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Canada Lands Surveys Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. L-6)

Act current to 2020-11-02 and last amended on 2019-07-15. Previous Versions

Canada Lands Surveys Act

R.S.C., 1985, c. L-6

An Act respecting the surveys of public lands of Canada

Short Title

Marginal note:Short title

 This Act may be cited as the Canada Lands Surveys Act.

  • R.S., c. L-5, s. 1


Marginal note:Definitions

  •  (1) In this Act,


    Board[Repealed, 1998, c. 14, s. 91]

    Canada Lands Surveyor

    Canada Lands Surveyor means a Canada Lands Surveyor within the meaning of section 2 of the Canada Lands Surveyors Act; (arpenteur des terres du Canada)


    candidate[Repealed, 1998, c. 14, s. 91]


    commission[Repealed, 1998, c. 14, s. 91]


    Commissioner means

    • (a) in respect of lands under his or her administration and control under the Yukon Act, the Commissioner of Yukon, and

    • (b) in respect of lands under his or her administration and control under the Northwest Territories Act, the Commissioner of the Northwest Territories, and

    • (c) in respect of the lands referred to in subsection 49(1) of the Nunavut Act, the Commissioner of Nunavut; (commissaire)


    examination[Repealed, 1998, c. 14, s. 91]


    Minister means, except in Part III, the Minister of Natural Resources; (ministre)


    monument means a post, stake, peg, mound, pit, trench or any other object, thing or device used under this Act or under the Dominion Lands Surveys Act, chapter 117 of the Revised Statutes of Canada, 1927, to mark a boundary of surveyed lands; (borne-signal)


    prescribed[Repealed, 1998, c. 14, s. 91]


    Secretary[Repealed, 1998, c. 14, s. 91]


    survey includes a resurvey and a special survey; (arpentage)


    surveyor means a Canada Lands Surveyor or a person who is entitled to survey lands in a province under the laws of the province; (arpenteur)

    Surveyor General

    Surveyor General means a person who is a Canada Lands Surveyor and is appointed as Surveyor General in the manner authorized by law or a person authorized by the Minister to carry out the duties of the Surveyor General. (arpenteur général)

  • (2) [Repealed, 1998, c. 14, s. 91]

  • R.S., 1985, c. L-6, s. 2
  • 1993, c. 28, s. 78
  • 1994, c. 41, s. 37
  • 1998, c. 14, ss. 91, 99(F)
  • 2002, c. 7, s. 99
  • 2014, c. 2, s. 15


Marginal note:Minister to have control

  •  (1) The Minister has the administration, direction and control of surveys under this Act.

  • Marginal note:Duties of Surveyor General

    (2) The Surveyor General, subject to the direction of the Minister, has the management of surveys under this Act and the custody of all the original plans, journals, field notes and other papers connected with those surveys.

  • Marginal note:Substitute for Surveyor General

    (3) The Minister may authorize an employee of the Department of Natural Resources who is a surveyor to carry out all or any of the duties of the Surveyor General.

  • R.S., 1985, c. L-6, s. 3
  • 1994, c. 41, s. 38(E)
  • 1998, c. 14, s. 98(F)

Marginal note:Governor in Council may make regulations

  •  (1) The Governor in Council may make such orders and regulations as he deems necessary to carry out this Act or to meet any cases with reference to surveys under the management of the Surveyor General for which no provision is made in this Act.

  • Marginal note:Tariff of fees

    (2) The Minister may establish a tariff of fees to be charged by the Department of Natural Resources for copies of maps, plans, field notes, or any other type of record or document arising from or respecting surveys under this Act and those fees shall form part of the Consolidated Revenue Fund.

  • R.S., 1985, c. L-6, s. 4
  • 1994, c. 41, s. 38
  • 1998, c. 14, s. 98(F)

PART IPowers and Duties of Canada Lands Surveyors

 [Repealed, 1998, c. 14, s. 93]

Duties and Powers of Surveyors

Marginal note:Verification of surveys

  •  (1) The Surveyor General shall require every surveyor to verify and affirm by oath or otherwise to the satisfaction of the Surveyor General on each return of his surveys under this Act that the surveyor has faithfully and correctly executed such surveys in accordance with this Act and with any instructions issued to the surveyor by the Surveyor General.

  • Marginal note:Proceedings on false surveys

    (2) Where a court of competent jurisdiction finds that a survey or any part thereof has not been executed as verified under subsection (1), the Attorney General of Canada may, on application of the Surveyor General, institute proceedings to recover costs from the surveyor who verified the returns.

  • R.S., 1985, c. L-6, s. 17
  • 1998, c. 14, s. 98(F)

Marginal note:Field notes

 Every surveyor shall keep exact and regular field notes of all his surveys under this Act and shall file them with the Surveyor General in the order of time in which the surveys have been performed.

  • R.S., 1985, c. L-6, s. 18
  • 1998, c. 14, s. 98(F)

 [Repealed, 1998, c. 14, s. 94]

Marginal note:Surveys made by Canada Lands Surveyor under other Act

 The provisions of sections 17, 18 and 23 apply, with any modifications that the circumstances require, to surveys under any other Act of Parliament, or any regulation made under such an Act, or any law of the Legislature of Yukon, of the Northwest Territories or for Nunavut if the Act, regulation or law requires the surveys to be made by a Canada Lands Surveyor.

  • R.S., 1985, c. L-6, s. 22
  • 1993, c. 28, s. 78
  • 1998, c. 14, s. 95, c. 15, ss. 32, 51
  • 2002, c. 7, s. 100
  • 2014, c. 2, s. 16

Standard of Measure

Marginal note:Canadian measure of length

  •  (1) The measure of length for surveys under this Act is the Canadian measure of length defined by the Weights and Measures Act.

  • Marginal note:Means of measurement

    (2) In any survey under this Act, a surveyor shall use

    • (a) a measuring device that is of a type approved by the Surveyor General and that is calibrated, checked and verified in accordance with the instructions of the Surveyor General; or

    • (b) other means of measurement of length, position or direction authorized by the Surveyor General under the circumstances that the Surveyor General may prescribe.

  • R.S., 1985, c. L-6, s. 23
  • 1998, c. 14, s. 98(F)

PART IISurveys of Canada Lands


Marginal note:Definition of Canada Lands

  • R.S., 1985, c. L-6, s. 24
  • R.S., 1985, c. 20 (2nd Supp.), s. 4
  • 1993, c. 28, s. 78
  • 1994, c. 35, s. 35
  • 1998, c. 14, ss. 98(F), 100(F)
  • 2000, c. 32, s. 49
  • 2001, c. 8, s. 24
  • 2002, c. 7, s. 101
  • 2005, c. 1, s. 98
  • 2010, c. 6, s. 9
  • 2015, c. 10, s. 55
  • 2018, c. 4, s. 129
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