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Labour Adjustment Benefits Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. L-1)

Act current to 2020-06-17 and last amended on 2013-12-12. Previous Versions

Labour Adjustment Benefits Act

R.S.C., 1985, c. L-1

An Act to provide for the payment of benefits to laid-off employees

Short Title

Marginal note:Short title

 This Act may be cited as the Labour Adjustment Benefits Act.

  • 1980-81-82-83, c. 89, s. 1

Interpretation

Marginal note:Definitions

  •  (1) In this Act,

    average weekly insurable earnings

    average weekly insurable earnings, in respect of an employee, means the weekly average of the employee’s insurable earnings, as determined under the Employment Insurance Act; (rémunération hebdomadaire assurable moyenne)

    Board

    Board means the Labour Adjustment Review Board established by section 6; (Office)

    board of referees

    board of referees[Repealed, 2012, c. 19, s. 273]

    Canadian establishment

    Canadian establishment means any establishment in Canada engaged in the production of goods or the provision of services; (établissement canadien)

    Commission

    Commission means the Canada Employment Insurance Commission; (Commission)

    designated industry

    designated industry means an industry designated pursuant to section 3; (secteur d’activités désigné)

    effective date of lay-off

    effective date of lay-off, in respect of an employee, means the date the employee was laid off as determined by the Board pursuant to subsection 11(3); (date de mise à pied)

    employee

    employee means any individual who has been employed at a Canadian establishment; (employé)

    industrial restructuring

    industrial restructuring includes technological change; (restructuration industrielle)

    labour adjustment benefits

    labour adjustment benefits means the benefits payable under this Act; (prestations d’adaptation)

    lay-off

    lay-off means the separation, for an indefinite period, of an employee from employment at a Canadian establishment solely as a result of a reduction in the number of employees at that establishment; (mise à pied)

    Minister

    Minister means the Minister of Employment and Social Development; (ministre)

    qualified employee

    qualified employee means an employee who has been determined by the Commission pursuant to this Act to be qualified to receive labour adjustment benefits; (employé admissible)

    Social Security Tribunal

    Social Security Tribunal means the Social Security Tribunal established under section 44 of the Department of Employment and Social Development Act; (Tribunal de la sécurité sociale)

    week

    week means a period of seven consecutive days commencing on Sunday; (semaine)

    year

    year means a calendar year. (année)

  • Marginal note:Presumption

    (2) For the purposes of any provision of this Act in which reference is made to a person’s attaining sixty-five years of age, a person is deemed to have attained that age at the beginning of the calendar month following the calendar month in which he actually attains that age.

  • R.S., 1985, c. L-1, s. 2
  • 1996, c. 11, ss. 95, 99, c. 23, s. 177
  • 2005, c. 34, s. 80
  • 2012, c. 19, s. 273
  • 2013, c. 40, ss. 236, 238

Designation of Industries

Marginal note:Designation of industries

  •  (1) For the purposes of this Act, the Governor in Council may, by order, designate any industry either generally or with respect to any region of Canada.

  • Marginal note:Criteria for general designation

    (2) An industry may be designated generally pursuant to subsection (1) if the Governor in Council is satisfied that

    • (a) the industry in Canada generally is undergoing significant economic adjustment of a non-cyclical nature by reason of import competition or by reason of industrial restructuring implemented pursuant to a policy or program of the Government of Canada to encourage such restructuring; and

    • (b) the economic adjustment referred to in paragraph (a) is resulting in a significant loss of employment in the industry in Canada generally.

  • Marginal note:Criteria for regional designation

    (3) An industry may be designated with respect to any region of Canada pursuant to subsection (1) if the Governor in Council is satisfied that

    • (a) the industry in that region is undergoing significant economic adjustment of a non-cyclical nature; and

    • (b) the economic adjustment referred to in paragraph (a) is resulting in a severe economic disruption in that region and in a significant loss of employment in the industry in that region.

  • 1980-81-82-83, c. 89, s. 3

Marginal note:Term of general designation

  •  (1) An order made under subsection 3(1) that designates an industry generally is in force for such period, not exceeding three years from the date the order is made, as is specified in the order unless, before the expiration of the period so specified, the Governor in Council makes a continuation order continuing the order in force for such period, not exceeding three years, as is specified in the continuation order.

  • Marginal note:No further extension

    (2) Not more than one continuation order may be made under subsection (1) in respect of any one order made under subsection 3(1).

  • Marginal note:Term of regional designation

    (3) An order made under subsection 3(1) that designates an industry with respect to a region in Canada is in force for one year from the date the order is made unless, before the expiration of that one year, the Governor in Council makes a continuation order continuing the order in force for such period, not exceeding six months, as is specified in the continuation order.

  • Marginal note:Further extension

    (4) Where the Governor in Council has made a continuation order under subsection (3) continuing an order in force, he may, before the expiration of the period for which the order is so continued, make one further continuation order continuing the order in force for such further period, not exceeding six months, as is specified in the further continuation order.

  • Marginal note:Entitlement continued

    (5) The revocation or expiration of an order made under this section or section 3 does not affect the entitlement, after the revocation or expiration, of any person laid off while the order was in force to make an application under section 11 or 13 in relation to the order or to receive labour adjustment benefits by virtue of the order.

  • 1980-81-82-83, c. 89, s. 3, c. 169, s. 2

Marginal note:Retroactive application

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), the Governor in Council may, in any order made under section 3 or 4, declare

    • (a) that the designation of the industry in the order is retroactive in effect and applies as of such day, before the date of the order, as is specified in the order; and

    • (b) that this Act applies in respect of lay-offs from a Canadian establishment in the industry designated in the order occurring on or after the day specified pursuant to paragraph (a).

  • Marginal note:Limitation

    (2) The Governor in Council may not specify pursuant to paragraph (1)(a) a day that is earlier than May 1, 1978.

  • 1980-81-82-83, c. 89, s. 4, c. 169, s. 3(F)

Labour Adjustment Review Board

Marginal note:Board established

  •  (1) There is hereby established a board, to be known as the Labour Adjustment Review Board, consisting of not more than five members.

  • Marginal note:Appointment and tenure of members

    (2) Each member of the Board shall be appointed by the Minister to hold office during pleasure.

  • Marginal note:Representatives

    (3) One member of the Board shall be appointed after consultation with such organizations representative of employees as the Minister deems appropriate and shall be a representative of employees and another member of the Board shall be appointed after consultation with such organizations representative of employers as the Minister deems appropriate and shall be a representative of employers.

  • Marginal note:Temporary substitute members

    (4) If any member of the Board is absent or unable to act, the Minister may appoint a person to act as a member for the time being, but no person so appointed has authority to act as a member for a period exceeding ninety days without the approval of the Minister.

  • Marginal note:Idem

    (5) A member appointed pursuant to subsection (4) holds office during pleasure and may exercise all the powers and carry out all the duties and functions of a member of the Board.

  • Marginal note:Remuneration and expenses

    (6) The members of the Board who are not employed in the federal public administration are entitled to be paid for their services in connection with the work of the Board such remuneration and expenses as are authorized by the Governor in Council.

  • R.S., 1985, c. L-1, s. 6
  • 2003, c. 22, s. 224(E)
 
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