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Chemical Weapons Convention Implementation Act (S.C. 1995, c. 25)

Act current to 2023-01-11 and last amended on 2019-06-21. Previous Versions

Chemical Weapons Convention Implementation Act

S.C. 1995, c. 25

Assented to 1995-07-13

An Act to implement the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on their Destruction

Her Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate and House of Commons of Canada, enacts as follows:

Short Title

Marginal note:Short title

 This Act may be cited as the Chemical Weapons Convention Implementation Act.

Interpretation

Marginal note:Definitions

  •  (1) In this Act,

    Convention

    Convention means the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on their Destruction, signed at Paris, France on January 13, 1993, as amended from time to time pursuant to Article XV of the Convention and portions of which are set out in the schedule to this Act; (Convention)

    international inspector

    international inspector means a person who holds a certificate issued by the Minister under section 12; (inspecteur international)

    Minister

    Minister means such member of the Queen’s Privy Council for Canada as may be designated by the Governor in Council to be the Minister for the purposes of this Act; (ministre)

    National Authority

    National Authority means the portion of the federal public administration designated as the National Authority for Canada under subsection 3(1); (autorité nationale)

    place

    place includes any means of transport; (lieu)

    prescribed

    prescribed means prescribed by the regulations; (Version anglaise seulement)

    representative of the National Authority

    representative of the National Authority means a representative of the National Authority designated under subsection 3(2). (représentant de l’autorité nationale)

  • Marginal note:Other words and expressions

    (2) Unless the context otherwise requires, all words and expressions used in this Act have the same meaning as in the Convention.

  • Marginal note:Convention provisions prevail where inconsistency

    (3) In the event of any inconsistency between the provisions set out in the schedule and the provisions of the Convention, the provisions of the Convention prevail.

  • 1995, c. 25, s. 2
  • 2003, c. 22, s. 224(E)

National Authority

Marginal note:National Authority

  •  (1) For the purposes of implementing Canada’s obligations under the Convention and of giving effect to paragraph 4 of Article VII of the Convention, the Minister may designate any portion of the federal public administration to be the National Authority for Canada.

  • Marginal note:Representatives

    (2) For the purposes of implementing Canada’s obligations under the Convention, the Minister

    • (a) may designate persons or classes of persons to act as representatives of the National Authority; and

    • (b) shall furnish every representative of the National Authority with a certificate of designation.

  • Marginal note:Contents of certificate

    (3) A certificate of designation must indicate the places or classes of places that the holder of the certificate is authorized to have access to for the purposes of this Act and any conditions applicable to the holder’s activities under the certificate that the Minister considers advisable for those purposes.

  • Marginal note:Identification required

    (4) Every holder of a certificate of designation shall, on request of the person in charge of a place to be entered by the holder under this Act, show the certificate to that person.

  • 1995, c. 25, s. 3
  • 2003, c. 22, s. 224(E)

Purpose of Act

Marginal note:Implementation of Convention

 The purpose of this Act is to implement Canada’s obligations under the Convention.

Her Majesty

Marginal note:Binding on Her Majesty

 This Act is binding on Her Majesty in right of Canada or a province.

Chemical Weapons and Riot Control Agents

Marginal note:Chemical weapons

 No person shall

  • (a) develop, produce, otherwise acquire, stockpile or retain a chemical weapon, or transfer, directly or indirectly, a chemical weapon to anyone;

  • (b) use a chemical weapon;

  • (c) engage in any military preparations to use a chemical weapon; or

  • (d) assist, encourage or induce, in any way, anyone to engage in any activity prohibited to a State Party under the Convention.

Marginal note:Riot control agents

 No person shall use a riot control agent as a method of warfare.

Toxic Chemicals and Precursors

Marginal note:Schedule 1 toxic chemicals and precursors

  •  (1) Except as authorized by or pursuant to any regulations made under paragraph 18(a), no person shall produce, use, acquire or possess a toxic chemical or precursor listed in Schedule 1 of the Schedules of Chemicals set out in the Annex on Chemicals in the Convention.

  • Marginal note:Export or import

    (2) Except as authorized under the Export and Import Permits Act, no person shall export or import a toxic chemical or precursor listed in Schedule 1 of the Schedules of Chemicals set out in the Annex on Chemicals in the Convention.

Marginal note:Schedule 2 toxic chemicals and precursors

 Except as authorized under the Export and Import Permits Act, no person shall export or import a toxic chemical or precursor listed in Schedule 2 of the Schedules of Chemicals set out in the Annex on Chemicals in the Convention.

Marginal note:Schedule 3 toxic chemicals and precursors

 Except as authorized under the Export and Import Permits Act, no person shall export or import a toxic chemical or precursor listed in Schedule 3 of the Schedules of Chemicals set out in the Annex on Chemicals in the Convention.

Information and Documents

Marginal note:Information and documents

 Every person who does anything under an authorization referred to in section 8 or who produces, processes, consumes, exports or imports a toxic chemical or precursor listed in Schedule 2 of the Schedules of Chemicals set out in the Annex on Chemicals in the Convention or who produces, exports or imports a toxic chemical or precursor listed in Schedule 3 of the Schedules of Chemicals set out in that Annex or who produces a discrete organic chemical or who holds a riot control agent for riot control purposes shall

  • (a) provide the prescribed information, at the prescribed time and in the prescribed form, to the National Authority or to such other portion of the federal public administration as the Minister may by order authorize to collect the information; and

  • (b) keep and maintain the prescribed documents in Canada, at the person’s place of business or at such other place as may be designated by the Minister, in the prescribed manner and for the prescribed period and, on request by the Minister or the National Authority, provide the documents to the National Authority.

  • 1995, c. 25, s. 11
  • 2003, c. 22, s. 224(E)
  • 2015, c. 3, s. 35

Inspections

Marginal note:International inspectors

  •  (1) The Minister shall issue to every person who is a member of an inspection team of the Technical Secretariat of the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons that has been authorized under the Convention to conduct on behalf of the Organization inspections in Canada a certificate

    • (a) identifying the person by name and indicating the person’s status and authority to conduct inspections in Canada;

    • (b) specifying the privileges and immunities applicable to the person; and

    • (c) setting out such other information and any conditions applicable to the person’s inspection activities in Canada as the Minister considers advisable.

  • Marginal note:Identification required

    (2) Every international inspector shall, on request of the person in charge of a place to be inspected by the international inspector, show the certificate to that person.

Marginal note:Inspections

  •  (1) Subject to this Act, an international inspector may, at any reasonable time and consistent with the provisions of the Convention,

    • (a) enter any place in Canada

      • (i) in respect of which information has been provided under section 11,

      • (ii) that is subject to an on-site challenge inspection referred to in paragraph 8 of Article IX of the Convention, or

      • (iii) in respect of which an investigation under paragraph 9 of Article X of the Convention has been initiated;

    • (b) inspect the place in a manner consistent with the provisions of the Convention and any facility agreement applicable to the place; and

    • (c) where appropriate, install, use and maintain in respect of any such place monitoring instruments, systems and seals in a manner consistent with the provisions of the Convention and any facility agreement applicable to the place.

  • Marginal note:Inspector may be accompanied

    (2) While carrying out a challenge inspection, an international inspector may be accompanied by an observer for the purposes of giving effect to paragraph 12 of Article IX of the Convention.

Marginal note:National Authority representative powers in relation to inspection

  •  (1) In order to facilitate the conduct of an inspection under section 13, a representative of the National Authority may accompany an international inspector and may direct any person who is in control of the place being inspected to

    • (a) provide the international inspector with access to any area, container or thing in the place being inspected;

    • (b) permit the international inspector to examine any thing in the place being inspected;

    • (c) permit the international inspector to make copies of any information contained in the records, files, papers or electronic information systems kept or used in relation to the place being inspected and to remove the copies from the place;

    • (d) permit the international inspector to have photographs taken of any thing in the place being inspected and to remove the photographs from the place;

    • (e) permit the international inspector to interview any person in the place being inspected; and

    • (f) take or permit the international inspector to take samples for analysis of any thing in the place being inspected and permit the international inspector to remove the samples for analysis outside the place.

  • Marginal note:Direction to be complied with

    (2) Every person to whom a direction is given under subsection (1) shall comply with the direction.

  • Marginal note:False statements, obstruction

    (3) While an international inspector is conducting an inspection under this Act, no person shall

    • (a) knowingly make any false or misleading statement to the inspector or to the representative of the National Authority accompanying the inspector in relation to the place or thing being inspected; or

    • (b) wilfully obstruct the inspection, by act or omission.

  • Marginal note:Direction not statutory instrument

    (4) A direction under subsection (1) is not a statutory instrument for the purposes of the Statutory Instruments Act.

Marginal note:Warrant required where refusal of entry

  •  (1) A representative of the National Authority or an international inspector may not enter a place referred to in section 13 without the consent of the person who is in control of the place except under the authority of a warrant issued under subsection (2).

  • Marginal note:Authority to issue warrant

    (2) Where, on ex parte application, a justice is satisfied by information on oath that

    • (a) a place referred to in section 13 meets the conditions for entry described in that section,

    • (b) entry to the place is necessary for any purpose relating to the administration of this Act or the regulations, and

    • (c) entry to the place has been refused or there are reasonable grounds to believe that entry will be refused,

    the justice may issue a warrant authorizing the representative of the National Authority and the international inspector named in it to enter the place for the purposes of the inspection referred to in section 13, subject to such conditions as may be specified in the warrant.

  • Marginal note:When warrant not required

    (3) A warrant authorizing entry into a place referred to in section 13 is not required if the conditions for obtaining the warrant exist but, by reason of exigent circumstances, it would not be practicable to obtain the warrant.

  • Marginal note:Use of force

    (4) In executing a warrant issued under subsection (2), a representative of the National Authority or an international inspector shall not use force unless the representative or inspector is accompanied by a peace officer and the use of force is specifically authorized in the warrant.

Disclosure of Information

Marginal note:Notice for disclosure of information

  •  (1) The Minister may send a notice to any person who the Minister believes on reasonable grounds has information or documents relevant to the enforcement of this Act, requesting the person to provide the information or documents to the Minister.

  • Marginal note:Compliance with notice

    (2) A person who receives a notice referred to in subsection (1) shall provide the requested information and documents to the Minister in the form and within the time specified in the notice.

Marginal note:Privileged information

  •  (1) Information and documents obtained pursuant to this Act or the Convention are privileged.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (2) Information and documents are not privileged to the extent that they are required to be disclosed or communicated for the purposes of an emergency involving public safety.

  • Marginal note:Prohibition

    (3) No person in possession of privileged information or documents shall knowingly, without the written consent of the person from whom they were obtained, communicate them or allow them to be communicated to any person, or allow any person to have access to them, except

    • (a) for the purpose of the enforcement of this Act or of giving effect to the Convention;

    • (b) pursuant to an obligation of the Government of Canada under the Convention; or

    • (c) in the case where the information or documents are disclosed in accordance with the Security of Canada Information Disclosure Act.

  • Marginal note:Evidence in legal proceedings

    (4) Notwithstanding any other Act or law, no person shall be required, in connection with any legal proceedings, to produce any statement or other record containing privileged information or documents, or to give evidence relating to them, unless the proceedings relate to the enforcement of this Act.

 
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