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Patent Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. P-4)

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Act current to 2019-07-01 and last amended on 2018-12-13. Previous Versions

Supplementary Protection for Inventions — Medicinal Ingredients (continued)

Certificate of Supplementary Protection (continued)

Marginal note:Contents of certificate

 A certificate of supplementary protection shall set out

  • (a) the number, as recorded in the Patent Office, of the patent set out in the application;

  • (b) the medicinal ingredient or combination of medicinal ingredients set out in the application;

  • (c) a statement as to whether the certificate relates to use in humans or to veterinary use;

  • (d) the number of the authorization for sale set out in the application; and

  • (e) the day on which the certificate’s term begins and the day on which the term ends, as determined under section 116.

  • 2017, c. 6, s. 59

Marginal note:Scope of supplementary protection

  •  (1) The issuance of a certificate of supplementary protection grants the certificate’s holder and their legal representatives, during the certificate’s term, the same rights, privileges and liberties that are granted by the patent set out in the certificate, but only with respect to the making, constructing, using and selling of any drug that contains the medicinal ingredient, or combination of medicinal ingredients, set out in the certificate, by itself or in addition to any other medicinal ingredient.

  • Marginal note:No infringement — export

    (2) Despite subsection (1), it is not an infringement of the certificate of supplementary protection for any person to make, construct, use or sell the medicinal ingredient or combination of medicinal ingredients for the purpose of export from Canada.

  • 2017, c. 6, s. 59

Marginal note:Validity

  •  (1) After the certificate is issued, it shall, in the absence of any evidence to the contrary, be valid and avail the holder and the holder’s legal representatives for its term.

  • Marginal note:Taking effect

    (2) A certificate of supplementary protection takes effect on the expiry of the term under section 44, without taking into account section 46, of the patent set out in the certificate, but the certificate takes effect only if the patent remains valid until, and not void before, the expiry of that term.

  • Marginal note:Calculation of term

    (3) The certificate’s term is calculated by subtracting five years from the period beginning on the filing date of the application for the patent and ending on the day on which the authorization for sale set out in the certificate is issued, but in any event is for a maximum of two years.

  • Marginal note:Reduction in period

    (4) Despite subsection (3), if the person to whom the authorization for sale set out in the certificate is issued is also the patentee, the Minister may, if he or she is of the opinion that that person’s failure to act resulted in a period of unjustified delay in the process of obtaining the authorization for sale, reduce the term of the certificate when issuing it by the amount of that period.

  • Marginal note:Never takes effect

    (5) A certificate of supplementary protection that has been issued never takes effect if the calculation of its term, including any reduction under subsection (3), produces a result of zero or a negative value.

  • 2017, c. 6, s. 59

Marginal note:Revocation of certificate

 The Minister shall revoke a certificate of supplementary protection in the prescribed circumstances.

  • 2017, c. 6, s. 59

Transfer

Marginal note:Transfer of patent

  •  (1) A certificate of supplementary protection, or an application for one, is not transferable other than by the transfer of the patent, or part of the patent, that is set out in the certificate or application.

  • Marginal note:Whole of patent

    (2) If the whole of the patent is transferred, the certificate or application is transferred accordingly.

  • Marginal note:Part of patent

    (3) If part of the patent is transferred, any part of the certificate or application — including, as the case may be, the whole of it — that corresponds to the transferred part of the patent is transferred accordingly.

  • Marginal note:For greater certainty

    (4) For greater certainty, the transfer of part of an application for a certificate of supplementary protection does not result in its division into more than one application.

  • 2017, c. 6, s. 59

Administrative Matters

Marginal note:Applications, fees and documents

 Applications, fees and documents relating to certificates of supplementary protection shall be submitted to the Minister.

  • 2017, c. 6, s. 59

Marginal note:Inspection by public

  •  (1) The Minister shall ensure that the prescribed contents of all certificates of supplementary protection and applications for a certificate are made available for public inspection under the conditions that may be prescribed.

  • Marginal note:Non-application

    (2) Subsection (1) does not apply with respect to the contents of applications for a certificate that are refused, declared invalid or void, expired or withdrawn.

  • 2017, c. 6, s. 59

Marginal note:Copy in case of loss or destruction

 The Minister may issue a certified copy of a certificate of supplementary protection to replace one that is lost or destroyed.

  • 2017, c. 6, s. 59

Marginal note:Issuance of patent under section 47

  •  (1) If a patent set out in a certificate of supplementary protection or in a pending application for such a certificate is surrendered, and a new patent is issued, under section 47, the holder of the certificate or the applicant shall, before the end of the prescribed period that begins on the day on which the new patent is issued, provide the Minister with written notice of the number, as recorded in the Patent Office, of the new patent to which the certificate or application relates.

  • Marginal note:One patent

    (2) If more than one new patent is issued under section 47, the holder of the certificate or the applicant shall provide the number for only one of the new patents.

  • Marginal note:New certificate

    (3) If notice is provided under subsection (1) by a holder of a certificate, the Minister shall issue a new certificate of supplementary protection, setting out the new patent number, to replace the original certificate. The new certificate’s term is the then unexpired term of the original certificate.

  • Marginal note:Effect of new certificate

    (4) The new certificate is deemed to have been issued on the day on which the new patent is issued. The original certificate and the new certificate have the same effect in law, in any action commenced after the issuance of the new certificate for any cause accruing after that issuance, as if the new patent had been set out in the original certificate; however, insofar as the claims of the new patent and the original patent are identical, the issuance of the new certificate does not affect any action pending at the time of the issuance of the new certificate or abate any cause of action that existed at that time and the new certificate constitutes a continuation of the original certificate and has effect accordingly.

  • Marginal note:Application

    (5) If notice is provided under subsection (1) by an applicant for a pending application, the Minister shall

    • (a) amend the application to set out the new patent number; and

    • (b) provide written notice of the amendment to any other applicant referred to in section 109 with respect to the application.

  • Marginal note:Effect of amendment to application

    (6) The amended application has the same effect, for the purposes of sections 106 to 113, as if the pending application had been originally filed in its amended form.

  • 2017, c. 6, s. 59

Use of Certificates of Supplementary Protection by Government

Marginal note:Application

 Sections 19 to 19.2 apply with respect to certificates of supplementary protection, with

  • (a) any reference to “patented invention” to be read, with any grammatical adaptations, as a reference to “invention protected by a certificate of supplementary protection”; and

  • (b) any reference to “patentee” to be read as a reference to “holder of the certificate of supplementary protection”.

  • 2017, c. 6, s. 59

Legal Proceedings in Respect of Certificates of Supplementary Protection

Marginal note:Admissible in evidence

 A written communication, or any part of such a communication, that is admissible under section 53.1 in respect of a patent set out in a certificate of supplementary protection may be admitted into evidence to any action or proceeding respecting the certificate of supplementary protection to rebut any representation made by the holder of the certificate of supplementary protection in the action or proceeding as to the construction of a claim in the patent set out in the certificate of supplementary protection.

  • 2018, c. 27, s. 197
 
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