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Crew Accommodation Regulations (C.R.C., c. 1418)

Regulations are current to 2021-09-11 and last amended on 2007-07-01. Previous Versions

Crew Accommodation Regulations

C.R.C., c. 1418


Regulations Respecting Crew Accommodation in Canadian Ships

Short Title

 These Regulations may be cited as the Crew Accommodation Regulations.


 In these Regulations,


Act means the Canada Shipping Act; (Loi)


apprentice includes a cadet and a midshipman; (apprenti)


Board means the Board of Steamship Inspection; (Bureau)


crew means the officers, seamen and apprentices of a ship; (équipage)


inspector means a steamship inspector appointed under the Act; (inspecteur)

new ship

new ship means

  • (a) a ship the keel of which was laid on or after March 5, 1964, or

  • (b) a ship that is registered in Canada on or after March 5, 1964, having previously been registered elsewhere than in Canada; (navire neuf)

sanitary accommodation

sanitary accommodation means washing accommodation and accommodation containing water closets or urinals; (installations sanitaires)

sleeping room

sleeping room does not include a hospital ward. (poste de couchage)

Applications and Exemptions

  •  (1) These Regulations apply to every ship required to be registered under the Act other than a fishing vessel, a pleasure yacht or a ship that is used for pulling or pushing any floating object.

  • (2) The Board, or any inspector authorized by the Board, may, if it is considered appropriate to do so in the circumstances, exempt from the requirements of these Regulations

    • (a) any ship that is not a new ship;

    • (b) any ship under construction;

    • (c) any ship undergoing trials;

    • (d) any ship of under 300 tons, net registered tonnage;

    • (e) any ship that is primarily employed in a harbour, river, estuary, lake or canal;

    • (f) any passenger steamship in respect of which there is in force a passenger certificate limiting it to voyages other than foreign, home-trade Class I, home-trade Class II or inland Class I voyages; and

    • (g) any ship engaged in the whaling or sealing industry.

  • 1987, c. 7, s. 84(F)

Protection of Crew Accommodation

 The crew accommodation in every ship and the means of access to and egress from shall be constructed and arranged so as to provide to the greatest extent practicable for

  • (a) the protection of the crew against injury;

  • (b) the protection of the accommodation against the weather and the sea;

  • (c) the insulation of the accommodation from excessive heat and cold;

  • (d) the protection of the accommodation against moisture due to condensation; and

  • (e) the exclusion from the accommodation of effluvium originating in other spaces in the ship.


  •  (1) Subject to subsections (2) to (4), every part of the crew accommodation of a ship other than pantries, laundries, drying rooms, lockers and store rooms shall be properly lighted by natural light.

  • (2) Where, in any space in a passenger steamer or in a ship engaged in the whaling or sealing industry, it is impracticable to provide proper natural light, natural light is not required if adequate electric light is always available in that space.

  • (3) A ship may be exempted from the requirement of subsections (1) and (2) in respect of sanitary accommodation and passageways to the extent that it is considered that compliance therewith is unreasonable or impracticable in the circumstances.

  • (4) The natural lighting of a sleeping room, mess room, recreation room or hospital ward is sufficient for the purposes of this section if it is sufficient to enable a person of normal vision to read a newspaper at any point in the room, being a point available for free movement, during daylight and in clear weather.

  •  (1) In each ship an electrical system and an efficient alternative system of lighting or source of electric power shall be installed each of which shall be capable of providing adequate lighting in every part of the crew accommodation.

  • (2) The electric lights shall be so arranged as to provide maximum benefit to the crew and shall include one reading light fitted at the head of each bed in a sleeping room or hospital ward, which light

    • (a) shall be capable of being switched on and off from the bed; and

    • (b) shall have a lamp capable of emitting an illumination of at least 270 lx.

  • (3) A ship under 500 tons may be exempted from the requirements of section 5 and this section to the extent that

    • (a) compliance with this section is unreasonable or impractical in the circumstances; and

    • (b) other suitable artificial lighting is provided for the crew accommodation.

  • (4) For the purpose of this section, the electric lighting of a space is adequate if, when the lamps and paintwork are new, the illumination at a height of 840 mm above the floor at every point midway between

    • (a) two adjacent lamps, and

    • (b) any lamp and the boundary of the space,

    is in accordance with the following table, subject to a tolerance of 10 per cent.


    Space to be illuminatedRequired illumination
    1Passageways, companionways, hospital wards54 lx
    2Sleeping rooms, mess rooms, recreation rooms, store rooms, sanitary accommodation, laundries108 lx
    3Galleys, bakeries, pantries, offices, studies215 lx at working positions
  • (5) For the purpose of subsection (4), reading lights at the heads of beds shall not be taken into account in determining the illumination of a space except in the case of a sleeping room that accommodates only one person.

  • SOR/78-77, s. 1


  •  (1) The enclosed parts of the crew accommodation of a ship shall be ventilated by a system that will maintain the air therein in a state of purity adequate for the health and comfort of the crew.

  • (2) The ventilation system referred to in subsection (1) shall be capable of being so controlled as to ensure a sufficiency of air movement under all conditions of weather and climate to which the ship is likely to be subjected during the voyages on which it is intended to be engaged and shall be additional to any side scuttles, skylights, companionways, doors or other apertures not intended solely for ventilation.

  • (3) Every enclosed space forming part of the crew accommodation, being a space not ventilated by a trunked mechanical ventilation system, shall be provided with a natural system of inlet and exhaust ventilation.

  • (4) Every inlet ventilator forming part of the system referred to in subsection (1) being a ventilator situated in the open air, shall be of a cowl or other equally efficient type and shall be so situated that, as far as is practicable, it is not screened from the wind in any direction.

  • (5) No ventilator shall be situated directly over a doorway, stairway or exhaust opening.

  • (6) In spaces containing water closets, there shall be provided adequate natural ventilation regardless of any mechanical ventilation fitted therein, except that in a space containing one water closet for the use of not more than two persons, natural ventilation may be omitted if an adequate system of mechanical exhaust ventilation is fitted.

  • (7) The sectional area of every part of an inlet and exhaust system, other than a part serving only a drying room or locker, shall be

    • (a) at least 3870 mm2 for each person for whose use at any one time the space is appropriated; and

    • (b) not less than 12 260 mm2 at any point in the system.

  • (8) The effective area of the inlet and exhaust system serving each space shall be capable of being adjusted from fully open to a minimum of 1935 mm2 for each person likely to use the space at any one time.

  • SOR/78-77, s. 2
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