Oil and Gas Occupational Safety and Health Regulations (SOR/87-612)

Regulations are current to 2017-09-27 and last amended on 2017-06-20. Previous Versions

Application

 This Part does not apply to the transportation or handling of dangerous goods to which the Transportation of Dangerous Goods Act and regulations made thereunder apply.

  • SOR/88-199, s. 5.

DIVISION IGeneral

[SOR/88-199, s. 5]

Hazard Investigation

  •  (1) If there is a likelihood that the safety or health of an employee in a work place is or may be endangered by exposure to a hazardous substance, by insufficient lighting or excessive sound level, the employer shall, without delay,

    • (a) appoint a qualified person to carry out an investigation; and

    • (b) notify the work place committee or the health and safety representative, if either exists, of the proposed investigation and of the name of the qualified person appointed to carry out that investigation.

  • (2) In the investigation referred to in subsection (1), the following criteria shall be taken into consideration:

    • (a) the chemical, biological and physical properties of the hazardous substance;

    • (b) the routes of exposure to the hazardous substance;

    • (c) the effects to safety and health caused by exposure to the hazardous substance;

    • (d) the state, concentration and quantity of the hazardous substance handled;

    • (e) the manner in which the hazardous substance is handled;

    • (f) the control methods used to eliminate or reduce exposure to the hazardous substance;

    • (g) the possibility that the concentration of the hazardous substance to which an employee is likely to be exposed exceeds the limit referred to in section 11.23;

    • (h) the possibility that the level of lighting in the work place is less than the level prescribed in Part VII; and

    • (i) the possibility that the level of sound in the work place is greater than the level prescribed in Part VIII.

  • SOR/88-199, s. 19;
  • SOR/94-165, s. 35;
  • SOR/2014-141, s. 3.

 On completion of the investigation referred to in subsection 11.3(1) and after consultation with the safety and health committee or the safety and health representative, if either exists, the qualified person shall set out in a written report signed by the qualified person

  • (a) his observations respecting the criteria considered in accordance with subsection 11.3(2); and

  • (b) his recommendations respecting the manner of compliance with sections 11.6 to 11.28.

  • SOR/94-165, s. 36.

 The report referred to in section 11.4 shall be kept by the employer at the work place to which it applies for one year after the date on which the qualified person signed the report.

Substitution of Substances

  •  (1) A hazardous substance shall not be used for any purpose in a work place if it is reasonably practicable to substitute therefor a substance that is not a hazardous substance.

  • (2) Where a hazardous substance is required to be used for any purpose in a work place and an equivalent substance that is less hazardous is available to be used for that purpose, the equivalent substance shall be substituted for the hazardous substance where reasonably practicable.

  • SOR/88-199, s. 19;
  • SOR/2014-141, s. 14(F).

Ventilation

 Every ventilation system used to control the concentration of an airborne hazardous substance shall be so designed, constructed and installed that

  • (a) if the substance is a chemical agent, the concentration of the chemical agent does not exceed the limits prescribed in sections 11.23 and 11.24; and

  • (b) if the substance is not a chemical agent, the concentration of the substance is not hazardous to the safety or health of employees.

  • SOR/88-199, s. 19;
  • SOR/2014-141, s. 4.

Air Pressure

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), where there is a likelihood that explosive or toxic vapours may enter an enclosed work place or field accommodation, the air pressure in the work place or field accommodation shall, where practicable, be maintained positive in relation to the air pressure in the surrounding area.

  • (2) Where there is a source of explosive or toxic vapours at a work place, the air pressure in the area of the source shall be maintained negative with respect to any adjacent enclosed area.

Warnings

 Where reasonably practicable, automated warning and detection systems shall be provided by the employer where the seriousness of any exposure to a hazardous substance so requires.

  • SOR/88-199, s. 19;
  • SOR/2014-141, s. 14(F).

Storage, Handling and Use

 Every hazardous substance stored, handled or used in a work place shall be stored, handled and used in a manner whereby the hazard related to that substance is reduced to a minimum.

  • SOR/88-199, s. 19;
  • SOR/2014-141, s. 14(F).

 Subject to section 11.14, where a hazardous substance is stored, handled or used in a work place, any hazard resulting from that storage, handling or use shall be confined to as small an area as practicable.

  • SOR/88-199, s. 19;
  • SOR/2014-141, s. 14(F).
  •  (1) Every container for a hazardous substance that is used in a work place shall be so designed and constructed that it protects the employees from any safety or health hazard that is created by the hazardous substance.

  • (2) Where a container referred to in subsection (1) is emptied and is not to be refilled with the hazardous substance, it shall be completely cleaned of the hazardous substance that was stored in it before being reused and the label identifying the hazardous substance shall be removed.

  • SOR/88-199, ss. 6, 19;
  • SOR/94-165, s. 37;
  • SOR/2014-141, s. 14(F).

 The quantity of a hazardous substance used or processed in a work place shall, as far as is practicable, be kept to a minimum.

  • SOR/88-199, s. 19;
  • SOR/2014-141, s. 14(F).

 Where a hazardous substance is capable of combining with another substance to form an ignitable combination and a hazard of ignition of the combination by static electricity exists, the standards set out in the United States National Fire Prevention Association Inc. publication NFPA 77-1983, Recommended Practice on Static Electricity, dated 1983, shall be adopted and implemented.

  • SOR/88-199, s. 19;
  • SOR/2014-141, s. 14(F).

Warning of Hazardous Substances

[SOR/88-199, s. 7; SOR/2014-141, s. 14(F)]
  •  (1) Where a hazardous substance is stored in a work place, signs shall be posted in conspicuous places warning of the presence of the hazardous substance.

  • (2) Hazard information in respect of hazardous substances that are, or are likely to be, present in a work place shall be readily available for examination by employees in any form, as determined in consultation with the policy committee or, if there is no policy committee, the safety and health committee or the safety and health representative.

  • SOR/88-199, s. 19;
  • SOR/94-165, s. 38;
  • SOR/2014-141, s. 14(F);
  • SOR/2016-141, s. 36.

 [Repealed, SOR/88-199, s. 8]

Assembly of Pipes

 Every assembly of pipes, pipe fittings, valves, safety devices, pumps, compressors and other fixed equipment that is used for transferring a hazardous substance from one location to another shall be

  • (a) marked, by labelling, colour-coding, placarding or any other mode, to identify the hazardous substance being transferred and, if appropriate, the direction of the flow;

  • (b) fitted with valves and other control and safety devices to ensure its safe operation;

  • (c) inspected by a qualified person before it is placed in service and once a year thereafter; and

  • (d) maintained and repaired by a qualified person.

  • SOR/88-199, s. 9 and 19;
  • SOR/2014-141, s. 14(F);
  • SOR/2016-141, s. 37.

Employee Education and Training

[SOR/2016-141, s. 38(E)]
  •  (1) Every employer shall, in consultation with the policy committee or, if there is no policy committee, the safety and health committee or the safety and health representative, develop and implement an employee education and training program with respect to hazard prevention and control at the work place.

  • (2) The employee education and training program shall include

    • (a) the education and training of each employee who handles or is exposed to or who is likely to handle or be exposed to a hazardous substance, with respect to

      • (i) the product identifier of the hazardous substance,

      • (ii) all hazard information disclosed by the supplier or by the employer on a safety data sheet or label,

      • (iii) all hazard information of which the employer is aware or ought to be aware,

      • (iv) the observations referred to in paragraph 11.4(a),

      • (v) the information disclosed on a safety data sheet referred to in section 11.30 and the purpose and significance of that information,

      • (vi) in respect of hazardous products in the work place, the information required to be disclosed on a safety data sheet and on a label under Division III and the purpose and significance of that information, and

      • (vii) the hazard information referred to in subsection 11.15(2);

    • (b) the education and training of each employee who operates, maintains or repairs an assembly of pipes referred to in section 11.18, with respect to

      • (i) every valve and other control and safety device connected to the assembly of pipes,

      • (ii) the procedures to follow for the proper and safe use of the assembly of pipes, and

      • (iii) the significance of the labelling, colour-coding, placarding or other modes of identification that are used;

    • (c) the education and training of each employee who is referred to in paragraph (a) or (b), with respect to

      • (i) the procedures to follow to implement sections 11.10, 11.11 and 11.14,

      • (ii) the procedures to follow for the safe storage, handling, use and disposal of hazardous substances, including procedures to be followed in an emergency involving a hazardous substance, and

      • (iii) the procedures to follow if an employee is exposed to fugitive emissions as defined in section 11.31; and

    • (d) the education and training of each employee on the procedures to follow to access electronic or paper versions of reports, records of education and training given and safety data sheets.

  • (3) Every employer shall, in consultation with the policy committee or, if there is no policy committee, the safety and health committee or the safety and health representative, review and, if necessary, revise the employee education and training program

    • (a) at least once a year;

    • (b) whenever there is a change in conditions in respect of the presence of hazardous substances in the work place; and

    • (c) whenever new hazard information in respect of a hazardous substance in the work place becomes available to the employer.

  • SOR/88-199, s. 10;
  • SOR/94-165, s. 39;
  • SOR/2014-141, s. 14(F);
  • SOR/2016-141, s. 39.
 
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