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Controlled Drugs and Substances Act (S.C. 1996, c. 19)

Act current to 2022-06-20 and last amended on 2022-03-31. Previous Versions

PART VIGeneral (continued)

Evidence and Procedure (continued)

Marginal note:Proof of notice

  •  (1) For the purposes of this Act and the regulations, the giving of any notice, whether orally or in writing, or the service of any document may be proved by the oral evidence of, or by the affidavit or solemn declaration of, the person claiming to have given that notice or served that document.

  • Marginal note:Proof of notice

    (2) Notwithstanding subsection (1), the court may require the affiant or declarant to appear before it for examination or cross-examination in respect of the giving of notice or proof of service.

Marginal note:Continuity of possession

  •  (1) In any proceeding under this Act or the regulations, continuity of possession of any exhibit tendered as evidence in that proceeding may be proved by the testimony of, or the affidavit or solemn declaration of, the person claiming to have had it in their possession.

  • Marginal note:Alternative method of proof

    (2) Where an affidavit or solemn declaration is offered in proof of continuity of possession under subsection (1), the court may require the affiant or declarant to appear before it for examination or cross-examination in respect of the issue of continuity of possession.

Marginal note:Copies of records, books or documents

 Where any record, book, electronic data or other document is examined or seized under this Act or the regulations, the Minister, or the officer by whom the record, book, electronic data or other document is examined or seized, may make or cause to be made one or more copies thereof, and a copy of any such record, book, electronic data or other document purporting to be certified by the Minister or a person authorized by the Minister is admissible in evidence and, in the absence of evidence to the contrary, has the same probative force as the original record, book, electronic data or other document would have had if it had been proved in the ordinary way.

Technical Assistance

Marginal note:Advice of experts

 The Minister may engage the services of persons having technical or specialized knowledge to advise the Minister in respect of his or her powers, duties or functions under this Act and, with the approval of the Treasury Board, fix their remuneration.

  • 2018, c. 16, s. 202

Regulations and Exemptions

Marginal note:Regulations

  •  (1) The Governor in Council may make regulations for carrying out the purposes and provisions of this Act, including the regulation of the medical, scientific and industrial applications and distribution of controlled substances and precursors and the enforcement of this Act, as well as the regulation of designated devices and, without restricting the generality of the foregoing, may make regulations

    • (a) governing, controlling, limiting, authorizing the importation into Canada, exportation from Canada, production, packaging, sending, transportation, delivery, sale, provision, administration, possession or obtaining of or other dealing in any controlled substances or precursor or any class thereof;

    • (b) respecting the circumstances in which, the conditions subject to which and the persons or classes of persons by whom any controlled substances or precursor or any class thereof may be imported into Canada, exported from Canada, produced, packaged, sent, transported, delivered, sold, provided, administered, possessed, obtained or otherwise dealt in, as well as the means by which and the persons or classes of persons by whom such activities may be authorized;

    • (c) respecting the issuance, suspension, cancellation, duration and terms and conditions of any licence or class of licences for the importation into Canada, exportation from Canada, production, packaging, sale, provision or administration of any substance included in Schedule I, II, III, IV, V or VI or any class of those substances;

    • (d) respecting the issuance, suspension, cancellation, duration and terms and conditions of any permit for the importation into Canada, exportation from Canada or production of a substance included in Schedule I, II, III, IV, V or VI or any class of those substances as well as the amount of those substances or any class of those substances that may be imported, exported or produced under such a permit;

    • (d.1) authorizing the Minister to impose terms and conditions on any licence or any permit including existing licences or permits, and to amend those terms and conditions;

    • (e) prescribing the fees payable on application for any of the licences or permits;

    • (f) respecting the method of production, preservation, testing, packaging or storage of any controlled substance or precursor or any class thereof;

    • (g) respecting the premises, processes or conditions for the production or sale of any controlled substance or any class thereof, and deeming such premises, processes or conditions to be or not to be suitable for the purposes of the regulations;

    • (h) respecting the qualifications of persons who are engaged in the production, preservation, testing, packaging, storage, selling, providing or otherwise dealing in any controlled substance or precursor or any class thereof and who do so under the supervision of a person licensed under the regulations to do any such thing;

    • (i) prescribing standards of composition, strength, concentration, potency, purity or quality or any other property of any controlled substance or precursor;

    • (j) respecting the labelling, packaging, size, dimensions, fill and other specifications of packages used for the importation into Canada, exportation from Canada, sending, transportation, delivery, sale or provision of or other dealing in any substance included in Schedule I, II, III, IV, V or VI or any class thereof;

    • (k) respecting the distribution of samples of any substance included in Schedule I, II, III, IV, V or VI or any class thereof;

    • (l) controlling and limiting the advertising for sale of any controlled substance or precursor or any class thereof;

    • (m) respecting records, reports, electronic data or other documents in respect of controlled substances, precursors or designated devices that are required to be kept and provided by any person or class of persons;

    • (n) respecting the qualifications for inspectors and their powers, duties and functions in relation to verifying compliance or preventing non-compliance with the provisions of this Act or the regulations;

    • (o) respecting the qualifications for analysts and their powers and duties;

    • (p) respecting the detention and disposition of or otherwise dealing with any controlled substance, precursor, designated device, offence-related property or conveyance;

    • (q) [Repealed, 2017, c. 7, s. 40]

    • (r) respecting the taking of samples of substances under paragraph 31(1)(h);

    • (s) respecting the collection, use, retention, disclosure and disposal of information;

    • (t) respecting the making, serving, filing and manner of proving service of any notice, order, report or other document required or authorized under this Act or the regulations;

    • (u) authorizing the Minister to add to or delete from, by order, a schedule to Part J of the Food and Drug Regulations any item or portion of an item included in Schedule V;

    • (v) prescribing forms for the purposes of this Act or the regulations;

    • (w) establishing classes or groups of controlled substances, precursors or designated devices;

    • (x) respecting the provision of information under section 45.1;

    • (y) respecting the measures referred to in section 45.2;

    • (y.1) respecting the review of orders under section 45.4;

    • (z) exempting, on any terms and conditions that are specified in the regulations, any person or class of persons or any controlled substance, precursor, designated device or any class of controlled substances, precursors or designated devices from the application of all or any of the provisions of this Act or the regulations;

    • (z.01) respecting the registration of the importation of any designated device or class of designated devices, including the time that proof of registration must be provided; and

    • (z.1) prescribing anything that, by this Act, is to be or may be prescribed.

  • (1.1) [Repealed, 2017, c. 7, s. 40]

  • Marginal note:Regulations

    (1.2) The Governor in Council may make regulations for carrying out the purposes of section 56.1, including

    • (a) defining terms for the purposes of that section;

    • (b) [Repealed, 2017, c. 7, s. 40]

    • (c) respecting any information to be submitted to the Minister and the manner in which it is to be submitted;

    • (d) respecting the circumstances in which an exemption may be granted;

    • (e) respecting requirements in relation to an application for an exemption made under subsection 56.1(1); and

    • (f) respecting terms and conditions in relation to an exemption granted under subsection 56.1(1).

  • Marginal note:Regulations pertaining to law enforcement

    (2) The Governor in Council, on the recommendation of the Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness, may make regulations that pertain to investigations and other law enforcement activities conducted under this Act by a member of a police force or of the military police and other persons acting under the direction and control of the member and, without restricting the generality of the foregoing, may make regulations

    • (a) authorizing, for the purposes of this subsection,

      • (i) the Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness or the provincial minister responsible for policing in a province, as the case may be, to designate a police force within their jurisdiction, or

      • (ii) the Minister of National Defence to designate military police;

    • (b) exempting, on any terms and conditions that are specified in the regulations, a member of a police force or of the military police that has been designated under paragraph (a), and other persons acting under the direction and control of the member, from the application of any provision of Part I or the regulations;

    • (c) respecting the issuance, suspension, cancellation, duration and terms and conditions of a certificate, other document or, in exigent circumstances, an approval to obtain a certificate or other document, that is issued to a member of a police force or of the military police that has been designated under paragraph (a) for the purpose of exempting the member from the application of any provision of this Act or the regulations;

    • (d) respecting the detention, storage and disposition of or other dealing with any controlled substance or precursor;

    • (e) respecting records, reports, electronic data or other documents in respect of a controlled substance or precursor that are required to be kept and provided by any person or class of persons; and

    • (f) prescribing forms for the purposes of the regulations.

  • Marginal note:Regulations pertaining to law enforcement under other Acts

    (2.1) The Governor in Council, on the recommendation of the Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness, may, for the purpose of an investigation or other law enforcement activity conducted under another Act of Parliament, make regulations authorizing a member of a police force or of the military police or other person under the direction and control of the member to commit an act or omission — or authorizing a member of a police force or of the military police to direct the commission of an act or omission — that would otherwise constitute an offence under Part I or the regulations and, without restricting the generality of the foregoing, may make regulations

    • (a) authorizing, for the purposes of this subsection,

      • (i) the Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness or the provincial minister responsible for policing in a province, as the case may be, to designate a police force within their jurisdiction, or

      • (ii) the Minister of National Defence to designate military police;

    • (b) exempting, on any terms and conditions that are specified in the regulations, a member of a police force or of the military police that has been designated under paragraph (a), and other persons acting under the direction and control of the member, from the application of any provision of Part I or the regulations;

    • (c) respecting the issuance, suspension, cancellation, duration and terms and conditions of a certificate, other document or, in exigent circumstances, an approval to obtain a certificate or other document, that is issued to a member of a police force or of the military police that has been designated under paragraph (a) for the purpose of exempting the member from the application of any provision of Part I or the regulations;

    • (d) respecting the detention, storage and disposition of or other dealing with any controlled substance or precursor;

    • (e) respecting records, reports, electronic data or other documents in respect of a controlled substance or precursor that are required to be kept and provided by any person or class of persons; and

    • (f) prescribing forms for the purposes of the regulations.

  • Marginal note:Incorporation by reference

    (3) Any regulations made under this Act incorporating by reference a classification, standard, procedure or other specification may incorporate the classification, standard, procedure or specification as amended from time to time, and, in such a case, the reference shall be read accordingly.

  • 1996, c. 19, s. 55
  • 2001, c. 32, s. 55
  • 2005, c. 10, s. 15
  • 2015, c. 22, s. 4
  • 2017, c. 7, s. 40

Marginal note:Exemption by Minister

  •  (1) The Minister may, on any terms and conditions that the Minister considers necessary, exempt from the application of all or any of the provisions of this Act or the regulations any person or class of persons or any controlled substance or precursor or any class of either of them if, in the opinion of the Minister, the exemption is necessary for a medical or scientific purpose or is otherwise in the public interest.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (2) The Minister is not authorized under subsection (1) to grant an exemption for a medical purpose that would allow activities in relation to a controlled substance or precursor that is obtained in a manner not authorized under this Act to take place at a supervised consumption site.

  • 1996, c. 19, s. 56
  • 2015, c. 22, s. 5
  • 2017, c. 7, s. 41

Marginal note:Exemption for medical purpose — supervised consumption site

  •  (1) For the purpose of allowing certain activities to take place at a supervised consumption site, the Minister may, on any terms and conditions that the Minister considers necessary, exempt the following from the application of all or any of the provisions of this Act or the regulations if, in the opinion of the Minister, the exemption is necessary for a medical purpose:

    • (a) any person or class of persons in relation to a controlled substance or precursor that is obtained in a manner not authorized under this Act; or

    • (b) any controlled substance or precursor or any class of either of them that is obtained in a manner not authorized under this Act.

  • Marginal note:Application

    (2) An application for an exemption under subsection (1) shall include information, submitted in the form and manner determined by the Minister, regarding the intended public health benefits of the site and information, if any, related to

    • (a) the impact of the site on crime rates;

    • (b) the local conditions indicating a need for the site;

    • (c) the administrative structure in place to support the site;

    • (d) the resources available to support the maintenance of the site; and

    • (e) expressions of community support or opposition.

  • Marginal note:Subsequent application

    (3) An application for an exemption under subsection (1) that would allow certain activities to continue to take place at a supervised consumption site shall include any update to the information provided to the Minister since the previous exemption was granted, including any information related to the public health impacts of the activities at the site.

  • Marginal note:Notice

    (4) The Minister may give notice, in the form and manner determined by the Minister, of any application for an exemption under subsection (1). The notice shall indicate the period of time — not less than 45 days or more than 90 days — in which members of the public may provide the Minister with comments.

  • Marginal note:Public decision

    (5) After making a decision under subsection (1), the Minister shall, in writing, make the decision public and, if the decision is a refusal, include the reasons for it.

  • 2015, c. 22, s. 5
  • 2017, c. 7, s. 42
 
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