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Trademarks Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. T-13)

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Act current to 2019-06-20 and last amended on 2019-06-18. Previous Versions

Validity and Effect of Registration (continued)

Marginal note:Concurrent use of confusing marks

  •  (1) If, in any proceedings respecting a registered trademark the registration of which is entitled to the protection of subsection 17(2), it is made to appear to the Federal Court that one of the parties to the proceedings, other than the registered owner of the trademark, had in good faith used a confusing trademark or trade name in Canada before the filing date of the application for that registration, and the Court considers that it is not contrary to the public interest that the continued use of the confusing trademark or trade name should be permitted in a defined territorial area concurrently with the use of the registered trademark, the Court may, subject to any terms that it considers just, order that the other party may continue to use the confusing trademark or trade name within that area with an adequate specified distinction from the registered trademark.

  • Marginal note:Registration of order

    (2) The rights conferred by an order made under subsection (1) take effect only if, within three months from its date, the other party makes application to the Registrar to enter it on the register in connection with the registration of the registered trademark.

  • R.S., 1985, c. T-13, s. 21
  • 2014, c. 20, ss. 333(E), 361(E)

Marginal note:Depreciation of goodwill

  •  (1) No person shall use a trademark registered by another person in a manner that is likely to have the effect of depreciating the value of the goodwill attaching thereto.

  • Marginal note:Action

    (2) In any action in respect of a use of a trademark contrary to subsection (1), the court may decline to order the recovery of damages or profits and may permit the defendant to continue to sell goods bearing the trademark that were in the defendant’s possession or under their control at the time notice was given to them that the owner of the registered trademark complained of the use of the trademark.

  • R.S., 1985, c. T-13, s. 22
  • 2014, c. 20, s. 361(E), c. 32, ss. 23, 53

Certification Marks

Marginal note:Registration of certification marks

  •  (1) A certification mark may be adopted and registered only by a person who is not engaged in the manufacture, sale, leasing or hiring of goods or the performance of services such as those in association with which the certification mark is used or proposed to be used.

  • Marginal note:Licence

    (2) The owner of a certification mark may license others to use it in association with goods or services that meet the defined standard, and the use of the certification mark accordingly is deemed to be use by the owner.

  • Marginal note:Unauthorized use

    (3) The owner of a registered certification mark may prevent its use by unlicensed persons or in association with any goods or services in respect of which it is registered but to which the licence does not extend.

  • Marginal note:Action by unincorporated body

    (4) If the owner of a registered certification mark is an unincorporated body, any action or proceeding to prevent unauthorized use of the certification mark may be brought by any member of that body on behalf of themselves and all other members.

  • R.S., 1985, c. T-13, s. 23
  • 2014, c. 20, s. 334, c. 32, s. 53

Marginal note:Registration of trademark confusing with certification mark

 With the consent of the owner of a certification mark, a trademark confusing with the certification mark may, if it exhibits an appropriate difference, be registered by some other person to indicate that the goods or services in association with which it is used have been manufactured, sold, leased, hired or performed by him as one of the persons entitled to use the certification mark, but the registration thereof shall be expunged by the Registrar on the withdrawal at any time of the consent of the owner of the certification mark or on the cancellation of the registration of the certification mark.

  • R.S., 1985, c. T-13, s. 24
  • 2014, c. 20, ss. 335(F), 361(E), c. 32, ss. 25(F), 53(E)

Marginal note:Descriptive certification mark

 A certification mark that is descriptive of the place of origin of goods or services, and not confusing with any registered trademark, is registrable if the applicant is the administrative authority of a country, state, province or municipality that includes or forms part of the area indicated by the certification mark, or is a commercial association that has an office or representative in that area, but the owner of any certification mark registered under this section shall permit its use in association with any goods or services produced or performed in the area of which it is descriptive.

  • R.S., 1985, c. T-13, s. 25
  • 2014, c. 20, s. 336, c. 32, s. 26

Register of Trademarks

Marginal note:Register

  •  (1) There shall be kept under the supervision of the Registrar a register of trademarks and of transfers, disclaimers, amendments, judgments and orders relating to each registered trademark.

  • Marginal note:Information to be shown

    (2) The register shall show, with reference to each registered trademark, the following:

    • (a) the date of registration;

    • (b) a summary of the application for registration;

    • (c) a summary of all documents deposited with the application or subsequently thereto and affecting the rights to the trademark;

    • (d) particulars of each renewal;

    • (e) particulars of each change of name and address;

    • (e.1) the names of the goods or services in respect of which the trademark is registered, grouped according to the classes of the Nice Classification, each group being preceded by the number of the class of the Nice Classification to which that group of goods or services belongs and presented in the order of the classes of the Nice Classification; and

    • (f) such other particulars as this Act or the regulations require to be entered thereon.

  • R.S., 1985, c. T-13, s. 26
  • 1993, c. 15, s. 61
  • 2014, c. 20, ss. 337, 361(E), c. 32, s. 27

Marginal note:Register under Unfair Competition Act

  •  (1) The register kept under the Unfair Competition Act, chapter 274 of the Revised Statutes of Canada, 1952, forms part of the register kept under this Act and, subject to subsection 44(2), no entry made therein, if properly made according to the law in force at the time it was made, is subject to be expunged or amended only because it might not properly have been made pursuant to this Act.

  • Marginal note:Trademarks registered before Unfair Competition Act

    (2) Trademarks on the register on September 1, 1932 shall be treated as design marks or word marks as defined in the Unfair Competition Act, chapter 274 of the Revised Statutes of Canada, 1952, according to the following rules:

    • (a) any trademark consisting only of words or numerals or both without any indication of a special form or appearance shall be deemed to be a word mark;

    • (b) any other trademark consisting only of words or numerals or both shall be deemed to be a word mark if at the date of its registration the words or numerals or both would have been registrable independently of any defined special form or appearance and shall also be deemed to be a design mark for reading matter presenting the special form or appearance defined;

    • (c) any trademark including words or numerals or both in combination with other features shall be deemed

      • (i) to be a design mark having the features described in the application therefor but without any meaning being attributed to the words or numerals, and

      • (ii) to be a word mark if and so far as it would at the date of registration have been registrable independently of any defined form or appearance and without being combined with any other feature; and

    • (d) any other trademark shall be deemed to be a design mark having the features described in the application therefor.

  • Marginal note:Trademarks registered under Unfair Competition Act

    (3) Trademarks registered under the Unfair Competition Act, chapter 274 of the Revised Statutes of Canada, 1952, shall, in accordance with their registration, continue to be treated as design marks or word marks as defined in that Act.

  • R.S., 1985, c. T-13, s. 27
  • 2014, c. 20, s. 361(E)

Marginal note:List of trademark agents

 There shall be kept under the supervision of the Registrar a list of trademark agents, which shall include the names of all persons and firms entitled to represent applicants and others, including the registered owner of a trademark and parties to the proceedings under sections 38 and 45, in all business before the Office of the Registrar of Trademarks.

  • R.S., 1985, c. T-13, s. 28
  • 1993, c. 15, s. 62
  • 2014, c. 20, s. 338, c. 32, s. 28

Marginal note:Available to public

  •  (1) The following shall be made available to the public at the times and in the manner established by the Registrar:

    • (a) the register;

    • (b) all applications for the registration of a trademark, including those abandoned;

    • (c) the list of trademark agents;

    • (d) the list of geographical indications kept under subsection 11.12(1);

    • (e) all requests made under paragraph 9(1)(n); and

    • (f) all documents filed with the Registrar relating to a registered trademark, an application for the registration of a trademark, a request under paragraph 9(1)(n) and objection proceedings under section 11.13.

  • Marginal note:Certified copies

    (2) The Registrar shall, on request and on payment of the prescribed fee, furnish a copy certified by the Registrar of any entry in the register or lists, or of any of those applications, requests or documents.

  • R.S., 1985, c. T-13, s. 29
  • 1993, c. 15, s. 63
  • 1994, c. 47, s. 197
  • 2014, c. 20, s. 361(E), c. 32, s. 28
 
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