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Income Tax Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. 1 (5th Supp.))

Full Document:  

Act current to 2022-06-20 and last amended on 2022-06-09. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Property with more than one use

  •  (1) For the purposes of this Subdivision the following rules apply:

    • (a) where a taxpayer,

      • (i) having acquired property for some other purpose, has commenced at a later time to use it for the purpose of gaining or producing income, or

      • (ii) having acquired property for the purpose of gaining or producing income, has commenced at a later time to use it for some other purpose,

      the taxpayer shall be deemed to have

      • (iii) disposed of it at that later time for proceeds equal to its fair market value at that later time, and

      • (iv) immediately thereafter reacquired it at a cost equal to that fair market value;

    • (b) where property has, since it was acquired by a taxpayer, been regularly used in part for the purpose of gaining or producing income and in part for some other purpose, the taxpayer shall be deemed to have acquired, for that other purpose, the proportion of the property that the use regularly made of the property for that other purpose is of the whole use regularly made of the property at a cost to the taxpayer equal to the same proportion of the cost to the taxpayer of the whole property, and, if the property has, in such a case, been disposed of, the proceeds of disposition of the proportion of the property deemed to have been acquired for that other purpose shall be deemed to be the same proportion of the proceeds of disposition of the whole property;

    • (c) where, at any time after a taxpayer has acquired property, there has been a change in the relation between the use regularly made by the taxpayer of the property for gaining or producing income and the use regularly made of the property for other purposes,

      • (i) if the use regularly made of the property for those other purposes has increased, the taxpayer shall be deemed to have

        • (A) disposed of the property at that time for proceeds equal to the proportion of the fair market value of the property at that time that the amount of the increase in the use regularly made by the taxpayer of the property for those other purposes is of the whole use regularly made of the property, and

        • (B) immediately thereafter reacquired the property so disposed of at a cost equal to the proceeds referred to in clause 45(1)(c)(i)(A), and

      • (ii) if the use regularly made of the property for those other purposes has decreased, the taxpayer shall be deemed to have

        • (A) disposed of the property at that time for proceeds equal to the proportion of the fair market value of the property at that time that the amount of the decrease in use regularly made by the taxpayer of the property for those other purposes is of the whole use regularly made of the property, and

        • (B) immediately thereafter reacquired the property so disposed of at a cost equal to the proceeds referred to in clause 45(1)(c)(ii)(A); and

    • (d) in applying this subsection in respect of a non-resident taxpayer, a reference to “gaining or producing income” shall be read as a reference to “gaining or producing income from a source in Canada”.

  • Marginal note:Election where change of use

    (2) For the purposes of this Subdivision and section 13, if a taxpayer elects in respect of any property of the taxpayer in the taxpayer’s return of income for a taxation year under this Part,

    • (a) if subparagraph (1)(a)(i) or paragraph 13(7)(b) would otherwise apply to the property for the taxation year, the taxpayer is deemed not to have begun to use the property for the purpose of gaining or producing income;

    • (b) if subparagraph (1)(c)(ii) or 13(7)(d)(i) would otherwise apply to the property for the taxation year, the taxpayer is deemed not to have increased the use regularly made of the property for the purpose of gaining or producing income relative to the use regularly made of the property for other purposes; and

    • (c) if the taxpayer rescinds the election in respect of the property in the taxpayer’s return of income under this Part for a subsequent taxation year,

      • (i) if paragraph (a) applied to the taxpayer in the taxation year, the taxpayer is deemed to have begun to use the property for the purpose of gaining or producing income on the first day of the subsequent taxation year, and

      • (ii) if paragraph (b) applied to the taxpayer in the taxation year, the taxpayer is deemed to have increased the use regularly made of the property for the purpose of gaining or producing income on the first day of the subsequent taxation year by the amount that would have been the increase in the taxation year if the election had not been made.

  • Marginal note:Election concerning principal residence

    (3) If at any time a property that was acquired by a taxpayer for the purpose of gaining or producing income, or that was acquired in part for that purpose, ceases in whole or in part to be used for that purpose and becomes, or becomes part of, the principal residence of the taxpayer, paragraphs (1)(a) and (c) shall not apply to deem the taxpayer to have disposed of the property at that time and to have reacquired it immediately thereafter if the taxpayer so elects by notifying the Minister in writing on or before the earlier of

    • (a) the day that is 90 days after a demand by the Minister for an election under this subsection is sent to the taxpayer, and

    • (b) the taxpayer’s filing-due date for the taxation year in which the property is actually disposed of by the taxpayer.

  • Marginal note:Where election cannot be made

    (4) Notwithstanding subsection 45(3), an election described in that subsection shall be deemed not to have been made in respect of a change in use of property if any deduction in respect of the property has been allowed for any taxation year ending after 1984 and on or before the change in use under regulations made under paragraph 20(1)(a) to the taxpayer, the taxpayer’s spouse or common-law partner or a trust under which the taxpayer or the taxpayer’s spouse or common-law partner is a beneficiary.

  • [NOTE: Application provisions are not included in the consolidated text
  • see relevant amending Acts and regulations.]
  • R.S., 1985, c. 1 (5th Supp.), s. 45
  • 1994, c. 7, Sch. II, s. 25, c. 21, s. 18
  • 1996, c. 21, s. 10
  • 2000, c. 12, s. 142
  • 2001, c. 17, s. 30
  • 2021, c. 23, s. 6
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