Quarantine Act (S.C. 2005, c. 20)

Assented to 2005-05-13

Marginal note:Collection of medical information

 The Minister may collect relevant medical information in order to carry out the purposes of this Act.

Marginal note:Disclosure to governments, etc.
  •  (1) The Minister may disclose confidential business information or personal information obtained under this Act to a department or to an agency of the Government of Canada or of a province, a government or public health authority, whether domestic or foreign, a health practitioner or an international health organization if the Minister has reasonable grounds to believe that the disclosure is necessary to prevent the spread of a communicable disease or to enable Canada to fulfill its international obligations.

  • Marginal note:Disclosure to person in transport business

    (2) The Minister may disclose personal information obtained under this Act to a person engaged in the business of carrying persons or cargo, or to an international transportation organization, if the Minister has reasonable grounds to believe that the person to whom the information relates has or might have a communicable disease, or has recently been in close proximity to a person who has or might have a communicable disease, and that the disclosure is necessary to prevent the spread of the disease.

  • Marginal note:Notification of disclosure

    (3) If any personal information or confidential business information is disclosed under this section, the Minister shall notify the person or business to whom the information relates of the disclosure.

Marginal note:Disclosure for law enforcement purposes

 If the Minister has reasonable grounds to suspect that information obtained in the administration of this Act would be relevant to investigating or prosecuting an offence under Part II.1 of the Criminal Code involving an infectious agent or biological toxin, the Minister may disclose any of the following information to a peace officer:

  • (a) the name, sex, age and date of birth of the traveller;

  • (b) a photograph of the traveller and any other means of identifying them;

  • (c) the traveller’s itinerary, home address and location;

  • (d) the description of any conveyance used for carrying the traveller;

  • (e) the name of the infectious agent or biological toxin; and

  • (f) the manner in which the traveller may have acquired the communicable disease or vectors.

EMERGENCY ORDERS

Marginal note:Order prohibiting entry into Canada
  •  (1) The Governor in Council may make an order prohibiting or subjecting to any condition the entry into Canada of any class of persons who have been in a foreign country or a specified part of a foreign country if the Governor in Council is of the opinion that

    • (a) there is an outbreak of a communicable disease in the foreign country;

    • (b) the introduction or spread of the disease would pose an imminent and severe risk to public health in Canada;

    • (c) the entry of members of that class of persons into Canada may introduce or contribute to the spread of the communicable disease in Canada; and

    • (d) no reasonable alternatives to prevent the introduction or spread of the disease are available.

  • Marginal note:Effect of order

    (2) The order has effect for the period specified in it and may be renewed if the conditions in subsection (1) continue to apply.

Marginal note:Prohibition on importing

 The Governor in Council may make an order prohibiting or subjecting to any condition the importing of any thing into Canada or any part of Canada, either generally or from any place named in the order, for any period that the Governor in Council considers necessary for the purpose of preventing the introduction or spread of a communicable disease in Canada.

Marginal note:Interim orders
  •  (1) The Minister may make an interim order containing any provision that could be contained in a regulation made under section 62 or 63 if the Minister is of the opinion that immediate action is required to deal with a significant risk, direct or indirect, to public health.

  • Marginal note:Cessation of effect

    (2) The interim order has effect from the time that it is made but ceases to have effect on the earliest of

    • (a) 14 days after the day on which it is made, unless it is approved by the Governor in Council,

    • (b) the day on which it is repealed,

    • (c) the day on which a regulation made under section 62 or 63 that has the same effect as the interim order comes into force, and

    • (d) one year after the day on which it is made or any shorter period that it specifies.

  • Marginal note:Deeming

    (3) For the purpose of any provision of this Act other than this section, any reference to regulations made under this Act is deemed to include interim orders, and any reference to a regulation made under a specified provision of this Act is deemed to include a reference to any portion of an interim order containing a provision that may be contained in a regulation made under the specified provision.

Marginal note:Exemption from Statutory Instruments Act
  •  (1) An order made under any of sections 58 to 60

  • Marginal note:Tabling of order

    (2) A copy of the order shall be tabled in each House of Parliament within 15 days after the day on which it is made.

  • Marginal note:House not sitting

    (3) In order to comply with subsection (2), the order may be sent to the Clerk of the House if the House is not sitting.

  • Marginal note:Contravention of unpublished order

    (4) No person shall be convicted of an offence consisting of a contravention of the order if, at the time of the alleged contravention, the order had not been published in the Canada Gazette, unless it is proved that, at the time of the alleged contravention, the person had been notified of the order or reasonable steps had been taken to bring the purport of the order to the notice of persons likely to be affected by it.

REGULATIONS

Marginal note:Governor in Council

 The Governor in Council may make regulations

  • (a) respecting physical examinations carried out for the purposes of a health assessment;

  • (a.1) respecting any compensation that is to be paid under this Act;

  • (b) respecting the types of costs that a person is not required to pay under section 41;

  • (c) respecting the location, design, construction, installation, operation, maintenance, marking and modification of a quarantine facility or quarantine station;

  • (c.1) respecting the specifications for areas and facilities provided under subsection 6(2);

  • (d) respecting the process of review under section 29;

  • (e) respecting the information to be provided by the operator of a conveyance and any other traveller on board;

  • (f) respecting the information to be provided by a traveller;

  • (g) after consultation with the Privacy Commissioner, as defined in the Privacy Act, respecting the protection of personal information;

  • (h) respecting the place and manner of embarkation of travellers at a departure point, or disembarkation of travellers at an entry point, and the loading and unloading of goods and cargo onto and from a conveyance;

  • (i) respecting the methods of disinfecting, disinfesting, decontaminating or fumigating conveyances, goods, cargo and places and of disinfesting travellers;

  • (j) respecting the declaration of health referred to in paragraph 39(1)(f);

  • (k) respecting the carrying into Canada of, the exporting from Canada of, or the transportation and the handling of, cadavers, body parts or other human remains that have, or are suspected of having, a communicable disease or that are, or are suspected of being, infested with vectors;

  • (l) respecting the process for applications to the Federal Court for matters under this Act;

  • (m) exempting any person or class of persons from the application of all or any of the provisions of this Act;

  • (n) respecting anything that may be prescribed under this Act; and

  • (o) generally, for carrying out the purposes and provisions of this Act.

Marginal note:Proposed regulations to be laid before both Houses of Parliament
  •  (1) The Governor in Council may not make a regulation under section 62 unless the Minister has first caused the proposed regulation to be laid before both Houses of Parliament.

  • Marginal note:Report by committee

    (2) A proposed regulation that is laid before a House of Parliament is deemed to be automatically referred to the appropriate committee of that House, as determined by the rules of that House, and the committee may conduct inquiries or public hearings with respect to the proposed regulation and report its findings to that House.

  • Marginal note:Making of regulations

    (3) The Governor in Council may make a regulation under section 62 only if

    • (a) neither House has concurred in any report from its committee respecting the proposed regulation before the end of 30 sitting days or 160 calendar days, whichever is earlier, after the day on which the proposed regulation was laid before that House, in which case the regulation may be made only in the form laid; or

    • (b) both Houses have concurred in reports from their committees approving the proposed regulation or a version of it amended to the same effect, in which case the regulation may be made only in the form concurred in.

  • Marginal note:Meaning of “sitting day”

    (4) For the purpose of this section, “sitting day” means a day on which the House in question sits.

Marginal note:Exceptions
  •  (1) A regulation may be made without being laid before each House of Parliament if the Minister is of the opinion that

    • (a) the changes made by the regulation to an existing regulation are so immaterial or insubstantial that section 62.1 should not apply in the circumstances; or

    • (b) the regulation must be made immediately in order to protect the health or safeguard the safety of the public.

  • Marginal note:Explanation

    (2) If a regulation is made without being laid before each House of Parliament, the Minister shall cause to be laid before each House a statement of the reasons why it was not.

 
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