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Canada Student Financial Assistance Act (S.C. 1994, c. 28)

Act current to 2020-09-09 and last amended on 2020-03-25. Previous Versions

Canada Student Financial Assistance Act

S.C. 1994, c. 28

Assented to 1994-06-23

An Act respecting the making of loans and the provision of other forms of financial assistance to students, to amend and provide for the repeal of the Canada Student Loans Act, and to amend one other Act in consequence thereof

Her Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate and House of Commons of Canada, enacts as follows:

Short Title

Marginal note:Short title

 This Act may be cited as the Canada Student Financial Assistance Act.

Interpretation

Marginal note:Definitions

  •  (1) In this Act,

    appropriate authority

    appropriate authority, in respect of a province, means an appropriate authority designated for the province pursuant to subsection 3(1); (autorité compétente)

    designated educational institution

    designated educational institution means an institution of learning designated pursuant to subsection 3(1), and includes a specified educational institution within the meaning of the Canada Student Loans Act; (établissement agréé)

    lender

    lender means a financial institution within the meaning of the Bank Act or other corporation that is a party to an agreement with the Minister entered into under section 5; (prêteur)

    Minister

    Minister means such member of the Queen’s Privy Council for Canada as may be designated by the Governor in Council as the Minister for the purposes of this Act; (ministre)

    prescribed

    prescribed, in the case of a form or the information to be given on a form, means prescribed by the Minister and, in any other case, means prescribed by the regulations; (Version anglaise seulement)

    qualifying student

    qualifying student means a person

    • (a) who is a Canadian citizen, a person registered as an Indian under the Indian Act, a permanent resident as defined in subsection 2(1) of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act or a protected person within the meaning of subsection 95(2) of that Act,

    • (b) who is qualified for enrolment or is enrolled at a designated educational institution as a full-time student or part-time student for a period of studies at a post-secondary school level, and

    • (c) who intends to attend a designated educational institution as a full-time student or part-time student for a period of studies described in paragraph (b) if it is financially possible for that person to do so. (étudiant admissible)

  • Marginal note:Other definitions

    (2) In this Act, the words and expressions borrower, consolidated student loan agreement, course, family income, family physician, financial assistance, full-time student, loan year, nurse, nurse practitioner, part-time student, period of studies, post-secondary school level, program of studies, severe permanent disability, student loan, student loan agreement and under-served rural or remote community have the meanings assigned by the regulations.

  • Marginal note:Words and expressions in relation to previous loan years

    (3) Words and expressions used in this Act have, when used in respect of a loan year before the loan year in which this section comes into force, the meanings assigned to them by the Canada Student Loans Act.

  • Marginal note:Electronic documents and communication

    (4) A document or other communication under this Act or the regulations may be in electronic form, and a reference in this Act or the regulations to a document includes a document in electronic form.

  • 1994, c. 28, s. 2
  • 2001, c. 27, s. 219
  • 2003, c. 15, s. 9
  • 2008, c. 28, s. 101
  • 2011, c. 24, s. 152
  • 2017, c. 20, s. 116

Appropriate Authorities

Marginal note:Designation of appropriate authorities

  •  (1) For the purposes of this Act, the Minister may, by order, designate for a province

    • (a) an appropriate authority, which authority may designate as designated educational institutions any institutions of learning in Canada that offer courses at a post-secondary school level, or any class of such institutions; and

    • (b) an appropriate authority, which authority may designate as designated educational institutions any institutions of learning outside Canada that offer courses at a post-secondary school level, or any class of such institutions.

  • Marginal note:Revocations and exclusions

    (2) An appropriate authority may revoke any designation made by it under subsection (1), and any designation made in respect of the province under the Canada Student Loans Act and, in the case of a designation of a class, may exclude any named institution from that designation.

Marginal note:Agreements

  •  (1) The Minister may enter into an agreement with an appropriate authority, or with an appropriate authority and the government of the province for which the authority was designated, respecting the exercise or performance of any of the authority’s powers, duties or functions under this Act or the regulations.

  • Marginal note:Directives

    (2) The Minister may give directives to any appropriate authority respecting the exercise or performance of any of its powers, duties or functions under this Act or the regulations, and such directives are binding on the appropriate authority.

  • Marginal note:Statutory Instruments Act

    (3) The Statutory Instruments Act does not apply in respect of directives given under subsection (2).

Agreements with Lenders

Marginal note:Agreements

 The Minister may, if the Minister considers it appropriate, with the concurrence of the Minister of Finance, enter into an agreement with any lender respecting the making of student loans or the provision of other forms of financial assistance to students by the lender, and such an agreement may, without limiting the generality of the foregoing, provide for

  • (a) the payment by the Minister to the lender of all or a portion of

    • (i) amounts equivalent to interest on a student loan made by the lender in respect of the period for which no interest is payable by the borrower pursuant to subsection 7(1),

    • (ii) amounts equivalent to interest on a student loan made by the lender in respect of any period for which no interest is payable by the borrower pursuant to regulations made under paragraph 15(1)(n),

    • (iii) principal and interest on a student loan made by the lender to a borrower whose obligations in respect of the loan are terminated in the circumstances set out in section 10 or 11,

    • (iv) amounts in respect of a student loan made by the lender that are paid under regulations made under paragraph 15(1)(l),

    • (v) a risk premium for lending risks on a student loan made by the lender,

    • (vi) amounts necessary for the purchase of a student loan made by the lender that is payable and on which no payment has been made by the borrower in at least one year, and a percentage of amounts recovered by the Minister in respect of that loan,

    • (vii) adjusted amounts in respect of principal and interest on a student loan, where an inadvertent error concerning the rate of interest or the amount to be repaid is made by the lender in drawing up the consolidated student loan agreement or the student loan agreement,

    • (viii) amounts in respect of the loss suffered by the lender on a student loan made to a full-time student who, before the month following the month in which the borrower ceases to be a full-time student,

      • (A) makes an assignment under the Bankruptcy and Insolvency Act that is filed and not cancelled, is deemed under that Act, by reason of circumstances occurring before that following month, to have made an assignment, or is the subject of a bankruptcy order made under that Act,

      • (B) makes a proposal under Division I or II of Part III of that Act that is approved or deemed to be approved by a court under that Act,

      • (C) is granted a consolidation order under Part X of that Act, or

      • (D) is granted relief under a provincial law relating to the orderly payment of debts, and

    • (ix) any other amounts that the Minister considers appropriate in respect of a student loan made, or other financial assistance provided, by the lender;

  • (b) audits and adjustments in respect of payments made to the lender by the Minister;

  • (c) subject to the regulations, the circumstances in which the lender is, on application, required to provide financial assistance to a qualifying student in an amount not exceeding the maximum amount determined in accordance with section 12;

  • (d) the manner of calculating the interest payable by a borrower to the lender on a student loan made by the lender, including the amount on which interest is to be calculated and the rate of interest or the manner of determining the rate of interest;

  • (e) the repayment of student loans by borrowers or classes of borrowers on an income-contingent basis;

  • (f) the provisions to be included in an agreement between a borrower and the lender relating to a student loan, the making of amendments to the agreement, and the conditions and consequences of making an amendment;

  • (g) the procedures to be followed by the lender in making, collecting or otherwise dealing with a student loan;

  • (h) the making of reports to the Minister respecting student loans; and

  • (i) the terms and conditions respecting the obligations of the Minister and the lender under the agreement.

  • 1994, c. 28, s. 5
  • 2004, c. 25, s. 191
  • 2008, c. 28, ss. 102, 110
  • 2009, c. 2, s. 358(E)

Marginal note:Payments in accordance with agreement

 Subject to this Act and the regulations, the Minister shall pay to a lender, in accordance with any agreement entered into under section 5, any amount that is payable by the Minister to the lender under the agreement.

Government Financing of Student Loans

Marginal note:Agreements with qualifying students

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), the Minister, or any person authorized by order of the Minister to act on the Minister’s behalf, may enter into an agreement with any qualifying student for the purpose of making a student loan.

  • Marginal note:Financial terms and conditions

    (2) Any terms and conditions in the agreement that could have a financial impact on Her Majesty in right of Canada are subject to approval by the Governor in Council, on the recommendation of the Minister with the concurrence of the Minister of Finance.

  • 2000, c. 14, s. 17
  • 2009, c. 2, s. 359

Marginal note:Agreement with service provider

  •  (1) The Minister may enter into an agreement with any corporation incorporated under the laws of Canada or a province and carrying on business in Canada (a “service provider”), respecting the administration of student loans made, or other forms of financial assistance provided, by the Minister. An agreement may provide for, but is not limited to, the following matters:

    • (a) disbursing student loans or other forms of financial assistance on behalf of the Minister;

    • (b) audits and adjustments in respect of payments made by the Minister under the agreement;

    • (c) the manner of calculating the interest payable by the Minister to the service provider, including the amount on which interest is to be calculated and the rate of interest or the manner of determining the rate of interest;

    • (d) the procedures to be followed by the service provider in making, collecting or otherwise dealing with a student loan and other forms of financial assistance;

    • (e) the making of reports to the Minister respecting student loans and other forms of financial assistance;

    • (f) the terms and conditions respecting the obligations of the Minister and the service provider under the agreement; and

    • (g) the payment of compensation by the Minister to the service provider for the administration of student loans and other forms of financial assistance.

  • Marginal note:Receipt and Deposit of Public Money Regulations, 1997

    (2) Despite section 3 of the Receipt and Deposit of Public Money Regulations, 1997, the portion of the following money that is public money and is collected or received electronically by a service provider that has entered into an agreement under subsection (1) shall be paid to the credit of the Receiver General by depositing it, within two business days after the day of collection or receipt, in an account established under subsection 17(2) of the Financial Administration Act:

    • (a) money collected or received as repayment of financial assistance, as repayment of a guaranteed student loan as defined in subsection 2(1) of the Canada Student Loans Act or as payment of interest owing on that assistance or loan; and

    • (b) interest received by the service provider on the money referred to in paragraph (a).

  • Meaning of business day

    (3) In this section, business day means a day other than a Saturday or a holiday.

  • 2000, c. 14, s. 17
  • 2008, c. 28, s. 103

Marginal note:Agreement with financial institutions

 Despite subsection 41(1) of the Financial Administration Act, the Minister may enter into an agreement with any financial institution, as defined in the regulations, with respect to the disbursement of student loans.

  • 2000, c. 14, s. 17

Marginal note:Suspension or denial of financial assistance

 The Minister may suspend or deny the provision of financial assistance to all those who are qualifying students in relation to a designated educational institution if the Minister is satisfied that there are compelling reasons to believe that the provision of the financial assistance would

  • (a) facilitate the commission by the designated educational institution of an offence under this Act or any other Act of Parliament; or

  • (b) expose the qualifying students or Her Majesty in right of Canada to significant financial risk.

  • 2009, c. 2, s. 360

Interest-free and Deferral Periods

Marginal note:Interest-free period

  •  (1) Subject to the regulations, no interest is payable by a borrower on a student loan prescribed by regulations made under paragraph 15(1)(j) in respect of any period of studies during which the borrower is a full-time or part-time student, or in respect of any subsequent period ending on

    • (a) in the case of a student loan that is made to a full-time student, the last day of the sixth month after the month in which the borrower ceases to be a full-time student; and

    • (b) in the case of a student loan that is made to a part-time student, the last day of the sixth month after the month in which the borrower ceases to be a student, whether a part-time or full-time student.

  • Marginal note:No fees

    (2) No fee of any kind may be charged to a borrower on a student loan in respect of any period of studies, or a subsequent period, referred to in subsection (1).

  • 1994, c. 28, s. 7
  • 2008, c. 28, s. 110
  • 2011, c. 15, s. 18
  • 2019, c. 29, s. 325

Marginal note:Payment deferred for full-time students

  •  (1) Subject to the regulations, no amount on account of principal or interest in respect of a student loan prescribed by regulations made under paragraph 15(1)(j) that is made to a full-time student is required to be paid by the borrower until the last day of the seventh month after the month in which the borrower ceases to be a full-time student.

  • Marginal note:Payment deferred for part-time students

    (2) Subject to the regulations, no amount on account of principal or interest in respect of a student loan that is made to a part-time student is required to be paid by the borrower until the last day of the seventh month after the month in which the borrower ceases to be a student, whether a part-time or full-time student.

  • 1994, c. 28, s. 8
  • 2008, c. 28, ss. 104, 110

Marginal note:Agreement to pay interest

  •  (1) The Minister may enter into an agreement with a lender respecting the payment of interest — or a province respecting the payment of interest on provincial student loans — by borrowers who are referred to in a regulation that is made under paragraph 15(k) or (k.2).

  • Marginal note:Payment on behalf of reservist

    (2) If there is no agreement, the Minister may pay the interest on behalf of those borrowers.

  • 1994, c. 28, s. 9
  • 1998, c. 21, s. 99
  • 2008, c. 15, s. 2

Marginal note:Personal information

 Personal information as defined in section 3 of the Privacy Act — that is under the control of a government institution as defined in that section — shall, on request, be made available to the Minister for the purposes of a regulation that is made under paragraph 15(k), (k.1), (k.2) or (k.3).

  • 2008, c. 15, s. 2

Family Physicians, Nurses and Nurse Practitioners in Under-Served Rural or Remote Communities

Marginal note:Portion of loan forgiven

  •  (1) The Minister may forgive an amount in respect of a student loan to a borrower who begins to work in an under-served rural or remote community as a family physician, nurse or nurse practitioner, if the borrower meets the prescribed conditions.

  • Marginal note:Effective date of forgiveness

    (2) The forgiveness takes effect on the prescribed day.

  • Marginal note:Agreement

    (3) For the purposes of subsection (1), the Minister may enter into an agreement with a lender for the purchase of a student loan made by the lender.

  • 2011, c. 24, s. 153

Period — March 30, 2020 to September 30, 2020

Marginal note:Suspension of interest and payments

 During the period that begins on March 30, 2020 and ends on September 30, 2020,

  • (a) no interest is payable by a borrower on a student loan prescribed by regulations made under paragraph 15(1)(j); and

  • (b) no amount on account of principal and interest in respect of a student loan prescribed by regulations made under paragraph 15(1)(j) is required to be paid by the borrower.

  • 2020, c. 5, s. 54

Death or Disability of Borrower

Marginal note:Death of borrower

  •  (1) All obligations of a borrower in respect of a student loan prescribed by regulations made under paragraph 15(1)(j) terminate if the borrower dies, and in that event the Minister shall pay to the lender the amounts referred to in subparagraph 5(a)(iii).

  • Marginal note:Death of borrower before this subsection in force

    (2) If a borrower dies before this subsection comes into force, then all obligations of that borrower in respect of such a student loan terminate on the day on which this subsection comes into force.

  • 1994, c. 28, s. 10
  • 2009, c. 2, s. 361

Marginal note:Death of borrower — section 6.1 loan

  •  (1) All obligations of a borrower in respect of a loan made under an agreement entered into under section 6.1 terminate if the borrower dies.

  • Marginal note:Death of borrower before this section in force

    (2) If a borrower dies before this section comes into force, then all obligations of that borrower in respect of such a loan terminate on the day on which this section comes into force.

  • 2005, c. 30, s. 110

Marginal note:Severe permanent disability

 All rights of the lender against a borrower in respect of a student loan prescribed by regulations made under paragraph 15(1)(j) terminate if the Minister is satisfied, on the basis of information specified by the Minister and provided by or on behalf of the borrower, that the borrower, by reason of the borrower’s severe permanent disability, is unable to repay the student loan and will never be able to repay it, and in that event the Minister shall pay to the lender the amounts referred to in subparagraph 5(a)(iii).

  • 1994, c. 28, s. 11
  • 2008, c. 28, s. 106

Marginal note:Severe permanent disability — section 6.1 loan

 All obligations of a borrower in respect of a loan made under an agreement entered into under section 6.1 terminate if the Minister is satisfied, on the basis of information specified by the Minister and provided by or on behalf of the borrower, that the borrower, by reason of the borrower’s severe permanent disability, is unable to repay the loan and will never be able to repay it.

  • 2005, c. 30, s. 111
  • 2008, c. 28, s. 106

Certificates of Eligibility

Marginal note:Issue of certificates

  •  (1) Subject to the regulations, the appropriate authority for a province designated under paragraph 3(1)(a) may, on application of a qualifying student, issue or cause to be issued a certificate of eligibility in the prescribed form, for a period of studies at a designated educational institution in or outside Canada, to or in respect of the student if that authority considers the student

    • (a) to have attained a satisfactory scholastic standard; and

    • (b) to be in need of financial assistance.

  • Marginal note:Amount needed

    (2) Where the appropriate authority considers that a qualifying student meets the criteria set out in paragraphs (1)(a) and (b), it shall determine the amount the student needs, taking into consideration

    • (a) the program of studies in which the qualifying student is registered;

    • (b) the cost of books and other course-related supplies; and

    • (c) whether the qualifying student is enrolled in an institution outside the province of residence of the student.

  • Marginal note:Contents

    (3) A certificate of eligibility must set out the social insurance number of the qualifying student and the maximum amount of the financial assistance that may be given to the student.

  • Marginal note:Maximum amount for certain full-time students

    (4) In the case of a full-time student, the maximum amount, for a province, of a student loan prescribed by regulations made under paragraph 15(1)(j), and in respect of which a certificate of eligibility is issued, is the lesser of

    • (a) the amount prescribed for that province, and

    • (b) the product obtained by multiplying

      • (i) the amount determined under subsection (2) for the student

      by

      • (ii) the percentage prescribed for that province.

  • Marginal note:Escalator

    (5) The amount referred to in paragraph (4)(a) may be adjusted annually by an escalator determined in accordance with the prescribed formula.

  • Marginal note:Maximum amount for part-time students

    (6) In the case of a part-time student, the maximum amount, for a province, of a student loan in respect of which a certificate of eligibility is issued is the prescribed amount.

  • Marginal note:Maximum amount

    (7) The maximum amount of financial assistance in respect of which a certificate of eligibility is issued, other than a loan to which subsection (4) or (6) applies, is the prescribed amount, or the amount calculated in accordance with the prescribed formulas.

  • Marginal note:Idem

    (8) The maximum amount of financial assistance in respect of which a certificate of eligibility is not required is the prescribed amount, or the amount calculated in accordance with the prescribed formulas.

  • 1994, c. 28, s. 12
  • 2008, c. 28, ss. 107, 110

Maximum Amount of Outstanding Student Loans

Marginal note:Maximum amount

 The aggregate amount of student loans made under this Act that are outstanding may not exceed the prescribed amount.

  • 1994, c. 28, s. 13
  • 2000, c. 14, s. 18
  • 2011, c. 24, s. 154

Alternative Payments

Marginal note:Alternative payment

  •  (1) Where the government of a province has, at least twelve months before the beginning of a loan year, notified the Minister in writing that a provincial student financial assistance plan will be in operation in that province in that loan year and that it does not wish, or no longer wishes, to participate in the plan established by this Act and the regulations, the Minister shall pay to the province, not later than six months after the end of that loan year and each following loan year in which it does not participate in the plan, an alternative amount for the loan year, calculated as provided in this section.

  • Marginal note:Non-participating provinces

    (2) The government of a province that, on the coming into force of this section, is not participating in the student loan plan established by the Canada Student Loans Act is deemed to have notified the Minister as described in subsection (1) in respect of the loan year in which this section comes into force.

  • Marginal note:Opting in, or opting back in

    (3) The government of a province that is not participating in the plan established by this Act and the regulations but later wishes to participate may do so by so notifying the Minister in writing at least six months, or such shorter period as the Minister may fix, before the beginning of the loan year in which it wishes to participate.

  • Marginal note:Calculation of alternative amount

    (4) The alternative amount for a province for a loan year (in this subsection referred to as the “current loan year”) is the amount, as determined by the Minister after consultation with the Chief Statistician of Canada, obtained by

    • (a) multiplying

      • (i) the net per capita costs for participating provinces for the loan year beginning on August 1, 1990,

      by

      • (ii) the product obtained by multiplying the estimated number of persons in that province who, on the first day of the current loan year, have attained eighteen years of age and have not attained twenty-five years of age by the escalator determined under subsection (5), for each loan year in the period beginning on August 1, 1991 and ending on July 31 of the current loan year; and

    • (b) subtracting from the product obtained under paragraph (a) the net costs for that province for the current loan year.

  • Marginal note:Escalator

    (5) For the purposes of subparagraph (4)(a)(ii),

    • (a) subject to paragraph (b), the escalator for a loan year is a fraction of which

      • (i) the numerator is the net per capita costs for participating provinces for that loan year, and

      • (ii) the denominator is the net per capita costs for participating provinces for the previous loan year; and

    • (b) the escalator for the first loan year in which a provincial student financial assistance plan will be in operation in the province, as stated in the notice under subsection (1), is a fraction of which

      • (i) the numerator is the net per capita costs for participating provinces for that first loan year, and

      • (ii) the denominator is the net per capita costs for the previous loan year for provinces that are participating provinces in that first loan year.

  • Marginal note:Definitions

    (6) In this section,

    net costs

    net costs, for a province for a loan year, means the amount determined by the formula

    (A + B) - (C + D)

    where

    A
    is the estimated aggregate of all amounts paid by the Minister in that loan year
    • (a) to lenders, service providers or financial institutions under this Act, the regulations or an agreement entered into under section 5, 6.2 or 6.3, to lenders under the Canada Student Loans Act or the regulations made under that Act, and to collection agencies, in respect of student loans or guaranteed student loans made pursuant to certificates of eligibility issued or caused to be issued in any loan year by the appropriate authority for that province, and

    • (b) to persons pursuant to regulations made under paragraph 15(1)(p),

    excluding

    • (c) any amounts paid pursuant to paragraph 5(e) or pursuant to regulations made under paragraph 15(1)(o) that provide for the repayment of student loans by borrowers on an income-contingent basis, and

    • (d) any provincial share paid pursuant to an agreement or arrangement made under subparagraph 18(b)(ii),

    B
    is the estimated aggregate of
    • (a) the amount of interest calculated in that loan year in respect of outstanding loans referred to in the description of A made under an agreement entered into under section 6.1, at the rate of interest fixed or determined in accordance with subsection 20(2),

    • (b) the amount by which the outstanding principal in respect of all loans referred to in paragraph (a) has been reduced in that loan year in accordance with the regulations,

    • (c) the amount of the outstanding principal and interest in respect of all loans referred to in paragraph (a) for which the borrower’s obligations have terminated in that loan year as a result of the death or disability of the borrower, and

    • (d) the amount of the outstanding principal and interest in respect of all loans referred to in paragraph (a) for which the Minister has commenced collection action in that loan year, minus the amount of the outstanding principal and interest in respect of loans referred to in that paragraph for which the Minister has ended collection action in that loan year due to the occurrence of an event set out in the regulations that resulted in the removal of restrictions to financial assistance,

    C
    is the estimated aggregate of all amounts received by or on behalf of Her Majesty in right of Canada in that loan year, including any amount received pursuant to the Financial Administration Act, in respect of loans referred to in the description of A, other than loans made under an agreement entered into under section 6.1, excluding
    • (a) any amounts received pursuant to paragraph 5(e) or pursuant to regulations made under paragraph 15(1)(o) that provide for the repayment of student loans by borrowers on an income-contingent basis, and

    • (b) any amounts received by or on behalf of Her Majesty in right of Canada in respect of a provincial share paid pursuant to an agreement or arrangement made under subparagraph 18(b)(ii), and

    D
    is the estimated aggregate of
    • (a) the amount of interest received by or on behalf of Her Majesty in right of Canada in that loan year in respect of loans referred to in the description of A that were made under an agreement entered into under section 6.1, and

    • (b) any amounts received in that loan year pursuant to collection action taken by the Minister in respect of loans referred to in paragraph (a). (coût net)

    net per capita costs

    net per capita costs, for participating provinces for a loan year, means a fraction of which

    • (a) the numerator is the amount by which the total program net costs for that loan year exceed the aggregate of the net costs for that loan year for all provinces that are not participating provinces in that loan year, and

    • (b) the denominator is the estimated number of persons in the participating provinces who, on the first day of the loan year, have attained eighteen years of age and have not attained twenty-five years of age; (coût net par tête)

    total program net costs

    total program net costs, for a loan year, means the amount determined by the formula

    (A + B) - (C + D)

    where

    A
    is the aggregate of all amounts paid by the Minister in that loan year
    • (a) to lenders, service providers or financial institutions under this Act, the regulations or an agreement entered into under section 5, 6.2 or 6.3, to lenders under the Canada Student Loans Act or the regulations made under that Act, and to collection agencies, in respect of student loans or guaranteed student loans made pursuant to certificates of eligibility issued or caused to be issued in any loan year by the appropriate authorities for participating provinces, and

    • (b) to persons pursuant to regulations made under paragraph 15(1)(p),

    excluding

    • (c) any amounts paid pursuant to paragraph 5(e) or pursuant to regulations made under paragraph 15(1)(o) that provide for the repayment of student loans by borrowers on an income-contingent basis, and

    • (d) any provincial share paid pursuant to an agreement or arrangement made under subparagraph 18(b)(ii),

    B
    is the aggregate of
    • (a) the estimated amount of interest calculated in that loan year in respect of outstanding loans referred to in the description of A made under an agreement entered into under section 6.1, at the rate of interest fixed or determined in accordance with subsection 20(2),

    • (b) the amount by which the outstanding principal in respect of all loans referred to in paragraph (a) has been reduced in that loan year in accordance with the regulations,

    • (c) the amount of the outstanding principal and interest in respect of all loans referred to in paragraph (a) for which the borrower’s obligations have terminated in that loan year as a result of the death or disability of the borrower, and

    • (d) the amount of the outstanding principal and interest in respect of all loans referred to in paragraph (a) for which the Minister has commenced collection action in that loan year, minus the amount of the outstanding principal and interest in respect of loans referred to in that paragraph for which the Minister has ended collection action in that loan year due to the occurrence of an event set out in the regulations that resulted in the removal of restrictions to financial assistance,

    C
    is the aggregate of all amounts received by or on behalf of Her Majesty in right of Canada in that loan year, including any amount received pursuant to the Financial Administration Act, in respect of loans referred to in the description of A, other than loans made under an agreement entered into under section 6.1, excluding
    • (a) any amounts received pursuant to paragraph 5(e) or pursuant to regulations made under paragraph 15(1)(o) that provide for the repayment of student loans by borrowers on an income-contingent basis, and

    • (b) any amounts received by or on behalf of Her Majesty in right of Canada in respect of a provincial share paid pursuant to an agreement or arrangement made under subparagraph 18(b)(ii), and

    D
    is the aggregate of
    • (a) the amount of interest received by or on behalf of Her Majesty in right of Canada in that loan year in respect of loans referred to in the description of A that were made under an agreement entered into under section 6.1, and

    • (b) any amounts received in that loan year pursuant to collection action taken by the Minister in respect of loans referred to in paragraph (a). (coût net total du programme)

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (7) The following amounts shall be included in the calculations described in the definitions net costs and total program net costs in subsection (6) only if the government of the province satisfies the Minister, by written notice received by the Minister before the beginning of the loan year in question, that, in relation to the matter in question, the provincial student financial assistance plan has substantially the same effect as the plan established by this Act and the regulations:

    • (a) amounts that are determined as a result of the application of subparagraph 5(a)(viii) or section 7, 10 or 11;

    • (b) amounts in relation to programs established by regulations made under paragraph 15(1)(l), (m), (n) or (p);

    • (c) in respect of loans made under an agreement entered into under section 6.1, amounts in relation to a termination of a borrower’s obligations under section 10.1 or 11.1 or to a reduction in the outstanding principal resulting from the operation of regulations made under paragraph 15(1)(o), other than regulations that provide for the repayment of student loans by borrowers on an income-contingent basis; and

    • (d) amounts in relation to programs established by regulations made under section 11 of the Canada Student Loans Act.

  • Marginal note:Negative amounts

    (8) If the amount determined by the formula “(A + B) - (C + D)” in subsection (6) would, but for this subsection, be a negative amount, it is deemed to be zero.

  • 1994, c. 28, s. 14
  • 2000, c. 14, s. 19
  • 2003, c. 15, s. 10
  • 2005, c. 30, s. 112
  • 2008, c. 28, s. 110

Regulations

Marginal note:Regulations

  •  (1) The Governor in Council may make regulations

    • (a) defining the words and expressions referred to in subsection 2(2);

    • (b) providing for the assignment between lenders of agreements between borrowers and lenders, and prescribing the conditions and consequences of such assignments;

    • (c) providing for the transfer between branches of a lender of agreements between borrowers and that lender, and prescribing the conditions and consequences of such transfers;

    • (d) providing for the manner of completing certificates of eligibility, and prescribing the provisions to be included in those certificates;

    • (d.1) respecting the issuance of certificates of eligibility and providing for their subsequent submission by the issuees;

    • (e) providing for the conditions to be met before a disbursement in respect of a student loan may be made;

    • (e.1) defining the term “financial institutions” for the purposes of section 6.3 and providing for the circumstances under which financial institutions may disburse student loans to qualifying students;

    • (f) prescribing the maximum number of weeks or periods of studies that may elapse after which, notwithstanding anything in this Act, the principal amount of a student loan made to a full-time student, and interest thereon, commence to be payable by the borrower;

    • (f.1) respecting the circumstances in which an amount on account of principal or interest is not required to be paid in respect of student loans;

    • (g) prescribing the circumstances in which a borrower is or ceases to be a full-time student;

    • (h) respecting the subrogation of Her Majesty in right of Canada to the rights of a lender;

    • (i) prescribing the circumstances under which a loan or a certificate of eligibility may be denied to a student, or an interest-free period referred to in subsection 7(1) may be terminated by the Minister;

    • (j) prescribing student loans to which section 7, 8, 10 or 11 or subsection 12(4) applies;

    • (k) respecting the circumstances in which no interest is payable by members of the reserve force in respect of their student loans;

    • (k.1) respecting the circumstances in which no fees may be charged to members of the reserve force on their student loans;

    • (k.2) respecting the circumstances in which no amount on account of principal or interest is required to be paid by members of the reserve force in respect of their student loans;

    • (k.3) respecting the payment of interest under subsection 9(2);

    • (l) providing, in respect of student loans made to full-time and part-time students, for the gratuitous payment, including the method of calculating it, whether conditionally or unconditionally, by the Minister to lenders of amounts in respect of such loans, and for the discharge of such loans to the extent of those amounts;

    • (m) notwithstanding any other provision of this Act, providing for the operation of a student loan program for part-time students, including the determination of a student’s status, terms of repayment of the loans, the advancement of loan funds and the maximum number of weeks or periods of studies that may elapse after which the principal amounts of the loans commence to be payable by the borrowers;

    • (n) providing for the establishment and operation of a program to provide special interest-free or interest-reduced periods to borrowers or classes of borrowers, including the terms and conditions of the granting or termination of the periods, the making, continuation or alteration of agreements between borrowers and lenders when the periods are granted or terminated and the authorization of lenders to grant or terminate the periods and otherwise administer the program;

    • (o) providing, in respect of any province, for repayment of student loans by borrowers or classes of borrowers on an income-contingent basis, or for the establishment and operation of a student loan program that is financed by Her Majesty in right of Canada or any agent of Her Majesty in right of Canada and that may provide for the repayment of student loans by borrowers or classes of borrowers on an income-contingent basis;

    • (o.1) prescribing the amount that may be forgiven in respect of a year under section 9.2 in respect of a student loan;

    • (o.2) prescribing the maximum number of years in respect of which amounts may be forgiven under section 9.2 in respect of a student loan;

    • (p) providing for the establishment and operation of grant programs, and additional grant programs for qualifying students whose financial needs are greater than the maximum amount of the financial assistance that may be given to the student, for the classes of persons who are eligible for grants and for the circumstances in which all or part of a grant is to be repaid or converted into a loan;

    • (q) prescribing anything that is to be prescribed by the regulations; and

    • (r) generally, for carrying into effect the purposes and provisions of this Act.

  • Marginal note:Maximum aggregate amount of outstanding student loans

    (1.1) On the Minister’s recommendation with the Minister of Finance’s concurrence, the Governor in Council may make regulations, for the purposes of section 13,

    • (a) prescribing the aggregate amount of outstanding student loans that may not be exceeded; and

    • (b) prescribing the student loans that are to be considered for the purposes of determining, at a given time, the aggregate amount of outstanding student loans.

  • (2) [Repealed, 2013, c. 40, s. 234]

  • 1994, c. 28, s. 15
  • 1998, c. 21, s. 100
  • 2000, c. 14, s. 20
  • 2005, c. 34, s. 63
  • 2008, c. 15, s. 3, c. 28, s. 108
  • 2011, c. 24, s. 155
  • 2013, c. 40, s. 234

General

Marginal note:Documents and information

 Any

  • (a) form or other document to be used in connection with giving financial assistance to students, or otherwise for the effective operation of this Act, or

  • (b) information to be included in any document referred to in paragraph (a), in addition to the information otherwise required by this Act or the regulations to be included in such a document,

must be either determined by the Minister or approved by the Minister.

Marginal note:Right of recovery by Minister

 A student loan that is made to a borrower who is not of full age under an agreement entered into under section 6.1, and interest on the loan, is recoverable by the Minister from the borrower as though the borrower had been of full age at the time the agreement was entered into.

  • 2008, c. 28, s. 109

Marginal note:Waiver

 On application by a qualifying student or a borrower, the Minister may, to avoid undue hardship to the student or borrower, waive

  • (a) a requirement of the regulations with respect to the times within which the student or borrower’s confirmation of enrolment or certificate of eligibility is to be submitted; or

  • (b) a requirement of the regulations, or a requirement determined or approved by the Minister, with respect to the form or manner in which information in respect of the student or borrower is to be provided.

  • 2008, c. 28, s. 109

Marginal note:Financial assistance denied due to error

 If the Minister is satisfied that a person was denied financial assistance to which the person would have been entitled as a result of an error made in the administration of this Act or the regulations, the Minister may take remedial action to place the person in the position that he or she would have been in under this Act had the error not been made.

  • 2008, c. 28, s. 109

Marginal note:Limitation period

  •  (1) Subject to this section and section 16.2, no action or proceedings shall be taken to recover money owing under a student loan more than six years after the day on which the money becomes due and payable.

  • Marginal note:Deduction and set-off

    (2) Money owing under a student loan may be recovered at any time by way of deduction from or set-off against any sum of money that may be due or payable by Her Majesty in right of Canada to the borrower or the estate or succession of the borrower.

  • Marginal note:Acknowledgment of liability

    (3) If a borrower’s liability for money owing under a student loan is acknowledged in accordance with subsection (4), the time during which the limitation period has run before the acknowledgment does not count in the calculation of that period.

  • Marginal note:Types of acknowledgments

    (4) An acknowledgment of liability means

    • (a) a written promise to pay the money owing, signed by the borrower or his or her agent or other representative;

    • (b) a written acknowledgment of the money owing, signed by the borrower or his or her agent or other representative, whether or not a promise to pay can be implied from it and whether or not it contains a refusal to pay;

    • (c) a part payment by the borrower or his or her agent or other representative of any money owing; or

    • (d) any acknowledgment of the money owing made by the borrower, his or her agent or other representative or the trustee or administrator in the course of proceedings under the Bankruptcy and Insolvency Act or any other legislation dealing with the payment of debts.

  • Marginal note:Acknowledgment after expiry of limitation period

    (5) If a borrower’s liability for money owing under a student loan is acknowledged in accordance with subsection (4) after the expiry of the limitation period in respect of the loan, an action or proceedings to recover the money may, subject to subsections (3) and (6), be brought within six years after the date of the acknowledgment.

  • Marginal note:Limitation period suspended

    (6) The running of a limitation period in respect of a student loan is suspended during any period in which it is prohibited to commence or continue an action or other proceedings against the borrower to recover money owing under the loan.

  • Marginal note:Enforcement proceedings

    (7) This section does not apply in respect of an action or proceedings relating to the execution, renewal or enforcement of a judgment.

  • 2003, c. 15, s. 11

Marginal note:Application

  •  (1) This section applies only in respect of the recovery of money that became due and payable under a student loan before the coming into force of this section.

  • Marginal note:Limitation period

    (2) Subject to this section, no action or proceedings shall be taken to recover money owing under a student loan more than six years after the day on which the limitation period that applied before the coming into force of this section started to run.

  • Marginal note:Prior acknowledgments

    (3) For the purposes of subsection (2), the day of the most recent acknowledgment of a borrower’s liability in respect of money owing under a student loan is deemed to be the day on which the limitation period started to run if

    • (a) the acknowledgment was made before the coming into force of this section; and

    • (b) under the law applicable at the time of the acknowledgment, the time during which the limitation period ran before the acknowledgment did not count in the calculation of that period.

  • Marginal note:Deduction and set-off

    (4) Money owing under a student loan may be recovered at any time by way of deduction from or set-off against any sum of money that may be due or payable by Her Majesty in right of Canada to the borrower or the estate or succession of the borrower.

  • Marginal note:Acknowledgment of liability

    (5) If, on or after the day on which this section comes into force, a borrower’s liability for money owing under a student loan is acknowledged in accordance with subsection (6), the time during which the limitation period has run before the acknowledgment does not count in the calculation of that period.

  • Marginal note:Types of acknowledgments

    (6) For the purposes of subsections (5) and (7), an acknowledgment of liability means

    • (a) a written promise to pay the money owing, signed by the borrower or his or her agent or other representative;

    • (b) a written acknowledgment of the money owing, signed by the borrower or his or her agent or other representative, whether or not a promise to pay can be implied from it and whether or not it contains a refusal to pay;

    • (c) a part payment by the borrower or his or her agent or other representative of any money owing; or

    • (d) any acknowledgment of the money owing made by the borrower, his or her agent or other representative or the trustee or administrator in the course of proceedings under the Bankruptcy and Insolvency Act or any other legislation dealing with the payment of debts.

  • Marginal note:Acknowledgment after expiry of limitation period

    (7) If, after the expiry of the limitation period in respect of a student loan — including any limitation period that expired before the coming into force of this section — and on or after the day on which this section comes into force, a borrower’s liability for money owing under the loan is acknowledged in accordance with subsection (6), an action or proceedings to recover the money may, subject to subsections (5) and (8), be brought within six years after the date of the acknowledgment.

  • Marginal note:Limitation period suspended

    (8) The running of a limitation period in respect of a student loan is, commencing on the day on which this section comes into force, suspended during any period in which it is prohibited to commence or continue an action or other proceedings against the borrower to recover money owing under the loan.

  • Marginal note:Statutory bar

    (9) Subject to subsection (7), if the limitation period in respect of a student loan expired before the coming into force of this section, no action or proceeding shall be taken to recover money owing under the loan.

  • Marginal note:Enforcement proceedings

    (10) This section does not apply in respect of an action or proceedings relating to the execution, renewal or enforcement of a judgment.

  • 2003, c. 15, s. 11

Marginal note:Requirement to provide information or documents

  •  (1) For the purpose of verifying compliance or preventing non-compliance with this Act, the Minister may, by notice served personally or by confirmed delivery service, require any person who has received financial assistance to provide to the Minister, within the time and in the manner that are stipulated in the notice, any information or document that is in their possession or to which they could reasonably be expected to have access.

  • Marginal note:Copies as evidence

    (2) When a document is provided in accordance with subsection (1), the Minister may make, or cause to be made, one or more certified copies of it and any such copy is evidence of the nature and content of the original document and has the same probative force as the original document would have if it were proven in the ordinary way.

  • 2009, c. 2, s. 362

Marginal note:False statement or information

  •  (1) Every person who, in respect of a student loan or other financial assistance to a student, knowingly makes any false statement or misrepresentation, including by omission, in an application or other document or knowingly provides any false or misleading information, including by omission, is guilty of an offence and liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding $1,000.

  • Marginal note:Limitation period

    (2) A prosecution for an offence under this Act may not be instituted later than six years after the time when the subject matter of the complaint arose.

  • 1994, c. 28, s. 17
  • 2009, c. 2, s. 363

Marginal note:Administrative measures

  •  (1) If a person, in respect of a student loan or other financial assistance to a student, knowingly makes any false statement or misrepresentation, including by omission, in an application or other document or knowingly provides any false or misleading information, including by omission, the Minister may

    • (a) deny the person financial assistance for a prescribed period;

    • (b) deny the person an interest-free period referred to in subsection 7(1) for a prescribed period, or terminate the interest-free period;

    • (c) deny the person the deferral of payments of principal or interest under section 8 for a prescribed period, or terminate the deferral;

    • (d) deny the person payments of interest under subsection 9(2) for a prescribed period, or terminate the payments;

    • (e) deny the person a gratuitous payment referred to in paragraph 15(1)(l);

    • (f) deny the person special interest-free or interest-reduced periods referred to in paragraph 15(1)(n) for a prescribed period, or terminate the interest-free period or the interest-reduced period;

    • (g) deny the person repayment of a student loan on an income-contingent basis referred to in paragraph 15(1)(o) for a prescribed period, or terminate repayment on an income-contingent basis;

    • (h) require the person to immediately repay any outstanding amount of a student loan that they obtained by reason of the false statement or misrepresentation or the false or misleading information; or

    • (i) require the person to immediately repay any grant that they obtained by reason of the false statement or misrepresentation or the false or misleading information.

  • Marginal note:Outstanding student loans

    (2) If, before the day on which this section comes into force, a person knowingly made any false statement or misrepresentation, including by omission, in an application or other document or knowingly provided any false or misleading information, including by omission, in respect of a student loan that is outstanding on that day, the Minister may take any measure set out in paragraphs (1)(a) to (h).

  • Marginal note:Notice

    (3) The Minister may not take any measure under subsection (1) or (2) without having given the person 60 days’ notice of the Minister’s intention to take the measure.

  • Marginal note:Submissions

    (4) The person may make submissions to the Minister in respect of the measure at any time.

  • Marginal note:Rescission or modification of measure

    (5) The Minister may rescind or modify a measure taken under subsection (1) or (2) if new facts are presented or the Minister considers that the measure was taken without knowledge of some material fact or on the basis of a mistake concerning one.

  • Marginal note:Limitation or prescription

    (6) The Minister may not take any measure under subsection (1) or (2) later than six years after the day on which he or she becomes aware of the false statement or misrepresentation or the false or misleading information.

  • 2009, c. 2, s. 363
  • 2011, c. 24, s. 156

Marginal note:Authority to enter into agreements and arrangements

 The Minister may

  • (a) enter into agreements or arrangements with any department, board or agency of the Government of Canada or any other public or private organization or agency to assist the Minister in carrying out the purposes and provisions of this Act; and

  • (b) with the approval of the Governor in Council, enter into agreements or arrangements with the government of any province

    • (i) to facilitate the administration or enforcement of this Act or to provide for administrative fees, and

    • (ii) to harmonize and administer federal and provincial financial assistance programs for students.

Marginal note:Payment out of C.R.F.

 Any amount payable by the Minister under this Act, the regulations or an agreement or arrangement entered into under this Act, including any student loans to be advanced by the Minister, shall be paid out of the Consolidated Revenue Fund.

  • 1994, c. 28, s. 19
  • 2000, c. 14, s. 21

Marginal note:Chief Actuary to report

  •  (1) The Chief Actuary of the Office of the Superintendent of Financial Institutions shall, no later than July 31, 2009, prepare and submit to the Minister a report on financial assistance provided under this Act in the loan year that ended on July 31, 2008.

  • Marginal note:Subsequent reports

    (2) The Chief Actuary shall, no later than three years after the end of the loan year during which he or she previously submitted a report to the Minister under subsection (1) or under this subsection, prepare and submit to the Minister a subsequent report on financial assistance provided under this Act in the loan year or years since the last loan year covered by the previous report. The report shall cover a period that ends on the end of the loan year that precedes the submission of the report.

  • Marginal note:Contents of report

    (3) The Chief Actuary shall include the following in a report made under this section:

    • (a) an actuarial estimate of the current costs of financial assistance provided under this Act, and of revenues from that assistance;

    • (b) an actuarial forecast of the costs of financial assistance that is to be provided under this Act for the 25 years that follow the last loan year that is covered by the report, and of revenues from that assistance; and

    • (c) an explanation of all of the actuarial and economic assumptions and the actuarial methodology used in the preparation of the report.

  • Marginal note:Report to be laid before Parliament

    (4) The Minister shall cause the report to be laid before the Senate and the House of Commons on the day after the day on which the report is submitted or, if that House is not then sitting, on any of the first 15 days afterwards that it is sitting.

  • 2009, c. 2, s. 364

Marginal note:Report to Parliament

  •  (1) The Minister shall, each calendar year, prepare a report with respect to the administration of this Act during the loan year that ended in the immediately preceding calendar year, and shall cause a copy of the report to be laid before each House of Parliament on any of the first fifteen days on which that House is sitting after the report is completed.

  • Marginal note:Interest rates

    (2) The Minister, with the concurrence of the Minister of Finance and subject to the approval of the Governor in Council, shall fix a rate of interest, or a manner of determining a rate of interest, for the purposes of paragraph (a) of the description of B in the definitions net costs and total program net costs in subsection 14(6).

  • 1994, c. 28, s. 20
  • 2003, c. 15, s. 12

Transitional Provisions

Marginal note:Interest-free period — loan to full-time student

  •  (1) If a borrower ceased to be a full-time student at any time during the six months before the day on which section 325 of the Budget Implementation Act, 2019, No. 1 comes into force, no interest is payable by them on a student loan referred to in paragraph 7(1)(a) for the period that begins on that day and ends on the last day of the sixth month after the month in which the borrower ceased to be a full-time student.

  • Marginal note:Interest-free period — loan to part-time student

    (2) If a borrower ceased to be a student, whether a part-time or full-time student, at any time during the six months before the day on which section 325 of the Budget Implementation Act, 2019, No. 1 comes into force, no interest is payable by them on a student loan referred to in paragraph 7(1)(b) for the period that begins on that day and ends on the last day of the sixth month after the month in which the borrower ceased to be a student, whether a part-time or full-time student.

  • 2019, c. 29, s. 326

Amendments to Canada Student Loans Act

 [Amendments]

Consequential Amendments

 [Amendments]

Coming into Force

Marginal note:Coming into force

Footnote * This Act or any provision of this Act shall come into force on a day or days to be fixed by order of the Governor in Council.

RELATED PROVISIONS

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