Regulations Respecting the Prevention of the Importation, Exportation and Spreading of Pests Injurious to Plants and Provision for their Control and Eradication, and for the Certification of Plants and Other Things
P.C. 1995-705 1995-04-26
His Excellency the Governor General in Council, on the recommendation of the Minister of Agriculture and Agri-Food, pursuant to subsection 32(1) and section 47Footnote * of the Plant Protection ActFootnote **, is pleased hereby to repeal the Plant Quarantine Regulations, C.R.C., c. 1273, and the Emergency Plant Infestation Regulations, made by Order in Council P.C. 1979-2304 of August 24, 1979Footnote ***, and to make the annexed Regulations respecting the prevention of the importation, exportation and spreading of pests injurious to plants and provision for their control and eradication, and for the certification of plants and other things, in substitution therefor.
2 In these Regulations,
Act means the Plant Protection Act; (Loi)
activity, in respect of a thing, means the processing, handling, packaging, labelling, distributing, sale, disposition, loading, unloading, movement, use, treatment, preservation, safeguarding or storage of the thing, and includes any activity referred to in subsection 6(1) of the Act; (activité)
Agency means the Canadian Food Inspection Agency established by section 3 of the Canadian Food Inspection Agency Act; (Agence)
infested means that a pest is present in or on a thing or place or that the thing or place is so exposed to a pest that one can reasonably suspect that the pest is in or on the thing or place; (infesté) (parasité)
- Movement Certificate
Movement Certificate means a document, issued pursuant to the Act and signed by an inspector, that authorizes the movement of things within Canada or from Canada to a foreign destination; (certificat de circulation)
permit means a permit to import a thing issued by the Minister pursuant to subsection 32(1) or 43(1); (permis)
- pest risk assessment
pest risk assessment means a pest risk assessment conducted by the Minister in accordance with the principles of the International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures, Part I — Import Regulations, Guidelines for Pest Risk analysis, published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, as amended from time to time, with the definition pest in those guidelines being replaced by the definition pest in section 3 of the Act, for the purpose of
(a) determining if a thing is a pest, is or could be infested or constitutes or could constitute a biological obstacle to the control of a pest,
(b) recommending actions, as applicable,
(c) determining if a thing that is a pest or biological obstacle to the control of a pest has a significant adverse effect on the environment, and
(d) minimizing the degradation of environmental quality with respect to Canadian flora; (analyse du risque phytosanitaire)
quarantine means the confinement of a thing for a period and includes confinement for the purposes of
(a) observation, inspection, testing or analysis of a thing to determine if the thing is a pest, is or could be infested or constitutes or could constitute a biological obstacle to the control of a pest, or
(b) preventing the spread of a pest or biological obstacle to the control of a pest; (quarantaine)
send includes electronic transmittal and mail. (envoyer)
- SOR/97-292, s. 30;
- SOR/2003-6, s. 98;
- SOR/2009-326, s. 1(F).
Eradicating and Preventing the Spread of Pests
3 An inspector may, as appropriate in the circumstances for the purpose of eradicating a pest or preventing its spread, take one or more of the actions that the inspector is authorized to take under the Act or any regulation or order made under the Act if
(a) after a pest risk assessment, the Minister or an inspector believes on reasonable grounds that a thing is a pest, or a thing or place is or could be infested or constitutes or could constitute a biological obstacle to the control of a pest; and
(b) the Minister determines that it is necessary and cost-justifiable to take pest control measures.
- SOR/2009-326, s. 2.
Shipment of Pests
4 For the purposes of section 5 of the Act, the specimen of a suspected pest that is to be provided to the Minister shall be treated, packaged, contained and moved in such a manner as to prevent the suspected pest from escaping.
Activities Referred to in Subsection 6(1) of the Act
5 (1) For the purposes of subsection 6(1) of the Act, a person may undertake any activity referred to in that subsection in respect of a thing that is a pest, is or could be infested or is or could constitute a biological obstacle to the control of a pest if
(a) the Minister or an inspector determines that the activity is for the purpose of scientific research, educational, processing, industrial or exhibition purposes;
(b) the person obtains a written authorization issued by the Minister or an inspector in accordance with subsection (2);
(c) the thing is packaged, transported, handled, controlled and used in a manner that ensures a pest or biological obstacle to the control of a pest is not spread within or from Canada;
(d) the thing is moved in accordance with the requirements of Part III; and
(e) where the thing or any remains of the thing or portion thereof is to be disposed of, the owner or the person having the possession, care or control of the thing, remains or portion thereof disposes of it in a manner that
(2) Subject to paragraph (1)(a), the Minister or an inspector shall issue a written authorization in respect of any activity referred to in subsection 6(1) of the Act where the Minister or an inspector determines that the person is able and willing to comply with paragraphs (1)(c), (d) and (e) and with the conditions set out in the authorization and will take every precaution to prevent the spread of any pest or biological obstacle to the control of a pest.
(3) A written authorization referred to in subsection (2) may set out the conditions under which any activity referred to in subsection 6(1) of the Act may be undertaken in respect of the thing to prevent the spread within or from Canada of a pest or a biological obstacle to the control of a pest.
(4) A person who obtains a written authorization referred to in subsection (2) shall comply with all the conditions set out in the authorization.
(5) Subject to section 21, a person is not required to obtain a written authorization referred to in paragraph (1)(b) of these Regulations or in subsection 6(2) of the Act where the person is acting for or on behalf of Her Majesty in right of Canada and
- SOR/2002-438, s. 19(F).
(2) Each seal shall bear a number and the inscription “CANADA — C.F.I.A./A.C.I.A.”.
(3) No person, other than an inspector or a person authorized in writing by an inspector, shall have a seal bearing the information referred to in subsection (2) or any facsimile thereof in the person’s possession, custody or control.
- SOR/2000-184, s. 81.
(2) Where it would be impracticable for an inspector to remove or break a seal, any inspector may authorize any person in writing to do so on the inspector’s behalf.
(3) An owner or a person having the possession, care or control of a conveyance or any other thing on which a seal is affixed, shall ensure that the seal is not removed, broken, tampered with or altered except in accordance with this section.
8 [Repealed, SOR/2017-94, s. 15]
9 [Repealed, SOR/2017-94, s. 15]
(2) Where a document referred to in subsection (1) is furnished in electronic form, an original hard copy of the document shall be furnished to the Minister or an inspector within a reasonable period after the document is furnished in electronic form.
(3) The hard copy of a document referred to in subsection (2) is not required if the document is sent in electronic form directly from the phytosanitary certification authorities of a foreign country to the Minister or an inspector in accordance with an agreement between the Minister and those authorities to furnish documents directly to the Minister in electronic form.
- SOR/2007-48, s. 1.
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