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Department of Employment and Social Development Act (S.C. 2005, c. 34)

Act current to 2024-02-06 and last amended on 2023-06-22. Previous Versions

PART 5Board of Appeal and Social Security Tribunal (continued)

Social Security Tribunal (continued)

Appeal Division (continued)

Marginal note:Hearing de novo — Income Security Section

 An appeal to the Appeal Division of a decision made by the Income Security Section is to be heard and determined as a new proceeding.

Marginal note:Decision

  •  (1) The Appeal Division may dismiss the appeal, give the decision that the General Division should have given or confirm, rescind or vary the decision of the General Division in whole or in part. In the case of an appeal of a decision made by the Employment Insurance Section, the Appeal Division may also refer the matter back to the Employment Insurance Section for reconsideration in accordance with any directions that the Appeal Division considers appropriate.

  • Marginal note:Reasons

    (2) The Appeal Division must give its decision in writing, with reasons, and send copies of the decision and reasons to the appellant and any other party.

General

Marginal note:Head office

  •  (1) The head office of the Tribunal is in the National Capital Region described in the schedule to the National Capital Act or at any other place within Canada that may be designated by the Governor in Council.

  • Marginal note:Residence

    (2) The Chairperson and the Vice-chairpersons must reside within the distance from the place referred to in subsection (1) that is determined by the Governor in Council.

  • 2005, c. 34, s. 60
  • 2012, c. 19, s. 224

Marginal note:Services and facilities

  •  (1) The Minister may provide the Chief Administrator of the Administrative Tribunals Support Service of Canada with any administrative services and facilities that are necessary to enable him or her to provide support services and facilities to the Tribunal.

  • Marginal note:Spending authority

    (2) The Minister may spend revenues obtained from the provision of services and facilities to the Chief Administrator, in the fiscal year in which they are received or, unless an appropriation Act provides otherwise, in the next fiscal year.

  • 2014, c. 20, s. 466

Marginal note:Tribunal sittings

 Every application made or appeal brought to the Tribunal is to be heard before a single member unless the Chairperson is of the opinion that a panel of three members should be constituted.

Marginal note:Tribunal hearings

 All or part of a Tribunal hearing may be held in private in the circumstances provided for in the regulations.

Marginal note:Expenses and allowances

  •  (1) Any party who is required to attend a hearing may, if the Chairperson in any particular case for special reasons considers it warranted, be reimbursed for their travel or living expenses up to the amounts determined by the Chief Administrator of the Administrative Tribunals Support Service of Canada, or be paid any allowance, including compensation for lost remuneration, in accordance with the rates fixed by that Chief Administrator.

  • Marginal note:Payments

    (2) Any amount to be paid under subsection (1) may be paid out of moneys appropriated by Parliament for the expenditures of the Administrative Tribunals Support Service of Canada.

  • 2005, c. 34, s. 63
  • 2012, c. 19, s. 224
  • 2014, c. 20, s. 467

Marginal note:Representation of party

 A party may, at their own expense, be represented by a representative of their choice.

Marginal note:Powers of tribunal

  •  (1) The Tribunal may decide any question of law or fact that is necessary for the disposition of any application made or appeal brought under this Act.

  • Marginal note:Canada Pension Plan

    (2) Despite subsection (1), in the case of an application or appeal relating to the Canada Pension Plan, the Tribunal may only decide questions of law or fact as to

    • (a) whether any benefit is payable to a person or its amount;

    • (b) whether any person is eligible for a division of unadjusted pensionable earnings or its amount;

    • (c) whether any person is eligible for an assignment of a contributor’s retirement pension or its amount; and

    • (d) whether a penalty should be imposed under Part II of that Act or its amount.

  • Marginal note:Employment Insurance Act

    (3) If a question specified in section 90 of the Employment Insurance Act arises in the consideration of an application or in an appeal, it must be determined by an authorized officer of the Canada Revenue Agency, as provided by that section.

Marginal note:Canada Pension Plan

 If, in the Minister’s opinion, a person in addition to the appellant may be directly affected by the decision of the Tribunal relating to any of the following appeals, the Minister must notify the Tribunal of all such persons, and the Tribunal must add as a party to the appeal any such person who is not already a party to it:

  • (a) an appeal in respect of a survivor’s pension payable to the survivor of a deceased contributor within the meaning of the Canada Pension Plan;

  • (a.1) an appeal in respect of a death benefit, within the meaning of the Canada Pension Plan, payable to the estate or succession of a deceased contributor;

  • (a.2) an appeal in respect of a disabled contributor’s child’s benefit, within the meaning of the Canada Pension Plan, payable to each child of a disabled contributor;

  • (a.3) an appeal in respect of an orphan’s benefit, within the meaning of the Canada Pension Plan, payable to each orphan of a deceased contributor;

  • (b) an appeal in respect of a division of unadjusted pensionable earnings under section 55, 55.1 or 55.2 of the Canada Pension Plan;

  • (c) an appeal in respect of an assignment of a contributor’s retirement pension under section 65.1 of the Canada Pension Plan;

  • (d) an appeal in respect of an allowance, as defined in section 2 of the Old Age Security Act, payable to the spouse, common-law partner or former common-law partner of a pensioner; or

  • (e) an appeal in respect of a supplement, as defined in section 2 of the Old Age Security Act, payable to a pensioner whose spouse, common-law partner or former common-law partner is a beneficiary of a supplement or an allowance.

 [Repealed, 2021, c. 23, s. 235]

Marginal note:Time limits

 The Chairperson or a Vice-chairperson may, in any particular case for special reasons, extend the time within which the Tribunal is required by regulation to make a decision under subsections 54(1), 58.2(1) and 59(1).

Marginal note:Decision final

 The decision of the Tribunal on any application made or appeal brought under this Act is final and, except for judicial review under the Federal Courts Act, is not subject to appeal to or review by any court.

Marginal note:Annual report

 The Chairperson must, within three months after the end of each fiscal year, submit to the Minister a report on the Tribunal’s performance during that fiscal year.

Regulations

Marginal note:Commission

 The Commission may, with the approval of the Governor in Council, make regulations with regard to the Board of Appeal respecting

  • (a) the quorum for a panel referred to in subsection 43.05(1);

  • (b) the appointment process for and conflicts of interest of members of the Board of Appeal referred to in paragraphs 43.03(1)(b) and (c);

  • (c) the circumstances in which a hearing may be held in private;

  • (d) the procedure to be followed on applications made or appeals brought to the Board of Appeal;

  • (e) the circumstances under which information is deemed to have been communicated or received;

  • (f) the time within which the Board of Appeal must make a decision under subsection 43.13(1);

  • (g) any special reasons for the purposes of section 43.14;

  • (h) any reasons for the purposes of section 43.15;

  • (i) the power to exclude any person from a hearing when oral evidence concerning a circumstance of sexual or other harassment is being given;

  • (j) the form and manner that is to be prescribed for the purposes of subsection 43.11(1);

  • (k) regions for the purposes of subsections 43.04(5) and 43.16(1);

  • (l) the circumstances for the purposes of subsection 43.16(1); and

  • (m) the circumstances for the purposes of subsection 43.16(2).

Marginal note:Governor in Council

 The Governor in Council may make regulations respecting the manner in which the Tribunal may conduct its business, including regulations respecting

  • (a) the procedure to be followed on applications made or appeals brought to the Tribunal;

  • (a.1) the circumstances in which a hearing may be held in private;

  • (b) the circumstances under which information is deemed to have been communicated or received;

  • (c) the time within which the Tribunal must make a decision under subsections 54(1), 58.2(1) and 59(1);

  • (d) any special reasons for the purposes of section 63;

  • (e) the power to exclude any person from a hearing when oral evidence concerning a circumstance of sexual or other harassment is being given; and

  • (f) anything that, by this Part, is to be prescribed by regulation.

Marginal note:Regulations — electronic documents and electronic information

  •  (1) The Governor in Council may, for the purposes of this Part, make regulations referred to in paragraphs 73(1)(c), (d) and (f).

  • Marginal note:Regulations — definitions

    (2) The Governor in Council may, for the purposes of regulations made under subsection (1), make regulations defining electronic, electronic document, electronic information, electronic signature and technology.

  • Marginal note:Incorporation by reference

    (3) Subsections 73(2) to (5) apply to regulations made under this section.

  • 2005, c. 34, s. 70
  • 2012, c. 19, s. 224

PART 6Electronic Administration or Enforcement

Marginal note:Application

 This Part applies to any Act, program or activity whose administration or enforcement is the responsibility of the Minister, the Minister of Labour or the Commission.

  • 2013, c. 40, s. 211
  • 2014, c. 20, s. 485
  • 2018, c. 12, s. 279

Marginal note:Powers

  •  (1) Subject to the regulations, if the Minister, the Minister of Labour or the Commission is responsible for an Act, program or activity, that responsible Minister or Commission may administer or enforce it electronically, including for the purposes of

    • (a) creating, communicating, making available, collecting, receiving, storing, or managing or otherwise dealing with documents or information;

    • (b) providing any services, benefits or other assistance;

    • (c) providing notifications;

    • (d) verifying the identity of a person or entity;

    • (e) entering into agreements or arrangements; and

    • (f) making, receiving or verifying an electronic signature.

  • Marginal note:Restriction

    (2) The Minister and the Commission must not require persons or entities to apply electronically for, or receive electronically, services, benefits or other assistance except for classes of persons or entities and those services, benefits or other assistance that are prescribed by the regulations.

  • 2005, c. 34, ss. 71, 83
  • 2012, c. 19, s. 224
  • 2013, c. 40, s. 212
  • 2017, c. 26, s. 51
  • 2018, c. 12, s. 280
 

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