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Coastal Fisheries Protection Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. C-33)

Act current to 2019-07-01 and last amended on 2019-06-16. Previous Versions

Inspection, Arrest, Seizure and Forfeiture (continued)

Marginal note:Arrest

 A protection officer may arrest without warrant any person who the officer believes on reasonable grounds has committed an offence under this Act.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-33, s. 8
  • 1999, c. 19, s. 5

Marginal note:Use of force

 A protection officer may, in the manner and to the extent prescribed by the regulations, use force that is intended or is likely to disable a foreign fishing vessel, if the protection officer

  • (a) is proceeding lawfully to arrest the master or other person in command of the vessel; and

  • (b) believes on reasonable grounds that the force is necessary for the purpose of arresting that master or other person.

  • 1994, c. 14, s. 5

Marginal note:Seizure

  •  (1) A protection officer who believes on reasonable grounds that an offence under this Act has been committed may seize

    • (a) any fishing vessel by means of or in relation to which the officer believes on reasonable grounds the offence was committed;

    • (b) any goods aboard a fishing vessel described in paragraph (a) or in any other place, including fish, marine plants, tackle, rigging, apparel, furniture, stores and cargo; or

    • (c) any fishing vessel described in paragraph (a) and any of the goods described in paragraph (b).

  • Marginal note:Seizure — fishing vessels ordered to port by flag state

    (2) A justice, as defined in section 2 of the Criminal Code, on ex parte application by a protection officer, may issue a warrant authorizing the protection officer named in the warrant to seize any fish, marine plant or other thing in a foreign fishing vessel that was authorized to enter Canadian fisheries waters under subparagraph 6(a)(iii) or in any other place, subject to any conditions specified in the warrant, if the justice is satisfied by information on oath that

    • (a) there are reasonable grounds to believe that there is in the vessel any fish, marine plant or other thing that was obtained by or used in, or that will afford evidence in respect of, a contravention of a law related to fisheries of a foreign state, any conservation or management measures of a fisheries management organization or an international fisheries treaty or arrangement to which Canada is party, including any conservation, management or enforcement measures taken under the treaty or arrangement, or there is in the other place any such fish, marine plant or other thing and that fish, marine plant or other thing is from the vessel; and

    • (b) the vessel’s flag state does not object to the seizure.

  • Marginal note:Presumption

    (3) The foreign fishing vessel’s flag state is deemed to not object to the seizure if the protection officer has informed the flag state of his or her intention to apply for the warrant and the flag state has not communicated its objection within the period prescribed by regulation.

  • Marginal note:Notice

    (4) Before issuing a warrant under subsection (2), the justice may require that notice of the application be given to any person who has an interest in the application in order to allow that person the opportunity to make representations.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-33, s. 9
  • 1999, c. 19, s. 6
  • 2015, c. 18, s. 7

Marginal note:Custody of seized vessels and goods

 Subject to section 11, any fishing vessel and goods seized pursuant to section 9 shall be retained in the custody of the protection officer who made the seizure or delivered into the custody of such person as the Minister may direct.

  • R.S., c. C-21, s. 6

Marginal note:Disposition

 If any fish, marine plant or other thing that is perishable or susceptible to deterioration is seized under section 9, the protection officer or other person having the custody of the thing may dispose of it in any manner that he or she considers appropriate and any proceeds shall be paid to the Receiver General or deposited in a bank to the credit of the Receiver General.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-33, s. 11
  • 2015, c. 18, s. 8

Marginal note:Return — things seized under subsection 9(1)

  •  (1) Any fishing vessel or goods seized under subsection 9(1) or the proceeds realized from a sale of the vessel or goods under section 11 shall be returned or paid to the person from whom the fishing vessel or goods were seized if the Minister decides not to institute a prosecution in respect of an offence under this Act and, in any event, shall be so returned or paid on the expiry of three months after the day on which the seizure is made unless before that time proceedings in respect of the offence are instituted.

  • Marginal note:Return or payment subject to section 16.7

    (2) In any event, the return of the fishing vessel or goods or the payment of the proceeds from the sale of the fishing vessel or goods are subject to section 16.7.

  • Marginal note:Order to extend period of detention

    (3) A court may, by order, permit the vessel or goods seized under subsection 9(1) or the proceeds realized from a sale of the vessel or goods under section 11 to be detained for any further period that may be specified in the order if the Minister makes a request to that effect before the end of the period of detention in question and if the court is satisfied that it is justified in the circumstances.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-33, s. 12
  • 2015, c. 18, s. 8

Marginal note:Return — things seized under subsection 9(2)

  •  (1) Subject to section 16.7, any fish, marine plant or other thing seized under subsection 9(2) or the proceeds realized from a sale of the fish, marine plant or other thing under section 11 shall be returned or paid to the person from whom the fish, marine plant or other thing was seized on the expiry of three months after the day on which the seizure is made unless before that time an application referred to in subsection 16.01(1) is filed.

  • Marginal note:Order to extend period of detention

    (2) A court may, by order, permit the fish, marine plant or other thing seized under subsection 9(2) or the proceeds realized from a sale of the fish, marine plant or other thing under section 11 to be detained for any further period that may be specified in the order if the Minister makes a request to that effect before the end of the period of detention in question and if the court is satisfied that it is justified in the circumstances.

  • 2015, c. 18, s. 8

Marginal note:Redelivery pending proceedings

 If a fishing vessel or goods have been seized under subsection 9(1) and proceedings in respect of an offence under this Act have been instituted, the court or judge may, with the consent of the protection officer who made the seizure, order redelivery of the fishing vessel or goods to the person from whom the fishing vessel or goods were seized on security by bond, with two sureties, in an amount and form satisfactory to the Minister, being given to Her Majesty.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-33, s. 13
  • 2015, c. 18, s. 8

Marginal note:Forfeiture

 When a person or a fishing vessel is convicted of an offence under this Act, the convicting court or judge may, in addition to any other punishment imposed, order that

  • (a) any fishing vessel seized under paragraph 9(1)(a) by means of or in relation to which the offence was committed, or, if the vessel has been sold, the proceeds of the sale,

  • (b) any goods aboard a fishing vessel described in paragraph (a), including fish, marine plants, tackle, rigging, apparel, furniture, stores and cargo, or, if any of the goods have been sold under section 11, the proceeds of the sale,

  • (b.1) any goods seized under paragraph 9(1)(b) in any other place, including fish, marine plants, tackle, rigging, apparel, furniture, stores and cargo, by means of or in relation to which the offence was committed, or that were obtained by or used in the commission of the offence, or, if any of the goods have been sold under section 11, the proceeds of the sale, or

  • (c) any fishing vessel described in paragraph (a), or the proceeds of the sale of the vessel, and any of the goods described in paragraph (b) or (b.1), or the proceeds of the sale of the goods,

be forfeited, and on the making of the order the fishing vessel, goods or proceeds so ordered to be forfeited are forfeited to Her Majesty in right of Canada.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-33, s. 14
  • 1999, c. 19, s. 7(E)
  • 2015, c. 18, s. 9

Marginal note:Disposal of forfeited vessel or goods

 Where proceedings in respect of an offence under this Act have been instituted and a fishing vessel or goods are at the final conclusion of the proceedings ordered to be forfeited, they may be disposed of as the Minister directs.

  • R.S., c. C-21, s. 6

Marginal note:Return if no forfeiture ordered

  •  (1) If a fishing vessel or goods have been seized under subsection 9(1) and proceedings in respect of an offence under this Act have been instituted, but the fishing vessel or goods or any proceeds realized from a sale of the fishing vessel or goods under section 11 are not ordered to be forfeited at the final conclusion of the proceedings, they shall, subject to subsection (2) and to section 16.7, be returned or the proceeds shall be paid to the person from whom the fishing vessel or goods were seized.

  • Marginal note:Exception in case of conviction and fine

    (2) Where the proceedings referred to in subsection (1) result in a conviction and a fine is imposed, the fishing vessel or goods may be detained until the fine is paid, the fishing vessel and the goods may be sold under execution in satisfaction of the fine or the proceeds realized from a sale of any of the goods pursuant to section 11 may be applied in payment of the fine.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-33, s. 16
  • 2015, c. 18, s. 10
 
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