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Veterans Well-being Act (S.C. 2005, c. 21)

Act current to 2021-11-17 and last amended on 2020-07-27. Previous Versions

PART 5Transitional Provisions (continued)

Transitional Provisions Relating to Income Replacement Benefit (continued)

Earnings Loss Benefit

Members and Veterans

Marginal note:Veterans’ deemed entitlement to income replacement benefit

  •  (1) If, before April 1, 2019, the Minister determined, as a result of an assessment of a veteran’s needs under subsection 10(1) of the former Act, that a rehabilitation plan or a vocational assistance plan should be developed for the veteran in respect of a physical or a mental health problem and if, as a result of the Minister’s determination, an earnings loss benefit was payable to the veteran on March 31, 2019 under section 18 of the former Act, then the veteran is deemed, on April 1, 2019, to be entitled to an income replacement benefit under section 18 of the new Act in respect of that health problem and the following rules apply in respect of the veteran:

    • (a) for the purposes of subsection 18(2) of the new Act, the veteran is deemed, on April 1, 2019, to be informed of their entitlement to the income replacement benefit;

    • (b) despite subsection 18(3) of the new Act, the benefit begins to be payable to the veteran on April 1, 2019;

    • (c) the physical or mental health problem in respect of which the veteran is deemed to be entitled to the benefit is deemed to be the physical or mental health problem referred to in subsection 18(5) or (7) of the new Act;

    • (d) if, on a day before April 1, 2019, the Minister determined that the veteran has a diminished earning capacity that is due to the physical or mental health problem in respect of which the veteran is deemed to be entitled to the benefit, the Minister is deemed to have made that determination, on that day, under subsection 18(5) of the new Act;

    • (e) if, on March 31, 2019, the veteran was entitled to continue to receive the earnings loss benefit under subsection 18(4) of the former Act, the veteran is deemed, on April 1, 2019, to be entitled to continue to receive the income replacement benefit under subsection 18(7) of the new Act; and

    • (f) the monthly amount of the income replacement benefit that is payable to the veteran under section 18 of the new Act is to be determined under subsection 19(1) or 19.1(1) of that Act, subject to subsections (2) to (5).

  • Marginal note:Limitation — career progression factor

    (2) If the physical or mental health problem in respect of which the veteran is deemed to be entitled to the income replacement benefit under subsection (1) did not result primarily from service in the Canadian Forces and an increase to the career impact allowance was not payable to the veteran, under subsection 38(3) of the former Act, on March 31, 2019, then the monthly amount of the income replacement benefit that is payable to the veteran under section 18 of the new Act is determined under subsection 19(1) of that Act without any periodic adjustment in accordance with a career progression factor.

  • Marginal note:Protected amount — veteran under age 65

    (3) If, in determining the amount of the income replacement benefit that is payable to the veteran for a given month, the amount determined for A in subsection 19(1) of the new Act is less than the sum of the following amounts, indexed until the time the benefit is payable, then the amount determined for A is to be replaced by that sum:

    • (a) the amount determined for A in subsection 19(1) of the former Act that was used to calculate the earnings loss benefit payable to the veteran under section 18 of that Act for the month of March 2019, and

    • (b) if an increase to the career impact allowance was payable to the veteran, under subsection 38(3) of the former Act, on March 31, 2019, the amount of the increase that the veteran received for the month of March 2019 or, if the increase was payable only for a portion of that month, the amount of the increase that the veteran would have received under that subsection for that month if the increase had been payable for the whole month.

  • Marginal note:Protected amount — veteran 65 years or older

    (4) If, in determining the amount of the income replacement benefit that is payable to the veteran for a given month, the amount determined for A in subsection 19.1(1) of the new Act, indexed until the time the benefit is payable, is less than 70% of the sum of the following amounts, indexed until the time the benefit is payable, then the amount determined for A is to be replaced by 70% of the sum of the following amounts, indexed until the time the benefit is payable:

    • (a) the amount determined for A in subsection 19(1) of the former Act that was used to calculate the earnings loss benefit payable to the veteran under section 18 of that Act for the month of March 2019, and

    • (b) if an increase to the career impact allowance was payable to the veteran, under subsection 38(3) of the former Act, on March 31, 2019, the amount of the increase that the veteran received for the month of March 2019 or, if the increase was payable only for a portion of that month, the amount of the increase that the veteran would have received under that subsection for that month if the increase had been payable for the whole month.

  • Marginal note:Minimum amount of income replacement benefit

    (5) Despite subsections (3) and (4), if an increase to the career impact allowance was payable to the veteran, under subsection 38(3) of the former Act, on March 31, 2019, then the monthly amount of the income replacement benefit that is payable to the veteran under section 18 of the new Act is not to be less than,

    • (a) if the increase was payable for the whole month of March 2019, the amount of the increase that the veteran received for that month, indexed until the time the benefit is payable; or

    • (b) if the increase was payable only for a portion of that month, the amount of the increase that the veteran would have received under subsection 38(3) of the former Act for that month if the increase had been payable for the whole month, indexed until the time the benefit is payable.

  • Marginal note:Amount paid

    (6) If an increase to the career impact allowance was payable to a veteran referred to in subsection (1), under subsection 38(3) of the former Act, on March 31, 2019, then the Minister shall pay to the veteran, for every month for which the income replacement benefit is not payable to the veteran and that is included in the period beginning with the month of April 2019 and ending with the month in which the veteran dies, an amount equal to,

    • (a) if the increase was payable for the whole month of March 2019, the amount of the increase that the veteran received for that month, indexed until the time the amount is payable under this subsection; or

    • (b) if the increase was payable only for a portion of that month, the amount of the increase that the veteran would have received under subsection 38(3) of the former Act for that month if the increase had been payable for the whole month, indexed until the time the amount is payable under this subsection.

  • Marginal note:Non-application of subsection (6)

    (7) Subsection (6) does not apply if the Minister determines that the veteran’s eligibility for an amount that is payable under that subsection is based on a misrepresentation or the concealment of a material fact. The determination is deemed to be made under Part 2.

  • Marginal note:Amount deemed to be compensation

    (8) An amount paid or payable under subsection (6) is deemed to be compensation for the purposes of sections 88 to 90 and subsection 93(1).

  • Marginal note:Application of subsection 88(4)

    (9) Subsection 88(4) applies to an amount paid under subsection (6).

Marginal note:Pending applications — earnings loss benefit and rehabilitation services

 If, before April 1, 2019, a veteran made an application — in respect of a physical or a mental health problem — for an earnings loss benefit under subsection 18(1) of the former Act and for rehabilitation services or vocational assistance under section 8 or 9 of that Act but the Minister did not make a determination in respect of either of those applications before that date, then the veteran is deemed to have made an application for an income replacement benefit under subsection 18(1) of the new Act on that date.

Marginal note:Pending applications — earnings loss benefit

  •  (1) If, before April 1, 2019, the Minister approved an application for rehabilitation services or vocational assistance made by a veteran under section 8 or 9 of the former Act in respect of a physical or a mental health problem but the Minister did not make a determination before that date in respect of an application for an earnings loss benefit made by the veteran under subsection 18(1) of the former Act in respect of that health problem, then the Minister shall make the determination in respect of the application for the earnings loss benefit under that subsection.

  • Marginal note:Approved applications — payment of benefit

    (2) If the Minister approves the application, the Minister shall pay to the veteran, under section 18 of the former Act, the earnings loss benefit that they are entitled to, but only for the period beginning on the day on which the benefit begins to be payable under subsection 18(2) of that Act and ending on March 31, 2019.

Marginal note:Review

  •  (1) If, before April 1, 2019, the Minister made a determination to deny an application for an earnings loss benefit made by a veteran under subsection 18(1) of the former Act but, as a result of a review of the determination under section 83, the Minister makes a final determination, on or after April 1, 2019, to approve the application for the benefit in respect of a physical or a mental health problem, then the veteran is deemed, on the day of the final determination, to be entitled to an income replacement benefit under section 18 of the new Act in respect of that health problem and the following rules apply in respect of the veteran:

    • (a) for the purposes of subsection 18(2) of the new Act, the veteran is deemed, on the day of the final determination, to be informed of their entitlement to the income replacement benefit;

    • (b) despite subsection 18(3) of the new Act, the benefit begins to be payable to the veteran on the first day of the month in which the final determination is made;

    • (c) the physical or mental health problem in respect of which the veteran is deemed to be entitled to the benefit is deemed to be the physical or mental health problem referred to in subsection 18(5) or (7) of the new Act; and

    • (d) the monthly amount of the income replacement benefit that is payable to the veteran under section 18 of the new Act is to be determined under subsection 19(1) or 19.1(1) of that Act, subject to subsection (2).

  • Marginal note:Limitation — career progression factor

    (2) If the physical or mental health problem in respect of which the veteran is deemed to be entitled to the income replacement benefit under subsection (1) did not result primarily from service in the Canadian Forces and an increase to the career impact allowance was not payable to the veteran, under subsection 38(3) of the former Act, on March 31, 2019, then the monthly amount of the income replacement benefit that is payable to the veteran under section 18 of the new Act is determined under subsection 19(1) of that Act without any periodic adjustment in accordance with a career progression factor.

  • Marginal note:Non-application of subsection (1)

    (3) Subsection (1) does not apply to a veteran if the final determination referred to in that subsection is made after the day on which the veteran attains the age of 65 years.

Marginal note:Review — diminished earning capacity

 If, on a given day before April 1, 2019, the Minister made a determination that a veteran did not have a diminished earning capacity that was due to a physical or a mental health problem in respect of which the veteran was entitled to an earnings loss benefit under section 18 of the former Act but, as a result of a review of the determination under section 83, the Minister makes a final determination, on or after April 1, 2019, that the veteran has a diminished earning capacity that is due to that problem, then the following rules apply in respect of the veteran:

  • (a) the Minister is deemed to have made that final determination on that given day;

  • (b) if, before April 1, 2019, the veteran was no longer entitled to the earnings loss benefit in respect of that problem, then

    • (i) the veteran is deemed, on the day on which the veteran was no longer entitled to the benefit, to be entitled to continue to receive the earnings loss benefit under subsection 18(4) of the former Act,

    • (ii) the Minister shall pay to the veteran, under section 18 of the former Act, the earnings loss benefit that they are entitled to, but only for the period beginning on the day referred to in subparagraph (i) and ending on the earlier of March 31, 2019 and the day on which the veteran attains the age of 65 years, and

    • (iii) if the veteran attained the age of 65 years in the period beginning on the day referred to in subparagraph (i) and ending on March 30, 2019, the veteran is deemed to have made an application for a retirement income security benefit under subsection 40.1(1) of the former Act on the day on which they attained the age of 65 years; and

  • (c) if a career impact allowance was payable to the veteran under subsection 38(1) of the former Act on March 31, 2019 and the Minister, before April 1, 2019, made a determination to deny the veteran’s application for an increase to the career impact allowance made under subsection 38(3) of this Act as it read at any time before that date and if the Minister’s determination is not the subject of a review under section 83 on March 31, 2019 and the veteran did not, before April 1, 2019, make a new application for an increase to the career impact allowance under that subsection 38(3), then the veteran is deemed to have made an application for an increase to the career impact allowance under subsection 38(3) of the former Act on March 31, 2019.

Marginal note:Members — determination deemed not to have been made

 If, before April 1, 2019, the Minister made a determination in respect of an application for an earnings loss benefit made by a member under subsection 18(1) of the former Act and the member was not released from the Canadian Forces before March 31, 2019, then the application and the determination are deemed not to have been made.

Marginal note:Members — pending applications

 If, before April 1, 2019, a member made an application for an earnings loss benefit under subsection 18(1) of the former Act but the Minister did not make a determination in respect of the application before that date and the member was not released from the Canadian Forces before March 31, 2019, then the application is deemed not to have been made.

Survivors and Orphans

Marginal note:Survivors’ and orphans’ deemed entitlement to income replacement benefit

  •  (1) A survivor or an orphan to whom an earnings loss benefit was payable on March 31, 2019 under section 22 of the former Act is deemed, on April 1, 2019, to be entitled to an income replacement benefit under section 22 of the new Act and the following rules apply in respect of the survivor or orphan:

    • (a) despite subsection 22(2) of the new Act, the income replacement benefit begins to be payable to the survivor or orphan on April 1, 2019; and

    • (b) the monthly amount of the income replacement benefit that is payable to the survivor or orphan under section 22 of the new Act is determined under section 23 of that Act, subject to subsections (2) to (7).

  • Marginal note:Survivors — protected amount for month referred to in paragraph 23(1)(a)

    (2) If the amount of the income replacement benefit that is payable to a survivor under section 22 of the new Act for a month referred to in paragraph 23(1)(a) of that Act and that is determined under section 23 of that Act — not taking into account any reduction under subsection 23(3) of that Act — is less than the amount of the earnings loss benefit that was payable to the survivor under section 22 of the former Act for the month of March 2019 and that was determined under section 23 of that Act — not taking into account any reduction under subsection 23(3) of that Act — then the former amount is to be replaced by the latter amount.

  • Marginal note:Survivors — protected amount for month referred to in paragraph 23(1)(b)

    (3) If the amount of the income replacement benefit that is payable to a survivor under section 22 of the new Act for a month referred to in paragraph 23(1)(b) of that Act and that is determined under section 23 of that Act — not taking into account any reduction under subsection 23(3) of that Act — is less than the amount determined by the following formula, then the former amount is to be replaced by the latter amount:

    A × B

    where

    A
    is 70%; and
    B
    is 70% of the amount of the earnings loss benefit that was payable to the survivor under section 22 of the former Act for the month of March 2019 and that was determined under section 23 of that Act, not taking into account any reduction under subsection 23(3) of that Act.
  • Marginal note:Non-application of subsections (2) and (3)

    (4) Subsections (2) and (3) cease to apply to a survivor on the first day of the month after the month in which the facts that were used to determine the percentage of the income replacement benefit payable to them in accordance with subsection 23(2) of the new Act are different from those used to determine the percentage of the earnings loss benefit that was payable to them in accordance with subsection 23(2) of the former Act for the month of March 2019.

  • Marginal note:Protected amount — orphans

    (5) If the amount of the income replacement benefit that is payable to an orphan under section 22 of the new Act for a month referred to in paragraph 23(1)(a) of that Act and that is determined under section 23 of that Act is less than the amount of the earnings loss benefit that was payable to the orphan under section 22 of the former Act for the month of March 2019 and that was determined under section 23 of that Act, then the former amount is to be replaced by the latter amount.

  • Marginal note:Non-application of subsection (5)

    (6) Subsection (5) ceases to apply to an orphan on the first day of the month after the month in which the facts that were used to determine the percentage of the income replacement benefit payable to them in accordance with subsection 23(2) of the new Act are different from those used to determine the percentage of the earnings loss benefit that was payable to them in accordance with subsection 23(2) of the former Act for the month of March 2019.

  • Marginal note:Indexation

    (7) For the purposes of subsections (2) and (5), the amount of the earnings loss benefit referred to in those subsections, and for the purposes of subsection (3), the amount determined by the formula set out in that subsection, is to be indexed until the time the income replacement benefit is payable.

 
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