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Yukon First Nations Land Claims Settlement Act (S.C. 1994, c. 34)

Act current to 2020-09-09 and last amended on 2011-10-17. Previous Versions

Yukon First Nations Land Claims Settlement Act

S.C. 1994, c. 34

Assented to 1994-07-07

An Act to approve, give effect to and declare valid land claims agreements entered into between Her Majesty the Queen in right of Canada, the Government of Yukon and certain first nations in Yukon, to provide for approving, giving effect to and declaring valid other land claims agreements entered into after this Act comes into force, and to make consequential amendments to other Acts

Preamble

WHEREAS representatives of Her Majesty the Queen in right of Canada, the Government of the Yukon Territory and the Council for Yukon Indians signed the Umbrella Final Agreement on May 29, 1993, the provisions of which are intended to be incorporated into final agreements for the settlement of land claims of first nations in the Yukon Territory;

WHEREAS the Champagne and Aishihik First Nations, the First Nation of Nacho Nyak Dun, the Teslin Tlingit Council and the Vuntut Gwitchin First Nation have each entered into a final agreement with Her Majesty and the Government of the Yukon Territory, incorporating the provisions of the Umbrella Final Agreement and including provisions specific to each first nation;

WHEREAS agreements may be entered into with respect to aboriginal claims to lands in British Columbia and the Northwest Territories by persons enrolled under final agreements as well as aboriginal claims to lands in Yukon by certain people outside that territory;

AND WHEREAS the Government of Canada has undertaken to recommend to Parliament the enactment of legislation for approving, giving effect to and declaring valid final agreements and transboundary agreements;

NOW, THEREFORE, Her Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate and House of Commons of Canada, enacts as follows:

    1994, c. 34, Preamble; 2002, c. 7, s. 254.

Short Title

Marginal note:Short title

 This Act may be cited as the Yukon First Nations Land Claims Settlement Act.

Interpretation

Marginal note:Definitions

 In this Act,

final agreement

final agreement means a land claims agreement for a first nation that includes provisions specific to the first nation and incorporates the provisions of the Umbrella Final Agreement, and includes any amendments made to it from time to time in accordance with its provisions; (accord définitif)

first nation

first nation means a first nation named in the schedule; (première nation)

settlement land

settlement land means land identified in a first nation’s final agreement as settlement land of the first nation; (terres désignées)

transboundary agreement

transboundary agreement means a transboundary agreement as defined in final agreements, and includes any amendments made to it from time to time in accordance with its provisions; (accord transfrontalier)

Umbrella Final Agreement

Umbrella Final Agreement means the Umbrella Final Agreement signed on May 29, 1993 by representatives of the Council for Yukon Indians, Her Majesty the Queen in right of Canada and the Government of the Yukon Territory, and includes any amendments made to it from time to time in accordance with its provisions. (accord-cadre)

Her Majesty

Marginal note:Binding on Her Majesty

 This Act is binding on Her Majesty in right of Canada or a province.

Land Claims Agreements

Marginal note:Four final agreements given effect

 Each of the following final agreements entered into between Her Majesty the Queen in right of Canada, the Government of the Yukon Territory and the respective first nation, signed on May 29, 1993, is hereby approved, given effect and declared valid:

  • (a) the Champagne and Aishihik First Nations Final Agreement;

  • (b) the First Nation of Nacho Nyak Dun Final Agreement;

  • (c) the Teslin Tlingit Council Final Agreement; and

  • (d) the Vuntut Gwitchin First Nation Final Agreement.

Marginal note:Future agreements

  •  (1) The Governor in Council may, by order, approve, give effect to and declare valid any final agreement or transboundary agreement entered into after this Act comes into force.

  • Marginal note:Tabling

    (2) An order approving a final agreement or transboundary agreement shall be laid before the House of Commons on any of the first thirty days on which that House is sitting after the order is made.

Effect of Agreements

Marginal note:Constitution Act, 1982

  •  (1) A final agreement or transboundary agreement that is in effect is a land claims agreement within the meaning of section 35 of the Constitution Act, 1982.

  • Marginal note:Third parties

    (2) For greater certainty, such an agreement is binding on all persons and bodies that are not parties to it.

Marginal note:Title to lands

 For greater certainty, a first nation for which a final agreement is in effect has the rights, title, obligations and liabilities in respect of settlement land provided for in the final agreement.

Marginal note:Rights and duties

 For greater certainty, any person or body has the powers, rights, privileges and benefits conferred on the person or body by a final agreement or transboundary agreement that is in effect and shall perform the duties and is subject to the liabilities imposed on the person or body by the agreement.

Boards, Commissions and Councils

Marginal note:Bodies constituted

  •  (1) For the purposes of carrying out their objectives, the Yukon Land Use Planning Council, the Yukon Heritage Resources Board, the Yukon Geographical Place Names Board, the Fish and Wildlife Management Board and its salmon subcommittee, and the Dispute Resolution Board, established under final agreements, each have the capacity, rights, powers and privileges of a natural person.

  • Marginal note:Renewable resources councils

    (2) For the purposes of carrying out its objectives, a renewable resources council established under a final agreement that is in effect has the capacity, rights, powers and privileges of a natural person.

  • Marginal note:Kluane National Park Management Board

    (3) For the purposes of carrying out its objectives, the Kluane National Park Management Board established under the Champagne and Aishihik First Nations Final Agreement has the capacity, rights, powers and privileges of a natural person.

  • Marginal note:Other bodies

    (4) For the purposes of carrying out its objectives, any body established under a final agreement or transboundary agreement entered into after this Act comes into force has, to the extent provided by the agreement, the capacity, rights, powers and privileges of a natural person from the day the agreement is given effect.

 [Repealed, 2009, c. 23, s. 339]

Marginal note:Status of Enrollment Commission

  •  (1) For the purposes of carrying out its objectives, the Enrollment Commission established on July 1, 1989 has the capacity, rights, powers and privileges of a natural person.

  • Marginal note:Idem

    (2) The Enrollment Commission is deemed to have had, since it was established, the jurisdiction, power and authority provided by final agreements, other than the powers referred to in subsection (3).

  • Marginal note:Power to compel evidence

    (3) The Enrollment Commission has the powers provided in the Public Inquiries Act (Yukon), as amended from time to time, to direct and compel the production of documents and the attendance of witnesses, other than a minister of the Crown in right of Canada or a member of the Executive Council, as defined in the Interpretation Act (Yukon), as amended from time to time.

  • Marginal note:Enforcement

    (4) An order or decision of the Enrollment Commission made before or after this Act comes into force may be filed in the Supreme Court of Yukon, and when so filed may be enforced as an order of that Court.

  • Marginal note:Enrollment committees

    (5) An enrollment committee established by a first nation has the powers required to carry out its responsibilities as referred to in final agreements.

  • 1994, c. 34, s. 11
  • 2002, c. 7, s. 255(E)

Application of Laws and Agreements

Marginal note:Indian Act

 When a final agreement is given effect, the Indian Act ceases to apply in respect of any reserve, within the meaning of that Act, that is identified in the agreement as settlement land.

Marginal note:Laws of general application

  •  (1) Subject to subsections (2) and (3), federal and territorial laws, including the Yukon First Nations Self-Government Act, apply to a first nation for which a final agreement is in effect, to persons enrolled under such an agreement and in respect of settlement land of the first nation.

  • Marginal note:Conflict of agreements with laws

    (2) In the event of a conflict or inconsistency between a final agreement or transboundary agreement that is in effect and any federal or territorial law, including this Act, the agreement prevails to the extent of the conflict or inconsistency.

  • Marginal note:Conflict of Act with other Acts

    (3) In the event of a conflict or inconsistency between this Act and any other enactment, this Act prevails to the extent of the conflict or inconsistency.

  • Marginal note:Conflict within final agreement

    (4) In the event of a conflict or inconsistency between provisions of the Umbrella Final Agreement incorporated in a final agreement that is in effect and provisions of the final agreement that are specific to the first nation, the provisions of the Umbrella Final Agreement prevail to the extent of the conflict or inconsistency.

  • Marginal note:Conflict with I.F.A.

    (5) In the event of a conflict or inconsistency between the Inuvialuit Final Agreement, as it read on March 31, 1993, and a final agreement or transboundary agreement that is in effect, the Inuvialuit Final Agreement prevails to the extent of the conflict or inconsistency.

  • Marginal note:Interpretation of this Act

    (6) Where there is doubt as to the meaning of any provision of this Act, a final agreement or transboundary agreement that is in effect may be examined as an aid to interpretation.

 
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