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Canada Lands Surveyors Act (S.C. 1998, c. 14)

Act current to 2021-10-07

Canada Lands Surveyors Act

S.C. 1998, c. 14

Assented to 1998-06-11

An Act respecting Canada Lands Surveyors

Her Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate and House of Commons of Canada, enacts as follows:

Short Title

Marginal note:Short title

 This Act may be cited as the Canada Lands Surveyors Act.


Marginal note:Definitions

 The definitions in this section apply in this Act.


Association means the Association of Canada Lands Surveyors continued by section 4. (Association)


boundary means a natural or artificial line on the surface of the earth, below the surface of the earth, in airspace or in or on any structure, the purpose of which is to indicate the extent of a legal interest in land, land under water, water, airspace or natural resources, or in a structure. (ligne de démarcation)


by-law means a by-law of the Association made under section 18. (règlement administratif)

cadastral surveying

cadastral surveying means surveying in relation to

  • (a) the identification, establishment, documentation or description of a boundary or the position of anything relative to a boundary; or

  • (b) the generation, manipulation, adjustment, custody, storage, retrieval or display of spatial information that defines a boundary. (arpentage cadastral)

Canada Lands

Canada Lands means Canada Lands within the meaning of subsection 24(1) of the Canada Lands Surveys Act. (terres du Canada)

Canada Lands Surveyor

Canada Lands Surveyor means a person who holds a commission. (arpenteur des terres du Canada)


commission means a commission granted under section 49 or deemed to have been granted under that section by section 48. (brevet)


Council means the Council of the Association referred to in section 13. (conseil)


entity means a corporation, partnership or unincorporated organization or association, but does not include a department or agency of the government of Canada or of a province. (entité)


licence means a licence issued under section 53. (permis)


Minister means the Minister of Natural Resources. (ministre)


permit means a permit issued under section 58. (licence)


surveying means the determination of the form of the earth or the position of natural or artificial things, boundaries or points on, above or under the surface of the earth or the collection, storage, management, integration, analysis or representation of spatial and spatially related information pertaining to the earth or the interpreting of or reporting or advising on that information. (arpentage)

Surveyor General

Surveyor General means the Surveyor General within the meaning of subsection 2(1) of the Canada Lands Surveys Act. (arpenteur général)

Her Majesty

Marginal note:Binding on Her Majesty

 This Act is binding on Her Majesty in right of Canada or a province.

Association of Canada Lands Surveyors

Marginal note:Association is continued

 The Association of Canada Lands Surveyors, a corporation incorporated under Part II of the Canada Corporations Act, being chapter C-32 of the Revised Statutes of Canada, 1970, is hereby continued under this Act.

Marginal note:Status and composition of Association

 The Association is a body corporate consisting of a governing body and members.

Marginal note:Objects

 The objects of the Association are

  • (a) to establish and maintain standards of qualifications for Canada Lands Surveyors;

  • (b) to regulate Canada Lands Surveyors;

  • (c) to establish and maintain standards of conduct, knowledge and skill among members of the Association and permit holders;

  • (d) to govern the activities of members of the Association and permit holders;

  • (e) to cooperate with other organizations for the advancement of surveying; and

  • (f) to perform the duties and exercise the powers that are imposed or conferred on the Association by this Act.

Marginal note:Minister may act in place of Association

 The Minister may take such measures as the Minister considers appropriate to fulfil any object of the Association if the Minister is of the opinion that the Association is not fulfilling it.

Marginal note:Capacity of Association

 In carrying out its objects, the Association has the capacity of a natural person.

Marginal note:Association not agent of Her Majesty

 The Association is not an agent of Her Majesty in right of Canada.

Marginal note:Head office

 The head office of the Association shall be located in Canada at the place stated in the by-laws.

Marginal note:Annual meeting

  •  (1) The Association shall hold an annual general meeting, within six months after the end of its fiscal year, at a time and place within Canada as may be designated by the Council.

  • Marginal note:Other meetings

    (2) The Association may hold other general or special meetings as it considers necessary.

President and Vice-president of the Association

Marginal note:President and Vice-President

  •  (1) The President and Vice-President of the Association shall be appointed or elected in accordance with the by-laws.

  • Marginal note:Absence or incapacity

    (2) In the event of the absence or incapacity of the President of the Association, or if that office is vacant, the Vice-President of the Association has all the powers of and may exercise and perform all of the duties of the President of the Association.


Marginal note:Composition and role

 The Council is the governing body of the Association and consists of

  • (a) the President and Vice-President of the Association;

  • (b) the most recent past President of the Association as defined in the by-laws;

  • (c) members of the Association, in a number set out in the by-laws, which number may not be less than three, who are elected in accordance with the by-laws;

  • (d) the Surveyor General; and

  • (e) two persons who are not members of the Association and who are appointed by the Minister.

Marginal note:Chairperson of the Council

  •  (1) The President of the Association is the Chairperson of the Council.

  • Marginal note:Duties of Chairperson

    (2) The Chairperson of the Council shall preside at meetings of the Council and perform the duties that the Council specifies.

Marginal note:Minister may review activities

 The Minister may review the activities of the Council and may request that the Council undertake activities that, in the opinion of the Minister, are advisable to carry out the objects of the Association.

Marginal note:Filling of vacancies

  •  (1) A vacancy on the Council caused by the death, resignation, removal or incapacity to act of a Council member referred to in paragraph 13(c) shall be filled by a member of the Association in the manner set out in the by-laws.

  • Marginal note:Term of office

    (2) A person appointed or elected to fill a vacancy on the Council shall hold office for the unexpired portion of the term of the Council member being replaced.

Marginal note:Consultation

  •  (1) The Minister shall not appoint anyone to the Council under paragraph 13(e), or revoke the appointment of a person appointed under that paragraph, without having first consulted the Council.

  • Marginal note:Term of office

    (2) A Council member appointed under paragraph 13(e) shall be appointed for a term of not more than three years and may be reappointed for one or more terms of not more than three years each.

  • Marginal note:Fees and travelling and living expenses

    (3) The Minister shall pay Council members appointed under paragraph 13(e), and the Surveyor General, such fees as may be fixed by the Minister and reasonable travelling and living expenses incurred by them in the performance of their duties while absent from their usual place of residence.

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