PART 4Various Measures (continued)
DIVISION 11R.S., c. P-14Pilotage Act (continued)
Amendments to the Act (continued)
254 The heading before section 52 of the Act is replaced by the following:
Regulations, Exemption Orders, Interim Orders and Directions
Marginal note:R.S., c. 31 (1st Supp.), s. 86
255 Section 52 of the Act is replaced by the following:
52 (1) The Governor in Council may make regulations respecting the provision of pilotage services, including regulations
(a) establishing compulsory pilotage areas;
(b) respecting which ships or classes of ships are subject to compulsory pilotage;
(c) respecting waivers of compulsory pilotage;
(d) respecting master-pilot exchanges;
(e) respecting the classes of licences and classes of pilotage certificates that are to be issued as well as the form and manner of their issuance;
(f) respecting the qualifications that are required of an applicant for a licence or pilotage certificate, or any class of licence or pilotage certificate, for a compulsory pilotage area, including the applicant’s physical and mental fitness, degree of general and local knowledge, skill, training, experience and proficiency in one or both of the official languages of Canada;
(g) respecting skill and knowledge examinations, medical examinations, apprenticeship, the provision of documents and recommendations and other means of determining whether an individual meets the qualifications required under paragraph (f);
(h) respecting the conditions of a licence or pilotage certificate or the conditions of any class of licence or pilotage certificate;
(i) limiting the number of licences or classes of licences that may be issued for a compulsory pilotage area;
(j) respecting the information to be provided and the procedures and practices to be followed by a ship that is about to enter, leave or proceed within a compulsory pilotage area;
(k) respecting the minimum number of licensed pilots or pilotage certificate holders that are required to be on board a ship at any time and which class of licence or pilotage certificate that they are required to hold;
(l) respecting additional training and periodic medical examinations for licensed pilots and pilotage certificate holders;
(m) respecting risk assessments;
(n) respecting the development and implementation of management systems by the Authorities; and
(o) respecting fees and charges to be paid in relation to the administration of this Act, including the development of regulations, and the enforcement of this Act.
Marginal note:United States pilots and waters
(2) With respect to Canadian waters that are contiguous with waters of the United States, the regulations may set out the conditions under which
Marginal note:Paragraph (1)(l)
(3) Regulations referred to in paragraph (1)(l) may distinguish between licensed pilots and between pilotage certificate holders on the basis of the class of licence or pilotage certificate they hold.
256 The Act is amended by adding the following after section 52:
Marginal note:Exemption orders
52.1 (1) The Minister may, by order, exempt for a period of not more than three years any person or ship from the application of any provision of this Act or the regulations, subject to any conditions that the Minister considers appropriate, if the exemption would allow the undertaking of research and development, including in respect of any type of ships, technologies, systems, components or procedures and practices that may, in the Minister’s opinion, enhance marine safety or environmental protection.
Marginal note:Compliance with conditions
(2) Every person or ship subject to a condition of the exemption order shall comply with that condition.
(3) The Minister shall, as soon as feasible after making an exemption order, publish a notice of it on a Government of Canada website or by any other means that the Minister considers appropriate.
Marginal note:Interim orders
52.2 (1) The Minister may make an interim order that contains any provision that may be contained in a regulation made under this Act if the Minister believes that immediate action is required to deal with an urgent issue related to the provision of pilotage services that poses a significant risk to safety, human health or the environment.
Marginal note:Cessation of effect
(2) The interim order has effect from the time that it is made but ceases to have effect on the earliest of
(a) the day on which it is repealed,
(b) the day on which a regulation made under this Act that has the same effect as the interim order comes into force,
(c) one year after the day on which it is made or any shorter period that may be specified in it, unless it is extended by the Governor in Council, and
(d) the day that is specified in the order of the Governor in Council, if the Governor in Council extends the interim order.
Marginal note:Extension — Governor in Council
(3) The Governor in Council may extend the interim order for a period of no more than two years after the end of the applicable period referred to in paragraph (2)(c).
(4) If an interim order is extended by the Governor in Council, the Minister is not authorized to remake the interim order after it ceases to have effect.
Marginal note:Compliance with interim order
(5) Every person or ship subject to an interim order shall comply with it.
Marginal note:Contravention of unpublished order
(6) No person or ship may be convicted of an offence or found liable for a violation consisting of a contravention of an interim order that, at the time of the alleged contravention, had not been published in the Canada Gazette unless it is proved that, at the time of the alleged contravention, the person or ship had been notified of the interim order or reasonable steps had been taken to bring the purport of the interim order to the notice of those persons or ships likely to be affected by it.
Marginal note:Tabling of order
(8) The Minister shall ensure that a copy of each interim order is tabled in each House of Parliament within 15 days after it is made. It is to be sent to the Clerk of the House if the House is not sitting.
Marginal note:Direction to licensed pilot or pilot corporation
52.3 (1) The Minister may, in writing, direct a licensed pilot or pilot corporation
(a) to cease an activity that poses a risk to the safety of navigation, including the safety of the public and marine personnel, or to human health, property or the environment; or
(b) to conduct an activity that protects the safety of navigation, including the safety of the public and marine personnel, or that protects human health, property or the environment.
Marginal note:Exceptional circumstances
(2) The Minister is not authorized to make the direction unless the Minister is satisfied that the direction is necessary to deal with exceptional circumstances that involve a risk to the safety of navigation, including the safety of the public and marine personnel, or to human health, property or the environment.
Marginal note:Validity period
(3) The direction is valid for the period specified in it as long as that period ends no more than 30 days after the day on which it is made.
Marginal note:Incorporation by reference
52.4 The limitation set out in paragraph 18.1(2)(a) of the Statutory Instruments Act, to the effect that a document is to be incorporated as it exists on a particular date, does not apply to any power to make regulations under this Act.
Marginal note:Statutory Instruments Act
52.5 The following are not statutory instruments for the purposes of the Statutory Instruments Act:
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