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Radiocommunication Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. R-2)

Act current to 2022-11-16 and last amended on 2017-09-21. Previous Versions

Administrative Monetary Penalties (continued)

Marginal note:Power of Minister — violation

 The Minister may

  • (a) designate any person, or any person who is a member of a class of persons, as being authorized to issue notices of violation or to accept undertakings; and

  • (b) establish, in respect of each violation, a short-form description to be used in notices of violation.

  • 2014, c. 39, s. 182

Marginal note:Entry into undertaking

  •  (1) A person may enter into an undertaking after a notice of violation is served on them.

  • Marginal note:Contents

    (2) The undertaking

    • (a) shall be accepted by a person who is authorized to accept an undertaking;

    • (b) shall identify every act or omission that constitutes a violation and that is covered by the undertaking;

    • (c) shall identify every provision at issue;

    • (d) may contain any conditions that the person who is authorized to accept an undertaking considers appropriate; and

    • (e) may include a requirement to pay a specified amount.

  • Marginal note:Effect of undertaking

    (3) If a person enters into an undertaking, the proceeding that is commenced by the notice of violation is ended in respect of that person in connection with any act or omission referred to in the undertaking.

  • Marginal note:Failure to respect undertaking

    (4) Failure to respect an undertaking constitutes a violation.

  • 2014, c. 39, s. 182

Marginal note:Issuance and service

  •  (1) A person who is authorized to issue notices of violation and who believes, on reasonable grounds, that a person has committed a violation may issue, and shall cause to be served on the person, a notice of violation.

  • Marginal note:Contents of notice

    (2) The notice of violation shall name the person who is believed to have committed the violation, identify the violation and include

    • (a) the penalty that the person is liable to pay;

    • (b) a statement as to the right of the person, within 30 days after the day on which the notice is served, or within any longer period that the Minister specifies, to pay the penalty or to make representations with respect to the violation and the penalty, and the manner for doing so; and

    • (c) a statement indicating that if the person does not pay the penalty or make representations in accordance with the notice, the person is deemed to have committed the violation and the penalty is to be imposed.

  • 2014, c. 39, s. 182

Marginal note:Payment

  •  (1) If a person who is served with a notice of violation pays the penalty proposed in the notice, the person is deemed to have committed the violation and the proceedings in respect of it are ended.

  • Marginal note:Representations to Minister

    (2) If a person who is served with a notice of violation makes representations in accordance with the notice, the Minister shall decide, on a balance of probabilities, after considering any other representations that the Minister considers appropriate, whether the person committed the violation and may, if the Minister so decides, impose the penalty set out in the notice, a lesser penalty or no penalty.

  • Marginal note:Failure to pay or make representations

    (3) If a person who is served with a notice of violation neither pays the penalty nor makes representations in accordance with the notice, the person is deemed to have committed the violation and the penalty is to be imposed.

  • Marginal note:Copy of decision and notice of rights

    (4) The Minister shall cause a copy of any decision made under subsection (2) to be issued and served on the person together with a notice of the person’s right to appeal under section 15.2.

  • 2014, c. 39, s. 182

Marginal note:Evidence

 In a proceeding in respect of a violation, a notice purporting to be served under subsection 15.14(1) or a copy of a decision purporting to be served under subsection 15.15(4) is admissible in evidence without proof of the signature or official character of the person appearing to have signed it.

  • 2014, c. 39, s. 182

Marginal note:Defence

  •  (1) It is a defence for a person in a proceeding in relation to a violation to establish that they exercised due diligence to prevent the violation.

  • Marginal note:Common law principles

    (2) Every rule and principle of the common law that renders any circumstance a justification or excuse in relation to a charge for an offence under this Act applies in respect of a violation to the extent that it is not inconsistent with this Act.

  • 2014, c. 39, s. 182

Marginal note:Vicarious liability — acts of employees and agents and mandataries

 A person is liable for a violation that is committed by an employee of the person acting in the course of the employee’s employment, or by an agent or mandatary of the person acting within the scope of the agent’s or mandatary’s authority, whether or not the employee or agent or mandatary who actually committed the violation is identified or proceeded against.

  • 2014, c. 39, s. 182

Marginal note:Officer, director or agent or mandatary of corporations

 An officer, director or agent or mandatary of a corporation that commits a violation is liable for the violation if they directed, authorized, assented to, acquiesced in or participated in the commission of the violation, whether or not the corporation is proceeded against.

  • 2014, c. 39, s. 182

Marginal note:Appeal to Federal Court

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), an appeal may be brought in the Federal Court from a decision made under subsection 15.15(2) within 30 days after the day on which the decision is made.

  • Marginal note:Appeal on question of fact

    (2) An appeal on a question of fact may be brought only with the leave of the Federal Court, an application for which shall be made within 30 days after the day on which the decision is made. The appeal may not be brought later than 30 days after the day on which leave to appeal is granted.

  • 2014, c. 39, s. 182

Marginal note:Debts due to Her Majesty

  •  (1) The following amounts are debts due to Her Majesty in right of Canada that may be recovered in the Federal Court:

    • (a) the amount payable under an undertaking entered into under subsection 15.13(1), beginning on the day specified in the undertaking or, if no day is specified, beginning on the day on which the undertaking is entered into;

    • (b) the amount of the penalty set out in a notice of violation, beginning on the day on which it is required to be paid in accordance with the notice, unless representations are made in accordance with the notice;

    • (c) if representations are made, either the amount of the penalty that is imposed by the Minister or on appeal, as the case may be, beginning on the day specified by the Minister or the court or, if no day is specified, beginning on the day on which the decision is made; and

    • (d) the amount of any reasonable expenses incurred in attempting to recover an amount referred to in any of paragraphs (a) to (c).

  • Marginal note:Time limit or prescription

    (2) A proceeding to recover such a debt may not be commenced later than five years after the day on which the debt becomes payable.

  • Marginal note:Receiver General

    (3) A penalty paid or recovered in relation to a violation is payable to the Receiver General.

  • 2014, c. 39, s. 182

Marginal note:Certificate of default

  •  (1) The Minister may issue a certificate for the unpaid amount of any debt referred to in subsection 15.21(1).

  • Marginal note:Effect of registration

    (2) Registration of a certificate in the Federal Court has the same effect as a judgment of that Court for a debt of the amount set out in the certificate and all related registration costs.

  • 2014, c. 39, s. 182

Marginal note:Time limit or prescription

  •  (1) A proceeding in respect of a violation may not be commenced later than three years after the day on which the subject-matter of the proceedings becomes known to the Minister.

  • Marginal note:Certificate of Minister

    (2) A document appearing to have been issued by the Minister, certifying the day on which the subject-matter of any proceedings became known to him or her, is admissible in evidence without proof of the signature or official character of the person appearing to have signed the document and is, in the absence of evidence to the contrary, proof of the matter asserted in it.

  • 2014, c. 39, s. 182

Marginal note:Publication

 The Minister may make public

  • (a) the name of a person who committed a violation, the nature of the violation including the acts or omissions, or the provisions at issue and the amount of the penalty; and

  • (b) the name of a person who enters into an undertaking, the nature of the undertaking including the acts or omissions, or the provisions at issue, the conditions included in the undertaking and, if applicable, the amount of the penalty.

  • 2014, c. 39, s. 182

Marginal note:How act or omission may be proceeded with

 If an act or omission may be proceeded with either as a violation or as an offence, proceeding in one manner precludes proceeding in the other.

  • 2014, c. 39, s. 182

Marginal note:For greater certainty

 For greater certainty, a violation is not an offence and, accordingly, section 126 of the Criminal Code does not apply.

  • 2014, c. 39, s. 182

Marginal note:Regulations

 The Governor in Council may make regulations

  • (a) designating provisions of this Act whose contravention constitutes a separate violation in respect of each day during which it continues;

  • (b) for the purpose of paragraph 15.11(1)(e), establishing other factors to be considered in determining the amount of the penalty; and

  • (c) respecting undertakings entered into under section 15.13.

  • 2014, c. 39, s. 182

General

Marginal note:Certificates or reports of inspectors

  •  (1) In any proceeding under this Act, or in any other proceeding to which the legislative jurisdiction of Parliament extends, a certificate or report purporting to have been given by an inspector who did an inspection or test pursuant to this Act and to have been signed by that inspector is admissible in evidence and, in the absence of any evidence to the contrary, is proof of the matters stated therein relating to the inspection or test, without proof of the signature, official character or capacity of the person appearing to have signed the certificate or report.

  • Marginal note:No admissibility without notice

    (2) No certificate or report shall be received in evidence pursuant to subsection (1) unless the party who intends to produce it has given to the party against whom it is intended to be produced reasonable notice of that intention, together with a copy of the certificate or report.

  • Marginal note:Attendance of inspector

    (3) A party who receives notice under subsection (2) may, with leave of the court, require the attendance of the inspector for the purposes of cross-examination.

  • R.S., 1985, c. R-2, s. 16
  • 1989, c. 17, s. 7

Marginal note:Protection from personal liability

  •  (1) No action or other proceeding for damages lies or may be instituted against a Minister, servant or agent of the Crown for or in respect of anything done or omitted to be done, or purported to be done or omitted to be done, in good faith under this Act or any order or regulation issued or made under this Act.

  • Marginal note:Crown not relieved of liability

    (2) Subsection (1) does not relieve the Crown of liability for the acts or omissions described therein, and the Crown is liable under the Crown Liability Act or any other law as if that subsection had not been enacted.

  • 1989, c. 17, s. 7

Civil Action

Marginal note:Right of civil action

  •  (1) Any person who

    • (a) holds an interest in the content of a subscription programming signal or network feed, by virtue of copyright ownership or a licence granted by a copyright owner,

    • (b) is authorized by the lawful distributor of a subscription programming signal or network feed to communicate the signal or feed to the public,

    • (c) holds a licence to carry on a broadcasting undertaking issued by the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission under the Broadcasting Act, or

    • (d) develops a system or technology, or manufactures or supplies to a lawful distributor equipment, for the purpose of encrypting a subscription programming signal or network feed, or manufactures, supplies or sells decoders, to enable authorized persons to decode an encrypted subscription programming signal or encrypted network feed

    may, where the person has suffered loss or damage as a result of conduct that is contrary to paragraph 9(1)(c), (d) or (e) or 10(1)(b), in any court of competent jurisdiction, sue for and recover damages from the person who engaged in the conduct, or obtain such other remedy, by way of injunction, accounting or otherwise, as the court considers appropriate.

  • Marginal note:Rules applicable

    (2) In an action under subsection (1) against a person,

    • (a) a monetary judgment may not exceed one thousand dollars where the person is an individual and the conduct engaged in by the person is neither contrary to paragraph 9(1)(e) or 10(1)(b) nor engaged in for commercial gain; and

    • (b) the costs of the parties are in the discretion of the court.

  • Marginal note:Evidence of prior proceedings

    (3) In an action under subsection (1) against a person, the record of proceedings in any court in which that person was convicted of an offence under paragraph 9(1)(c), (d) or (e) or 10(1)(b) is, in the absence of any evidence to the contrary, proof that the person against whom the action is brought engaged in conduct that was contrary to that paragraph, and any evidence given in those proceedings as to the effect of that conduct on the person bringing the action is evidence thereof in the action.

  • Marginal note:Jurisdiction of Federal Court

    (4) For the purposes of an action under subsection (1), the Federal Court is a court of competent jurisdiction.

  • Marginal note:Limitation

    (5) An action under subsection (1) may be commenced within, but not after, three years after the conduct giving rise to the action was engaged in.

  • Marginal note:Copyright Act

    (6) Nothing in this section affects any right or remedy that an aggrieved person may have under the Copyright Act.

  • 1991, c. 11, s. 85
 
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