Pension Benefits Standards Regulations, 1985 (SOR/87-19)

Regulations are current to 2016-05-12 and last amended on 2015-04-01. Previous Versions

  •  (1) The contract or arrangement establishing a restricted life income fund shall

    • (a) set out the method of determining the value of the restricted life income fund, including the valuation method used to establish its value on the death of the holder of the fund or on the transfer of assets from the fund;

    • (b) provide that the holder of the restricted life income fund shall, at the beginning of each calendar year or at any other time agreed on by the financial institution with whom the contract or arrangement was entered into, decide the amount to be paid out of the fund in that year;

    • (c) provide that, in the event that the holder of the restricted life income fund does not decide the amount to be paid out of the fund in a calendar year, the minimum amount determined in accordance with the Income Tax Act shall be paid out in that year;

    • (d) provide that, for any calendar year before the calendar year in which the holder of the restricted life income fund reaches 90 years of age, the amount of income paid out of the fund shall not exceed the amount determined by the formula

      C/F

      where

      C 
      is the balance in the restricted life income fund
      • (i) at the beginning of the calendar year, or

      • (ii) if the amount determined under subparagraph (i) is zero, on the day on which the initial amount is transferred into the fund; and

      F 
      is the value, at the beginning of the calendar year, of a pension benefit whose annual payment is $1, payable on January 1 of each year between the beginning of that calendar year and December 31 of the year in which the holder reaches 90 years of age, established using an interest rate that,
      • (i) for the first 15 years after January 1 of the year in which the restricted life income fund is valued, is less than or equal to the monthly average yield on Government of Canada marketable bonds of maturity over 10 years, as published by the Bank of Canada, for the second month before the beginning of the calendar year, and

      • (ii) for any subsequent year, is not more than 6%;

    • (e) provide that, for the calendar year in which the holder of the restricted life income fund reaches 90 years of age and for all subsequent calendar years, the amount of income paid out of the fund shall not exceed the value of the funds held in the fund immediately before the time of the payment;

    • (f) provide that, for the calendar year in which the contract or arrangement was entered into, the amount determined under paragraph (d) or (e), as the case may be, shall be multiplied by the number of months remaining in that year and then divided by 12, with any part of an incomplete month counting as one month;

    • (g) provide that if, at the time the restricted life income fund was established, part of the fund was composed of funds that had been held in another restricted life income fund of the holder earlier in the calendar year in which the fund was established, the amount determined under paragraph (d) or (e), as the case may be, is deemed to be zero in respect of that part of the fund for that calendar year;

    • (h) provide that the funds in the restricted life income fund may only be

      • (i) transferred to another restricted life income fund,

      • (ii) transferred to a restricted locked-in savings plan, or

      • (iii) used to purchase an immediate life annuity or a deferred life annuity;

    • (i) provide that, on the death of the holder of the restricted life income fund, the funds in that fund shall be paid to the survivor of the holder by

      • (i) transferring the funds to another restricted life income fund or to a life income fund,

      • (ii) transferring the funds to a locked-in registered retirement savings plan or to a restricted locked-in savings plan, or

      • (iii) using the funds to purchase an immediate life annuity or a deferred life annuity;

    • (j) provide that, except as provided in subsection 25(4) of the Act, the funds in the restricted life income fund shall not be assigned, charged, anticipated or given as security and that any transaction purporting to assign, charge, anticipate or give the funds as security is void;

    • (k) state whether or not any pension benefit credit transferred under section 26 of the Act was varied according to the sex of the plan member;

    • (l) provide that, in the calendar year in which the holder of the restricted life income fund reaches 55 years of age or in any subsequent calendar year, the funds may be paid to the holder in a lump sum if

      • (i) the holder certifies that the total value of all assets in all locked-in registered retirement savings plans, life income funds, restricted locked-in savings plans and restricted life income funds that were created as a result of the transfer of pension benefit credits under section 16.4 or 26 of the Act, a transfer under these Regulations or a transfer under section 50, 53 or 54 of the Pooled Registered Pension Plans Act or the Pooled Registered Pension Plans Regulations, is less than or equal to 50% of the Year’s Maximum Pensionable Earnings, and

      • (ii) if the holder gives a copy of Form 2 and Form 3 of Schedule V to the financial institution with whom the contract or arrangement for the restricted life income fund was entered into;

    • (m) provide that the holder of the restricted life income fund may withdraw an amount from that fund up to the lesser of the amount determined by the formula set out in subsection 20(1.1) and 50% of the Year’s Maximum Pensionable Earnings minus any amount withdrawn in the calendar year under this paragraph — from any restricted life income fund — or under paragraph 20(1)(d), 20.1(1)(m) or 20.2(1)(e)

      • (i) if the holder certifies that the holder has not made a withdrawal in the calendar year under this paragraph — from any restricted life income fund — or under paragraph 20(1)(d), 20.1(1)(m) or 20.2(1)(e) other than within the last 30 days before this certification,

      • (ii) if, in the event that the value of M in subsection 20(1.1) is greater than zero,

        • (A) the holder certifies that the holder expects to make expenditures on medical or disability-related treatment or adaptive technology for the calendar year in excess of 20% of the holder’s total expected income for that calendar year determined in accordance with the Income Tax Act, excluding withdrawals in the calendar year under this paragraph — from any restricted life income fund — or under paragraph 20(1)(d), 20.1(1)(m) or 20.2(1)(e), and

        • (B) a physician certifies that such medical or disability-related treatment or adaptive technology is required, and

      • (iii) if the holder gives a copy of Form 1 and Form 2 of Schedule V to the financial institution with whom the contract or arrangement for the restricted life income fund was entered into; and

    • (n) provide that, if the restricted life income fund is established in the calendar year in which the holder of the fund reaches 55 years of age or in any subsequent calendar year, the holder of the fund may transfer 50% of the funds in that fund to a registered retirement savings plan or a registered retirement income fund within 60 days after the establishment of the restricted life income fund if

      • (i) the restricted life income fund was created as the result of the transfer of a pension benefit credit under section 16.4 or 26 of the Act or a transfer from a locked-in registered retirement savings plan, a life income fund or a PRPP, and

      • (ii) if the holder gives a copy of Form 2 of Schedule V to the financial institution with whom the contract or arrangement for the restricted life income fund was entered into.

  • (2) If a pension benefit credit transferred to a restricted life income fund was not varied according to the sex of the plan member, an immediate life annuity or a deferred life annuity purchased with funds accumulated in the fund shall not differentiate as to sex.

  • (3) The contract or arrangement establishing a restricted life income fund may provide that, if a physician certifies that owing to mental or physical disability the life expectancy of the holder of the fund is likely to be shortened considerably, the funds in that fund may be paid to the holder in a lump sum.

  • SOR/2008-144, s. 5;
  • SOR/2011-85, s. 14(F);
  • SOR/2015-60, s. 11.
  •  (1) For the purposes of paragraphs 26(1)(c) and (2)(c) and subparagraphs 26(3)(a)(iii) and (b)(iii) of the Act, an immediate life annuity or a deferred life annuity that is purchased with a pension benefit credit or with the funds of a locked-in registered retirement savings plan, a restricted locked-in savings plan, a life income fund or a restricted life income fund shall provide that

    • (a) except as provided in subsection 25(4) of the Act, no benefit provided under the annuity shall be assigned, charged, anticipated or given as security and any transaction purporting to assign, charge, anticipate or give the benefit as security is void;

    • (b) except in the case of the unexpired period of a guaranteed annuity where the annuitant is deceased, no benefit provided under the annuity shall be surrendered or commuted during the lifetime of the annuitant or the spouse or common-law partner of the annuitant and any transaction purporting to surrender or commute such a benefit is void; and

    • (c) where the annuitant has a spouse or common-law partner at the time that annuity benefits commence to be paid, the annuity benefit shall be paid in the form of a joint and survivor pension benefit, subject to the provisions of section 22 of the Act.

  • (2) A deferred life annuity referred to in subsection (1) that is purchased with a pension benefit credit or with the funds of a locked-in registered retirement savings plan, a restricted locked-in savings plan, a life income fund or a restricted life income fund shall provide that

    • (a) if the annuitant dies prior to the time that the annuity payments commence, the survivor is entitled, on the death of the annuitant, to an amount equal to the commuted value of the deferred life annuity; and

    • (b) any amount to which the survivor is entitled shall be

      • (i) transferred to a locked-in registered retirement savings plan,

      • (ii) transferred to a plan, if the plan permits such a transfer and administers the benefit attributed to the transferred funds as if the benefit were that of a plan member with two years of membership in the plan,

      • (iii) used to purchase an immediate life annuity or a deferred life annuity, or

      • (iv) transferred to a life income fund or to a restricted life income fund.

  • (3) [Repealed, SOR/95-551, s. 5]

  • (4) For the purposes of subsection (2), the commuted value of the deferred life annuity shall be determined in accordance with the Recommendations for the Computation of Transfer Values from Registered Pension Plans effective September 1, 1993 issued by the Canadian Institute of Actuaries, as amended from time to time.

  • SOR/93-109, ss. 6, 9(F);
  • SOR/94-384, s. 5;
  • SOR/95-551, s. 5;
  • SOR/2001-194, ss. 4, 5;
  • SOR/2002-78, s. 13;
  • SOR/2008-144, s. 6;
  • SOR/2011-85, s. 14(F).
 
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