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Health of Animals Act (S.C. 1990, c. 21)

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Act current to 2021-06-28 and last amended on 2019-01-15. Previous Versions

Health of Animals Act

S.C. 1990, c. 21

Assented to 1990-06-19

An Act respecting diseases and toxic substances that may affect animals or that may be transmitted by animals to persons, and respecting the protection of animals

Her Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate and House of Commons of Canada, enacts as follows:

Short Title

Marginal note:Short title

 This Act may be cited as the Health of Animals Act.


Marginal note:Definitions

  •  (1) In this Act,


    analyst means a person designated as an analyst pursuant to section 32; (analyste)


    animal includes an embryo and a fertilized egg or ovum; (animal)

    animal by-product

    animal by-product includes blood or any of its components, bones, bristles, feathers, flesh, hair, hides, hoofs, horns, offal, skins and wool, and any thing containing any of those things; (sous-produit animal)

    animal deadyard

    animal deadyard means a place where animal carcasses, animal by-products or disabled or diseased animals are brought when they are not to be prepared for human consumption; (atelier d’équarrissage)

    animal food

    animal food means any thing that is capable of being a nutriment for animals and includes any of the constituent elements of an animal ration; (aliments pour animaux)

    animal product

    animal product includes cream, eggs, milk, non-fertilized ova and semen; (produit animal)


    Assessor means the Assessor or any Deputy Assessor appointed under Part II of the Pesticide Residue Compensation Act; (évaluateur)


    conveyance means any aircraft, carriage, motor vehicle, trailer, railway car, vessel, cargo container or other contrivance used to move persons, animals or things; (véhicule)

    customs officer

    customs officer means a person employed in the administration and enforcement of the Customs Act and includes any member of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police; (agent des douanes)


    disease includes

    • (a) a reportable disease and any other disease that may affect an animal or that may be transmitted by an animal to a person, and

    • (b) the causative agent of any such disease; (maladie)


    dispose includes slaughter or otherwise destroy, bury or render; (Version anglaise seulement)


    document means anything on which information that is capable of being understood by a person, or read by a computer or other device, is recorded or marked; (document)


    hatchery means, subject to any regulations made under subsection (2), a place where eggs are incubated or chicks are hatched; (couvoir)

    infected place

    infected place means a place that is constituted to be an infected place under section 22 or 23 or under the regulations; (lieu contaminé)


    inspector means a person designated as an inspector pursuant to section 32; (inspecteur)


    justice means a justice as defined in section 2 of the Criminal Code; (juge de paix)


    Minister means the Minister of Agriculture and Agri-Food; (ministre)


    officer means a person designated as an officer pursuant to section 32, but does not include an analyst; (agent d’exécution)

    peace officer

    peace officer means a peace officer as defined in section 2 of the Criminal Code; (agent de la paix)


    penalty means an administrative monetary penalty imposed under the Agriculture and Agri-Food Administrative Monetary Penalties Act for a violation; (sanction)


    place includes a conveyance; (lieu)


    prescribed means prescribed by regulation; (Version anglaise seulement)

    rendering plant

    rendering plant means a place

    • (a) where animal by-products are prepared or treated for use in, or converted into, fertilizers, animal food, fats or oils, other than fats or oils used for human consumption,

    • (b) where a substance resulting from a process mentioned in paragraph (a) is stored, packed or marked, or

    • (c) from which a substance resulting from a process mentioned in paragraph (a) is shipped; (usine de traitement)


    reportable means prescribed as reportable by the Minister; (déclarable)

    toxic substance

    toxic substance means a substance prescribed as toxic by the Minister; (substance toxique)


    Tribunal means the Review Tribunal continued by subsection 27(1) of the Agriculture and Agri-Food Administrative Monetary Penalties Act; (Commission)


    vector means an animal that has the potential to transmit a disease, directly or indirectly, from one animal or its excreta to another animal; (vecteur)

    veterinary biologic

    veterinary biologic means a thing that is manufactured, sold or represented for use in restoring, correcting or modifying organic functions in animals or for use in the diagnosis, treatment, mitigation or prevention of a disease, disorder or abnormal physical state — or its symptoms — in animals and that is

    • (a) a helminth, protozoa or micro-organism,

    • (b) a substance or mixture of substances derived from animals, helminths, protozoa, micro-organisms or plants, or

    • (c) a substance of synthetic origin; (produit biologique vétérinaire)

    veterinary inspector

    veterinary inspector means a veterinarian designated as an inspector pursuant to section 32; (vétérinaire-inspecteur)


    violation means

    • (a) any contravention of any provision of this Act or of a regulation made under this Act, or

    • (b) any refusal or neglect to perform any duty imposed by or under this Act,

    that may be proceeded with in accordance with the Agriculture and Agri-Food Administrative Monetary Penalties Act. (violation)

  • Marginal note:Ministerial regulations

    (2) The Minister may make regulations excluding places from the definition hatchery and prescribing reportable diseases and toxic substances.

  • Marginal note:Incorporation by reference

    (3) Toxic substances may be prescribed

    • (a) in terms of the quantity or concentration in which substances are contained in other substances; and

    • (b) by reference to substances specified in any published document, as amended from time to time.


Marginal note:Binding on Her Majesty

 This Act is binding on Her Majesty in right of Canada or a province.

Marginal note:Limits of ports, etc.

 The Governor in Council may, by order, define the limits of ports and of other places for the purposes of this Act.

Control of Diseases and Toxic Substances

Notification and Samples

Marginal note:Notification by owner, etc.

  •  (1) A person who owns or has the possession, care or control of an animal shall notify the nearest veterinary inspector of the presence of a reportable disease or toxic substance, or any fact indicating its presence, in or around the animal, immediately after the person becomes aware of the presence or fact.

  • Marginal note:Notification by veterinarian, etc.

    (2) Immediately after a person who is a veterinarian or who analyses animal specimens suspects that an animal is affected or contaminated by a reportable disease or toxic substance, the person shall so notify a veterinary inspector.

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