Tax Court of Canada Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. T-2)

Act current to 2019-06-20 and last amended on 2018-06-21. Previous Versions

Tax Court of Canada Act

R.S.C., 1985, c. T-2

An Act respecting the Tax Court of Canada

Short Title

Marginal note:Short title

 This Act may be cited as the Tax Court of Canada Act.

  • 1980-81-82-83, c. 158, s. 1

Interpretation

Marginal note:Definitions

 In this Act,

Associate Chief Judge

Associate Chief Judge[Repealed, 2002, c. 8, s. 59]

Associate Chief Justice

Associate Chief Justice means the Associate Chief Justice of the Court; (juge en chef adjoint)

Chief Judge

Chief Judge[Repealed, 2002, c. 8, s. 59]

Chief Justice

Chief Justice means the Chief Justice of the Court; (juge en chef)

Court

Court means the Tax Court of Canada; (Cour)

judge

judge means a judge of the Court and, unless the context otherwise requires, includes the Chief Justice and Associate Chief Justice; (juge)

Registry

Registry means a registry established by the Chief Administrator of the Courts Administration Service pursuant to the Courts Administration Service Act for the purposes of this Act. (greffe)

  • R.S., 1985, c. T-2, s. 2
  • 2002, c. 8, s. 59

Marginal note:Interpretation

 For the purposes of this Act, the aggregate of all amounts means the total of all amounts assessed or determined by the Minister of National Revenue under the Income Tax Act, but does not include any amount of interest or any amount of loss determined by that Minister.

  • R.S., 1985, c. 51 (4th Supp.), s. 1

Marginal note:Idem

  •  (1) For the purposes of this Act, the aggregate of supplies for the prior fiscal year of a person means the total value of all supplies, within the meaning of Part IX of the Excise Tax Act, made by the person in the last complete fiscal year, within the meaning of that Part, that ended at least six months before the day the notice of appeal for a particular appeal of that person was filed.

  • Marginal note:Definition of amount in dispute

    (2) For the purposes of this Act, the amount in dispute in an appeal means

    • (a ) in the case of an appeal under Part V.1 of the Customs Act , the total of all amounts assessed by the Minister of National Revenue under section 97.44 of that Act;

    • (b) in the case of an appeal under the Excise Act, 2001,

      • (i) the amount of duty, refund or relief that is in issue in the appeal,

      • (ii) any interest under that Act that is in issue in the appeal, and

      • (iii) any amount of duty, refund or relief under that Act, that is likely to be affected by the appeal in any other appeal, assessment or proposed assessment of the person who has brought the appeal; and

    • (c) in the case of an appeal under Part IX of the Excise Tax Act,

      • (i) the amount of tax, net tax and rebate, within the meaning of that Part, that is in issue in the appeal,

      • (ii) any penalty under that Part that is in issue in the appeal, and

      • (iii) any amount of tax, net tax or rebate, within the meaning of that Part, that is likely to be affected by the appeal in any other appeal, assessment or proposed assessment of the person who has brought the appeal.

  • 1990, c. 45, s. 55
  • 2001, c. 25, s. 100
  • 2002, c. 22, ss. 397, 408
  • 2013, c. 33, s. 22

The Court

Marginal note:Tax Court of Canada continued

 The Tax Court of Canada is continued under the name of the Tax Court of Canada as a superior court of record.

  • R.S., 1985, c. T-2, s. 3
  • 2002, c. 8, s. 60

The Judges

Marginal note:Constitution of Court

  •  (1) The Tax Court of Canada shall consist of the following judges:

    • (a) a chief justice called the Chief Justice of the Tax Court of Canada;

    • (b) an associate chief justice called the Associate Chief Justice of the Tax Court of Canada; and

    • (c) not more than twenty other judges.

  • Marginal note:Appointment of judges

    (2) The judges of the Court shall be appointed by the Governor in Council by commission under the Great Seal.

  • Marginal note:Who may be appointed judge

    (3) Subject to subsection (4), any person may be appointed a judge of the Court who

    • (a) is or has been a judge of a superior court in Canada;

    • (b) is or has been a barrister or advocate of at least ten years standing at the bar of any province, or

    • (c) has, for an aggregate of at least ten years,

      • (i) been a barrister or advocate at the bar of any province, and

      • (ii) after becoming a barrister or advocate at the bar of any province, exercised powers and performed duties and functions of a judicial nature on a full-time basis in respect of a position held pursuant to a law of Canada or a province.

  • Marginal note:Chief Justice or Associate Chief Justice to be from Quebec

    (4) Either the Chief Justice or the Associate Chief Justice shall be a person who is or was a member of the bar of the Province of Quebec.

  • R.S., 1985, c. T-2, s. 4
  • R.S., 1985, c. 51 (4th Supp.), s. 2
  • 1990, c. 45, s. 56
  • 1996, c. 22, s. 3
  • 2002, c. 8, s. 61

Marginal note:Chief Justice and Associate Chief Justice to have rank and precedence over all judges

  •  (1) The Chief Justice, and after the Chief Justice the Associate Chief Justice, has rank and precedence over all the other judges.

  • Marginal note:Rank and precedence among other judges

    (2) The other judges have rank and precedence after the Chief Justice and the Associate Chief Justice and among themselves according to seniority determined by reference to the respective times when they became judges of the Court or members of the Tax Review Board.

  • Marginal note:Incapacity of Chief Justice, etc.

    (3) If the office of Chief Justice is vacant, or the Chief Justice is for any reason unable to act, the powers of the Chief Justice shall be exercised and the duties of the Chief Justice shall be performed

    • (a) by the Associate Chief Justice;

    • (b) in the event of the incapacity of the Associate Chief Justice or if the office of Associate Chief Justice is vacant, by a judge designated by the Chief Justice for that purpose; or

    • (c) in the event of the incapacity of the judge referred to in paragraph (b), or if the Chief Justice has not designated a judge under that paragraph, by the senior judge who is in Canada and is able and willing to act and who has not elected to hold office as a supernumerary judge under section 28 of the Judges Act.

  • R.S., 1985, c. T-2, s. 5
  • R.S., 1985, c. 51 (4th Supp.), s. 3
  • 2002, c. 8, s. 62

Marginal note:Residence of judges

  •  (1) A judge shall reside in the National Capital Region described in the schedule to the National Capital Act or within forty kilometres thereof.

  • (2) [Repealed, 2002, c. 8, s. 63]

  • R.S., 1985, c. T-2, s. 6
  • 2002, c. 8, s. 63

Marginal note:Tenure of office

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), a judge holds office during good behaviour, but is removable by the Governor General on address of the Senate and House of Commons.

  • Marginal note:Cessation of office

    (2) A judge shall cease to hold office on attaining the age of seventy-five years.

  • Marginal note:Transitional

    (3) A judge of the Court who holds office on March 1, 1987 may retire at the age of seventy years.

  • R.S., 1985, c. T-2, s. 7
  • R.S., 1985, c. 16 (3rd Supp.), s. 8

Marginal note:Oath of office

  •  (1) Every judge shall, before entering on the duties of their office, take an oath that they will duly and faithfully, and to the best of their skill and knowledge, execute the powers and trusts reposed in them as a judge of the Court.

  • Marginal note:How administered

    (2) The oath referred to in subsection (1) shall be administered to the Chief Justice before the Governor General, and to the other judges by the Chief Justice or, in the absence or incapacity of the Chief Justice, by any other judge.

  • R.S., 1985, c. T-2, s. 8
  • 2002, c. 8, s. 64

Marginal note:Deputy judges of the Court

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (3), any judge or former judge of a superior court in Canada or any judge or former judge of any other court who was appointed under an Act of the legislature of a province may, at the request of the Chief Justice made with the approval of the Governor in Council, act as a judge of the Court and while so acting has all the powers of a judge of the Court and shall be referred to as a deputy judge of the Court.

  • Marginal note:Consent required

    (2) No request may be made under subsection (1) to a judge of a court in a province without the consent of the chief justice or chief judge of the court of which he or she is a member, or of the attorney general of the province.

  • Marginal note:Approval of Governor in Council

    (3) The Governor in Council may approve the making of requests pursuant to subsection (1) in general terms or for particular periods or purposes, and may limit the number of persons who may act under this section.

  • Marginal note:Salary

    (4) A person who acts as a judge for a period under subsection (1) shall be paid a salary for the period at the rate fixed by the Judges Act for a judge of the Court, other than the Chief Justice or the Associate Chief Justice, less any amount otherwise payable to the person under that Act in respect of the period, and shall also be paid the travel allowances that a judge is entitled to be paid under that Act.

  • R.S., 1985, c. T-2, s. 9
  • 1998, c. 19, s. 289
  • 2002, c. 8, ss. 65, 81(E)

Marginal note:Supernumerary judges

 For each office of judge there shall be the additional office of supernumerary judge that a judge of the Court may elect under the Judges Act to hold.

  • 1980-81-82-83, c. 158, s. 10

Marginal note:Additional office of judge

 For each of the offices of Chief Justice and Associate Chief Justice, there shall be an additional office of judge that the Chief Justice or Associate Chief Justice, respectively, may elect under the Judges Act to hold.

  • R.S., 1985, c. T-2, s. 11
  • 2002, c. 8, s. 66(E)

Jurisdiction and Powers of the Court

Marginal note:Jurisdiction

  • R.S., 1985, c. T-2, s. 12
  • R.S., 1985, c. 51 (4th Supp.), s. 4
  • 1990, c. 45, s. 57
  • 1991, c. 49, s. 221
  • 1992, c. 24, s. 18
  • 1995, c. 18, s. 98, c. 38, s. 6
  • 1996, c. 23, ss. 187, 188
  • 1998, c. 19, s. 290
  • 1999, c. 10, s. 46
  • 2001, c. 25, s. 101
  • 2002, c. 9, ss. 6, 10, c. 22, ss. 398, 408
  • 2005, c. 19, s. 61
  • 2006, c. 11, s. 27, c. 13, s. 121
  • 2018, c. 12, s. 189

Marginal note:Contempt against Court

 The Court has the power, jurisdiction and authority to deal with and impose punishment for contempt against the Court, whether or not committed in the face of the Court.

  • R.S., 1985, c. T-2, s. 13
  • 2002, c. 8, s. 67

Proceedings Before the Court

Marginal note:Sittings

  •  (1) Subject to the rules of Court, any judge may sit and act at any time and at any place in Canada for the transaction of the business of the Court, and, where the judge so sits or acts, that judge constitutes the Court.

  • Marginal note:Arrangements to be made by Chief Justice

    (2) Subject to the rules of Court, all arrangements that may be necessary or proper for the transaction of the business of the Court and the assignment from time to time of judges to transact that business shall be made by the Chief Justice.

  • Marginal note:Hearing in different places

    (3) A proceeding before the Court may, by order of the Court, be heard partly at one place and partly at another.

  • R.S., 1985, c. T-2, s. 14
  • R.S., 1985, c. 51 (4th Supp.), s. 5
  • 2002, c. 8, s. 68(E)

Marginal note:Police force

 Any services or assistance in connection with the conduct of the Court’s hearings, the security of the Court and its premises and of staff of the Courts Administration Service that may, having regard to the circumstances, be found necessary shall be provided, at the request of the Chief Justice, by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police or any other police force that the Governor in Council may designate.

  • R.S., 1985, c. 51 (4th Supp.), s. 5
  • 2002, c. 8, s. 69

Marginal note:Time limits and holidays

 Where the time limited for the doing of a thing under this Act expires or falls on a holiday or a Saturday, the thing may be done on the day next following that is not a holiday or Saturday.

  • R.S., 1985, c. T-2, s. 15
  • R.S., 1985, c. 51 (4th Supp.), s. 5

Marginal note:Giving of judgment after judge ceases to hold office

 If a judge resigns or is appointed to another court or otherwise ceases to hold office, the judge may, at the request of the Chief Justice, at any time within eight weeks after that event, give judgment in any matter previously tried by or heard before the judge as if he or she had continued in office.

  • R.S., 1985, c. T-2, s. 16
  • R.S., 1985, c. 48 (1st Supp.), s. 1, c. 51 (4th Supp.), s. 5
  • 2002, c. 8, s. 70(E)

Marginal note:Hearings in camera

 A hearing before the Court may, on the application of any party to a proceeding, other than Her Majesty in right of Canada or a Minister of the Crown, be held in camera if it is established to the satisfaction of the Court that the circumstances of the case justify in camera proceedings.

  • R.S., 1985, c. 51 (4th Supp.), s. 5

Marginal note:Discontinuance

  •  (1) A party who instituted a proceeding in the Court may, at any time, discontinue that proceeding by written notice.

  • Marginal note:Effect of discontinuance

    (2) Where a proceeding is discontinued under subsection (1), it is deemed to be dismissed as of the day on which the Court receives the written notice.

  • R.S., 1985, c. 51 (4th Supp.), s. 5

Marginal note:Costs against the Crown to be paid out of Consolidated Revenue Fund

 There shall be paid out of the Consolidated Revenue Fund any costs awarded to any person against the Crown in any proceedings in the Court.

  • R.S., 1985, c. 51 (4th Supp.), s. 5

General Procedure

Marginal note:Application

 Subject to sections 18 and 18.29 to 18.33, the provisions of sections 17.1 to 17.8 apply in respect of any proceedings over which the Court has jurisdiction.

  • R.S., 1985, c. T-2, s. 17
  • R.S., 1985, c. 51 (4th Supp.), s. 5

Marginal note:Right to appear

  •  (1) A party to a proceeding in respect of which this section applies may appear in person or be represented by counsel, but where the party wishes to be represented by counsel, only a person who is referred to in subsection (2) shall represent the party.

  • Marginal note:Officers of the Court

    (2) Every person who may practise as a barrister, advocate, attorney or solicitor in any of the provinces may so practise in the Court and is an officer of the Court.

  • R.S., 1985, c. 51 (4th Supp.), s. 5

Marginal note:How proceeding instituted

  •  (1) Unless the Act under which the proceeding arises provides otherwise, a proceeding in respect of which this section applies shall be instituted by filing an originating document in the form and manner set out in the rules of Court and by paying, in accordance with the rules, any required filing fee.

  • Marginal note:Filing date

    (2) An originating document is deemed to be filed on the day on which it is received by the Registry of the Court.

  • Marginal note:Service of originating document

    (3) After the proceeding has been instituted, an officer of the Registry of the Court shall, on behalf of the party who instituted the proceeding and in accordance with the rules of the Court, serve the originating document without delay on Her Majesty in right of Canada by transmitting a copy to the office of the Deputy Attorney General of Canada.

  • Marginal note:Certificate

    (4) An officer of the Registry of the Court shall, in accordance with the rules of the Court, deliver or forward to the party who instituted the proceeding a certificate indicating the date of filing of the originating document and the date of service on Her Majesty in right of Canada.

  • Marginal note:Certificate to be evidence

    (5) A certificate is evidence of the dates of filing and service.

  • R.S., 1985, c. 51 (4th Supp.), s. 5
  • 1998, c. 19, s. 291
  • 2006, c. 11, s. 28

Marginal note:Examinations for discovery — Income Tax Act

  •  (1) If the aggregate of all amounts in issue in an appeal under the Income Tax Act is $50,000 or less, or if the amount of the loss that is determined under subsection 152(1.1) of that Act and that is in issue is $100,000 or less, an oral examination for discovery is not to be held unless the parties consent to it or unless one of the parties applies for it and the Court is of the opinion that the case could not properly be conducted without that examination for discovery.

  • Marginal note:Examinations for discovery — Excise Tax Act

    (2) If the amount in dispute in an appeal under Part IX of the Excise Tax Act is $50,000 or less, an oral examination for discovery is not to be held unless the parties consent to it or unless one of the parties applies for it and the Court is of the opinion that the case could not properly be conducted without that examination for discovery.

  • Marginal note:Consideration on application

    (3) In considering an application under subsection (1) or (2), the Court may consider the extent to which the appeal is likely to affect any other appeal of the party who instituted the appeal or relates to an issue that is common to a group or class of persons.

  • Marginal note:Mandatory examination

    (4) The Court shall order an oral examination for discovery in an appeal referred to in subsection (1) or (2), on the request of one of the parties, if the party making the request agrees to submit to an oral examination for discovery by the other party and to pay the costs in respect of that examination for discovery of that other party in accordance with the tariff of costs set out in the rules of Court.

  • R.S., 1985, c. 51 (4th Supp.), s. 5
  • 1993, c. 27, s. 216
  • 2013, c. 33, s. 23

Marginal note:Judgment shall be mailed

 When the Court has rendered its judgment in a proceeding in respect of which this section applies, a copy of the judgment and any written reasons for it shall be sent to each party to the proceeding.

  • R.S., 1985, c. 51 (4th Supp.), s. 5
  • 2002, c. 8, s. 71

Marginal note:Costs adjudged to Her Majesty in right of Canada

  •  (1) In a proceeding in respect of which this section applies, costs adjudged to Her Majesty in right of Canada shall not be disallowed or reduced on taxation by reason only that counsel who earned the costs, or in respect of whose services the costs are charged, was a salaried officer of Her Majesty in right of Canada performing those services in the discharge of that counsel’s duty and remunerated therefor by salary, or for that or any other reason was not entitled to recover any costs from Her Majesty in right of Canada in respect of the services so rendered.

  • Marginal note:Amounts to Receiver General

    (2) Any money or costs awarded to Her Majesty in right of Canada in a proceeding in respect of which this section applies shall be paid to the Receiver General.

  • R.S., 1985, c. 51 (4th Supp.), s. 5

Marginal note:Appeals to Federal Court of Appeal

 An appeal from a judgment of the Court in a proceeding in respect of which this section applies lies to the Federal Court of Appeal in accordance with section 27 of the Federal Courts Act.

  • R.S., 1985, c. 51 (4th Supp.), s. 5
  • 2002, c. 8, s. 72

Marginal note:Procedure

 A party wishing to appeal to the Federal Court of Appeal from a judgment of the Court in a proceeding in respect of which this section applies shall give notice of appeal to the Registry of the Federal Court of Appeal and all provisions of the Federal Courts Act and the rules made under that Act governing appeals to the Federal Court of Appeal apply, with any modifications that the circumstances require, in respect of the appeal.

  • R.S., 1985, c. 51 (4th Supp.), s. 5
  • 2002, c. 8, s. 72

Marginal note:Fees to be paid to Receiver General

 All fees payable to the Registry under this Act in respect of any proceeding in respect of which this section applies shall be paid into the Consolidated Revenue Fund, except that where the Minister of Justice has entered into an arrangement whereby such fees are collected by an official of a provincial court, the fees so collected may be dealt with in accordance with the arrangement.

  • R.S., 1985, c. 51 (4th Supp.), s. 5

Informal Procedure

Marginal note:Application — Income Tax Act

  •  (1) The provisions of sections 18.1 to 18.28 apply in respect of appeals under the Income Tax Act where a taxpayer has so elected in the taxpayer’s notice of appeal or at such later time as may be provided in the rules of Court, and

    • (a) the aggregate of all amounts in issue is equal to or less than $25,000; or

    • (b) the amount of the loss that is determined under subsection 152(1.1) of that Act and that is in issue is equal to or less than $50,000.

  • Marginal note:Other appeals — Income Tax Act

    (2) The provisions of sections 18.1 to 18.28 also apply in respect of an appeal, on a taxpayer’s election in the taxpayer’s notice of appeal or at any later time as may be provided in the rules of the Court, if the only subject-matter of the appeal is

    • (a) an amount of interest assessed under the Income Tax Act; or

    • (b) the validity of a suspension referred to in subsection 188.2(2) of that Act.

  • R.S., 1985, c. T-2, s. 18
  • R.S., 1985, c. 51 (4th Supp.), s. 5
  • SOR/93-295, ss. 3, 4
  • 2005, c. 19, s. 62
  • 2013, c. 33, s. 24

Marginal note:Limit

 Every judgment that allows an appeal referred to in subsection 18(1) is deemed to include a statement that the aggregate of all amounts in issue not be reduced by more than $25,000 or that the amount of the loss in issue not be increased by more than $50,000, as the case may be.

  • R.S., 1985, c. 51 (4th Supp.), s. 5
  • SOR/93-295, ss. 3, 4
  • 2013, c. 33, s. 25

Marginal note:General procedure to apply

  •  (1) The Court may order, on application of the Attorney General of Canada, that sections 17.1 to 17.8 apply in respect of an appeal referred to in section 18.

  • Marginal note:When Court must order that general procedure apply

    (2) The Court shall grant an application under subsection (1) where

    • (a) the outcome of the appeal is likely to affect

      • (i) any other appeal of the appellant, or

      • (ii) any other assessment or proposed assessment of the appellant, whether or not that assessment or proposed assessment relates to the same taxation year; and

    • (b) the aggregate of all amounts

      • (i) in issue in the appeal,

      • (ii) likely to be affected in the other appeal referred to in subparagraph (a)(i), and

      • (iii) likely to be affected in the other assessment or proposed assessment referred to in subparagraph (a)(ii),

      exceeds $25,000.

  • Marginal note:General procedure applies — interest exceeding $25,000

    (3) The Court shall grant an application under subsection (1) if the amount of interest that is in issue in an appeal exceeds $25,000.

  • Marginal note:Interest accruing

    (4) For the purpose of calculating the amount of interest in issue for the purpose of subsection (3), no account shall be taken of any interest that accrues after the date of the notice of assessment that is the subject-matter of the appeal.

  • Marginal note:Test case

    (5) The Court shall grant an application under subsection (1) where it is of the opinion that the issue that is the subject-matter of the appeal is common to a group or class of persons.

  • Marginal note:Costs

    (6) The Court may, on making an order under subsection (1), other than an order granting an application pursuant to subsection (2) or (3), order that all reasonable and proper costs of the appellant be borne by Her Majesty in right of Canada.

  • R.S., 1985, c. 51 (4th Supp.), s. 5
  • 1993, c. 27, s. 217
  • SOR/93-295, s. 3
  • 2013, c. 33, s. 26

Marginal note:Order for general procedure

  •  (1) The Court shall order that sections 17.1 to 17.8 apply in respect of an appeal referred to in subsection 18(1) if, before the start of the hearing of the appeal, it appears to the Court that

    • (a) the aggregate of all amounts in issue exceeds $25,000; or

    • (b) the amount of the loss in issue exceeds $50,000.

  • Marginal note:Limitation

    (2) Subsection (1) does not apply if the appellant elects to limit the aggregate of all amounts in issue to $25,000 or the amount of the loss in issue to $50,000, as the case may be.

  • R.S., 1985, c. 51 (4th Supp.), s. 5
  • SOR/93-295, ss. 3, 4
  • 2013, c. 33, s. 27

Marginal note:Order at hearing

  •  (1) The Court shall, on motion of either party or of its own motion, order that sections 17.1 to 17.8 apply with respect to an appeal referred to in subsection 18(1) if, after the hearing of the appeal has started but before a judgment is rendered on the appeal, it appears to the Court that

    • (a) the aggregate of all amounts in issue exceeds $25,000; or

    • (b) the amount of loss in issue exceeds $50,000.

  • Marginal note:Limitation

    (2) Subsection (1) does not apply if

    • (a) the appellant elects to limit the aggregate of all amounts in issue to $25,000 or the amount of the loss in issue to $50,000, as the case may be; or

    • (b) the amount of the excess is too small to justify a re-hearing in accordance with the general procedure, taking into account the inconvenience and expense that would result to the parties and the interests of justice and fairness.

  • R.S., 1985, c. 51 (4th Supp.), s. 5
  • SOR/93-295, ss. 3, 4
  • 2013, c. 33, s. 27

Marginal note:Right to appear

 All parties to an appeal referred to in section 18 may appear in person or may be represented by counsel or an agent.

  • R.S., 1985, c. 51 (4th Supp.), s. 5

Marginal note:How proceeding instituted

  •  (1) An appeal referred to in section 18 shall be instituted by filing an originating document with the Registry of the Court in the manner set out in the rules of Court and by paying, in accordance with the rules, any required filing fee. The document shall set out, in general terms, the reasons for the appeal and the relevant facts, but no special form is required unless the Act under which the appeal arises provides otherwise.

  • Marginal note:Filing date

    (2) An originating document is deemed to be filed on the day on which it is received by the Registry of the Court.

  • Marginal note:Hearing

    (3) Notwithstanding the provisions of the Act under which the appeal arises, the Court is not bound by any legal or technical rules of evidence in conducting a hearing and the appeal shall be dealt with by the Court as informally and expeditiously as the circumstances and considerations of fairness permit.

  • R.S., 1985, c. 51 (4th Supp.), s. 5
  • 1998, c. 19, s. 292
  • 2006, c. 11, s. 29

Marginal note:Time limit for reply to notice of appeal

  •  (1) The Minister of National Revenue shall file a reply to a notice of appeal within sixty days after the day on which the Registry of the Court transmits to that Minister the notice of appeal unless the appellant consents, before or after the expiration of the sixty day period, to the filing of that reply after the sixty day period or the Court allows the Minister, on application made before or after the expiration of the sixty day period, to file the reply after that period.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (2) Notwithstanding subsection (1), where an application is made pursuant to subsection 18.11(1) to have an appeal heard in accordance with the general procedure, the Minister of National Revenue need not file a reply to the notice of appeal until the Court decides which procedure applies in respect of the appeal.

  • Marginal note:Time after refusal

    (3) Where the Court dismisses an application referred to in subsection (2), the Minister of National Revenue shall file a reply to a notice of appeal on or before the later of

    • (a) a day that is sixty days after the day on which the Registry of the Court transmits to that Minister the notice of appeal, and

    • (b) a day that is thirty days after the day the written judgment dismissing the application is received by the Minister from the Registry of the Court,

    unless the appellant consents, before or after the time referred to in paragraph (a) or (b), to the filing of the reply at a later date or the Court allows the Minister, on application made before or after the time referred to in paragraph (a) or (b), to file the reply after that time.

  • Marginal note:Where reply not filed in time

    (4) The Minister of National Revenue may file a reply to a notice of appeal after the period limited under subsection (1) or (3), as the case may be, and where that Minister files the reply after that period or after the extension of time consented to by the appellant or granted by the Court, the allegations of fact contained in the notice of appeal are presumed to be true for the purposes of the appeal.

  • Marginal note:Interpretation

    (5) The Minister of National Revenue may file a reply to a notice of appeal by mail and any such reply filed by mail shall be deemed to have been filed on the day on which it is mailed.

  • R.S., 1985, c. 51 (4th Supp.), s. 5
  • 1993, c. 27, s. 218

Marginal note:Time for hearing

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (1.1), the Court shall fix a date for the hearing of an appeal referred to in section 18 that is not later than one hundred and eighty days or, where the Court is of the opinion that it would be impracticable in the circumstances to fix a date for the hearing of the appeal within that period, three hundred and sixty-five days after the last day on which the Minister of National Revenue must file a reply to the notice of appeal pursuant to subsection 18.16(1) or (3).

  • Marginal note:Exceptional circumstances

    (1.1) The Court may, in exceptional circumstances, fix a date for the hearing of an appeal referred to in section 18 at any time after the periods referred to in subsection (1).

  • Marginal note:Request for time extension

    (2) The Court may grant a request by a party to have an appeal heard after the date referred to in subsection (1) where the other parties consent thereto or where it would be appropriate to delay the hearing of the appeal until judgment has been rendered in another case before the Court or any other court in Canada in which the issue is the same or substantially the same as that raised in the appeal.

  • R.S., 1985, c. 51 (4th Supp.), s. 5
  • 1993, c. 27, s. 219

Marginal note:Periods excluded

  •  (1) For the purpose of calculating a time limit for the purpose of section 18.16, 18.17 or 18.22,

    • (a) the period beginning on December 21 in any year and ending on January 7 of the next year shall be excluded; and

    • (b) the period during which proceedings are stayed in accordance with subsection 239(4) of the Income Tax Act shall be excluded.

  • Marginal note:Calculation of time limits

    (2) For the purpose of calculating a time limit for the purposes of section 18.3003 or 18.3005, the following periods shall be excluded:

    • (a) the period beginning on December 21 in any year and ending on January 7 of the next year; and

    • (b) the period during which proceedings are stayed in accordance with subsection 106(3) of the Customs Act, subsection 219(3) of the Excise Act, 2001 or subsection 327(4) of the Excise Tax Act.

  • R.S., 1985, c. 51 (4th Supp.), s. 5
  • 1990, c. 45, s. 58
  • 2001, c. 25, s. 102
  • 2002, c. 22, ss. 399, 408

Marginal note:Notice of hearing

  •  (1) When the date of a hearing has been fixed, a copy of the notice of hearing shall, not later than thirty days before that date, be sent by registered mail to all parties, or served on all parties.

  • Marginal note:Waiver of notice

    (2) A party to an appeal may waive that party’s right to be notified of a hearing in accordance with subsection (1).

  • R.S., 1985, c. 51 (4th Supp.), s. 5
  • 2002, c. 8, s. 73

Marginal note:Adjournment

  •  (1) The Court shall adjourn the hearing of an appeal where, in the opinion of the Court, it would be impractical in all the circumstances to proceed on the day fixed for the hearing.

  • Marginal note:Request for adjournment

    (2) The Court may grant a request by a party to have the hearing of an appeal adjourned where the other parties consent thereto or where it would be appropriate to delay that hearing until judgment has been rendered in another case before the Court or before any other court in Canada in which the issue is the same or substantially the same as that raised in the appeal.

  • R.S., 1985, c. 51 (4th Supp.), s. 5

Marginal note:Failure to appear

  •  (1) Where an appellant does not appear on the day fixed for the hearing, or obtain an adjournment of the hearing, of an appeal, the Court shall, on application by the respondent and whether or not the appellant has received notice of the application, order that the appeal be dismissed, unless the Court is of the opinion that circumstances justify that the appeal be set down for hearing at a later date.

  • Marginal note:Application

    (2) An appellant whose appeal has been dismissed pursuant to subsection (1) may apply to have the order of dismissal set aside and the appeal set down for hearing.

  • Marginal note:Where order set aside

    (3) The Court may set aside an order of dismissal made under subsection (1) where

    • (a) it would have been unreasonable in all the circumstances for the appellant to have attended the hearing; and

    • (b) the appellant applied to have the order of dismissal set aside as soon as circumstances permitted the application to be brought but, in any event, not later than one hundred and eighty days after the day on which the order was mailed to the appellant.

  • R.S., 1985, c. 51 (4th Supp.), s. 5

Marginal note:Time for judgment

  •  (1) The Court shall, other than in exceptional circumstances, render judgment on an appeal referred to in section 18 not later than ninety days after the day on which the hearing is concluded.

  • Marginal note:Definition of exceptional circumstances

    (2) For the purposes of subsection (1), exceptional circumstances includes circumstances in which written material that the Court requires in order to render a judgment was not received in time to permit the Court to consider it and to render judgment within the time limit imposed by that subsection.

  • Marginal note:Copy of decision

    (3) On the disposition of an appeal referred to in section 18, a copy of the decision and written reasons for the decision, if any, shall be forwarded by registered mail to the Minister of National Revenue and to each party to the appeal.

  • R.S., 1985, c. 51 (4th Supp.), s. 5
  • 1993, c. 27, s. 220
  • 2002, c. 8, s. 74

Marginal note:Reasons for judgment

 The Court shall give reasons for its judgment but, except where the Court deems it advisable in a particular case to give reasons in writing, the reasons given by it need not be in writing.

  • R.S., 1985, c. 51 (4th Supp.), s. 5

Marginal note:Final judgment

 An appeal from a judgment of the Court in a proceeding in respect of which this section applies lies to the Federal Court of Appeal in accordance with section 27 of the Federal Courts Act.

  • R.S., 1985, c. 51 (4th Supp.), s. 5
  • 2002, c. 8, s. 75

Marginal note:Costs

 If the Minister of National Revenue appeals a judgment referred to in section 18.24, the reasonable and proper costs of the taxpayer in respect of the appeal shall be paid by Her Majesty in right of Canada.

  • R.S., 1985, c. 51 (4th Supp.), s. 5
  • 2002, c. 8, s. 75

Marginal note:Costs

  •  (1) The Court may, subject to the rules, award costs. In particular, the Court may award costs to the appellant if the judgment reduces the aggregate of all amounts in issue or the amount of interest in issue, or increases the amount of loss in issue, as the case may be, by more than one half.

  • Marginal note:Consideration of offers

    (2) The Court may, in deciding whether to award costs, consider any written offer of settlement made at any time after the notice of appeal is filed.

  • R.S., 1985, c. 51 (4th Supp.), s. 5
  • 1998, c. 19, s. 293
  • 2006, c. 11, s. 30

Marginal note:Regulations

 The Governor in Council may make regulations

  • (a) increasing the amount of $25,000 referred to in paragraph 18(1)(a), section 18.1, paragraph 18.11(2)(b), subsection 18.11(3), and sections 18.12 and 18.13 to any amount that does not exceed $50,000;

  • (b) increasing the amount of $50,000 referred to in paragraph 18(1)(b), and sections 18.1, 18.12 and 18.13 to any amount that does not exceed $100,000; and

  • (c) increasing the amount in dispute referred to in paragraphs 18.3002(3)(c) and 18.3008(c) and subparagraph 18.3009(1)(c)(i) to any amount that does not exceed $12,000.

  • R.S., 1985, c. 51 (4th Supp.), s. 5
  • 1990, c. 45, s. 59
  • 1998, c. 19, s. 294
  • 2006, c. 11, s. 31
  • 2013, c. 33, s. 28

Marginal note:No precedential value

 A judgment on an appeal referred to in section 18 shall not be treated as a precedent for any other case.

  • R.S., 1985, c. 51 (4th Supp.), s. 5

Marginal note:Other applications

  •  (1) The provisions of sections 18.14 and 18.15, other than the reference to filing fees, subsection 18.18(1), section 18.19, subsection 18.22(3) and sections 18.23 and 18.24 apply, with any modifications that the circumstances require, in respect of appeals arising under

  • Marginal note:Inconsistent provisions

    (2) Where an appeal arises out of one of the Acts referred to in subsection (1) and that Act contains a provision that is inconsistent with one of the provisions of this Act referred to in that subsection, the provision of the Act out of which the appeal arises prevails to the extent of the inconsistency.

  • Marginal note:Extension of time and postponements of suspensions

    (3) The provisions referred to in subsection (1) also apply, with any modifications that the circumstances require, in respect of applications for

  • Marginal note:Reasons for judgment — extensions of time and postponements

    (4) In respect of an application for an extension of time under the provisions referred to in paragraph (3)(a) or for a postponement referred in paragraph (3)(b), if either party to the application makes a request to the Court for reasons for its judgment, the Court shall give such reasons but those reasons need not be in writing.

  • R.S., 1985, c. 51 (4th Supp.), s. 5
  • 1990, c. 45, s. 60
  • 1991, c. 49, s. 222
  • 1992, c. 24, s. 19
  • 1993, c. 27, s. 221
  • 1994, c. 26, s. 67(E)
  • 1995, c. 18, s. 99, c. 38, s. 7
  • 1996, c. 23, s. 184
  • 1998, c. 19, s. 295
  • 1999, c. 10, s. 47
  • 2000, c. 30, s. 178
  • 2001, c. 25, s. 103
  • 2002, c. 9, ss. 7, 10, c. 22, ss. 400, 408
  • 2005, c. 19, s. 63
  • 2006, c. 11, s. 32, c. 13, s. 122
  • 2009, c. 33, s. 33
  • 2018, c. 12, s. 190

Marginal note:Further application

  •  (1) The provisions of subsection 18(2) and sections 18.1 to 18.28 apply, with such modifications as the circumstances require, in respect of appeals arising under the Petroleum and Gas Revenue Tax Act where the appellant has so elected in the appellant’s notice of appeal or at such later time as may be provided in the rules of Court and the amount of the tax and penalties in issue is equal to or less than $7,000.

  • Marginal note:Inconsistent provisions

    (2) Where a provision of the Petroleum and Gas Revenue Tax Act is inconsistent with one of the provisions of this Act referred to in subsection (1), the provision of the Petroleum and Gas Revenue Tax Act prevails to the extent of the inconsistency.

  • R.S., 1985, c. 51 (4th Supp.), s. 5

Marginal note:Application — Excise Act, 2001, Customs Act, and Excise Tax Act

 Subject to section 18.3002, this section and sections 18.3003, 18.3005 and 18.3008 to 18.302 apply, with any modifications that the circumstances require, to an appeal under

  • (a) the Excise Act, 2001 if

    • (i) a person has so elected in the notice of appeal for an appeal under that Act or at such later time as may be provided in the rules of Court, and

    • (ii) the amount in dispute does not exceed $25,000;

  • (b) Part V.1 of the Customs Act if a person has so elected in the notice of appeal for an appeal under that Act or at such later time as may be provided in the rules of Court; and

  • (c) Part IX of the Excise Tax Act if

    • (i) a person has so elected in the notice of appeal for an appeal under that Act or at such later time as may be provided in the rules of Court, and

    • (ii) the amount in dispute does not exceed $50,000.

  • 1990, c. 45, s. 61
  • 1998, c. 19, s. 296
  • 2001, c. 25, s. 104
  • 2002, c. 22, ss. 401, 408
  • 2013, c. 33, s. 29

Marginal note:Limit — Excise Act, 2001

 Every judgment that allows an appeal referred to in paragraph 18.3001(a) is deemed to include a statement that the amount in dispute not be reduced by more than $25,000.

  • 2013, c. 33, s. 29

Marginal note:Limit — Excise Tax Act

 Every judgment that allows an appeal referred to in paragraph 18.3001(c) is deemed to include a statement that the amount in dispute not be reduced by more than $50,000.

  • 2013, c. 33, s. 29

Marginal note:General procedure to apply

  •  (1) If the Attorney General of Canada so requests, the Court shall order that

    • (a) in the case of an appeal referred to in paragraph 18.3001(a) or (b), sections 17.1, 17.2 and 17.4 to 17.8 apply to an appeal in respect of which sections 18.3003, 18.3005 and 18.3008 to 18.302 would otherwise apply; and

    • (b) in the case of an appeal referred to in paragraph 18.3001(c), sections 17.1 to 17.8 apply to an appeal in respect of which sections 18.3003, 18.3005 and 18.3008 to 18.302 would otherwise apply.

  • Marginal note:Time for request

    (2) A request under subsection (1) shall not be made after sixty days after the day the Registry of the Court transmits to the Minister of National Revenue the notice of appeal unless

    • (a) the Court is satisfied that the Attorney General of Canada became aware of information that justifies the making of the request after the sixty days had elapsed or that the request is otherwise reasonable in the circumstances; or

    • (b) the person who has brought the appeal consents to the making of the request after the sixty days have elapsed.

  • Marginal note:Costs

    (3) The Court shall, on making an order under subsection (1), order that all reasonable and proper costs of the person who has brought the appeal be borne by Her Majesty in right of Canada where

    • (a) in the case of an appeal under Part V.1 of the Customs Act, the amount in dispute does not exceed $10,000;

    • (b) in the case of an appeal under the Excise Act, 2001, the total of sales by the person for the prior calendar year did not exceed $1,000,000; and

    • (c) in the case of an appeal under Part IX of the Excise Tax Act, the amount in dispute does not exceed $7,000 and the aggregate of supplies for the prior fiscal year of the person did not exceed $1,000,000.

  • 1990, c. 45, s. 61
  • 1998, c. 19, s. 297
  • 2001, c. 25, s. 105
  • 2002, c. 22, ss. 402, 408
  • 2013, c. 33, s. 30

Marginal note:Order for general procedure — Excise Act, 2001

 If, before the start of the hearing of an appeal referred to in paragraph 18.3001(a), it appears to the Court that the amount in dispute exceeds $25,000, the Court shall order that sections 17.1, 17.2 and 17.4 to 17.8 apply in respect of the appeal unless the appellant elects to limit the appeal to $25,000.

  • 2013, c. 33, s. 31

Marginal note:Order for general procedure — Excise Tax Act

 If, before the start of the hearing of an appeal referred to in paragraph 18.3001(c), it appears to the Court that the amount in dispute exceeds $50,000, the Court shall order that sections 17.1 to 17.8 apply in respect of the appeal unless the appellant elects to limit the appeal to $50,000.

  • 2013, c. 33, s. 31

Marginal note:Order at hearing — Excise Act, 2001

 If, after the hearing of an appeal referred to in paragraph 18.3001(a) has started but before a judgment is rendered on the appeal, it appears to the Court that the amount in dispute exceeds $25,000, the Court shall, on motion of either party or of its own motion, order that sections 17.1, 17.2 and 17.4 to 17.8 apply with respect to the appeal unless

  • (a) the appellant elects to limit the appeal to $25,000; or

  • (b) the amount of the excess is too small to justify a re-hearing in accordance with the general procedure, taking into account the inconvenience and expense that would result to the parties and the interests of justice and fairness.

  • 2013, c. 33, s. 31

Marginal note:Order at hearing — Excise Tax Act

 If, after the hearing of an appeal referred to in paragraph 18.3001(c) has started but before a judgment is rendered on the appeal, it appears to the Court that the amount in dispute exceeds $50,000, the Court shall, on motion of either party or of its own motion, order that sections 17.1 to 17.8 apply with respect to the appeal unless

  • (a) the appellant elects to limit the appeal to $50,000; or

  • (b) the amount of the excess is too small to justify a re-hearing in accordance with the general procedure, taking into account the inconvenience and expense that would result to the parties and the interests of justice and fairness.

  • 2013, c. 33, s. 31

Marginal note:Time limit for reply to notice of appeal

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), the Minister of National Revenue shall file a reply to a notice of appeal referred to in section 18.3001 within sixty days after the day the Registry of the Court transmits to that Minister the notice of appeal, unless the person who has brought the appeal consents, before or after the sixty day period has elapsed, to the filing of that reply after the expiration of those sixty days or the Court allows the Minister, on application made before or after the expiration of those sixty days, to file the reply after that period.

  • Marginal note:Where reply not filed in time

    (2) The Minister of National Revenue may file a reply to a notice of appeal after the period referred to in subsection (1) and, where the Minister does not file the reply within the sixty day period or within the extension of time consented to by the person who has brought the appeal or granted by the Court, the allegations of fact contained in the notice of appeal are presumed to be true for the purposes of the appeal.

  • 1990, c. 45, s. 61
  • 1993, c. 27, s. 222
  • 2001, c. 25, s. 106(E)

Marginal note:Time limit — general procedure

 Where the Court makes an order pursuant to subsection 18.3002(1) in respect of an appeal, or where the person who has brought the appeal has not made an election referred to in section 18.3001 in respect of the appeal, that person may consent to the filing of a reply by the Minister of National Revenue after the day the reply would otherwise be required to be filed.

  • 1990, c. 45, s. 61

Marginal note:Time for hearing

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), the Court shall fix a date for the hearing of an appeal referred to in section 18.3001 that is not later than one hundred and eighty days or, where the Court is of the opinion that it would be impracticable in the circumstances to fix a date for the hearing of the appeal within that period, three hundred and sixty-five days after the last day on which the Minister of National Revenue must file a reply to the notice of appeal pursuant to subsection 18.3003(1).

  • Marginal note:Exceptional circumstances

    (2) The Court may, in exceptional circumstances, fix a date for the hearing of an appeal referred to in section 18.3001 at any time after the periods referred to in subsection (1).

  • 1990, c. 45, s. 61
  • 1993, c. 27, s. 223

 [Repealed, 1993, c. 27, s. 223]

Marginal note:Costs

  •  (1) The Court may, if the circumstances so warrant, make no order as to costs or order that the person who brought the appeal be awarded costs, notwithstanding that under the rules of Court costs would be adjudged to Her Majesty in right of Canada, or make an order that person be awarded costs, notwithstanding that under the rules of Court no order as to costs would be made, if

    • (a) an order has been made under subsection 18.3002(1) in respect of the appeal;

    • (b) the appeal is not an appeal referred to in subsection 18.3002(3); and

    • (c) in the case of an appeal

      • (i) under Part V.1 of the Customs Act, the amount in dispute does not exceed $50,000,

      • (ii) under the Excise Act, 2001, the amount in dispute in the appeal does not exceed $50,000 and the aggregate of sales by the person for the prior calendar year did not exceed $6,000,000, or

      • (iii) under Part IX of the Excise Tax Act, the amount in dispute in the appeal does not exceed $50,000 and the aggregate of supplies for the prior fiscal year of the person did not exceed $6,000,000.

  • Marginal note:Time for order

    (2) Where costs are awarded under subsection (1), the award shall be made at the time of the order disposing of the appeal.

  • 1990, c. 45, s. 61
  • 2001, c. 25, s. 107
  • 2002, c. 22, ss. 403, 408

Marginal note:Costs on further appeal

 If a judgment on an appeal referred to in section 18.3001 is appealed by the Minister of National Revenue under section 27 of the Federal Courts Act, the reasonable and proper costs of the appeal under that section of the person who brought the appeal referred to in section 18.3001 shall be borne by Her Majesty in right of Canada if that appeal was an appeal for which

  • (a) in the case of an appeal under Part V.1 of the Customs Act, the amount in dispute does not exceed $10,000;

  • (b) in the case of an appeal under the Excise Act, 2001, the amount in dispute does not exceed $25,000 and the aggregate of sales by the person for the prior calendar year did not exceed $1,000,000; and

  • (c) in the case of an appeal under Part IX of the Excise Tax Act, the amount in dispute does not exceed $7,000 and the aggregate of supplies for the prior fiscal year of the person did not exceed $1,000,000.

  • 1990, c. 45, s. 61
  • 2001, c. 25, s. 108
  • 2002, c. 8, s. 76, c. 22, ss. 404, 408

Marginal note:Costs

  •  (1) In an appeal referred to in section 18.3001, the Court may, subject to the rules of Court, award costs. In particular, the Court may award costs to the person who brought the appeal if the judgment reduces the amount in dispute by more than one half and

    • (a) in the case of an appeal under Part V.1 of the Customs Act, the amount in dispute does not exceed $10,000;

    • (b) in the case of an appeal under the Excise Act, 2001

      • (i) the amount in dispute does not exceed $25,000, and

      • (ii) the total of sales by the person for the prior calendar year did not exceed $1,000,000; or

    • (c) in the case of an appeal under Part IX of the Excise Tax Act,

      • (i) the amount in dispute does not exceed $7,000, and

      • (ii) the aggregate of supplies for the prior fiscal year of the person did not exceed $1,000,000.

  • Marginal note:Consideration of offers

    (2) The Court may, in deciding under subsection (1) whether to award costs, consider any written offer of settlement made at any time after the notice of appeal is filed.

  • 1990, c. 45, s. 61
  • 1998, c. 19, s. 298
  • 2001, c. 25, s. 109
  • 2002, c. 22, ss. 405, 408
  • 2006, c. 11, s. 33

Marginal note:Interest accruing

 For the purpose of calculating the amount in dispute in an appeal, no account shall be taken of any interest that accrues after the date of the notice of assessment that is the subject-matter of the appeal.

  • 1990, c. 45, s. 61
  • 1993, c. 27, s. 224

Marginal note:Provisions to apply

 The provisions of sections 18.14 and 18.15, subsections 18.16(5) and 18.17(2) and sections 18.19 to 18.24 and 18.28 apply, with such modifications as the circumstances require, in respect of appeals referred to in section 18.3001.

  • 1993, c. 27, s. 224

References

Marginal note:General procedure

  • R.S., 1985, c. 51 (4th Supp.), s. 5
  • 1990, c. 45, s. 62
  • 2001, c. 25, s. 110
  • 2002, c. 9, ss. 8, 10, c. 22, ss. 406, 408
  • 2006, c. 13, s. 123
  • 2018, c. 12, s. 191

Marginal note:Idem

  •  (1) Where an application has been made under section 174 of the Income Tax Act for the determination of a question of law, fact or mixed law and fact in respect of two or more taxpayers, the application or determination of the question shall, subject to section 18.33, be determined in accordance with sections 17.1 to 17.8, with such modifications as the circumstances require.

  • Marginal note:Provisions applicable to determination of a question

    (2) If an application has been made under section 52 of the Air Travellers Security Charge Act, section 205 of the Excise Act, 2001, section 311 of the Excise Tax Act, section 122 of the Greenhouse Gas Pollution Pricing Act or section 63 of the Softwood Lumber Products Export Charge Act, 2006 for the determination of a question, the application or determination of the question must, subject to section 18.33, be determined in accordance with sections 17.1, 17.2 and 17.4 to 17.8, with any modifications that the circumstances require.

  • R.S., 1985, c. 51 (4th Supp.), s. 5
  • 1990, c. 45, s. 63
  • 2002, c. 9, ss. 9, 10, c. 22, s. 407
  • 2006, c. 13, s. 124
  • 2018, c. 12, s. 192

Marginal note:Request for informal procedure

  •  (1) The Attorney General of Canada or any taxpayer in respect of whom an application referred to in section 18.32 is made may request that sections 18.14 and 18.15, subsection 18.22(3) and sections 18.23 to 18.27 apply in respect of the application or determination of the question.

  • Marginal note:Consent — income tax cases

    (2) Where all parties to an application referred to in subsection 18.32(1) so agree and there is a taxpayer in respect of whom the application is made whose amount of tax and penalties in issue or amount of loss in issue does not exceed the amount referred to in paragraph 18(1)(a) or (b), as the case may be, the Court shall grant the request referred to in subsection (1).

  • Marginal note:Consent — excise tax cases

    (2.1) Where all parties to an application referred to in subsection 18.32(2) so agree, the Court shall grant the request referred to in subsection (1).

  • Marginal note:Granting of request — income tax cases

    (3) The Court may grant a request referred to in subsection (1) where it is of the opinion that the interests of justice would best be served by having the provisions referred to in that subsection apply in respect of the application referred to in subsection 18.32(1) and there is a taxpayer in respect of whom the application is made whose amount of tax and penalties in issue or amount of loss in issue does not exceed the amount referred to in paragraph 18(1)(a) or (b), as the case may be.

  • Marginal note:Effect of order

    (4) Where the Court grants a request referred to in subsection (1), sections 18.14 and 18.15, subsection 18.22(3) and sections 18.23 to 18.27 apply, with such modifications as the circumstances require, to the application or determination of the question.

  • Marginal note:Costs

    (5) Where the Court dismisses a request referred to in subsection (1), there is a taxpayer in respect of whom the application is made whose amount of tax and penalties in issue or loss in issue does not exceed the amount referred to in paragraph 18(1)(a) or (b), as the case may be, and that taxpayer made or consented to the request, the Court may order the Minister of National Revenue to pay the costs of that taxpayer in respect of the application in accordance with the tariff of costs set out in the rules of Court.

  • R.S., 1985, c. 51 (4th Supp.), s. 5
  • 1990, c. 45, s. 64

Oaths and Affidavits

Marginal note:Who may administer oath, etc.

  •  (1) All persons authorized to administer affidavits to be used in any of the superior courts of any province may administer oaths and take and receive affidavits, declarations and solemn affirmations in that province to be used in the Court.

  • Marginal note:Idem

    (2) The Governor in Council may, by commission, empower such person as he or she thinks necessary, within or outside Canada, to administer oaths and to take and receive affidavits, declarations and solemn affirmations in or concerning any proceeding had or to be had in the Court.

  • R.S., 1985, c. T-2, s. 19
  • 2002, c. 8, s. 81(E)

General

Marginal note:Vexatious proceedings

  •  (1) If the Court is satisfied, on application, that a person has persistently instituted vexatious proceedings or has conducted a proceeding in a vexatious manner, it may order that no further proceedings be instituted by the person in the Court or that a proceeding previously instituted by the person in the Court not be continued, except by leave of the Court, and may award costs against the person in accordance with the rules of the Court.

  • Marginal note:Attorney General of Canada

    (2) An application under subsection (1) may be made only with the consent of the Attorney General of Canada, who is entitled to be heard on the application and on any application made under subsection (3).

  • Marginal note:Application for rescission or leave to proceed

    (3) A person against whom the Court has made an order under subsection (1) may apply to the Court for rescission of the order or for leave to institute or continue a proceeding.

  • Marginal note:Court may grant leave

    (4) If an application is made to the Court under subsection (3) for leave to institute or continue a proceeding, the Court may grant leave if it is satisfied that the proceeding is not an abuse of process and that there are reasonable grounds for the proceeding.

  • Marginal note:No appeal

    (5) A decision of the Court under subsection (4) is final and is not subject to appeal.

  • 2002, c. 8, s. 77

Marginal note:Constitutional questions

  •  (1) If the constitutional validity, applicability or operability of an Act of Parliament or its regulations is in question before the Court, the Act or regulations shall not be judged to be invalid, inapplicable or inoperable unless notice has been served on the Attorney General of Canada and the attorney general of each province in accordance with subsection (2).

  • Marginal note:Time of notice

    (2) The notice must be served at least 10 days before the day on which the constitutional question is to be argued, unless the Court orders otherwise.

  • Marginal note:Notice of appeal

    (3) The Attorney General of Canada and the attorney general of each province are entitled to notice of any appeal made in respect of the constitutional question.

  • Marginal note:Right to be heard

    (4) The Attorney General of Canada and the attorney general of each province are entitled to adduce evidence and make submissions to the Court in respect of the constitutional question.

  • Marginal note:Appeal

    (5) If the Attorney General of Canada or the attorney general of a province makes submissions, that attorney general is deemed to be a party to the proceedings for the purpose of any appeal in respect of the constitutional question.

  • 2002, c. 8, s. 77
  • 2006, c. 11, s. 34(E)

Rules

Marginal note:Rules

  •  (1) Subject to the approval of the Governor in Council, rules for regulating the pleadings, practice and procedure in the Court shall be made by the rules committee.

  • Marginal note:Idem

    (1.1) Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, the rules committee may make rules

    • (a) for oral examinations for discovery of officers of Her Majesty in right of Canada;

    • (b) for discovery and production, and supplying of copies, of documents by Her Majesty in right of Canada;

    • (c) respecting the taking of evidence before a judge or any other qualified person, inside or outside Canada, before or during a proceeding before the Court, and on commission or otherwise, of any person;

    • (d) providing for the reference of any question of fact for inquiry and report by a judge or other person as referee;

    • (e) for the fixing of fees to be paid by a party to the Registry of the Court for payment into the Consolidated Revenue Fund in respect of a proceeding before the Court;

    • (f) providing for the procedure that applies in respect of an appeal that was commenced according to one procedure and becomes an appeal in respect of which the other procedure applies;

    • (g) providing for pre-trial conferences;

    • (h) respecting the use of any means of communication, including telecommunications, for the conduct of proceedings;

    • (h.1) prescribing, for the purposes of subsection 28(1) of the Canada Pension Plan or subsection 103(1) of the Employment Insurance Act, when a determination or a decision on an appeal to the Minister of National Revenue under section 27 of the Canada Pension Plan or section 93 of the Employment Insurance Act, as the case may be, is communicated to a person;

    • (i) for regulating the duties of officers of the Court;

    • (j) for awarding and regulating costs in the Court in favour of or against the Crown as well as other parties and for authorizing the refusal of costs to an appellant who, in circumstances in which the appellant could make an election under section 18, does not make such an election;

    • (k) designating an act or omission of a person to be in contempt of court, respecting the procedure to be followed in proceedings for contempt and establishing penalties for a finding of contempt; and

    • (l) for awarding and regulating costs in the Court against a person who is subject to an order under subsection 19.1(1).

  • Marginal note:When effective

    (2) No rule made under this section has effect until it has been published in the Canada Gazette.

  • Marginal note:Tabling of rules

    (3) A copy of every rule made under this section shall be laid before Parliament on any of the first fifteen days after the making thereof that either House of Parliament is sitting.

  • R.S., 1985, c. T-2, s. 20
  • R.S., 1985, c. 51 (4th Supp.), s. 6
  • 1993, c. 27, s. 225
  • 1996, c. 23, s. 185
  • 2002, c. 8, s. 78

Marginal note:Rules remain in force

 All rules regulating the practice and procedure before the Tax Review Board on July 18, 1983 shall, to the extent that they are not inconsistent with this Act, remain in force until revoked or altered by the Court under section 22 or until otherwise determined.

  • 1980-81-82-83, c. 158, s. 29

Marginal note:Rules committee

  •  (1) The rules committee shall be composed of

    • (a) the Chief Justice;

    • (b) the Associate Chief Justice;

    • (c) three judges of the Court that are designated from time to time by the Chief Justice;

    • (c.1) the Chief Administrator of the Courts Administration Service;

    • (d) one representative designated from time to time by the Attorney General of Canada; and

    • (e) two barristers, advocates, attorneys or solicitors designated from time to time by the Attorney General of Canada.

  • Marginal note:President

    (2) The Chief Justice or, in the Chief Justice’s absence, the Associate Chief Justice shall preside over the rules committee.

  • Marginal note:Rules procedure

    (3) Where the rules committee proposes to amend, vary or revoke any rule made under section 20 or continued under section 21, or continued under section 28, 29 or 30 of An Act to amend the Tax Court of Canada Act and other Acts in consequence thereof, chapter 51 of the 4th Supplement to the Revised Statutes of Canada, the rules committee

    • (a) shall give notice of the proposed rule by publishing it in the Canada Gazette and shall, in the notice, invite any interested person to make representations in writing with respect thereto within sixty days after the date of the publication; and

    • (b) may, after the expiration of the sixty days referred to in paragraph (a) and subject to the approval of the Governor in Council, implement the proposed rule either as originally published or as revised in such manner as the rules committee deems advisable having regard to any representations made to the rules committee.

  • Marginal note:Expenses

    (4) Each person referred to in paragraph (1)(e) is entitled to be paid, from the budget of the Court, travel and living expenses incurred in carrying out duties as a member of the rules committee while absent from the person’s ordinary place of residence, but those expenses shall not exceed the maximum limits authorized by Treasury Board directive for employees of the Government of Canada.

  • R.S., 1985, c. T-2, s. 22
  • R.S., 1985, c. 1 (4th Supp.), s. 44(E), c. 51 (4th Supp.), s. 7
  • 2002, c. 8, s. 79

Administration of Court

Marginal note:Designation of Judicial Administrator

  •  (1) The Chief Justice may designate an employee of the Courts Administration Service as the Judicial Administrator of the Court.

  • Marginal note:Duties

    (2) The Judicial Administrator of the Court shall perform any non-judicial work that may be delegated to him or her by the Chief Justice of the Court, in accordance with the instructions given by the Chief Justice, including

    • (a) the making of an order fixing the time and place of a hearing, or adjourning a hearing; and

    • (b) arranging for the distribution of judicial business in the Court.

  • Marginal note:Revocation of designation

    (3) A designation made under subsection (1) may be revoked at any time and is automatically revoked when the Chief Justice by whom it was made ceases to hold office as Chief Justice.

  • R.S., 1985, c. T-2, s. 23
  • 2002, c. 8, s. 80

Marginal note:Sittings throughout Canada

 The Court may sit at such times and at such places throughout Canada as it considers necessary or desirable for the proper conduct of its business.

  • 1980-81-82-83, c. 158, s. 23

Transitional

Marginal note:Eligibility for supernumerary status and annuities

  •  (1) For the purposes of sections 28 and 42 of the Judges Act, a judge shall be deemed to have held judicial office during any period of time during which the judge held office as a member of the Tax Review Board.

  • Marginal note:Idem for Associate Chief Judge

    (2) For the purposes of an election under section 31 and of section 42 of the Judges Act, the Associate Chief Judge shall be deemed to have held office as such during any period of time during which the Associate Chief Judge held office as Assistant Chairman of the Tax Review Board or as Chief Judge of the Court.

  • R.S., 1985, c. T-2, s. 25
  • R.S., 1985, c. 51 (4th Supp.), s. 8

RELATED PROVISIONS

  • — 2002, c. 8, ss. 185(8) to (10)

      • Chief Justice of the Tax Court of Canada

         (8) The person holding the office of Chief Judge of the Tax Court of Canada on the coming into force of section 1 of this Act continues in office with their title in English being changed to Chief Justice of the Tax Court of Canada.

  • — 2002, c. 8, ss. 185(8) to (10)

      • Associate Chief Justice of the Tax Court of Canada

         (9) The person holding the office of Associate Chief Judge of the Tax Court of Canada on the coming into force of section 1 of this Act continues in office with their title in English being changed to Associate Chief Justice of the Tax Court of Canada.

  • — 2002, c. 8, ss. 185(8) to (10)

      • Deputy judges of Tax Court of Canada

         (10) A person who, on the coming into force of section 1 of this Act, was authorized to act as a deputy judge of the Tax Court of Canada may act as a deputy judge of that Court if requested to do so by the Chief Justice of the Court.

  • — 2002, c. 8, ss. 185(13), (14)

      • Letters patent

         (13) Letters patent under the Great Seal may be issued under the authority of the Governor in Council to each of the persons referred to in subsections (1) to (4), (8) and (9) evidencing the person’s office by virtue of this section.

  • — 2002, c. 8, ss. 185(13), (14)

      • Transfer of court employees

         (14) Nothing in this Act shall be construed as affecting the status of an employee, as defined in subsection 2(1) of the Public Service Employment Act, who, immediately before the coming into force of section 1 of this Act, occupied a position in or was a member of the staff of the Federal Court of Canada or the Tax Court of Canada, except that the employee, on that coming into force, occupies that position in the Courts Administration Service under the authority of the Chief Administrator of that Service.

AMENDMENTS NOT IN FORCE

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