Canada Education Savings Act (S.C. 2004, c. 26)

Act current to 2019-06-20 and last amended on 2018-01-01. Previous Versions

Canada Education Savings Act

S.C. 2004, c. 26

Assented to 2004-12-15

An Act to provide financial assistance for post-secondary education savings

Her Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate and House of Commons of Canada, enacts as follows:

Short Title

Marginal note:Short title

 This Act may be cited as the Canada Education Savings Act.

Interpretation

Marginal note:Definitions

  •  (1) The definitions in this subsection apply in this Act.

    Canada child benefit

    Canada child benefit means a deemed overpayment under Subdivision A.1 of Division E of Part I of the Income Tax Act. (allocation canadienne pour enfants)

    Canada Learning Bond

    Canada Learning Bond means the bond payable or paid under section 6. (bon d’études)

    CES grant

    CES grant means a Canada Education Savings grant payable or paid under section 5 or under Part III.1 of the Department of Human Resources Development Act, as it read immediately before the coming into force of section 19 of this Act. (subvention pour l’épargne-études)

    child tax benefit

    child tax benefit[Repealed, 2016, c. 12, s. 107]

    first threshold

    first threshold for a particular year means the dollar amount referred to in paragraph 117(2)(a) of the Income Tax Act, as adjusted under that Act for the particular year. (premier seuil)

    national child benefit supplement

    national child benefit supplement[Repealed, 2016, c. 12, s. 107]

    prescribed

    prescribed means prescribed by regulations. (Version anglaise seulement)

    primary caregiver

    primary caregiver means

    • (a) in the case of a beneficiary who is a qualified dependant, the eligible individual in respect of the beneficiary; and

    • (b) in the case of a beneficiary in respect of whom a special allowance is payable under the Children’s Special Allowances Act, the department, agency or institution that maintains the beneficiary. (responsable)

    second threshold

    second threshold for a particular year means the higher dollar amount referred to in paragraph 117(2)(b) of the Income Tax Act, as adjusted under that Act for the particular year. (deuxième seuil)

  • Marginal note:Income Tax Act expressions

    (2) Unless a contrary intention appears, in this Act

    • (a) the expressions adjusted income, cohabiting spouse or common-law partner, eligible individual and qualified dependant have the meanings assigned by section 122.6 of the Income Tax Act;

    • (b) the expressions beneficiary, contribution, designated provincial program, promoter, registered education savings plan, subscriber and trust have the meanings assigned by section 146.1 of the Income Tax Act; and

    • (c) any other expression has the meaning assigned by the Income Tax Act.

  • 2004, c. 26, s. 2
  • 2010, c. 12, s. 30
  • 2016, c. 12, s. 107
  • 2017, c. 20, s. 117

Purpose

Marginal note:Purpose

 The purpose of this Act is to encourage the financing of children’s post-secondary education through savings, from early childhood, in registered education savings plans.

Marginal note:Informational and promotional activities

 The Minister shall take measures necessary to carry out the purpose set out in section 3, including making known to Canadians, through informational and promotional activities, the existence of CES grants and Canada Learning Bonds and any terms and conditions.

Designation of Minister

Marginal note:Power of Governor in Council

 The Governor in Council may designate a member of the Queen’s Privy Council for Canada to be the Minister for the purposes of this Act.

Payments

Marginal note:CES grants

  •  (1) Subject to this Act and the regulations, on application to the Minister in a form and manner approved by the Minister, the Minister may, in respect of any contribution made in 1998 or a subsequent year to a registered education savings plan by or on behalf of a subscriber under the plan in respect of a beneficiary under the plan who is less than 17 years of age at the end of the year preceding the contribution, pay to a trustee of a trust governed by the plan a CES grant for the benefit of the trust. The payment is to be made on any terms and conditions that the Minister may specify by agreement between the Minister and the trustee.

  • Marginal note:Amount of grant

    (2) The amount of a CES grant that may be paid for a particular year at any time is equal to the lesser of

    • (a) 20% of the contribution, and

    • (b) the amount, if any, by which the lesser of

      • (i) $1,000, unless the particular year is any of 1998 to 2006, in which case, $800, and

      • (ii) the beneficiary’s unused CES grant room for the particular year at that time

      exceeds

      • (iii) the total of all CES grants paid before that time — other than those amounts paid under subsection (4) — in respect of contributions made in the particular year in respect of the beneficiary.

  • Marginal note:Unused CES grant room

    (3) The unused CES grant room for a beneficiary for a particular year at any time is

    • (a) if the beneficiary was 17 years of age or older at the end of the preceding year, nil; or

    • (b) in any other case, determined by the formula

      $400A + $500B - C

      where

      A
      is the number of years after 1997 and before 2007 in which the beneficiary was alive, other than a year throughout which the beneficiary was
      • (i) an ineligible beneficiary in accord-ance with the regulations, or

      • (ii) not resident in Canada,

      B
      is the number of years after 2006 in which the beneficiary was alive, up to and including the particular year, other than a year throughout which the beneficiary was
      • (i) an ineligible beneficiary in accord-ance with the regulations, or

      • (ii) not resident in Canada, and

      C
      is the total of all CES grants paid before that time — other than those amounts paid under subsection (4) — in respect of contributions made in a preceding year in respect of the beneficiary.
  • Marginal note:Additional amount of grant

    (4) The amount of a CES grant that may be paid for a particular year at any time is increased by the lesser of

    • (a) the amount that is

      • (i) 20% of the contribution, if the beneficiary

        • (A) is a qualified dependant of an eligible individual whose adjusted income used to determine the amount of a Canada child benefit in respect of January in the particular year is the first threshold for the particular year or less, or

        • (B) is a person in respect of whom a special allowance under the Children’s Special Allowances Act is payable for at least one month in the particular year, and

      • (ii) 10% of the contribution, if the beneficiary is a qualified dependant of an eligible individual whose adjusted income used to determine the amount of a Canada child benefit in respect of January in the particular year is more than the first threshold for the particular year but not more than the second threshold for the particular year, and

    • (b) the amount by which

      • (i) $100, in the case of a beneficiary referred to in subparagraph (a)(i), or

      • (ii) $50, in the case of a beneficiary referred to in subparagraph (a)(ii)

      exceeds

      • (iii) the total of all amounts paid under this subsection before that time in respect of contributions made in the particular year in respect of the beneficiary.

  • Marginal note:Eligible individual — first month

    (5) If there has been no determination of eligibility for a Canada child benefit in respect of January in a particular year, the adjusted income to be used for the purposes of subsection (4) is the adjusted income used to determine the amount of a Canada child benefit for the first month in the particular year in respect of which eligibility has been established.

  • Marginal note:Beneficiary born in December

    (6) In applying subsection (5) in respect of a beneficiary born in December, the reference to “the first month in the particular year in respect of which eligibility has been established” in that subsection is to be read as a reference to “January of the next year”.

  • Marginal note:Change in care

    (6.1) If, in a month following January in a particular year, an individual who was not the primary caregiver of a beneficiary in January of that year becomes the beneficiary’s primary caregiver, then the adjusted income to be used for the purposes of subsection (4) in respect of contributions made to the trustee of the trust designated by that individual or their cohabiting spouse or common-law partner is the adjusted income used to determine the amount of a Canada child benefit for the first month in the particular year in respect of which the individual’s eligibility for the Canada child benefit has been established.

  • Marginal note:Change in care in December

    (6.2) In applying subsection (6.1) in respect of a beneficiary for whom the individual becomes the beneficiary’s primary caregiver in December, the reference to “the first month in the particular year in respect of which the individual’s eligibility for the Canada child benefit has been established” in that subsection is to be read as a reference to “January of the next year”.

  • Marginal note:Designation

    (7) The amount referred to in subsection (4) is to be paid to the trustee of a trust designated, in the form and manner approved by the Minister, by the primary caregiver of the beneficiary at the time the contribution is made or the primary caregiver’s cohabiting spouse or common-law partner at that time.

  • Marginal note:More than one designated trust

    (7.1) If there is more than one trust designated under subsection (7) at the time a contribution is made, the amount referred to in subsection (4) is to be paid to the trustee of the trust to which a contribution is first made.

  • Marginal note:Additional grant less than maximum amount

    (7.2) For greater certainty, if there is more than one trust designated under subsection (7) and the total of all amounts paid under subsection (4) to the trustee of the trust to which a contribution is first made is less than the maximum amount that may be paid under subsection (4), then amounts may be paid under subsection (4) to the trustee of any trust designated under subsection (7).

  • (8) [Repealed, 2010, c. 12, s. 31]

  • Marginal note:Restriction

    (9) Subsection (4) applies only to contributions made in 2005 or a subsequent year.

  • Marginal note:Lifetime cap

    (10) Not more than $7,200 in CES grants may be paid in respect of a beneficiary during their lifetime.

  • 2004, c. 26, s. 5
  • 2007, c. 29, s. 37
  • 2010, c. 12, s. 31
  • 2011, c. 24, s. 148
  • 2016, c. 12, s. 108
  • 2017, c. 20, s. 118
 
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