Government of Canada / Gouvernement du Canada
Symbol of the Government of Canada

Search

Cannabis Act (S.C. 2018, c. 16)

Full Document:  

Act current to 2019-06-20 and last amended on 2018-10-17. Previous Versions

PART 9Disposition of Seized Things (continued)

DIVISION 2Cannabis and Chemical Property

Marginal note:Return

  •  (1) A peace officer, inspector or prescribed person that seizes, finds or otherwise acquires cannabis or chemical offence-related property in the course of the administration or enforcement of this Act or any other Act of Parliament — or that seizes, finds or otherwise acquires any chemical or thing that is referred to in paragraph (b) or (c) of the definition chemical property in subsection 2(1) in the course of the administration or enforcement of this Act — may return it to the person that is its owner or that is entitled to its possession if the peace officer, inspector or prescribed person is satisfied

    • (a) that there is no dispute as to who owns it or is entitled to its possession; and

    • (b) that its continued detention is not required for the purposes of a preliminary inquiry, trial or other proceeding under this Act or any other Act of Parliament.

  • Marginal note:Receipt

    (2) When the cannabis or property is returned, the peace officer, inspector or prescribed person must obtain a receipt for it.

  • Marginal note:Report

    (3) In the case of a seizure made under section 87 of this Act, the Criminal Code or a power of seizure at common law, the peace officer making the seizure must make a report about the return to the justice who issued the warrant or another justice for the same territorial division or, if a warrant was not issued, a justice who would have had jurisdiction to issue a warrant.

Marginal note:Application for order to return

  •  (1) If cannabis or chemical property has been seized, found or otherwise acquired by a peace officer, inspector or prescribed person, any person may, within 60 days after the date of the seizure, finding or acquisition, on prior notification being given to the Attorney General in the prescribed manner, apply, by notice in writing to a justice in the jurisdiction in which it is being detained, for an order to return it to the person.

  • Marginal note:Order to return

    (2) If, on the hearing of the application, a justice is satisfied that the applicant is the owner or is entitled to possession of the cannabis or the property and the Attorney General does not indicate that it or any part of it may be required for the purposes of a preliminary inquiry, trial or other proceeding under this or any other Act of Parliament, the justice must, subject to subsection (5), order that it, or the part that is not required, as the case may be, be returned as soon as feasible to the applicant.

  • Marginal note:Order to return at specified time

    (3) If, on the hearing of the application, a justice is satisfied that the applicant is the owner or is entitled to possession of the cannabis or property but the Attorney General indicates that it or any part of it may be required for the purposes of a preliminary inquiry, trial or other proceeding under this Act or any other Act of Parliament, the justice must, subject to subsection (5), order that it, or the part that is required, as the case may be, be returned to the applicant

    • (a) on the expiry of 180 days after the day on which the application was made, if no proceeding in relation to the cannabis or property has been commenced before that time; or

    • (b) on the final conclusion of the proceeding or any other proceeding in relation to the cannabis or property if the applicant is not found guilty in those proceedings of an offence committed in relation to it.

  • Marginal note:Order of forfeiture

    (4) If, on the hearing of the application, a justice is not satisfied that the applicant is the owner or is entitled to possession of the cannabis or property, and it or a part of it is not required for the purposes of a preliminary inquiry, trial or other proceeding under this Act or any other Act of Parliament, the justice must order that it, or the part that is not required, as the case may be, be forfeited to Her Majesty to be disposed of or otherwise dealt with in accordance with the regulations or, if there are no applicable regulations, in the manner that the Minister directs.

  • Marginal note:Payment of compensation in lieu

    (5) If, on the hearing of the application, a justice is satisfied that the applicant is the owner or is entitled to possession of the cannabis or property, but it was disposed of or otherwise dealt with under section 105, the justice must make an order that an amount equal to its value be paid to the applicant.

Marginal note:Forfeiture if no application

 If no application for the return of the cannabis or the chemical property has been made under subsection 103(1) within 60 days after the date of its seizure, finding or acquisition by a peace officer, inspector or prescribed person and it or any part of it is not required for the purposes of a preliminary inquiry, trial or other proceeding under this Act or any other Act of Parliament, the cannabis or the property, or the part that is not required, as the case may be, is forfeited to Her Majesty and may be disposed of or otherwise dealt with in accordance with the regulations or, if there are no applicable regulations, in the manner that the Minister directs.

Marginal note:Expedited disposition

 If all or any part of any cannabis or chemical property whose storage or handling poses a risk to health or safety is not required for the purposes of a preliminary inquiry, trial or other proceeding under this Act or any other Act of Parliament, the Minister or a peace officer or prescribed person may dispose of or otherwise deal with it in accordance with the regulations or, if there are no applicable regulations, in the manner that the Minister directs.

Marginal note:Destruction of plants

 The Minister may, on prior notification being given to the Attorney General, cause to be destroyed any cannabis plant that is being produced contrary to the provisions of this Act or of the regulations.

Marginal note:Disposition following proceedings

 Subject to section 103, if, in a preliminary inquiry, trial or other proceeding under this Act or any other Act of Parliament, the court before which the proceedings have been brought is satisfied that any cannabis or chemical property that is the subject of proceedings before the court is no longer required by that court or any other court, the court

  • (a) must order that it be returned to

    • (i) the person from which it was seized if the court is satisfied that the person came into its possession lawfully and continued to deal with it lawfully, or

    • (ii) the person that is its owner or that is entitled to its possession, if that person is known and if the court is satisfied that its possession by the person from which it was seized was unlawful; and

  • (b) may order that it be forfeited to Her Majesty to be disposed of or otherwise dealt with in accordance with the regulations or, if there are no applicable regulations, in the manner that the Minister directs, if

    • (i) the court is not satisfied that it should be returned under subparagraph (a)(i) or (ii), or

    • (ii) its possession by the person from which it was seized was unlawful and the person that is its owner or that is entitled to its possession is not known.

Marginal note:Disposal with consent

 If cannabis or chemical property has been seized, found or otherwise acquired by a peace officer, inspector or prescribed person and it or a part of it is not required for the purposes of a preliminary inquiry, trial or other proceeding under this Act or any other Act of Parliament, its owner may consent to its disposal and, if the consent is given, the cannabis or property, or the part that is not required, as the case may be, is forfeited to Her Majesty and may be disposed of or otherwise dealt with in accordance with the regulations or, if there are no applicable regulations, in the manner that the Minister directs.

Marginal note:Disposition report

  •  (1) Subject to the regulations, every peace officer, inspector or prescribed person that disposes of or otherwise deals with cannabis or chemical property under this Act must, within 30 days after doing so, cause a report to be sent to the Minister setting out

    • (a) a description of the cannabis or property;

    • (b) the amount of it that was disposed of or otherwise dealt with;

    • (c) the manner in which it was disposed of or otherwise dealt with;

    • (d) the date on which it was disposed of or otherwise dealt with;

    • (e) the name of the police force, agency or entity to which the peace officer, inspector or prescribed person belongs;

    • (f) the number of the file or police report related to its disposition or the other dealing with it; and

    • (g) any other prescribed information.

  • Marginal note:Interpretation

    (2) For the purposes of subsection (1), otherwise dealing with cannabis or chemical property by a peace officer includes using it to conduct an investigation or for training purposes.

PART 10Administrative Monetary Penalties

Powers of Minister

Marginal note:Powers

 The Minister may designate individuals, or classes of individuals, who are authorized to issue notices of violation and establish, in respect of each violation, a short-form description to be used in notices of violation.

Violation

Marginal note:Commission

  •  (1) Every person that contravenes a provision of this Act — except provisions of Division 1 of Part 1 — a provision of the regulations, or an order made under any of sections 73 to 76, an order amended under section 79 or an order made under section 82, commits a violation and is liable to a penalty of not more than $1,000,000 or, if the violation is classified by the regulations as a minor violation, a serious violation or a very serious violation, to a penalty of not more than the maximum amount fixed by the regulations in relation to that classification.

  • Marginal note:Purpose of penalty

    (2) The purpose of a penalty is to promote compliance with this Act.

 
Date modified: