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Radiation Emitting Devices Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. R-1)

Act current to 2019-11-19 and last amended on 2016-12-12. Previous Versions

Radiation Emitting Devices Act

R.S.C., 1985, c. R-1

An Act respecting the sale and importation of certain radiation emitting devices

Short Title

Marginal note:Short title

 This Act may be cited as the Radiation Emitting Devices Act.

  • R.S., c. 34(1st Supp.), s. 1

Interpretation

Marginal note:Definitions

 In this Act,

advertise

advertise includes making any representation by any means whatever for the purpose of promoting, directly or indirectly, a radiation emitting device; (publicité)

analyst

analyst means an individual designated as an analyst under subsection 11(1); (analyste)

distributor

distributor means a person engaged in the business of selling or leasing radiation emitting devices; (distributeur)

inspector

inspector means an individual designated as an inspector under section 7; (inspecteur)

label

label includes a legend, word or mark that is or is to be applied or attached to or included in, or that accompanies or is to accompany, a radiation emitting device or a package; (étiquette)

lease

lease includes offer to lease and have in possession for the purpose of leasing; (location)

manufacturer

manufacturer means a person engaged in the business of manufacturing radiation emitting devices or of modifying or assembling, to any extent, radiation emitting devices; (fabricant)

Minister

Minister means the Minister of Health; (ministre)

package

package includes any thing in which a radiation emitting device is wholly or partly contained, placed or packed; (emballage)

person

person means an individual or an organization as defined in section 2 of the Criminal Code; (personne)

prescribed

prescribed means prescribed by regulation; (Version anglaise seulement)

radiation

radiation means energy in the form of electromagnetic waves or acoustical waves; (radiation)

radiation emitting device

radiation emitting device means

  • (a) any device that is capable of producing and emitting radiation, and

  • (b) any component of or accessory to a device described in paragraph (a); (dispositif émettant des radiations)

sell

sell includes offer for sale, have in possession for sale, deliver for sale, and distribute. (vente)

  • R.S., 1985, c. R-1, s. 2
  • 1996, c. 8, s. 32
  • 2016, c. 9, s. 17

Restriction on Application of Act

Marginal note:Devices and vehicles to which Act not to apply

 This Act does not apply to

  • R.S., 1985, c. R-1, s. 3
  • 1997, c. 9, s. 121

Prohibitions

Marginal note:Sale, lease, importation

 Except as authorized by regulations made under paragraph 13(1)(c), no person shall sell, lease or import into Canada a radiation emitting device if the device

  • (a) does not comply with the standards, if any, prescribed under paragraph 13(1)(b) and applicable thereto; or

  • (b) creates a risk to any individual of genetic or personal injury, impairment of health or death from radiation by reason of the fact that it

    • (i) does not perform according to the performance characteristics claimed for it,

    • (ii) does not accomplish its claimed purpose, or

    • (iii) emits radiation that is not necessary in order for it to accomplish its claimed purpose.

  • R.S., 1985, c. R-1, s. 4
  • 2016, c. 9, s. 18

Marginal note:Deception

  •  (1) No person shall label, package or advertise a radiation emitting device in a manner that is false, misleading or deceptive or is likely to create an erroneous impression regarding its design, construction, performance, intended use, character, value, composition, merit or safety.

  • Marginal note:Limitation

    (2) Subsection (1) applies only in relation to representations relating to the emission of radiation.

  • Marginal note:Regulations re labelling, etc.

    (3) No person shall fail to comply with the regulations respecting the labelling, packaging or advertising of radiation emitting devices.

  • R.S., c. 34(1st Supp.), s. 5
  • 1984, c. 23, s. 2

Notification

Marginal note:Minister to be notified of non-compliance or defect

  •  (1) Where a person who is the manufacturer or importer of a radiation emitting device becomes aware, after the device has left the person’s premises, of the fact that the device

    • (a) does not comply with the standards, if any, prescribed under paragraph 13(1)(b) and applicable thereto, or

    • (b) creates a risk to any individual of genetic or personal injury, impairment of health or death from radiation by reason of the fact that it

      • (i) does not perform according to the performance characteristics claimed for it,

      • (ii) does not accomplish its claimed purpose, or

      • (iii) emits radiation that is not necessary in order for it to accomplish its claimed purpose,

    the person shall forthwith notify the Minister.

  • Marginal note:Minister may order notification

    (2) Where the Minister determines,

    • (a) after being notified pursuant to subsection (1), or

    • (b) through the Minister’s own investigation, research, inspection or testing,

    that a radiation emitting device falls under paragraph (1)(a) or (b), the manufacturer or importer of the device shall, if directed by the Minister, notify such persons as the Minister requires of the defect or non-compliance, by such method, giving such details and within such time period as are specified by the Minister.

  • R.S., 1985, c. R-1, s. 6
  • 2016, c. 9, s. 19

Administration and Enforcement

Marginal note:Inspectors

  •  (1) For the purposes of the administration and enforcement of this Act, the Minister may designate individuals or classes of individuals as inspectors to exercise powers or perform duties or functions in relation to any matter referred to in the designation.

  • Marginal note:Certificate to be produced

    (2) The Minister shall furnish every inspector with a certificate of his designation as an inspector and, on entering any place described in subsection 8(1), an inspector shall, if so required, produce the certificate to the person in charge of that place.

  • R.S., 1985, c. R-1, s. 7
  • 2016, c. 9, s. 21

Marginal note:Powers of inspectors

  •  (1) An inspector may at any reasonable time enter, subject to subsection (2), the premises of any manufacturer, distributor or importer of a radiation emitting device in which he believes on reasonable grounds there is a radiation emitting device, or any place in which he believes on reasonable grounds there is a radiation emitting device that is owned by a manufacturer, distributor or importer, and may

    • (a) examine any radiation emitting device found therein and take it away for further examination;

    • (b) open and examine any package that the inspector believes on reasonable grounds contains a radiation emitting device and take it away for further examination; and

    • (c) examine any books, reports, test data, records, shipping bills and bills of lading or other documents or papers found in any premises or place referred to in this subsection that the inspector believes on reasonable grounds contain any information relevant to the enforcement of this Act and make copies thereof or extracts therefrom.

  • Marginal note:Warrant required to enter dwelling-house

    (2) Where a premises or place referred to in subsection (1) is a dwelling-house, an inspector may not enter that dwelling-house without the consent of the occupant, except under the authority of a warrant issued under subsection (3).

  • Marginal note:Authority to issue warrant

    (3) Where a justice of the peace is satisfied by information on oath that the conditions for entry described in subsection (1) exist, he may issue a warrant under his hand authorizing an inspector to enter that dwelling-house.

  • Marginal note:Assistance to inspectors

    (4) The owner or person in charge of a place entered by an inspector under subsection (1) and every person found in that place shall give the inspector all reasonable assistance to enable the inspector to exercise powers or perform duties and functions under this Act and shall furnish the inspector with any information he or she may reasonably require with respect to the administration of this Act.

  • Marginal note:Detention

    (5) An inspector who takes away a radiation emitting device under paragraph (1)(a) or (b) shall no longer detain it if he or she is satisfied that the provisions of this Act and the regulations with respect to it have been complied with.

  • R.S., 1985, c. R-1, s. 8
  • 2016, c. 9, s. 22
 
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