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Indian Oil and Gas Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. I-7)

Act current to 2020-07-28 and last amended on 2019-08-01. Previous Versions

Inspection, Audit and Examination (continued)

Marginal note:Audits and examinations

  •  (1) A person authorized by the Minister to do so may, at any reasonable time,

    • (a) enter any place where a business is carried on, other than a dwelling-place, in which the person has reasonable grounds to believe that there are documents or information required to be kept under the regulations; and

    • (b) conduct an audit or examination of any documents or information found in the place that the person has reasonable grounds to believe are relevant to the administration of this Act or the regulations.

  • Marginal note:Powers of authorized persons

    (2) A person conducting an audit or examination under subsection (1) may

    • (a) copy or take extracts of documents or information referred to in paragraph (1)(b);

    • (b) use or cause to be used any copying equipment at the place to reproduce any such documents and remove the copies for the purposes of the audit or examination;

    • (c) use or cause to be used any computer system or data processing system at the place to search and examine any data contained in or available to the system;

    • (d) obtain, in the form of a printout or other output, a copy of any data referred to in paragraph (c) that the person has reasonable grounds to believe are relevant to the administration of this Act or the regulations, and remove it for the purposes of the audit or examination; and

    • (e) require any person present in the place to remain there during the audit or examination and require that person, or any other person having control of such documents or information, to answer all proper questions and to give all reasonable assistance to the authorized person.

  • Marginal note:Persons accompanying

    (3) Subject to any conditions prescribed by the regulations, a person conducting an audit or examination under subsection (1) may be accompanied by any person so authorized by the Minister.

  • 2009, c. 7, s. 3

Marginal note:Demand to produce documents

 The Minister may, for the purposes of an audit or examination, order any person who is required by the regulations to keep documents or information to produce — at the place, within the time and in the manner specified by the Minister — any document or information that the Minister has reasonable grounds to believe is relevant to the administration of this Act or the regulations.

  • 2009, c. 7, s. 3

Marginal note:Compliance order

  •  (1) A judge may, on application, order a person to provide to the Minister, an inspector or a person conducting an audit or examination any access, assistance, document or information that the person was required or ordered to provide under section 9, 10 or 11, unless — in the case of a document or information — the document or information is protected from disclosure by the privilege between legal advisers and their clients.

  • Marginal note:Conditions

    (2) The judge making an order under subsection (1) may impose any conditions in respect of the order that the judge considers appropriate.

  • Marginal note:Contempt of court

    (3) If a person fails or refuses to comply with an order under subsection (1), a judge may find the person in contempt of court and the person is subject to the processes and the punishments of the court to which the judge is appointed.

  • Marginal note:Appeal

    (4) An order by a judge under subsection (1) may be appealed to a court having appellate jurisdiction over decisions of the court to which the judge is appointed, but an appeal does not suspend the execution of the order unless it is so ordered by a judge of the appellate court.

  • Definition of judge

    (5) In this section, judge means a judge of a superior court of the province in which the matter arises or a judge of the Federal Court.

  • 2009, c. 7, s. 3

Marginal note:Prohibition

  •  (1) No person shall interfere with or obstruct any person doing anything the person is authorized to do under this Act.

  • Marginal note:Compliance

    (2) Every person shall, unless unable to do so, do everything that the person is required to do under subsection 9(3) or 10(2) or section 11.

  • 2009, c. 7, s. 3

Search and Seizure

Marginal note:Designation of enforcement officers

  •  (1) The Minister may designate any person as an enforcement officer for the purpose of enforcing this Act and the regulations.

  • Marginal note:Public officer

    (2) For greater certainty, an enforcement officer is a public officer for the purposes of sections 487, 487.11 and 489 of the Criminal Code.

  • Marginal note:Certificate

    (3) The Minister shall provide every enforcement officer with a certificate of designation, which the officer shall, on request, show to the person appearing to be in charge of a place being searched.

  • 2009, c. 7, s. 3

Delegation

Marginal note:Ministerial powers

 Without derogating from paragraph 24(2)(d) of the Interpretation Act in relation to any other power of the Minister under this Act, the Minister may delegate in writing any of the Minister’s powers under subsections 8(1), 10(1) and (3) and 14(1) to any person employed in the Department of Indigenous Services.

  • 2009, c. 7, s. 3
  • 2019, c. 29, s. 372
  • 2019, c. 29, s. 376

Unauthorized Exploration and Exploitation

Marginal note:Prohibition

 No person shall explore for or exploit oil or gas situated in first nation lands except as authorized by or under this Act.

  • 2009, c. 7, s. 3

Offences and Punishment

Marginal note:Offence

  •  (1) A person who contravenes any provision of this Act or the regulations, other than a provision in relation to the payment of royalties or other amounts, or who fails to do anything ordered by the Minister under this Act, is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction and liable to a fine not exceeding $100,000.

  • Marginal note:False information

    (2) A person who provides information under this Act, knowing that it is false or misleading, or who knowingly misrepresents or fails to disclose a material fact, is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction and liable to a fine not exceeding the greater of $100,000 and any amount that was not paid by reason of the commission of the offence.

  • 2009, c. 7, s. 3

Marginal note:Continuing offences

  •  (1) When an offence under this Act is committed on more than one day or is continued for more than one day, it is deemed to be a separate offence for each day on which it is committed or continued.

  • Marginal note:Officers, etc., of corporations

    (2) Any officer, director or agent of a corporation who directed, authorized, assented to, acquiesced in or participated in the commission of an offence by the corporation under this Act is a party to and guilty of the offence and is liable on conviction to the punishment provided for the offence, whether or not the corporation has been prosecuted or convicted.

  • Marginal note:Offences by employees or agents

    (3) In the prosecution of a corporation for an offence under this Act, it is sufficient proof of the offence to establish that it was committed by an employee or agent of the corporation, whether or not the employee or agent is identified or prosecuted.

  • Marginal note:Exception to defence

    (4) Subsection (3) does not apply to a corporation that establishes that it exercised due diligence to prevent the commission of the offence.

  • 2009, c. 7, s. 3

Marginal note:Time limit

  •  (1) No prosecution for an offence under this Act may be commenced later than two years after the day on which the Minister became aware of the facts giving rise to the offence or later than 10 years after the day on which the offence was committed, whichever is earlier.

  • Marginal note:Time limit — Contraventions Act

    (2) No proceedings may be commenced under the Contraventions Act in respect of an offence under this Act later than two years after the day on which the offence was committed.

  • 2009, c. 7, s. 3

Marginal note:Compensation for loss of property

  •  (1) When a person has been convicted of an offence for the contravention of section 16 in relation to oil or gas exploration, the drilling or testing of a well or the recovery of oil or gas, the convicting court may, at the time sentence is imposed and on the application of Her Majesty in right of Canada or the first nation affected, order the offender to pay to Her Majesty in right of Canada for the benefit of the first nation an amount by way of compensation for any ensuing loss of oil or gas suffered by the first nation or any ensuing reduction in the value of first nation lands.

  • Marginal note:Enforcement

    (2) If compensation is not paid within 60 days after the issuance of an order under subsection (1), the applicant may, by filing the order, enter the amount of the compensation as a judgment in the superior court of the province in which the trial was held, and that judgment is enforceable against the offender in the same manner as if it were a judgment rendered against the offender by that court in civil proceedings.

  • Marginal note:Appeal rights

    (3) An order may not be filed under subsection (2) until all rights of the offender to appeal the conviction are exhausted.

  • 2009, c. 7, s. 3
 
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