Government of Canada / Gouvernement du Canada
Symbol of the Government of Canada

Search

Corrections and Conditional Release Act (S.C. 1992, c. 20)

Act current to 2021-11-17 and last amended on 2019-11-30. Previous Versions

PART IIConditional Release, Detention and Long-term Supervision (continued)

Constitution and Jurisdiction of Board (continued)

Marginal note:Jurisdiction where no provincial board

  •  (1) Where a provincial parole board has not been established in a province, the Board has, in respect of offenders serving sentences in a provincial correctional facility in that province, the same jurisdiction and discretion that it has in respect of offenders under paragraphs 107(1)(a) to (c).

  • Marginal note:Offences under provincial Acts

    (2) Subject to subsection (3), the jurisdiction of the Board under subsection (1) extends to any offender sentenced to a sentence imposed under a provincial Act that is to be served concurrently with or consecutively to a sentence imposed under an Act of Parliament.

  • Marginal note:Complementary legislation

    Footnote *(3) Subsection (2) does not apply in a province until a day fixed by order of the Governor in Council made after the enactment of a provincial Act authorizing the Board to exercise the jurisdiction referred to in that subsection.

    • Return to footnote *Note: Subsection 108(2) applies in the Province of British Columbia as of April 19, 2007, see SI/2007-51.]

  • Marginal note:Where subsection (3) does not apply

    (4) This section shall be read without reference to subsection (3) with respect to any province in which subsection 14(1) of the Parole Act, as that Act read immediately before the coming into force of this section, was in force immediately before the coming into force of this section.

  • 1992, c. 20, s. 108
  • 1995, c. 42, ss. 69(E), 70(E)

Marginal note:Cancellation or variation of prohibition orders

 The Board may, on application, cancel or vary the unexpired portion of a prohibition order made under section 320.24 of the Criminal Code  or section 259 of that Act, as it read immediately before the day on which section 14 of An Act to amend the Criminal Code (offences relating to conveyances) and to make consequential amendments to other Acts comes into force, after a period of

  • (a) ten years after the commencement of the order, in the case of a prohibition for life; or

  • (b) five years after the commencement of the order, in the case of a prohibition for more than five years but less than life.

  • 1992, c. 20, s. 109
  • 2006, c. 14, s. 8
  • 2018, c. 21, s. 47

Marginal note:Clemency

 The Board shall, when so directed by the Minister, make or cause to be made any investigation or inquiry desired by the Minister in connection with any request made to the Minister for the exercise of the royal prerogative of mercy.

Marginal note:Dissemination of information

 The Board shall maintain

  • (a) a program of exchange of information with the other components of the criminal justice system; and

  • (b) a program to communicate its policies and programs to offenders, to victims of crime, to victims’ groups, to other groups and organizations with a special interest in matters dealt with under this Part, and to the general public.

Constitution and Jurisdiction of Provincial Boards

Marginal note:Jurisdiction of boards

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), a provincial parole board for a province shall exercise jurisdiction in accordance with this Part in respect of the parole of offenders serving sentences in provincial correctional facilities in that province, other than

    • (a) offenders sentenced to life imprisonment as a minimum punishment;

    • (b) offenders whose sentence has been commuted to life imprisonment; or

    • (c) offenders sentenced to detention for an indeterminate period.

  • Marginal note:Day parole jurisdiction

    (2) A provincial parole board may, but is not required to, exercise its jurisdiction under this section in relation to day parole.

  • 1992, c. 20, s. 112
  • 1995, c. 42, ss. 29(F), 69(E)

Marginal note:Incorporation by reference

  •  (1) Where a provincial parole board has been established for a province, the lieutenant governor in council of the province may, by order, declare that all or any of the provisions of this Part that do not otherwise apply in respect of provincial parole boards shall apply in respect of that provincial parole board and offenders under its jurisdiction.

  • Marginal note:Provincial regulations

    (2) The lieutenant governor in council of a province may, in respect of the provincial parole board for the province and offenders under its jurisdiction, make regulations in the same manner and for the same purposes as the Governor in Council may make regulations pursuant to section 156 in respect of the Board and offenders under its jurisdiction.

  • 1992, c. 20, s. 113
  • 1995, c. 42, s. 30(F)

Marginal note:Change of province of residence

  •  (1) Subject to any agreement entered into pursuant to this section, an offender who is released on parole in one province and moves to another province remains under the jurisdiction of the board that granted the parole.

  • Marginal note:Federal-provincial agreements

    (2) The Minister, with the approval of the Governor in Council, may enter into an agreement with the government of a province for which a provincial parole board has been established for the transfer of jurisdiction in respect of offenders who move to the province after their release by the Board on parole from a provincial correctional facility in another province for which no provincial parole board has been established.

  • Marginal note:Idem

    (3) The government of a province for which a provincial parole board has been established may enter into an agreement with the Government of Canada for the transfer to the Board of jurisdiction in respect of offenders released on parole by the provincial parole board who move to a province for which no provincial parole board has been established.

  • Marginal note:Interprovincial agreements

    (4) The governments of provinces may enter into agreements with one another for the transfer of jurisdiction in respect of offenders released on parole by one provincial parole board who move to the territorial jurisdiction of another provincial parole board.

  • Marginal note:Statutory release

    (5) Subsections (1) to (4) apply, with such modifications as the circumstances require, in respect of offenders released on statutory release.

Unescorted Temporary Absence

Marginal note:Minimum time to be served

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), the portion of a sentence that must be served before an offender serving a sentence in a penitentiary may be released on an unescorted temporary absence is

    • (a) in the case of an offender serving a life sentence, other than an offender referred to in paragraph (a.1), the period required to be served by the offender to reach the offender’s full parole eligibility date less three years;

    • (a.1) in the case of an offender described in subsection 746.1(3) of the Criminal Code, the longer of

      • (i) the period that expires when all but one fifth of the period of imprisonment the offender is to serve without eligibility for parole has been served, and

      • (ii) the period required to be served by the offender to reach the offender’s full parole eligibility date, determined in accordance with subsection 120.2(2), less three years;

    • (b) in the case of an offender serving a sentence for an indeterminate period, other than an offender referred to in paragraph (b.1), the longer of

      • (i) the period required to be served by the offender to reach the offender’s full parole eligibility date, determined in accordance with section 761 of the Criminal Code, less three years, and

      • (ii) the period required to be served by the offender to reach the offender’s full parole eligibility date, determined in accordance with subsection 120.2(2), less three years;

    • (b.1) in the case of an offender serving a sentence for an indeterminate period as of the date on which this paragraph comes into force, the longer of

      • (i) three years, and

      • (ii) the period required to be served by the offender to reach the offender’s full parole eligibility date, determined in accordance with subsection 120.2(2), less three years; and

    • (c) in any other case, the longer of

      • (i) six months, and

      • (ii) one half of the period required to be served by the offender to reach their full parole eligibility date.

  • Marginal note:Exceptions

    (2) Subsection (1) does not apply to an offender whose life or health is in danger and for whom an unescorted temporary absence is required in order to administer emergency medical treatment.

  • Marginal note:Maximum security

    (3) Offenders who, pursuant to subsection 30(1) and the regulations made under paragraph 96(z.6), are classified as maximum security offenders are not eligible for an unescorted temporary absence.

  • 1992, c. 20, s. 115
  • 1995, c. 42, ss. 31, 71(F)
  • 1997, c. 17, s. 19
  • 2012, c. 1, s. 74

Marginal note:Conditions for authorization

  •  (1) The Board may authorize the unescorted temporary absence of an offender referred to in paragraph 107(1)(e) where, in the opinion of the Board,

    • (a) the offender will not, by reoffending, present an undue risk to society during the absence;

    • (b) it is desirable for the offender to be absent from the penitentiary for medical, administrative, community service, family contact, including parental responsibilities, personal development for rehabilitative purposes or compassionate reasons;

    • (c) the offender’s behaviour while under sentence does not preclude authorizing the absence; and

    • (d) a structured plan for the absence has been prepared.

  • Marginal note:Idem

    (2) The Commissioner or the institutional head may authorize the unescorted temporary absence of an offender, other than an offender referred to in paragraph 107(1)(e), where, in the opinion of the Commissioner or the institutional head, as the case may be, the criteria set out in paragraphs (1)(a) to (d) are met.

  • Marginal note:Medical reasons

    (3) An unescorted temporary absence for medical reasons may be authorized for an unlimited period.

  • Marginal note:Personal development or community service

    (4) Subject to subsection (6), an unescorted temporary absence for reasons of community service or personal development may be authorized for a maximum of fifteen days, at the rate of not more than three times a year for an offender classified by the Service as a medium security offender and not more than four times a year for an offender classified as a minimum security offender.

  • Marginal note:Intervals

    (5) An unescorted temporary absence authorized for reasons referred to in subsection (4) must be followed by a period of custody of at least seven days before the next such absence.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (6) An unescorted temporary absence for purposes of a specific personal development program may be authorized for a maximum of sixty days and may be renewed, for periods of up to sixty days each, for the purposes of the program.

  • Marginal note:Absences for other reasons

    (7) Unescorted temporary absences for reasons other than those referred to in subsection (3) or (4) may be authorized for a maximum total of forty-eight hours per month for an offender classified by the Service as a medium security offender, and for a maximum total of seventy-two hours per month for an offender classified as a minimum security offender.

  • Marginal note:Regulations

    (8) The circumstances and manner in which, and the time at which, an application for an unescorted temporary absence must be made shall be prescribed by the regulations.

  • Marginal note:Travel time

    (9) In addition to the period authorized for the purposes of an unescorted temporary absence, an offender may be granted the time necessary to travel to and from the place where the absence is authorized to be spent.

  • Marginal note:Cancellation of absence

    (10) The Board, the Commissioner or the institutional head, whichever authorized a particular unescorted temporary absence of an offender, may cancel that absence, either before or after its commencement,

    • (a) where the cancellation is considered necessary and reasonable to prevent a breach of a condition of the absence or where such a breach has occurred;

    • (b) where the grounds for granting the absence have changed or no longer exist; or

    • (c) after a review of the offender’s case based on information that could not reasonably have been provided when the absence was authorized.

Marginal note:Delegation to Commissioner

  •  (1) The Board may confer on the Commissioner or the institutional head, for such period and subject to such conditions as it specifies, any of its powers under section 116 in respect of any class of offenders or class of absences.

  • Marginal note:Delegation to provincial hospital

    (2) Where, pursuant to an agreement under paragraph 16(1)(a), an offender referred to in paragraph 107(1)(e) or subsection 116(2) has been admitted to a hospital operated by a provincial government in which the liberty of persons is normally subject to restrictions, the Board, the Commissioner or the institutional head, as the case may be, may confer on the person in charge of the hospital, for such period and subject to such conditions as they specify, any of their respective powers under section 116 in relation to that offender.

  • Marginal note:Suspension by institutional head

    (3) Where the Board has not authorized the Commissioner or the institutional head under subsection (1) in respect of the offender or in respect of the absence, the institutional head of the penitentiary from which an unescorted temporary absence has been effected may suspend the absence if, in the opinion of the institutional head, the offender’s retention in custody or recommitment to custody is justified in order to protect society, on the basis of information that could not reasonably have been provided to the Board when the absence was authorized.

  • Marginal note:Referral of suspension to Board

    (4) An institutional head who suspends the unescorted temporary absence of an offender shall forthwith refer the offender’s case to the Board, and the Board shall decide whether the absence should be cancelled.

  • 1992, c. 20, s. 117
  • 1995, c. 42, s. 71(F)

Marginal note:Warrant for arrest and recommittal

 A person who cancels an unescorted temporary absence pursuant to subsection 116(10) or pursuant to a delegation of power under subsection 117(1) or (2), or who suspends an unescorted temporary absence pursuant to subsection 117(3), shall cause a warrant in writing to be issued authorizing the apprehension and recommitment to custody of the offender pursuant to section 137, where the offender is not in custody in a penitentiary or in a hospital referred to in subsection 117(2).

  • 1992, c. 20, s. 118
  • 1995, c. 42, s. 71(F)

Eligibility for Parole

Marginal note:Time when eligible for day parole

  •  (1) Subject to section 746.1 of the Criminal Code, subsection 226.1(2) of the National Defence Act and subsection 15(2) of the Crimes Against Humanity and War Crimes Act, the portion of a sentence that must be served before an offender may be released on day parole is

    • (a) one year, where the offender was, before October 15, 1977, sentenced to preventive detention;

    • (b) where the offender is an offender, other than an offender referred to in paragraph (b.1), who was sentenced to detention in a penitentiary for an indeterminate period, the longer of

      • (i) the period required to be served by the offender to reach the offender’s full parole eligibility date, determined in accordance with section 761 of the Criminal Code, less three years, and

      • (ii) the period required to be served by the offender to reach the offender’s full parole eligibility date, determined in accordance with subsection 120.2(2), less three years;

    • (b.1) where the offender was sentenced to detention in a penitentiary for an indeterminate period as of the date on which this paragraph comes into force, the longer of

      • (i) three years, and

      • (ii) the period required to be served by the offender to reach the offender’s full parole eligibility date, determined in accordance with subsection 120.2(2), less three years;

    • (c) where the offender is serving a sentence of two years or more, other than a sentence referred to in paragraph (a) or (b), the greater of

      • (i) the portion ending six months before the date on which full parole may be granted, and

      • (ii) six months; or

    • (d) one half of the portion of the sentence that must be served before full parole may be granted, where the offender is serving a sentence of less than two years.

  • Marginal note:Time when eligible for day parole

    (1.1) Notwithstanding section 746.1 of the Criminal Code, subsection 226.1(2) of the National Defence Act and subsection 15(2) of the Crimes Against Humanity and War Crimes Act, an offender described in subsection 746.1(1) or (2) of the Criminal Code or to whom those subsections apply pursuant to subsection 226.1(2) of the National Defence Act or subsection 15(2) of the Crimes Against Humanity and War Crimes Act, shall not, in the circumstances described in subsection 120.2(2) or (3), be released on day parole until three years before the day that is determined in accordance with subsection 120.2(2) or (3).

  • Marginal note:When eligible for day parole — young offender sentenced to life imprisonment

    (1.2) Notwithstanding section 746.1 of the Criminal Code, subsection 226.1(2) of the National Defence Act and subsection 15(2) of the Crimes Against Humanity and War Crimes Act, in the circumstances described in subsection 120.2(2), the portion of the sentence of an offender described in subsection 746.1(3) of the Criminal Code or to whom that subsection applies pursuant to subsection 226.1(2) of the National Defence Act or subsection 15(2) of the Crimes Against Humanity and War Crimes Act that must be served before the offender may be released on day parole is the longer of

    • (a) the period that expires when all but one fifth of the period of imprisonment the offender is to serve without eligibility for parole has been served, and

    • (b) the portion of the sentence that must be served before full parole may be granted to the offender, determined in accordance with subsection 120.2(2), less three years.

  • Marginal note:Short sentences

    (2) The Board is not required to review the case of an offender who applies for day parole if the offender is serving a sentence of less than six months.

  • 1992, c. 20, s. 119
  • 1995, c. 22, ss. 13, 18, c. 42, ss. 33, 69(E)
  • 1997, c. 17, s. 20
  • 1998, c. 35, s. 111
  • 2000, c. 24, s. 37
  • 2013, c. 24, s. 127
 
Date modified: