Canada Shipping Act, 2001 (S.C. 2001, c. 26)

Act current to 2019-02-28 and last amended on 2018-12-13. Previous Versions

Canada Shipping Act, 2001

S.C. 2001, c. 26

Assented to 2001-11-01

An Act respecting shipping and navigation and to amend the Shipping Conferences Exemption Act, 1987 and other Acts

Her Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate and House of Commons of Canada, enacts as follows:

Short Title

Marginal note:Short title

 This Act may be cited as the Canada Shipping Act, 2001.


Marginal note:Definitions

 The definitions in this section apply in this Act.


adjudicator[Repealed, 2001, c. 29, s. 72]

authorized representative

représentant autorisé

authorized representative means

  • (a) in respect of a Canadian vessel, the person referred to in subsection 14(1);

  • (b) in respect of a fleet registered under Part 2, the person referred to in subsection 75.03(5); and

  • (c) in respect of a foreign vessel, the master. (représentant autorisé)

bare-boat charter

affrètement coque nue

bare-boat charter means a vessel charter agreement under which the charterer has complete possession and control of the vessel, including the right to appoint its master and crew. (affrètement coque nue)

Canadian maritime document

document maritime canadien

Canadian maritime document means a licence, permit, certificate or other document that is issued by the Minister of Transport under Part 1 (General), 3 (Personnel), 4 (Safety), 9 (Pollution Prevention — Department of Transport) or 11 (Enforcement — Department of Transport) to verify that the person to whom or vessel to which it is issued has met requirements under that Part. (document maritime canadien)

Canadian vessel

bâtiment canadien

Canadian vessel means a vessel that is registered or listed under Part 2 (Registration, Listing and Recording) or that is exempted under the regulations from the registration requirement in subsection 46(1). (bâtiment canadien)

foreign vessel

bâtiment étranger

foreign vessel means a vessel that is not a Canadian vessel or a pleasure craft. (bâtiment étranger)

government vessel

bâtiment d’État

government vessel means a vessel that is owned by and is in the service of Her Majesty in right of Canada or a province or that is in the exclusive possession of Her Majesty in that right. (bâtiment d’État)

gross tonnage

jauge brute

gross tonnagemeans the volume of a vessel as determined by a tonnage measurer or calculated in accordance with the regulations made under paragraph 77(h). (jauge brute)



master means the person in command and charge of a vessel. It does not include a licensed pilot, within the meaning of section 1.1 of the Pilotage Act, while the pilot is performing pilotage duties under that Act. (capitaine)

oil handling facility

installation de manutention d’hydrocarbures

oil handling facility means a facility, including an oil terminal, that is used or that will be used in the loading or unloading of petroleum in any form, including crude oil, fuel oil, sludge, oil refuse and refined products, to or from vessels. (installation de manutention d’hydrocarbures)



passenger means a person carried on a vessel by the owner or operator, other than

  • (a) a person carried on a Safety Convention vessel who is

    • (i) the master, a member of the crew or a person employed or engaged in any capacity on board the vessel on the business of that vessel, or

    • (ii) under one year of age;

  • (b) a person carried on a vessel that is not a Safety Convention vessel who is

    • (i) the master, a member of the crew or a person employed or engaged in any capacity on board the vessel on the business of that vessel, or

    • (ii) a guest on board the vessel, if the vessel is used exclusively for pleasure and the guest is carried on it without remuneration or any object of profit;

  • (c) a person carried on a vessel in pursuance of the obligation on the master to carry shipwrecked, distressed or other persons or by reason of any circumstances that neither the master nor the owner could have prevented; or

  • (d) a person of a prescribed class. (passager)

pleasure craft

embarcation de plaisance

pleasure craft means a vessel that is used for pleasure and does not carry passengers, and includes a vessel of a prescribed class. (embarcation de plaisance)


Version anglaise seulement

prescribed means prescribed by regulations made by the Governor in Council. (Version anglaise seulement)

qualified person

personne qualifiée

qualified person means

  • (a) a Canadian citizen or a permanent resident within the meaning of subsection 2(1) of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act; or

  • (b) a corporation incorporated under the laws of Canada or a province. (personne qualifiée)



Register means the Canadian Register of Vessels established under section 43. (Registre)

Safety Convention vessel

bâtiment assujetti à la Convention sur la sécurité

Safety Convention vessel means a vessel in respect of which the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, listed in Schedule 1, applies. (bâtiment assujetti à la Convention sur la sécurité)



Tribunal means the Transportation Appeal Tribunal of Canada established by subsection 2(1) of the Transportation Appeal Tribunal of Canada Act. (Tribunal)



vessel means a boat, ship or craft designed, used or capable of being used solely or partly for navigation in, on, through or immediately above water, without regard to method or lack of propulsion, and includes such a vessel that is under construction. It does not include a floating object of a prescribed class. (bâtiment)



wages includes emoluments. (gages)

  • 2001, c. 26, ss. 2, 323, c. 29, s. 72;
  • 2011, c. 15, s. 37;
  • 2014, c. 29, s. 58.

Marginal note:Descriptive cross-references

 If, in any provision of this Act, a reference to another provision of this Act is followed by words in parentheses that are or purport to be descriptive of the subject-matter of the provision referred to, those words form no part of the provision in which they occur but are inserted for convenience of reference only.

Marginal note:Regulations

 The Governor in Council may, on the recommendation of the Minister of Transport, make regulations prescribing anything that may be prescribed under section 2.

  • 2001, c. 26, s. 4;
  • 2005, c. 29, s. 15.

PART 1General

Her Majesty

Marginal note:Binding on Her Majesty

 Except as otherwise provided, this Act is binding on Her Majesty in right of Canada or a province.


Marginal note:Objectives of Act

 The objectives of this Act are to

  • (a) protect the health and well-being of individuals, including the crews of vessels, who participate in marine transportation and commerce;

  • (b) promote safety in marine transportation and recreational boating;

  • (c) protect the marine environment from damage due to navigation and shipping activities;

  • (d) develop a regulatory scheme that encourages viable, effective and economical marine transportation and commerce;

  • (e) promote an efficient marine transportation system;

  • (f) develop a regulatory scheme that encourages the viable, effective and economical use of Canadian waters by recreational boaters;

  • (g) ensure that Canada can meet its international obligations under bilateral and multilateral agreements with respect to navigation and shipping;

  • (h) encourage the harmonization of marine practices; and

  • (i) establish an effective inspection and enforcement program.

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