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Yukon Surface Rights Board Act (S.C. 1994, c. 43)

Act current to 2021-06-28 and last amended on 2019-08-28. Previous Versions

PART IISettlement Lands (continued)

Rights of Access Subject to Consent or Order (continued)

Marginal note:Restriction for military manoeuvres

 Notwithstanding subsection 43(1), terms and conditions that the Board may include in an access order made under subsection 42(1) in respect of the exercise of a right of access described in paragraph 1(e) of Schedule II shall be restricted to contact persons, areas, timing, environmental protection, protection of wildlife and habitat, land use rent and compensation for damage caused to the settlement land and any improvements and personal property on the land.

Marginal note:Interim access order

  •  (1) Pending the final determination of an application for an access order, the Board may make an interim access order.

  • Marginal note:Final access hearing

    (2) The Board shall, within thirty days after making an interim access order, commence a hearing to finally determine the matter.

Marginal note:Payment before exercise of right

 Subject to subsection 43(5) and section 44, no person may exercise the right of access under an interim access order made under subsection 45(1) until the entry fee and any compensation provided for by the interim access order is paid, as allocated by the Board, to the Yukon first nation and any affected interest holder designated by the Board.

Additional Terms for Right of Access Not Subject to Consent

Marginal note:Order for additional terms and conditions

 On application made by a Yukon first nation that does not reach an agreement with the Minister in respect of terms and conditions for the exercise by any person, on the settlement land of the Yukon first nation, of a right of access described in section 2 of Schedule II that are additional to any applicable terms and conditions described in subsections 2(2) to (6) of that Schedule, the Board shall

  • (a) make an order establishing terms and conditions that specify seasons, times, locations, methods of access or manner of access; or

  • (b) dismiss the application.

Marginal note:Restrictions

  •  (1) Unless the Yukon first nation and the Minister agree otherwise, terms and conditions may not be established pursuant to an order made under section 47 for a purpose other than

    • (a) protecting the environment;

    • (b) protecting fish or wildlife or their habitat;

    • (c) reducing conflicts between the exercise of that right and the traditional or cultural uses of settlement land by the Yukon first nation or a Yukon Indian person; or

    • (d) protecting the use and peaceful enjoyment of land used for communities or residences.

  • Marginal note:Restrictions

    (2) No additional term or condition established pursuant to an order made under section 47 may

    • (a) restrict law enforcement or any inspection authorized by law;

    • (b) impose a fee or charge for the exercise of that right; or

    • (c) unreasonably restrict the exercise of that right.

Marginal note:Publication of order

 The Board shall publish each order made under section 47 in the Canada Gazette and in such other manner as, in its opinion, will best bring it to the attention of those persons affected by it.

Disputes respecting Rights of Access Not Subject to Consent

Marginal note:Disputes over particular access rights

 On application by any person or Yukon first nation, the Board shall make an order resolving any dispute concerning the interpretation, application or violation of a right of access described in paragraph 2(1)(b) or (c) of Schedule II or of a term or condition established by the Yukon first nation with the agreement of the Minister, or by an order made under section 47, in respect of such a right.

Marginal note:Disputes over waterfront right-of-way

  •  (1) On application by a Government or a Yukon first nation that has established or proposes to establish a permanent camp or structure on a waterfront right-of-way on its settlement land, the Board shall make an order resolving any dispute as to whether

    • (a) the camp or structure substantially alters, or would substantially alter, the right to use that waterfront right-of-way as described in paragraph 2(1)(a) of Schedule II; or

    • (b) there is a reasonable alternate area for the exercise of the right to use a waterfront right-of-way as described in paragraph 2(1)(a) of Schedule II.

  • Marginal note:Order requiring removal or prohibition of camp or structure

    (2) The Board may include in the order a provision requiring the Yukon first nation to remove the camp or structure or prohibiting it from establishing the camp or structure.

Specified Substances Disputes

Marginal note:Definition of specified substances right

  •  (1) In this section, specified substances right means the right of a Yukon first nation to take and use a specified substance on its settlement land, without payment of a royalty.

  • Marginal note:Conflicts between specified substances right and mineral right

    (2) In the case of a conflict between the exercise by a Yukon first nation of its specified substances right and the exercise of a mineral right by its holder, the Board shall, on application by the Yukon first nation or that holder, make an order specifying terms and conditions for exercising either right or both rights so as to reduce interference between them as far as practicable, but, to the extent that interference with the exercise of the specified substances right cannot be avoided, the Board shall give priority to the exercise of the mineral right.

  • Marginal note:Compensation

    (3) The Board shall include in an order under subsection (2) that gives priority to the exercise of a new mineral right a provision requiring the person who has that right to pay compensation to the Yukon first nation for any interference with, or loss of opportunity for, the exercise of the specified substances right, and, in determining the compensation for loss of opportunity, the Board shall take into account the production costs incurred by the person who has the new mineral right.

Quarry Disputes

Marginal note:Definitions

  •  (1) In this section,

    identified quarry

    identified quarry means a quarry on settlement land that was identified by a Government

    • (a) prior to the selection of the settlement land for the final agreement of the Yukon first nation concerned or for the Transboundary Agreement, or

    • (b) within the period specified in the final agreement or Transboundary Agreement for identification of quarries or, if no period is so specified, within two years after the date that Agreement takes effect; (carrière déterminée)

    new quarry

    new quarry means a quarry on settlement land that is not an identified quarry; (nouvelle carrière)

    quarry

    quarry means

    • (a) a pit, excavation or other place that is made by any means for the purpose of removing rock, gravel, sand, marl, clay, earth, silt, pumice, volcanic ash or any other material, or any material derived therefrom or occurring as a constituent part thereof, used in the construction and maintenance of public roads and other public works, or

    • (b) a site identified for the purpose referred to in paragraph (a),

    and includes works, machinery, plants and buildings below or above ground belonging to or used in connection with such a place or site. (carrière)

  • Marginal note:Disputes over identified quarries

    (2) On application by a Government or Yukon first nation, the Board shall make an order resolving any dispute as to the use or restoration by the Government of an identified quarry.

  • Marginal note:Disputes over new quarries

    (3) On application by a Government or Yukon first nation made at least thirty days after the Government’s request for the use of a new quarry, the Board shall make an order

    • (a) resolving any dispute as to whether the Government needs a new quarry or whether a suitable alternate quarry is available on non-settlement land in the surrounding area; or

    • (b) establishing terms and conditions for the use by the Government of the new quarry.

  • Marginal note:Prohibition

    (4) Where the Board makes an order determining that the Government does not need a new quarry or that a suitable alternative quarry is available on non-settlement land, the Board shall include in the order a provision prohibiting the Government from establishing or using the new quarry.

Expropriation

Marginal note:Definitions

 In this section and sections 55 to 58,

authority

authority means any Government or any other entity authorized by or pursuant to any Act to expropriate land; (autorité expropriante)

land

land includes any interest in land recognized by law. (terre)

 
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