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An Act to amend the Criminal Code in order to implement the United Nations Convention against Corruption (S.C. 2007, c. 13)

Assented to 2007-05-31

An Act to amend the Criminal Code in order to implement the United Nations Convention against Corruption

S.C. 2007, c. 13

Assented to 2007-05-31

An Act to amend the Criminal Code in order to implement the United Nations Convention against Corruption

SUMMARY

This enactment makes technical amendments to the corruption and offence-related provisions of the Criminal Code to implement the United Nations Convention against Corruption.

R.S., c. C-46

Her Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate and House of Commons of Canada, enacts as follows:

Marginal note:2001, c. 32, s. 1(2)

 The definition “offence-related property” in section 2 of the Criminal Code is replaced by the following:

“offence-related property”

« bien infractionnel »

“offence-related property” means any property, within or outside Canada,

  • (a) by means or in respect of which an indictable offence under this Act or the Corruption of Foreign Public Officials Act is committed,

  • (b) that is used in any manner in connection with the commission of such an offence, or

  • (c) that is intended to be used for committing such an offence;

 The definition “official” in section 118 of the Act is replaced by the following:

“official”

« fonctionnaire »

“official” means a person who

  • (a) holds an office, or

  • (b) is appointed or elected to discharge a public duty;

 Subsection 119(1) of the Act is replaced by the following:

Marginal note:Bribery of judicial officers, etc.
  • 119. (1) Every one is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding fourteen years who

    • (a) being the holder of a judicial office, or being a member of Parliament or of the legislature of a province, directly or indirectly, corruptly accepts, obtains, agrees to accept or attempts to obtain, for themselves or another person, any money, valuable consideration, office, place or employment in respect of anything done or omitted or to be done or omitted by them in their official capacity, or

    • (b) directly or indirectly, corruptly gives or offers to a person mentioned in paragraph (a), or to anyone for the benefit of that person, any money, valuable consideration, office, place or employment in respect of anything done or omitted or to be done or omitted by that person in their official capacity.

 Section 120 of the Act is replaced by the following:

Marginal note:Bribery of officers

120. Every one is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding fourteen years who

  • (a) being a justice, police commissioner, peace officer, public officer or officer of a juvenile court, or being employed in the administration of criminal law, directly or indirectly, corruptly accepts, obtains, agrees to accept or attempts to obtain, for themselves or another person, any money, valuable consideration, office, place or employment with intent

    • (i) to interfere with the administration of justice,

    • (ii) to procure or facilitate the commission of an offence, or

    • (iii) to protect from detection or punishment a person who has committed or who intends to commit an offence; or

  • (b) directly or indirectly, corruptly gives or offers to a person mentioned in paragraph (a), or to anyone for the benefit of that person, any money, valuable consideration, office, place or employment with intent that the person should do anything mentioned in subparagraph (a)(i), (ii) or (iii).

 Paragraphs 121(1)(b) to (f) of the Act are replaced by the following:

  • (b) having dealings of any kind with the government, directly or indirectly pays a commission or reward to or confers an advantage or benefit of any kind on an employee or official of the government with which the dealings take place, or to any member of the employee’s or official’s family, or to anyone for the benefit of the employee or official, with respect to those dealings, unless the person has the consent in writing of the head of the branch of government with which the dealings take place;

  • (c) being an official or employee of the government, directly or indirectly demands, accepts or offers or agrees to accept from a person who has dealings with the government a commission, reward, advantage or benefit of any kind for themselves or another person, unless they have the consent in writing of the head of the branch of government that employs them or of which they are an official;

  • (d) having or pretending to have influence with the government or with a minister of the government or an official, directly or indirectly demands, accepts or offers or agrees to accept, for themselves or another person, a reward, advantage or benefit of any kind as consideration for cooperation, assistance, exercise of influence or an act or omission in connection with

    • (i) anything mentioned in subparagraph (a)(iii) or (iv), or

    • (ii) the appointment of any person, including themselves, to an office;

  • (e) directly or indirectly gives or offers, or agrees to give or offer, to a minister of the government or an official, or to anyone for the benefit of a minister or an official, a reward, advantage or benefit of any kind as consideration for cooperation, assistance, exercise of influence, or an act or omission, by that minister or official, in connection with

    • (i) anything mentioned in subparagraph (a)(iii) or (iv), or

    • (ii) the appointment of any person, including themselves, to an office; or

  • (f) having made a tender to obtain a contract with the government,

    • (i) directly or indirectly gives or offers, or agrees to give or offer, to another person who has made a tender, to a member of that person’s family or to another person for the benefit of that person, a reward, advantage or benefit of any kind as consideration for the withdrawal of the tender of that person, or

    • (ii) directly or indirectly demands, accepts or offers or agrees to accept from another person who has made a tender a reward, advantage or benefit of any kind for themselves or another person as consideration for the withdrawal of their own tender.

Marginal note:R.S., c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 16

 Subsections 123(1) and (2) of the Act are replaced by the following:

Marginal note:Municipal corruption
  • 123. (1) Every one is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years who directly or indirectly gives, offers or agrees to give or offer to a municipal official or to anyone for the benefit of a municipal official — or, being a municipal official, directly or indirectly demands, accepts or offers or agrees to accept from any person for themselves or another person — a loan, reward, advantage or benefit of any kind as consideration for the official

    • (a) to abstain from voting at a meeting of the municipal council or a committee of the council;

    • (b) to vote in favour of or against a measure, motion or resolution;

    • (c) to aid in procuring or preventing the adoption of a measure, motion or resolution; or

    • (d) to perform or fail to perform an official act.

  • Marginal note:Influencing municipal official

    (2) Every one is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years who influences or attempts to influence a municipal official to do anything mentioned in paragraphs (1)(a) to (d) by

    • (a) suppression of the truth, in the case of a person who is under a duty to disclose the truth;

    • (b) threats or deceit; or

    • (c) any unlawful means.

 Paragraph 426(1)(a) of the Act is replaced by the following:

  • (a) directly or indirectly, corruptly gives, offers or agrees to give or offer to an agent or to anyone for the benefit of the agent — or, being an agent, directly or indirectly, corruptly demands, accepts or offers or agrees to accept from any person, for themselves or another person — any reward, advantage or benefit of any kind as consideration for doing or not doing, or for having done or not done, any act relating to the affairs or business of the agent’s principal, or for showing or not showing favour or disfavour to any person with relation to the affairs or business of the agent’s principal; or

Marginal note:2001, c. 32, s. 30(1)
  •  (1) The portion of subsection 490.1(1) of the Act before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:

    Marginal note:Order of forfeiture of property on conviction
    • 490.1 (1) Subject to sections 490.3 to 490.41, if a person is convicted of an indictable offence under this Act or the Corruption of Foreign Public Officials Act and, on application of the Attorney General, the court is satisfied, on a balance of probabilities, that any property is offence-related property and that the offence was committed in relation to that property, the court shall

  • Marginal note:2001, c. 32, s. 30(2)

    (2) Subsection 490.1(2) of the Act is replaced by the following:

    • Marginal note:Property related to other offences

      (2) Subject to sections 490.3 to 490.41, if the evidence does not establish to the satisfaction of the court that the indictable offence under this Act or the Corruption of Foreign Public Officials Act of which a person has been convicted was committed in relation to property in respect of which an order of forfeiture would otherwise be made under subsection (1) but the court is satisfied, beyond a reasonable doubt, that the property is offence-related property, the court may make an order of forfeiture under subsection (1) in relation to that property.

  • Marginal note:2001, c. 32, s. 30(2)

    (3) Subsection 490.1(3) of the Act is replaced by the following:

    • Marginal note:Appeal

      (3) A person who has been convicted of an indictable offence under this Act or the Corruption of Foreign Public Officials Act, or the Attorney General, may appeal to the court of appeal from an order or a failure to make an order under subsection (1) as if the appeal were an appeal against the sentence imposed on the person in respect of the offence.

Marginal note:2001, c. 32, s. 31(1)

 Subsections 490.2(1) and (2) of the Act are replaced by the following:

Marginal note:Application for in rem forfeiture
  • 490.2 (1) If an information has been laid in respect of an indictable offence under this Act or the Corruption of Foreign Public Officials Act, the Attorney General may make an application to a judge for an order of forfeiture under subsection (2).

  • Marginal note:Order of forfeiture of property

    (2) Subject to sections 490.3 to 490.41, the judge to whom an application is made under subsection (1) shall order that the property that is subject to the application be forfeited and disposed of in accordance with subsection (4) if the judge is satisfied

    • (a) beyond a reasonable doubt that the property is offence-related property;

    • (b) that proceedings in respect of an indictable offence under this Act or the Corruption of Foreign Public Officials Act in relation to the property were commenced; and

    • (c) that the accused charged with the offence has died or absconded.

Marginal note:1997, c. 23, s. 15; 2001, c. 32, s. 32(2)

 Subsection 490.4(3) of the Act is replaced by the following:

  • Marginal note:Order of restoration of property

    (3) A court may order that all or part of the property that would otherwise be forfeited under subsection 490.1(1) or 490.2(2) be returned to a person — other than a person who was charged with an indictable offence under this Act or the Corruption of Foreign Public Officials Act or a person who acquired title to or a right of possession of the property from such a person under circumstances that give rise to a reasonable inference that the title or right was transferred for the purpose of avoiding the forfeiture of the property — if the court is satisfied that the person is the lawful owner or is lawfully entitled to possession of all or part of that property, and that the person appears innocent of any complicity in, or collusion in relation to, the offence.

Marginal note:2001, c. 32, s. 33

 Subsection 490.41(1) of the Act is replaced by the following:

Marginal note:Notice
  • 490.41 (1) If all or part of offence-related property that would otherwise be forfeited under subsection 490.1(1) or 490.2(2) is a dwelling-house, before making an order of forfeiture, a court shall require that notice in accordance with subsection (2) be given to, and may hear, any person who resides in the dwelling-house and is a member of the immediate family of the person charged with or convicted of the indictable offence under this Act or the Corruption of Foreign Public Officials Act in relation to which the property would be forfeited.

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