Industrial Design Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. I-9)

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Act current to 2019-06-20 and last amended on 2018-11-05. Previous Versions

Industrial Design Act

R.S.C., 1985, c. I-9

An Act respecting industrial designs

Short Title

Marginal note:Short title

 This Act may be cited as the Industrial Design Act.

  • R.S., c. I-8, s. 1


Marginal note:Definitions

 In this Act,


article means any thing that is made by hand, tool or machine; (objet)


Convention means the Convention of the Union of Paris made on March 20, 1883, including any amendments and revisions made from time to time to which Canada is a party; (Convention)

country of the Union

country of the Union means


design or industrial design means features of shape, configuration, pattern or ornament and any combination of those features that, in a finished article, appeal to and are judged solely by the eye; (dessin)


kit means a complete or substantially complete number of parts that can be assembled to construct a finished article; (prêt-à-monter)


Minister means such member of the Queen’s Privy Council for Canada as is designated by the Governor in Council as the Minister for the purposes of this Act; (ministre)


prescribed means prescribed by the regulations and, in relation to fees, includes determined in the manner prescribed by the regulations; (Version anglaise seulement)


set means a number of articles of the same general character ordinarily on sale together or intended to be used together, to each of which the same design or variants thereof are applied; (ensemble)

useful article

useful article means an article that has a utilitarian function and includes a model of any such article; (objet utilitaire)

utilitarian function

utilitarian function, in respect of an article, means a function other than merely serving as a substrate or carrier for artistic or literary matter; (fonction utilitaire)


variants means designs applied to the same article or set and not differing substantially from one another. (variantes)

  • R.S., 1985, c. I-9, s. 2
  • R.S., 1985, c. 10 (4th Supp.), s. 20
  • 1993, c. 15, s. 12(E), c. 44, s. 161
  • 2014, c. 39, s. 102

PART IIndustrial Designs


Marginal note:Register

  •  (1) The Minister shall cause to be kept a register called the Register of Industrial Designs, which shall contain the prescribed information and statements in respect of designs that are registered under this Act.

  • Marginal note:Evidence

    (2) The Register of Industrial Designs is evidence of its contents, and a copy of an entry in the Register is evidence of the particulars of the entry if the copy is certified as a true copy by the Minister, by the Commissioner of Patents or by an officer, clerk or employee of the Commissioner’s office.

  • Marginal note:Admissibility

    (3) A copy appearing to have been certified under subsection (2) is admissible in evidence in any court.

  • R.S., 1985, c. I-9, s. 3
  • 1992, c. 1, s. 79
  • 2014, c. 39, s. 103

Marginal note:Obvious error

 The Minister may, within six months after an entry is made in the Register of Industrial Designs, correct any error in the entry that is obvious from the documents relating to the registered design in question that are, at the time that the entry is made, in the Minister’s possession.

  • 2015, c. 36, s. 44

Marginal note:Application to register design

  •  (1) The proprietor of a design, whether the first proprietor or a subsequent proprietor, may apply to register the design by paying the prescribed fees and filing with the Minister an application that contains

    • (a) the name of the finished article in respect of which the design is to be registered;

    • (b) a representation of the design that complies with any prescribed requirements; and

    • (c) any prescribed information or statement.

  • Marginal note:Substituted applicants

    (2) The application shall, subject to any prescribed terms and conditions, be considered to have been filed by a person other than the person who filed it if, before the design is registered, it is established to the satisfaction of the Minister that the other person was the proprietor when the application was filed.

  • Marginal note:Filing date

    (3) The filing date of an application in Canada is the date on which the Minister receives the prescribed documents, information and statements or, if they are received on different dates, the latest of those dates.

  • R.S., 1985, c. I-9, s. 4
  • 1992, c. 1, s. 79
  • 1993, c. 15, s. 13
  • 2014, c. 39, s. 104

Marginal note:Examination of application for registration

 The Minister shall examine, in accordance with the regulations, each application for the registration of a design.

  • R.S., 1985, c. I-9, s. 5
  • 1992, c. 1, s. 143(E)
  • 1993, c. 15, s. 13
  • 2014, c. 39, s. 105

 [Repealed, 2014, c. 39, s. 105]

Marginal note:Refusal of application

  •  (1) The Minister shall refuse an application for the registration of a design and notify the applicant of the refusal if the Minister is satisfied that the design is not registrable.

  • Marginal note:Registration of design

    (2) If the Minister is not so satisfied, the Minister shall register the design and notify the applicant of the registration.

  • R.S., 1985, c. I-9, s. 6
  • 1992, c. 1, s. 80
  • 1993, c. 15, s. 14, c. 44, s. 162
  • 2014, c. 39, s. 105

Marginal note:Registrable design

 A design is registrable if

  • (a) the application is filed in accordance with this Act;

  • (b) the design is novel, within the meaning of section 8.2;

  • (c) the design was created by the applicant or the applicant’s predecessor in title;

  • (d) the design does not consist only of features that are dictated solely by a utilitarian function of the finished article; and

  • (e) the design is not contrary to public morality or order.

  • R.S., 1985, c. I-9, s. 7
  • 1992, c. 1, ss. 81, 143(E)
  • 1993, c. 15, s. 15
  • 2014, c. 39, s. 105

Marginal note:Priority date

  •  (1) The priority date of a design in an application for the registration of a design (in this section and section 8.1 referred to as the “pending application”) is the filing date of the application, unless

    • (a) the pending application is filed by a person

      • (i) who, on the filing date of the pending application, is a citizen or national of, or is domiciled in, a country of the Union or has a real and effective industrial or commercial establishment in a country of the Union, and

      • (ii) who has, or whose predecessor in title has, previously regularly filed an application for the registration of a design disclosing the same design in or for a country of the Union;

    • (b) the filing date of the pending application is within six months after the filing date of the previously regularly filed application; and

    • (c) the applicant has made a request for priority in respect of the pending application on the basis of the previously regularly filed application.

  • Marginal note:Filing date of previously regularly filed application

    (2) In the circumstances set out in paragraphs (1)(a) to (c), the priority date of the design is the filing date of the previously regularly filed application.

  • R.S., 1985, c. I-9, s. 8
  • 1993, c. 15, s. 16
  • 2014, c. 39, s. 105
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