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Income Tax Conventions Implementation Act, 2001 (S.C. 2001, c. 30)

Act current to 2021-02-15 and last amended on 2004-07-03. Previous Versions

SCHEDULE 5(Section 27)Convention Between the Government of Canada and the Government of the Republic of Senegal for the Avoidance of Double Taxation and the Prevention of Fiscal Evasion with Respect to Taxes on Income

The Government of Canada and the Government of the Republic of Senegal, desiring to conclude a Convention for the avoidance of double taxation and the prevention of fiscal evasion with respect to taxes on income, have agreed as follows:

I. Scope of the Convention

Article 1
Persons Covered

This Convention shall apply to persons who are residents of one or both of the Contracting States.

Article 2
Taxes Covered

  • 1 This Convention shall apply to taxes on income imposed on behalf of each Contracting State, irrespective of the manner in which they are levied.

  • 2 There shall be regarded as taxes on income all taxes imposed on total income or on elements of income including taxes on gains from the alienation of movable or immovable property as well as taxes on capital appreciation.

  • 3 The existing taxes to which the Convention shall apply are, in particular:

    • (a) in the case of Canada:

      the income taxes imposed by the Government of Canada under the Income Tax Act, (hereinafter referred to as “Canadian tax”);

    • (b) in the case of Senegal:

      • (i) the tax on companies,

      • (ii) the minimum lump-sum tax on companies,

      • (iii) the income tax on individuals,

      • (iv) the employers’ lump-sum contribution,

      • (v) the capital gains tax on developed and undeveloped land,

      (hereinafter referred to as “Senegalese tax”).

  • 4 The Convention shall apply also to any identical or substantially similar taxes which enter into force after the date of signature of this Convention in addition to, or in place of, the existing taxes. The competent authorities of the Contracting States shall notify each other of any significant changes which have been made in their respective taxation laws.

II. Definitions

Article 3
General Definitions

  • 1 In this Convention, unless the context otherwise requires:

    • (a) the term Canada, used in a geographical sense, means the territory of Canada, including

      • (i) any area beyond the territorial sea of Canada which, in accordance with international law and the laws of Canada, is an area in respect of which Canada may exercise rights with respect to the seabed and subsoil and their natural resources; and

      • (ii) the sea and airspace above every area referred to in clause (i) in respect of any activity carried on in connection with the exploration for or the exploitation of the natural resources referred to therein;

    • (b) the term Senegal means the Republic of Senegal; when used in a geographical sense, it means the national territory, the territorial waters as well as the maritime areas over which, in accordance with international law, Senegal exercises sovereign rights or jurisdiction;

    • (c) the terms a Contracting State and the other Contracting State mean, as the context requires, Canada or Senegal;

    • (d) the term person includes an individual, a company and any other body of persons; in the case of Canada, it also includes a trust;

    • (e) the term company means any body corporate or any entity which is treated as a body corporate for tax purposes;

    • (f) the terms enterprise of a Contracting State and enterprise of the other Contracting State mean respectively an enterprise carried on by a resident of a Contracting State and an enterprise carried on by a resident of the other Contracting State;

    • (g) the term competent authority means:

      • (i) in the case of Canada, the Minister of National Revenue or the Minister’s authorized representative,

      • (ii) in the case of Senegal, the Minister responsible for Finance or the Minister’s authorized representative;

    • (h) the term national means:

      • (i) any individual possessing the nationality of a Contracting State;

      • (ii) any legal person, partnership or association deriving its status as such from the laws in force in a Contracting State;

    • (i) the term international traffic means any transport by a ship or aircraft operated by an enterprise of a Contracting State, except when the ship or aircraft is operated solely between places in the other Contracting State.

  • 2 As regards the application of the Convention by a Contracting State any term not defined therein shall, unless the context otherwise requires, have the meaning that it has under the law of that State for the purposes of the taxes to which the Convention applies, any meaning under the applicable tax laws of that State prevailing over a meaning given to the term under other laws of that State.

Article 4
Resident

  • 1 For the purposes of this Convention, the term resident of a Contracting State means:

    • (a) any person who, under the laws of that State, is liable to tax therein by reason of the person’s domicile, place of incorporation, residence, place of management or any other criterion of a similar nature;

    • (b) the Government of that Contracting State or a political subdivision or local authority thereof or, in the case of Canada, any agency or instrumentality of any such government, subdivision or authority.

  • 2 Where by reason of the provisions of paragraph 1 an individual is a resident of both Contracting States, then the individual’s status shall be determined as follows:

    • (a) the individual shall be deemed to be a resident only of the Contracting State in which the individual has a permanent home available; if the individual has a permanent home available in both Contracting States, the individual shall be deemed to be a resident only of the Contracting State with which the individual’s personal and economic relations are closer (centre of vital interests);

    • (b) if the Contracting State in which the individual’s centre of vital interests is situated cannot be determined, or if there is not a permanent home available to the individual in either Contracting State, the individual shall be deemed to be a resident only of the Contracting State in which the individual has an habitual abode;

    • (c) if the individual has an habitual abode in both Contracting States or in neither of them, the individual shall be deemed to be a resident only of the Contracting State of which the individual is a national;

    • (d) if the individual is a national of both Contracting States or of neither of them, the competent authorities of the Contracting States shall settle the question by mutual agreement.

  • 3 Where by reason of the provisions of paragraph 1 a person other than an individual is a resident of both Contracting States, the competent authorities of the Contracting States shall by mutual agreement endeavour to settle the question and to determine the mode of application of the Convention to such person.

Article 5
Permanent Establishment

  • 1 For the purposes of this Convention, the term permanent establishment means a fixed place of business through which the business of an enterprise is wholly or partly carried on.

  • 2 The term permanent establishment includes especially:

    • (a) a place of management;

    • (b) a branch;

    • (c) an office;

    • (d) a factory;

    • (e) a workshop;

    • (f) a mine, an oil or gas well, a quarry or any other place of extraction of natural resources, including that relating to the exploration for or the exploitation of natural resources;

    • (g) a building site or construction project;

    • (h) an assembly project which exists for more than three months.

  • 3 Notwithstanding the preceding provisions of this Article, the term permanent establishment shall be deemed not to include:

    • (a) the use of facilities solely for the purpose of storage or display of goods or merchandise belonging to the enterprise;

    • (b) the maintenance of a stock of goods or merchandise belonging to the enterprise solely for the purpose of storage or display;

    • (c) the maintenance of a stock of goods or merchandise belonging to the enterprise solely for the purpose of processing by another enterprise;

    • (d) the maintenance of a fixed place of business solely for the purpose of purchasing goods or merchandise or of collecting information, for the enterprise;

    • (e) the maintenance of a fixed place of business solely for the purpose of its advertising, for the supply of information, for scientific research or for similar activities which have a preparatory or auxiliary character, for the enterprise.

  • 4 A person — other than an agent of an independent status to whom paragraph 5 applies — acting in a Contracting State on behalf of an enterprise of the other Contracting State shall be deemed to be a permanent establishment in the first-mentioned State:

    • (a) if the person has, and habitually exercises in the first-mentioned State an authority to conclude contracts in the name of the enterprise, unless the activities of such person are limited to the purchase of goods or merchandise for the enterprise; or

    • (b) if the person maintains in the first-mentioned State a stock of goods or merchandise belonging to the enterprise from which the person habitually fills orders on behalf of the enterprise.

  • 5 An enterprise shall not be deemed to have a permanent establishment in a Contracting State merely because it carries on business in that State through a broker, general commission agent or any other agent of an independent status, provided that such persons are acting in the ordinary course of their business.

  • 6 The fact that a company which is a resident of a Contracting State controls or is controlled by a company which is a resident of the other Contracting State, or which carries on business in that other State (whether through a permanent establishment or otherwise), shall not of itself constitute either company a permanent establishment of the other.

  • 7 An insurance enterprise shall, except with regard to re-insurance, be deemed to have a permanent establishment in a Contracting State from the time it collects premiums in the territory of that State or insures risks situated therein through a representative who does not fall within the type of persons referred to in paragraph 5 above.

III. Taxation of Income

Article 6
Income from Immovable Property

  • 1 Income from immovable property, including income from agriculture or forestry, situated in the other Contracting State may be taxed in the Contracting State in which such property is situated.

  • 2 For the purposes of this Convention, the term immovable property shall be defined in accordance with the law of the Contracting State in which the property in question is situated. The term shall in any case include property accessory to immovable property, livestock and equipment used in agriculture and forestry, rights to which the provisions of general law respecting landed property apply, usufruct of immovable property and rights to variable or fixed payments as consideration for the working of, or the right to work, mineral deposits, sources and other natural resources; ships and aircraft shall not be regarded as immovable property.

  • 3 The provisions of paragraph 1 shall apply to income derived from the direct use, letting, or use in any other form of immovable property and to income from the alienation of such property.

  • 4 The provisions of paragraphs 1 and 3 shall also apply to the income from immovable property of an enterprise and to income from immovable property used for the performance of independent personal services.

Article 7
Business Profits

  • 1 The profits of an enterprise of a Contracting State shall be taxable only in that State unless the enterprise carries on business in the other Contracting State through a permanent establishment situated therein. If the enterprise carries on or has carried on business as aforesaid, the profits of the enterprise may be taxed in the other State but only so much of them as is attributable to that permanent establishment.

  • 2 Subject to the provisions of paragraph 3, where an enterprise of a Contracting State carries on business in the other Contracting State through a permanent establishment situated therein, there shall in each Contracting State be attributed to that permanent establishment the profits which it might be expected to make if it were a distinct and separate enterprise engaged in the same or similar activities under the same or similar conditions and dealing wholly independently with the enterprise of which it is a permanent establishment.

  • 3 In determining the profits of a permanent establishment, there shall be allowed those deductible expenses which are incurred for the purposes of the permanent establishment including executive and general administrative expenses, whether incurred in the State in which the permanent establishment is situated or elsewhere; in the latter case, a share of the general administrative expenses of the head office may be allocated to each permanent establishment on a pro rata basis with respect to the turnover realised by each of them.

    Where the apportionment of the general administrative expenses referred to above does not result in a normal share or normal profits, the competent authorities of the Contracting States may, in accordance with the provisions of Article 24, make an appropriate adjustment to determine the profits of the permanent establishment.

  • 4 No profits shall be attributed to a permanent establishment by reason of the mere purchase by that permanent establishment of goods or merchandise for the enterprise.

  • 5 For the purposes of the preceding paragraphs, the profits to be attributed to the permanent establishment shall be determined by the same method year by year unless there is good and sufficient reason to the contrary.

  • 6 Where profits include items of income which are dealt with separately in other Articles of this Convention, then the provisions of those Articles shall not be affected by the provisions of this Article.

Article 8
Shipping and Air Transport

  • 1 Profits derived by an enterprise of a Contracting State from the operation of ships or aircraft in international traffic shall be taxable only in that State.

  • 2 Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph 1 and Article 7, profits derived from the operation of ships or aircraft used principally to transport passengers or property exclusively between places in a Contracting State may be taxed in that State.

  • 3 The provisions of paragraphs 1 and 2 shall also apply to profits from the participation in a pool, a joint business or an international operating agency.

Article 9
Associated Enterprises

  • 1 Where

    • (a) an enterprise of a Contracting State participates directly or indirectly in the management, control or capital of an enterprise of the other Contracting State, or

    • (b) the same persons participate directly or indirectly in the management, control or capital of an enterprise of a Contracting State and an enterprise of the other Contracting State,

    and in either case conditions are made or imposed between the two enterprises in their commercial or financial relations which differ from those which would be made between independent enterprises, then any profits which would, but for those conditions, have accrued to one of the enterprises, but, by reason of those conditions, have not so accrued, may be included in the profits of that enterprise and taxed accordingly.

  • 2 Where a Contracting State includes in the profits of an enterprise of that State — and taxes accordingly — profits on which an enterprise of the other Contracting State has been charged to tax in that other State and the profits so included are profits that would have accrued to the enterprise of the first-mentioned State if the conditions made between the two enterprises had been those that would have been made between independent enterprises, then that other State shall make an appropriate adjustment to the amount of tax charged therein on those profits. In determining such adjustment, due regard shall be had to the other provisions of this Convention.

  • 3 A Contracting State shall not change the profits of an enterprise in the circumstances referred to in paragraph 1 after the expiry of the time limits provided in its domestic laws and, in any case, after five years from the end of the year in which the profits which would be subject to such change would have accrued to an enterprise of that State.

  • 4 The provisions of paragraphs 2 and 3 shall not apply in the case of fraud, wilful default or neglect.

Article 10
Dividends

  • 1 Dividends paid by a company which is a resident of a Contracting State to a resident of the other Contracting State may be taxed in that other State.

  • 2 However, such dividends may also be taxed in the Contracting State of which the company paying the dividends is a resident and according to the laws of that State, but if the beneficial owner of the dividends is a resident of the other Contracting State, the tax so charged shall not exceed:

    • (a) in the case of Senegal, sixteen per cent (16%) of the gross amount of the dividends;

    • (b) in the case of Canada, fifteen per cent (15%) of the gross amount of the dividends.

    The provisions of this paragraph shall not affect the taxation of the company in respect of the profits out of which the dividends are paid.

  • 3 The term dividends as used in this Article means income from shares, “jouissance” shares or “jouissance” rights, mining shares, “parts sociales”, founders’ shares or other rights, not being debt-claims, participating in profits, as well as income which is subjected to the same taxation treatment as income from shares by the taxation law of the State of which the company making the distribution is a resident.

  • 4 The provisions of paragraph 2 shall not apply if the beneficial owner of the dividends, being a resident of a Contracting State, carries on business in the other Contracting State of which the company paying the dividends is a resident, through a permanent establishment situated therein, or performs in that other State independent personal services through a fixed base situated therein, and the holding in respect of which the dividends are paid is effectively connected with such permanent establishment or fixed base. In such case the provisions of Article 7 or Article 14, as the case may be, shall apply.

  • 5 Where a company which is a resident of a Contracting State derives profits or income from the other Contracting State, that other State may not impose any tax on the dividends paid by the company, except insofar as such dividends are paid to a resident of that other State or insofar as the holding in respect of which the dividends are paid is effectively connected with a permanent establishment or a fixed base situated in that other State, nor subject the company’s undistributed profits to a tax on undistributed profits, even if the dividends paid or the undistributed profits consist wholly or partly of profits or income arising in such other State.

  • 6 Nothing in this Convention shall be construed as preventing a Contracting State from imposing on the earnings of a company attributable to a permanent establishment in that State, a tax in addition to the tax which would be chargeable on the earnings of a company which is a national of that State, provided that any additional tax so imposed shall not exceed:

    • (a) in the case of Senegal, sixteen per cent (16%),

    • (b) in the case of Canada, fifteen per cent (15%)

    of the amount of such earnings which have not been subjected to such additional tax in previous taxation years. For the purpose of this paragraph, the term earnings means the profits, including any gains, attributable to a permanent establishment situated in a Contracting State in a year and previous years after deducting therefrom all taxes, other than the additional tax referred to herein, imposed on such profits by that State.

  • 7 The provisions of paragraph 6 shall also apply with respect to earnings derived from the alienation of immovable property situated in a Contracting State by a company carrying on a trade in immovable property, whether or not it has a permanent establishment in that State.

Article 11
Interest

  • 1 Interest arising in a Contracting State and paid to a resident of the other Contracting State may be taxed in that other State.

  • 2 However, such interest may also be taxed in the Contracting State in which it arises and according to the laws of that State, but if the beneficial owner of the interest is a resident of the other Contracting State, the tax so charged shall not exceed:

    • (a) in the case of Senegal, twenty per cent (20%) of the gross amount of the interest on “bons de caisse” and sixteen per cent (16%) of their gross amount in all other cases;

    • (b) in the case of Canada, fifteen per cent (15%) of the gross amount of the interest in all cases.

  • 3 Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph 2,

    • (a) interest arising in a Contracting State and paid in respect of indebtedness of the government of that State or of a political subdivision or local authority thereof shall, provided that the interest is beneficially owned by a resident of the other Contracting State, be taxable only in that other State;

    • (b) interest arising in Senegal and paid to a resident of Canada shall be taxable only in Canada if it is paid in respect of a loan made, guaranteed or insured, or a credit extended or insured by the Export Development Corporation;

    • (c) interest arising in Canada and paid to a resident of Senegal shall be taxable only in Senegal if it is paid in respect of a loan made, guaranteed or insured, or a credit extended, guaranteed or insured by an appropriate Senegalese institution as is specified and agreed in letters exchanged between the competent authorities of the Contracting States.

  • 4 The term interest as used in this Article means income from debt-claims of every kind, whether or not secured by mortgage, and in particular, income from government securities and income from bonds or debentures, including premiums and prizes attaching to such securities, bonds or debentures, as well as income which is subjected to the same taxation treatment as income from money lent by the taxation laws of the State in which the income arises. However, the term interest does not include income dealt with in Article 10.

  • 5 The provisions of paragraph 2 shall not apply if the beneficial owner of the interest, being a resident of a Contracting State, carries on business in the other Contracting State in which the interest arises, through a permanent establishment situated therein, or performs in that other State independent personal services from a fixed base situated therein, and the debt-claim in respect of which the interest is paid is effectively connected with such permanent establishment or fixed base. In such case the provisions of Article 7 or Article 14, as the case may be, shall apply.

  • 6 Interest shall be deemed to arise in a Contracting State when the payer is a resident of that State. Where, however, the person paying the interest, whether the payer is a resident of a Contracting State or not, has in a Contracting State a permanent establishment or a fixed base in connection with which the indebtedness on which the interest is paid was incurred, and such interest is borne by such permanent establishment or fixed base, then such interest shall be deemed to arise in the Contracting State in which the permanent establishment or fixed base is situated.

  • 7 Where, by reason of a special relationship between the payer and the beneficial owner or between both of them and some other person, the amount of the interest, having regard to the debt-claim for which it is paid, exceeds the amount which would have been agreed upon by the payer and the beneficial owner in the absence of such relationship, the provisions of this Article shall apply only to the last-mentioned amount. In such case, the excess part of the payments shall remain taxable according to the laws of each Contracting State, due regard being had to the other provisions of this Convention.

Article 12
Royalties

  • 1 Royalties arising in a Contracting State and paid to a resident of the other Contracting State may be taxed in that other State.

  • 2 However, such royalties may also be taxed in the Contracting State in which they arise, and according to the laws of that State, but if the beneficial owner of the royalties is a resident of the other Contracting State, the tax so charged shall not exceed fifteen per cent (15%) of the gross amount of the royalties.

  • 3 The term royalties as used in this Article means payments of any kind received as a consideration for the use of, or the right to use, any copyright, patent, trade mark, design or model, plan, secret formula or process, or for the use of, or the right to use, industrial, commercial or scientific equipment, or for information concerning industrial, commercial or scientific experience, and includes payments of any kind in respect of motion picture films and works on film, videotape or other means of reproduction for use in connection with television.

  • 4 The provisions of paragraph 2 shall not apply if the beneficial owner of the royalties, being a resident of a Contracting State, carries on business in the other Contracting State in which the royalties arise, through a permanent establishment situated therein, or performs in that other State independent personal services from a fixed base situated therein, and the right or property in respect of which the royalties are paid is effectively connected with such permanent establishment or fixed base. In such case the provisions of Article 7 or Article 14, as the case may be, shall apply.

  • 5 Royalties shall be deemed to arise in a Contracting State when the payer is a resident of that State. Where, however, the person paying the royalties, whether the payer is a resident of a Contracting State or not, has in a Contracting State a permanent establishment or a fixed base in connection with which the obligation to pay the royalties was incurred, and such royalties are borne by such permanent establishment or fixed base, then such royalties shall be deemed to arise in the State in which the permanent establishment or fixed base is situated.

  • 6 Where, by reason of a special relationship between the payer and the beneficial owner or between both of them and some other person, the amount of the royalties, having regard to the use, right or information for which they are paid, exceeds the amount which would have been agreed upon by the payer and the beneficial owner in the absence of such relationship, the provisions of this Article shall apply only to the last-mentioned amount. In such case, the excess part of the payments shall remain taxable according to the laws of each Contracting State, due regard being had to the other provisions of this Convention.

Article 13
Capital Gains

  • 1 Gains derived by a resident of a Contracting State from the alienation of immovable property situated in the other Contracting State may be taxed in that other State.

  • 2 Gains from the alienation of movable property forming part of the business property of a permanent establishment which an enterprise of a Contracting State has in the other Contracting State or of movable property pertaining to a fixed base available to a resident of a Contracting State in the other Contracting State for the purpose of performing independent personal services, including such gains from the alienation of such a permanent establishment (alone or with the whole enterprise) or of such a fixed base, may be taxed in that other State.

  • 3 Gains derived by an enterprise of a Contracting State from the alienation of ships or aircraft operated in international traffic or movable property pertaining to the operation of such ships or aircraft shall be taxable only in that State.

  • 4 Gains derived by a resident of a Contracting State from the alienation of:

    • (a) shares, the value of which is derived principally from immovable property situated in the other State,

    • (b) an interest in a partnership or trust, the value of which is derived principally from immovable property situated in that other State,

    may be taxed in that other State.

  • 5 Gains from the alienation of any property, other than that referred to in paragraphs 1, 2, 3 and 4 shall be taxable only in the Contracting State of which the alienator is a resident.

  • 6 The provisions of paragraph 5 shall not affect the right of a Contracting State to levy, according to its law, a tax on gains from the alienation of any property derived by an individual who is a resident of the other Contracting State and has been a resident of the first-mentioned State at any time during the five years immediately preceding the alienation of the property.

  • 7 Where an individual who ceases to be a resident of a Contracting State, and immediately thereafter becomes a resident of the other Contracting State, is treated for the purposes of taxation in the first-mentioned State as having alienated a property and is taxed in that State by reason thereof, the individual may elect to be treated for purposes of taxation in the other State as if the individual had, immediately before becoming a resident of that State, sold and repurchased the property for an amount equal to its fair market value at that time. However, this provision shall not apply to property any gain from which, arising immediately before the individual became a resident of that other State, may be taxed in that other State nor to immovable property situated in a third State.

Article 14
Independent Personal Services

  • 1 Income derived by a resident of a Contracting State in respect of professional services or other independent activities of a similar character shall be taxable only in that State unless the resident has a fixed base regularly available in the other Contracting State for the purpose of performing the activities. If the resident has or had such a fixed base, the income may be taxed in the other State but only so much of it as is attributable to that fixed base.

  • 2 The term professional services includes especially independent scientific, literary, artistic, educational or teaching activities as well as the independent activities of physicians, lawyers, engineers, architects, dentists and accountants.

Article 15
Dependent Personal Services

  • 1 Subject to the provisions of Articles 16, 18 and 19, salaries, wages and other similar remuneration derived by a resident of a Contracting State in respect of an employment shall be taxable only in that State unless the employment is exercised in the other Contracting State. If the employment is so exercised, such remuneration as is derived therefrom may be taxed in that other State.

  • 2 Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph 1, remuneration derived by a resident of a Contracting State in respect of an employment exercised in the other Contracting State shall be taxable only in the first-mentioned State if:

    • (a) the recipient is present in the other State for a period or periods not exceeding in the aggregate 183 days in any twelve month period commencing or ending in the calendar year concerned, and

    • (b) the remuneration is paid by, or on behalf of, an employer who is not a resident of the other State, and

    • (c) the remuneration is not borne by a permanent establishment or a fixed base which the employer has in the other State.

  • 3 Notwithstanding the preceding provisions of this Article, remuneration derived in respect of an employment exercised aboard a ship or aircraft operated in international traffic by an enterprise of a Contracting State may be taxed in that State.

Article 16
Directors’ Fees

  • 1 Directors’ fees and other similar payments derived by a resident of a Contracting State in the capacity as a member of the board of directors or a similar organ of a company which is a resident of the other Contracting State, may be taxed in that other State.

  • 2 However, remuneration derived by such persons in respect of any other capacity may be taxed under the provisions of Article 14 or paragraph 1 of Article 15 of this Convention, as the case may be.

Article 17
Artistes and Sportspersons

  • 1 Notwithstanding the provisions of Articles 14 and 15, income derived by a resident of a Contracting State as an entertainer, such as a theatre, motion picture, radio or television artiste, or a musician, or as a sportsperson, from that resident’s personal activities as such exercised in the other Contracting State, may be taxed in that other State.

  • 2 Where income in respect of personal activities exercised by an entertainer or a sportsperson in that individual’s capacity as such accrues not to the entertainer or sportsperson personally but to another person, that income may, notwithstanding the provisions of Articles 7, 14 and 15, be taxed in the Contracting State in which the activities of the entertainer or sportsperson are exercised.

  • 3 The provisions of paragraphs 1 and 2 shall not apply to income derived from activities performed in a Contracting State by a resident of the other Contracting State in the context of a visit in the first-mentioned State which is substantially supported by public funds.

Article 18
Pensions and Annuities

  • 1 Pensions and annuities arising in a Contracting State and paid to a resident of the other Contracting State may be taxed in that other State.

  • 2 Pensions and annuities arising in a Contracting State and paid to a resident of the other Contracting State may also be taxed in the State in which they arise and according to the laws of that State. However, in the case of periodic payments:

    • (a) of a pension, the tax so charged shall not exceed fifteen per cent (15%) of the gross amount of the total of such periodic payments paid in the calendar year concerned that exceeds twelve thousand Canadian dollars or its equivalent in Senegalese currency;

    • (b) of an annuity, the tax so charged shall not exceed fifteen per cent (15%) of the portion thereof that is subject to tax in that State.

  • 3 Notwithstanding anything in this Convention:

    • (a) war pensions and allowances (including pensions and allowances paid to war veterans or paid as a consequence of damages or injuries suffered as a consequence of a war) arising in a Contracting State and paid to a resident of the other Contracting State shall be exempt from tax in that other State to the extent that they would be exempt from tax if received by a resident of the first-mentioned State;

    • (b) alimony and other similar payments arising in a Contracting State and paid to a resident of the other Contracting State who is subject to tax therein in respect thereof, shall be taxable only in that other State;

    • (c) benefits paid under the Social Security legislation in Canada shall be taxable only in Canada.

Article 19
Government Service

  • 1
    • (a) Salaries, wages and other similar remuneration, other than a pension, paid by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that State.

    • (b) However, such salaries, wages and other similar remuneration shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the services are rendered in that State and the individual is a resident of that State who:

      • (i) is a national of that State; or

      • (ii) did not become a resident of that State solely for the purpose of rendering the services.

  • 2 The provisions of paragraph 1 shall not apply to salaries, wages and other similar remuneration paid in respect of services rendered in connection with a business carried on by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof.

Article 20
Students

Payments which a student, apprentice or business trainee who is, or was immediately before visiting a Contracting State, a resident of the other Contracting State and who is present in the first-mentioned State solely for the purpose of that individual’s education or training receives for the purpose of that individual’s maintenance, education or training shall not be taxed in the first-mentioned State, provided that such payments arise from sources outside that State.

Article 21
Other Income

  • 1 Subject to the provisions of paragraph 2, items of income of a resident of a Contracting State, wherever arising, not dealt with in the foregoing Articles of this Convention shall be taxable only in that State.

  • 2 However, if such income is derived by a resident of a Contracting State from sources in the other Contracting State, such income may also be taxed in the State in which it arises, and according to the law of that State. However, in the case of Canada, where such income is income from a trust, other than a trust to which contributions were deductible, the tax so charged shall, provided that the income is taxable in Senegal, not exceed fifteen per cent (15%) of the gross amount of the income.

IV. Methods for Prevention of Double Taxation

Article 22
Elimination of Double Taxation

  • 1 In the case of Canada, double taxation shall be avoided as follows:

    • (a) subject to the existing provisions of the law of Canada regarding the deduction from tax payable in Canada of tax paid in a territory outside Canada and to any subsequent modification of those provisions — which shall not affect the general principle hereof — and unless a greater deduction or relief is provided under the laws of Canada, tax payable in Senegal on profits, income or gains arising in Senegal shall be deducted from any Canadian tax payable in respect of such profits, income or gains;

    • (b) where in accordance with any provision of the Convention income derived by a resident of Canada is exempt from tax in Canada, Canada may nevertheless, in calculating the amount of tax on other income take into account the exempted income.

  • 2 In the case of Senegal, double taxation shall be avoided as follows:

    • (a) where a resident of Senegal derives income which, in accordance with the provisions of this Convention, may be taxed in Canada, Senegal shall allow as a deduction from the tax on the income of that resident, an amount equal to the income tax paid in Canada; such deduction shall not, however, exceed that part of the income tax, as computed before the deduction is given, which is attributable to the income which may be taxed in Canada;

    • (b) where, in accordance with any provision of the Convention, income derived by a resident of Senegal is exempt from tax in Senegal, Senegal may nevertheless, in calculating the amount of tax on the remaining income of such resident, take into account the exempted income.

  • 3 For the purposes of this Article, profits, income or gains of a resident of a Contracting State which may be taxed in the other Contracting State in accordance with this Convention shall be deemed to arise from sources in that other State.

V. Special Provisions

Article 23
Non-discrimination

  • 1 Nationals of a Contracting State shall not be subjected in the other Contracting State to any taxation or any requirement connected therewith which is other or more burdensome than the taxation and connected requirements to which nationals of that other State in the same circumstances, in particular with respect to residence, are or may be subjected.

  • 2 The taxation on a permanent establishment which an enterprise of a Contracting State has in the other Contracting State shall not be less favourably levied in that other State than the taxation levied on enterprises of that other State carrying on the same activities.

  • 3 Nothing in this Article shall be construed as obliging a Contracting State to grant to residents of the other Contracting State any personal allowances, reliefs and reductions for taxation purposes on account of civil status or family responsibilities which it grants to its own residents.

  • 4 Enterprises of a Contracting State, the capital of which is wholly or partly owned or controlled, directly or indirectly, by one or more residents of the other Contracting State, shall not be subjected in the first-mentioned State to any taxation or any requirement connected therewith which is other or more burdensome than the taxation and connected requirements to which other similar enterprises of the first-mentioned State, the capital of which is wholly or partly owned or controlled, directly or indirectly, by one or more residents of a third State, are or may be subjected.

  • 5 The term taxation as used in this Article means taxes which are the subject of this Convention.

Article 24
Mutual Agreement Procedure

  • 1 Where a person considers that the actions of one or both of the Contracting States result or will result for that person in taxation not in accordance with the provisions of this Convention, that person may, irrespective of the remedies provided by the domestic law of those States, address to the competent authority of the Contracting State of which that person is a resident an application in writing stating the grounds for claiming the revision of such taxation. To be admissible, the said application must be submitted within two years from the notification of the action which gives rise to taxation not in accordance with the provisions of the Convention.

  • 2 The competent authority referred to in paragraph 1 shall endeavour, if the objection appears to it to be justified and if it is not itself able to arrive at a satisfactory solution, to resolve the case by mutual agreement with the competent authority of the other Contracting State, with a view to the avoidance of taxation not in accordance with the Convention.

  • 3 The competent authorities of the Contracting States shall endeavour to resolve by mutual agreement any difficulties or doubts arising as to the interpretation or application of the Convention. In particular, the competent authorities of the Contracting States may consult together to endeavour to agree:

    • (a) to the same attribution of profits to a resident of a Contracting State and its permanent establishment situated in the other Contracting State;

    • (b) to the same allocation of income between a resident of a Contracting State and any associated person referred to in Article 9.

  • 4 The competent authorities of the Contracting States may consult together for the elimination of double taxation in cases not provided for in the Convention.

  • 5 The competent authorities of the Contracting States may communicate with each other directly for the purpose of reaching an agreement in the sense of the preceding paragraphs. When it seems advisable in order to reach an agreement to have an exchange of views, the matter may be referred to a commission consisting of representatives of the contracting governments specified by the competent authorities. The presidency of the commission is exercised alternatively by a member of each delegation.

Article 25
Exchange of Information

  • 1 The competent authorities of the Contracting States shall directly exchange such information as is necessary for the carrying out of the provisions of this Convention or of the domestic laws of the Contracting States concerning taxes covered by the Convention insofar as the taxation thereunder is not contrary to the Convention. The exchange of information is not restricted by Article 1. Any information received by a Contracting State shall be treated as secret in the same manner as information obtained under the domestic laws of that State and shall be disclosed only to persons or authorities (including courts and administrative bodies) involved in the assessment or collection of, the enforcement in respect of, or the determination of appeals in relation to, taxes. Such persons or authorities shall use the information only for such purposes. They may disclose the information in public court proceedings or in judicial decisions.

  • 2 In no case shall the provisions of paragraph 1 be construed so as to impose on a Contracting State the obligation:

    • (a) to carry out administrative measures at variance with the laws and the administrative practice of that or of the other Contracting State;

    • (b) to supply information which is not obtainable under the laws or in the normal course of the administration of that or of the other Contracting State;

    • (c) to supply information which would disclose any trade, business, industrial, commercial or professional secret or trade process, or information, the disclosure of which would be contrary to public policy (ordre public).

  • 3 If information is requested by a Contracting State in accordance with this Article, the other Contracting State shall endeavour to obtain the information to which the request relates in the same way as if its own taxation were involved notwithstanding the fact that the other State does not need, at that time, such information.

  • 4 The exchange of information shall take place either as a matter of routine or upon request regarding a specific case. The competent authorities of the Contracting States shall agree on the list of information to be communicated as a matter of routine.

Article 26
Members of Diplomatic Missions and Consular Posts

  • 1 Nothing in this Convention shall affect the fiscal privileges of members of diplomatic missions or consular posts under the general rules of international law or under the provisions of special agreements.

  • 2 Notwithstanding the provisions of Article 4, an individual who is a member of a diplomatic mission, consular post or permanent mission of a Contracting State which is situated in the other Contracting State or in a third State shall be deemed for the purposes of the Convention to be a resident of the sending State if that individual is liable in the sending State to the same obligations in relation to tax on total income as are residents of that sending State.

  • 3 The Convention shall not apply to international organizations, to organs or officials thereof and to persons who are members of a diplomatic mission, consular post or permanent mission of a third State or group of States, being present in a Contracting State and who are not liable in either Contracting State to the same obligations in relation to tax on total income as are residents thereof.

Article 27
Miscellaneous Rules

  • 1 The provisions of this Convention shall not be construed to restrict in any manner any exemption, allowance, credit or other deduction accorded

    • (a) by the laws of a Contracting State in the determination of the tax imposed by that State; or

    • (b) by any other agreement entered into by a Contracting State.

  • 2 Nothing in the Convention shall be construed as preventing Canada from imposing a tax on amounts included in the income of a resident of Canada with respect to a partnership, trust, or controlled foreign affiliate, in which that resident has an interest.

  • 3 Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph 3 of Article XXII (Consultation) of the General Agreement on Trade in Services, the Contracting States agree that any dispute between them as to whether a measure falls within the scope of this Convention may be brought before the Council for Trade in Services, as provided by that paragraph, only with the consent of both Contracting States. Any doubt as to the interpretation of this paragraph shall be resolved under Article 24 or, failing agreement under that procedure, pursuant to any other procedure agreed to by both Contracting States.

VI. Final Provisions

Article 28
Entry into Force

  • 1 This Convention shall be ratified and the instruments of ratification shall be exchanged as soon as possible.

  • 2 This Convention shall enter into force upon the exchange of instruments of ratification and its provisions shall have effect:

    • (a) in respect of tax withheld at the source on amounts paid or credited to non-residents, on or after the first day of January in the calendar year following that in which the exchange of instruments of ratification takes place; and

    • (b) in respect of other taxes, for taxation years beginning on or after the first day of January in the calendar year following that in which the exchange of instruments of ratification takes place.

Article 29
Termination

This Convention shall continue in effect indefinitely but either Contracting State may, on or before June 30 of any calendar year after the year of the entry into force of this Convention, give to the other Contracting State a notice of termination through the diplomatic channel; in such event, the Convention shall cease to have effect:

  • (a) in respect of tax withheld at the source on amounts paid or credited to non-residents, on or after the first day of January of the calendar year following that in which that June 30 date is included; and

  • (b) in respect of other taxes, for taxation years beginning on or after the first day of January of the calendar year following that in which that June 30 date is included.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF the undersigned, duly authorized to that effect, have signed this Convention.

DONE in duplicate at Dakar this 2nd day of August, 2001, in the English and French languages, each version being equally authentic.

FOR THE GOVERNMENT OF CANADA

Michèle Lévesque

FOR THE GOVERNMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF SENEGAL

Cheikh Tidiane Gadio

  • 2001, c. 30, Sch. 5
  • 2002, c. 24, s. 12(E)
 
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