of

  • (a) $750 for removal to the United States or St. Pierre and Miquelon; and

  • (b) $1,500 for removal to any other country.

PART 14Detention and Release

Marginal note:Factors to be considered

 For the purposes of Division 6 of Part 1 of the Act, the factors set out in this Part shall be taken into consideration when assessing whether a person

  • (a) is unlikely to appear for examination, an admissibility hearing, removal from Canada, or at a proceeding that could lead to the making of a removal order by the Minister under subsection 44(2) of the Act;

  • (b) is a danger to the public; or

  • (c) is a foreign national whose identity has not been established.

Marginal note:Flight risk

 For the purposes of paragraph 244(a), the factors are the following:

  • (a) being a fugitive from justice in a foreign jurisdiction in relation to an offence that, if committed in Canada, would constitute an offence under an Act of Parliament;

  • (b) voluntary compliance with any previous departure order;

  • (c) voluntary compliance with any previously required appearance at an immigration or criminal proceeding;

  • (d) previous compliance with any conditions imposed in respect of entry, release or a stay of removal;

  • (e) any previous avoidance of examination or escape from custody, or any previous attempt to do so;

  • (f) involvement with a people smuggling or trafficking in persons operation that would likely lead the person to not appear for a measure referred to in paragraph 244(a) or to be vulnerable to being influenced or coerced by an organization involved in such an operation to not appear for such a measure; and

  • (g) the existence of strong ties to a community in Canada.

Marginal note:Danger to the public

 For the purposes of paragraph 244(b), the factors are the following:

  • (a) the fact that the person constitutes, in the opinion of the Minister, a danger to the public in Canada or a danger to the security of Canada under paragraph 101(2)(b), subparagraph 113(d)(i) or (ii) or paragraph 115(2)(a) or (b) of the Act;

  • (b) association with a criminal organization within the meaning of subsection 121(2) of the Act;

  • (c) engagement in people smuggling or trafficking in persons;

  • (d) conviction in Canada under an Act of Parliament for

    • (i) a sexual offence, or

    • (ii) an offence involving violence or weapons;

  • (e) conviction for an offence in Canada under any of the following provisions of the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act, namely,

    • (i) section 5 (trafficking),

    • (ii) section 6 (importing and exporting), and

    • (iii) section 7 (production);

  • (f) conviction outside Canada, or the existence of pending charges outside Canada, for an offence that, if committed in Canada, would constitute an offence under an Act of Parliament for

    • (i) a sexual offence, or

    • (ii) an offence involving violence or weapons; and

  • (g) conviction outside Canada, or the existence of pending charges outside Canada, for an offence that, if committed in Canada, would constitute an offence under any of the following provisions of the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act, namely,

    • (i) section 5 (trafficking),

    • (ii) section 6 (importing and exporting), and

    • (iii) section 7 (production).

  • SOR/2016-136, s. 13(F).
Marginal note:Identity not established
  •  (1) For the purposes of paragraph 244(c), the factors are the following:

    • (a) the foreign national’s cooperation in providing evidence of their identity, or assisting the Department in obtaining evidence of their identity, in providing the date and place of their birth as well as the names of their mother and father or providing detailed information on the itinerary they followed in travelling to Canada or in completing an application for a travel document;

    • (b) in the case of a foreign national who makes a claim for refugee protection, the possibility of obtaining identity documents or information without divulging personal information to government officials of their country of nationality or, if there is no country of nationality, their country of former habitual residence;

    • (c) the destruction of identity or travel documents, or the use of fraudulent documents in order to mislead the Department, and the circumstances under which the foreign national acted;

    • (d) the provision of contradictory information by a foreign national with respect to identity during the processing of an application by the Department; and

    • (e) the existence of documents that contradict information provided by the foreign national with respect to their identity.

  • Marginal note:Non-application to minors

    (2) Consideration of the factors set out in paragraph (1)(a) shall not have an adverse impact with respect to minor children referred to in section 249.

  • SOR/2004-167, s. 65(E);
  • SOR/2016-136, s. 14(E).
 
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