Citizenship Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. C-29)

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Act current to 2019-06-06 and last amended on 2018-12-05. Previous Versions

PART V.1Judicial Review (continued)

Marginal note:Judicial review

 The following provisions govern the judicial review:

  • (a) the judge who grants leave shall fix the day and place for a hearing;

  • (b) the hearing shall be held no later than 90 days after the day on which leave is granted and, unless the parties agree otherwise, no earlier than 30 days after that day;

  • (c) the judge shall dispose of the application without delay and in a summary way; and

  • (d) an appeal to the Federal Court of Appeal may be made only if, in rendering judgment, the judge certifies that a serious question of general importance is involved and states the question.

  • 2014, c. 22, s. 20

Marginal note:Rules

 With the approval of the Governor in Council, the rules committee established under section 45.1 of the Federal Courts Act may make rules governing the practice and procedure in relation to applications for leave to commence an application for judicial review, applications for judicial review and appeals. The rules are binding despite any rule or practice that would otherwise apply.

  • 2014, c. 22, s. 20

Marginal note:Inconsistency with Federal Courts Act

 In the event of an inconsistency between the provisions of this Part and any provision of the Federal Courts Act, this Part prevails to the extent of the inconsistency.

  • 2014, c. 22, s. 20

PART VIAdministration

Marginal note:Delegation of authority

 Anything that is required to be done or that may be done by the Minister or the Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness under this Act or the regulations may be done on that Minister’s behalf by any person authorized by that Minister in writing to act on that Minister’s behalf without proof of the authenticity of the authorization.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-29, s. 23
  • 2014, c. 22, s. 21

Marginal note:Additional information, evidence or appearance

 The Minister may require an applicant to provide any additional information or evidence relevant to his or her application, specifying the date by which it is required. For that purpose, the Minister may require the applicant to appear in person or by any means of telecommunication to be examined before the Minister or before a citizenship judge, specifying the time and the place — or the time and the means — for the appearance.

  • 2014, c. 22, s. 22

Marginal note:Seizure

 The Minister may seize and detain any document that is provided to him or her for the purposes of this Act if he or she has reasonable grounds to believe that it was fraudulently or improperly obtained or used or that the measure is necessary to prevent its fraudulent or improper use.

  • 2017, c. 14, s. 11

Marginal note:Requirement to take oath of citizenship

 Where a person is required under this Act to take the oath of citizenship, the person shall swear or affirm in the form set out in the schedule and in accordance with the regulations.

  • 1974-75-76, c. 108, s. 23

Marginal note:Evidence of declarations

  •  (1) Any declaration made under this Act or prior legislation or any regulations made thereunder may be proved in any legal proceeding by the production of the original declaration or of any copy thereof certified to be a true copy by the Minister, and the production of the declaration or copy is conclusive evidence of the contents thereof and of the person named therein as declarant having made the declaration at the date therein mentioned.

  • Marginal note:Proof of certificates or other documents

    (2) A certificate of citizenship, a document provided under paragraph 12(1)(b) or (2)(b), a certificate of naturalization or a certificate of renunciation may be proved in any legal proceeding by the production of the original certificate or document or of a document that is certified by the Minister as bearing the same information.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-29, s. 25
  • 2014, c. 22, s. 23

Marginal note:Citizenship judges

  •  (1) The Governor in Council may appoint any citizen to be a citizenship judge.

  • Marginal note:Duties

    (2) In addition to his other duties set out in this Act, a citizenship judge shall perform such other duties as the Minister prescribes for carrying into effect the purposes and provisions of this Act.

  • 1974-75-76, c. 108, s. 25

Marginal note:Regulations

  •  (1) The Governor in Council may make regulations

    • (a) [Repealed, 2014, c. 22, s. 24]

    • (b) respecting fees for services provided in the administration of this Act, and cases in which those fees may be waived;

    • (c) providing for the remission of fees referred to in paragraph (b);

    • (c.1) providing for the circumstances in which an unfulfilled condition referred to in paragraph 5(1)(c), (2)(b) or 11(1)(d) need not be fulfilled;

    • (d) providing for various criteria that may be applied to determine whether a person

      • (i) has an adequate knowledge of one of the official languages of Canada, or

      • (ii) has an adequate knowledge of Canada and of the responsibilities and privileges of citizenship, as demonstrated in one of the official languages of Canada;

      • (iii) [Repealed, 2008, c. 14, s. 12]

    • (d.1) providing for the factors to be considered in determining whether the requirements set out in section 5.1 are met;

    • (d.2) providing for the circumstances in which the Minister shall determine that any of the requirements of subsections 5.1(1) and (2) are met;

    • (d.3) providing for the circumstances in which a review of an application under section 5.1 is suspended;

    • (e) prescribing the procedures to be followed in the referral of applications to citizenship judges;

    • (f) prescribing the procedures to be followed by citizenship judges in the performance of their duties;

    • (g) prescribing the ceremonial procedures to be followed by citizenship judges;

    • (h) respecting the taking of the oath of citizenship;

    • (i) providing for the number of copies of any declaration, certificate, or other document made, issued or provided under this Act or prior legislation that any person is entitled to have;

    • (i.1) respecting the provision under paragraph 12(1)(b) or (2)(b) of a means of establishing citizenship other than a certificate of citizenship;

    • (i.2) prescribing the procedures to be followed in relation to a document that may be seized under section 23.2, including in relation to its seizure, storage, return and disposition;

    • (j) providing for the surrender and retention of certificates of citizenship, certificates of naturalization and certificates of renunciation issued or granted under this Act or prior legislation and of documents provided under paragraph 12(1)(b) or (2)(b) if there is reason to believe that their holder may not be entitled to them or has contravened any of the provisions of this Act;

    • (j.1) providing for the renunciation of citizenship by persons

      • (i) who are citizens under paragraph 3(1)(f) or (g),

      • (ii) who are citizens under any of paragraphs 3(1)(k) to (r) and who did not, before the coming into force of this subparagraph, become citizens by way of grant as defined in subsection 3(9), or

      • (iii) who are citizens under paragraph 3(1)(b) for the sole reason that one or both parents are persons referred to in any of paragraphs 3(1)(k) to (n) and who did not, before the coming into force of this subparagraph, become citizens by way of grant as defined in subsection 3(9);

    • (j.2) prescribing the factors that the Minister shall consider in forming an opinion as to whether a hearing is required under subsection 10(4);

    • (k) providing for the surrender and cancellation of certificates and documents referred to in paragraph (j) if their holder is not entitled to them;

    • (k.1) providing for the collection, retention, use, disclosure and disposal of information for the purposes of this Act;

    • (k.2) providing for the disclosure of information for the purposes of national security, the defence of Canada or the conduct of international affairs, including the implementation of an agreement or arrangement entered into under section 5 of the Department of Citizenship and Immigration Act;

    • (k.3) providing for the disclosure of information to verify the citizenship status or identity of any person for the purposes of administering any federal or provincial law or law of another country;

    • (k.4) providing for the disclosure of information for the purposes of cooperation within the Government of Canada and between the Government of Canada and the government of a province;

    • (k.5) respecting the disclosure of information relating to the professional or ethical conduct of a person referred to in any of paragraphs 21.1(2)(a) to (c) in connection with a proceeding — other than a proceeding before a superior court — or application under this Act to a body that is responsible for governing or investigating that conduct or to a person who is responsible for investigating that conduct, for the purposes of ensuring that persons referred to in those paragraphs offer and provide professional and ethical representation and advice to persons in connection with such proceedings and applications; and

    • (l) generally, to carry out the purposes and provisions of this Act.

  • Marginal note:Conditions

    (2) Regulations made under paragraphs (1)(k.1) to (k.5) may include conditions under which the collection, retention, use, disposal and disclosure may be made.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-29, s. 27
  • 2007, c. 24, s. 3
  • 2008, c. 14, s. 12
  • 2013, c. 33, s. 170
  • 2014, c. 22, s. 24
  • 2015, c. 9, s. 10
  • 2017, c. 14, s. 12
 
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