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Safeguarding Canada’s Seas and Skies Act (S.C. 2014, c. 29)

Assented to 2014-12-09

Marginal note:1996, c. 10, s. 205(1)
  •  (1) The portion of subsection 27(1) of the Act before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:

    Marginal note:Proof of documents
    • 27. (1) In any action or proceeding under this Act, any document purporting to be certified by the Minister of Transport, the Secretary of the Department of Transport or the Secretary of the Canadian Transportation Agency — or, with respect to any matter relating to defence, by the Minister of National Defence or the Chief of the Defence Staff — as a true copy of a document made, given or issued under this Act is, without proof of the signature or of the official character of the person appearing to have signed the document, evidence

  • Marginal note:1996, c. 10, s. 205(2)

    (2) The portion of subsection 27(2) of the Act before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:

    • Marginal note:Certificate

      (2) In any action or proceeding under this Act, any certificate purporting to be signed by the Minister of Transport or the Secretary of the Department of Transport — or, with respect to any matter relating to defence, by the Minister of National Defence or the Chief of the Defence Staff — is evidence of the facts stated in it, without proof of the signature or of the official character of the person appearing to have signed the certificate and without further proof of the certificate, if the certificate states that a document, authorization or exemption under this Act

  • Marginal note:R.S., c. 33 (1st Supp.), s. 4

    (3) The portion of subsection 27(2) of the English version of the Act after paragraph (b) is repealed.

Consequential Amendments

R.S., c. A-1Access to Information Act

 Schedule II to the Access to Information Act is amended by replacing “subsections 4.79(1) and 6.5(5)” opposite “Aeronautics Act” with “subsections 4.79(1), 6.5(5), 22(2) and 24.2(4)”.

R.S., c. N-5National Defence Act

 Section 45 of the National Defence Act is amended by adding the following after subsection (2):

  • Marginal note:Access to on-board recordings

    (3) For greater certainty, a board of inquiry may have access to an on-board recording, as defined in subsection 22(1) of the Aeronautics Act, only if it is made available under that Act.

1989, c. 3Canadian Transportation Accident Investigation and Safety Board Act

 Subsection 18(4) of the Canadian Transportation Accident Investigation and Safety Board Act is replaced by the following:

  • Marginal note:Investigations to be coordinated

    (4) If a transportation occurrence referred to in subsection (3) is being investigated by the Board and by the Department of National Defence, the Canadian Forces or a visiting force, the Board and either the Minister of National Defence or the Authority designated under section 12 of the Aeronautics Act shall take all reasonable measures to ensure that the investigations are coordinated.

Transitional Provisions

Marginal note:Existing investigations — military-civilian occurrences
  •  (1) On the coming into force of Part II of the Aeronautics Act (referred to in this section as “the Act”), as enacted by section 19 of this Act, that Part applies to any investigation already begun of an accident or incident relating to aeronautics that would have been considered a military-civilian occurrence, as defined in that Part, and the Airworthiness Investigative Authority designated by the Minister of National Defence under section 12 of the Act shall continue the investigation in accordance with that Part.

  • Marginal note:Completed investigations — military-civilian occurrences

    (2) If, on the coming into force of Part II of the Act, an investigation referred to in subsection (1) has been completed but no report on it has been provided to the Minister of National Defence, then the following provisions apply on the coming into force of that Part: subsections 18(1) to (9) of the Act, the provisions of sections 22 to 24.1 of the Act relating to on-board recordings, communication records and statements, as defined in sections 22, 24 and 24.1 of the Act, respectively, and the provisions of section 24.2 of the Act relating to reporting by civilians.

Marginal note:Existing military investigations

 If, on the coming into force of Part II of the Aeronautics Act (referred to in this section as “the Act”), as enacted by section 19 of this Act, an investigation by or under the authority of the Minister of National Defence of an accident or incident relating to aeronautics that would not have been considered a military-civilian occurrence, as defined in that Part, has already begun, or one has been completed but no report on it has been provided to that Minister, then the following provisions apply on the coming into force of that Part: subsections 18(1) to (9) of the Act, the provisions of sections 22 to 24.1 of the Act relating to on-board recordings, communication records and statements, as defined in sections 22, 24 and 24.1 of the Act, respectively, and the provisions of section 24.2 of the Act relating to reporting by civilians.

Coming into Force

Marginal note:Sixty days after royal assent
  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), this Part comes into force 60 days after the day on which this Act receives royal assent.

  • Marginal note:Order in council

    (2) Subsection 10(2) and section 15 come into force on a day to be fixed by order of the Governor in Council.

PART 31998, c. 10CANADA MARINE ACT

Marginal note:2008, c. 21, s. 10

 Subsection 14(2.2) of the Canada Marine Act is replaced by the following:

  • Marginal note:Effective day of appointment

    (2.2) A director’s appointment made by a municipality or province takes effect on the day on which notice of the appointment is received by the port authority.

PART 42001, c. 6MARINE LIABILITY ACT

Amendments to the Act

Marginal note:2009, c. 21, s. 11

 The heading of Part 6 of the Marine Liability Act is replaced by the following:

LIABILITY AND COMPENSATION — OIL AND HAZARDOUS AND NOXIOUS SUBSTANCES

  •  (1) The definition “owner” in subsection 47(1) of the English version of the Act is amended by striking out “and” at the end of paragraph (c), by adding “and” at the end of paragraph (d) and by adding the following after paragraph (d):

    • (e) in relation to the Hazardous and Noxious Substances Convention, has the same meaning as in Article 1 of that Convention.

  • (2) Subsection 47(1) of the Act is amended by adding the following in alphabetical order:

    “Hazardous and Noxious Substances Convention”

    « Convention sur les substances nocives et potentiellement dangereuses »

    “Hazardous and Noxious Substances Convention” means the International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea, 2010, concluded at London on April 30, 2010.

    “HNS Fund”

    « Fonds SNPD »

    “HNS Fund” means the International Hazardous and Noxious Substances Fund established by Article 13 of the Hazardous and Noxious Substances Convention.

  • (3) Subsection 47(2) of the Act is amended by striking out “and” at the end of paragraph (c), by adding “and’’ at the end of paragraph (d) and by adding the following after paragraph (d):

    • (e) Article 1 of the Hazardous and Noxious Substances Convention.

  • Marginal note:2009, c. 21, s. 11

    (4) Subsection 47(3) of the Act is replaced by the following:

    • Marginal note:Inconsistency

      (3) In the event of an inconsistency between this section and sections 48 to 74.4 and 79 to 90 and the Civil Liability Convention, the Fund Convention, the Supplementary Fund Protocol, the Bunkers Convention or the Hazardous and Noxious Substances Convention, those sections prevail to the extent of the inconsistency.

Marginal note:2009, c. 21, s. 11

 Subsection 54(2) of the French version of the Act is replaced by the following:

  • Marginal note:Preuve de publication

    (2) Dans les trente jours suivant la constitution du fonds de limitation, elle dépose à la Cour d’amirauté les avis publiés.

 The Act is amended by adding the following after section 74:

Hazardous and Noxious Substances Convention

Marginal note:Force of law

74.01 Articles 1 to 5, 7 to 23, 37 to 41, 45, 48 and 52 of the Hazardous and Noxious Substances Convention — that are set out in Part 1 of Schedule 9 — have the force of law in Canada.

Meaning of “receiver”

74.1 For the purposes of Articles 1, 7, 18, 19 and 21 of the Hazardous and Noxious Substances Convention, “receiver” has the meaning assigned by paragraph 4(a) of Article 1 of that Convention.

 The Act is amended by adding the following in numerical order:

Marginal note:State Party

74.2 For the purposes of the application of the Hazardous and Noxious Substances Convention, Canada is a State Party.

 The Act is amended by adding the following in numerical order:

Marginal note:Appropriate authority

74.21 For the purposes of Article 12 of the Hazardous and Noxious Substances Convention, the Minister is the appropriate authority for Canada.

Marginal note:Schedule 9 — limits amendment

74.22 The Governor in Council may, by regulation, amend Part 1 of Schedule 9 to implement an amendment — to the limits of liability that are specified in paragraph 1 of Article 9 or paragraph 5 of Article 14 of the Hazardous and Noxious Substances Convention — that is made in accordance with Article 48 of that Convention.

Marginal note:Amendment to Part 2 of Schedule 9

74.23 The Governor in Council may, by regulation, amend Part 2 of Schedule 9 to add or delete a declaration made by Canada under Article 5 of the Hazardous and Noxious Substances Convention.

Marginal note:Liability for damage and related costs

74.24 The liability of the owner of a ship in relation to preventive measures, for the purposes of the Hazardous and Noxious Substances Convention, also includes

  • (a) the costs and expenses incurred by the Minister of Fisheries and Oceans, by a response organization as defined in section 165 of the Canada Shipping Act, 2001, by any other person in Canada or by any person in a state, other than Canada, that is a party to that Convention in respect of measures taken to prevent, repair, remedy or minimize damage caused by hazardous and noxious substances, including measures taken in anticipation of an incident, to the extent that the measures taken and the costs and expenses are reasonable, and for any loss or damage caused by those measures; and

  • (b) in relation to hazardous and noxious substances, the costs and expenses incurred

    • (i) by the Minister of Fisheries and Oceans in respect of measures taken under paragraph 180(1)(a) of the Canada Shipping Act, 2001, in respect of any monitoring under paragraph 180(1)(b) of that Act or in relation to any direction given under paragraph 180(1)(c) of that Act to the extent that the measures taken and the costs and expenses are reasonable, and for any loss or damage caused by those measures, or

    • (ii) by any other person in respect of the measures that they were directed to take or refrain from taking under paragraph 180(1)(c) of the Canada Shipping Act, 2001, to the extent that the measures taken and the costs and expenses are reasonable, and for any loss or damage caused by those measures.

Marginal note:Admiralty Court’s jurisdiction — limitation fund
  • 74.25 (1) The Admiralty Court has exclusive jurisdiction with respect to any matter relating to the constitution and distribution of a limitation fund under the Hazardous and Noxious Substances Convention.

  • Marginal note:Right to assert limitation defence

    (2) When a claim is made or apprehended against a person in respect of liability that is limited under the Hazardous and Noxious Substances Convention, that person may assert their right to a limitation of liability by constituting a fund as required under that Convention and filing a defence, or by way of action or counterclaim for declaratory relief, in the Admiralty Court.

  • Marginal note:Stay of proceedings

    (3) When a fund is constituted in the Admiralty Court, any other court, where an action asserting limitation of liability under the Hazardous and Noxious Substances Convention has been commenced, shall stay the proceedings and refer all claims under that Convention to the Admiralty Court.

Marginal note:Admiralty Court’s powers
  • 74.26 (1) When a claim is made or apprehended against a person in respect of liability that is limited under the Hazardous and Noxious Substances Convention, the Admiralty Court, on application by that person or any other interested person, may take any steps that it considers appropriate, including

    • (a) determining the amount of the liability and providing for the constitution and distribution of a fund under that Convention; and

    • (b) joining interested persons as parties to the proceedings, excluding any claimants who do not make a claim within the time limits set out in Article 37 of that Convention, requiring security from the person claiming limitation of liability or from any other interested person and requiring the payment of any costs.

  • Marginal note:Admiralty Court may postpone distribution

    (2) In providing for the distribution of a fund under paragraph (1)(a) in relation to any liability, the Admiralty Court may, having regard to any claim that may subsequently be established before a court, tribunal or other authority outside Canada in respect of that liability, postpone the distribution of any part of the fund that it considers appropriate.

  • Marginal note:Procedural matters

    (3) The Admiralty Court may

    • (a) make any rule of procedure that it considers appropriate with respect to proceedings before it under this section; and

    • (b) determine what form of guarantee it considers to be adequate for the purposes of paragraph 3 of Article 9 of the Hazardous and Noxious Substances Convention.

Marginal note:Public notice
  • 74.27 (1) The person constituting the fund shall, as soon as feasible, give notice of the fund’s constitution in the Canada Gazette and in a newspaper in general circulation in the region where the incident occurs.

  • Marginal note:Proof of notice

    (2) Within 30 days after the fund’s constitution, the person constituting it shall file the public notices in the Admiralty Court.

  • Marginal note:Court order in case of non-compliance

    (3) The Admiralty Court may issue any order that it deems appropriate to remedy the failure of the person to give any of the required public notices or the inadequacy of a notice.

Marginal note:Absence of certificate
  • 74.28 (1) Unless a ship carrying hazardous and noxious substances carries a certificate described in Article 12 of the Hazardous and Noxious Substances Convention issued in accordance with subsection 74.29(1), showing that a contract of insurance or other security satisfying the requirements of that Article is in force, the ship must not

    • (a) enter or leave a port in Canadian waters or in Canada’s exclusive economic zone or arrive at or leave an offshore terminal in Canadian waters or in Canada’s exclusive economic zone; or

    • (b) if the ship is registered in Canada, enter or leave a port in any other state, whether or not the state is a party to that Convention, or arrive at or leave an offshore terminal

      • (i) in the territorial sea or internal waters of any such state, or

      • (ii) in the exclusive economic zone of any such state or, if the state has not established an exclusive economic zone, in an area beyond and adjacent to the territorial sea of the state, and extending not more than 200 nautical miles from the baselines from which the breadth of its territorial sea is measured.

  • Marginal note:Certificate to be produced on request

    (2) The master, a crew member or any person on board who is, or appears to be, in charge of the ship shall produce the certificate and give details of it at the request of any authorized officer of the Government of Canada.

Marginal note:By whom certificate to be issued
  • 74.29 (1) The certificate shall be issued

    • (a) by the Minister, if the ship is registered in Canada;

    • (b) by or under the authority of the government of the state of registration, if the ship is registered in a state, other than Canada, that is a party to the Hazardous and Noxious Substances Convention; or

    • (c) by the Minister or by or under the authority of the government of a state, other than Canada, that is a party to the Hazardous and Noxious Substances Convention, if the ship is registered in a state, other than Canada, that is not a party to that Convention.

  • Marginal note:Issuance of certificate by Minister

    (2) On an application to the Minister for a certificate in respect of a ship registered in Canada or registered in a state, other than Canada, that is not a party to the Hazardous and Noxious Substances Convention, the Minister shall issue the certificate to the owner of the ship, if the Minister is satisfied that a contract of insurance or other security satisfying the requirements of Article 12 of that Convention will be in force in respect of the ship throughout the period for which the certificate is issued.

  • Marginal note:When Minister may refuse certificate

    (3) If the Minister believes that the guarantor will be unable to meet the guarantor’s obligations under the contract of insurance or other security referred to in subsection 74.28(1), or that the contract of insurance or other security will not cover the owner’s liability under the Hazardous and Noxious Substances Convention, the Minister may refuse to issue the certificate.

  • Marginal note:When Minister may revoke certificate

    (4) If the Minister believes that the guarantor is no longer able to meet the guarantor’s obligations under the contract of insurance or other security referred to in subsection 74.28(1), or that the contract of insurance or other security no longer covers the owner’s liability under the Hazardous and Noxious Substances Convention, the Minister may revoke the certificate.

 
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