PART IIIPetroleum Operations (continued)
DIVISION IIIAppeals and Administration (continued)
Operational Safety Officers and Conservation Officers (continued)
Marginal note:Storage and removal
197.2 (1) A thing seized under this Part may be stored in the place where it was seized or may, at the discretion of an operational safety officer, the Chief Safety Officer, a conservation officer or the Chief Conservation Officer, be removed to any other place for storage. The owner of the thing or the person who is lawfully entitled to possess it shall pay the costs of storage or removal.
Marginal note:Perishable things
(2) If the thing seized is perishable, an operational safety officer, the Chief Safety Officer, a conservation officer or the Chief Conservation Officer may destroy the thing, or otherwise dispose of it in any manner the officer considers appropriate. Any proceeds realized from its disposition shall be paid to the Receiver General.
- 2014, c. 13, s. 74
Marginal note:Power of operational safety officer
198 (1) If an operational safety officer or the Chief Safety Officer, on reasonable grounds, is of the opinion that continuation of an operation in relation to the exploration or drilling for or the production, conservation, processing or transportation of petroleum in any portion of the offshore area is likely to result in serious bodily injury, the operational safety officer or Chief Safety Officer, as the case may be, may order that the operation cease or be continued only in accordance with the terms of the order.
(2) The officer who makes an order under subsection (1) shall affix at or near the scene of the operation a notice of the order in prescribed form.
Marginal note:Expiry of order
(3) An order made by an operational safety officer under subsection (1) expires 72 hours after it is made unless it is confirmed before that time by order of the Chief Safety Officer.
Marginal note:Modification or revocation
(4) Immediately after an operational safety officer makes an order under subsection (1), they shall advise the Chief Safety Officer accordingly, and the Chief Safety Officer may modify or revoke the order.
(5) The person carrying out the operation to which an order under subsection (1) makes reference or any person having a pecuniary interest in that operation may by notice in writing request the Chief Safety Officer to refer it, in the manner prescribed, to the Supreme Court of Nova Scotia for review, and the Chief Safety Officer shall do so.
(6) The Supreme Court of Nova Scotia shall inquire into the need for the order.
Marginal note:Burden of proof
(7) Where an order has been referred to the Supreme Court of Nova Scotia pursuant to this section, the burden of establishing that the order is not needed is on the person who requested that the order be so referred.
Marginal note:Supreme Court judge’s decision conclusive
(8) The Supreme Court of Nova Scotia may confirm or set aside the order, and the decision of that Court is final and conclusive.
Marginal note:Operations in respect of which order made
(9) No person shall continue an operation in respect of which an order has been made pursuant to this section, except in accordance with the terms of the order or until the order has been set aside by the Supreme Court of Nova Scotia pursuant to this section.
- 1988, c. 28, s. 198
- 1992, c. 35, s. 117
- 1999, c. 31, s. 35
- 2014, c. 13, s. 75(E)
198.1 An order made by an operational safety officer or the Chief Safety Officer prevails over an order made by a conservation officer or the Chief Conservation Officer to the extent of any inconsistency between the orders.
- 1992, c. 35, s. 117
- 2014, c. 13, s. 76(E)
Marginal note:Installation manager
198.2 (1) Every holder of an authorization under paragraph 142(1)(b) with respect to a work or activity for which a prescribed installation is to be used shall put in command of the installation a manager who meets any prescribed qualifications, and the installation manager is responsible for the safety of the installation and the persons at it.
(2) Subject to this Act and any other Act of Parliament, an installation manager has the power to do such things as are required to ensure the safety of the installation and the persons at it and, more particularly, may
(a) give orders to any person who is at the installation;
(b) order that any person who is at the installation be restrained or removed; and
(c) obtain any information or documents.
(3) In a prescribed emergency situation, an installation manager’s powers are extended so that they also apply to each person in charge of a vessel, vehicle or aircraft that is at the installation or that is leaving or approaching it.
- 1992, c. 35, s. 117
- 2014, c. 13, s. 77
Offences and Penalties
199 (1) Every person is guilty of an offence who
(a) contravenes this Part or the regulations;
(b) makes any false entry or statement in any report, record or document required by this Part or the regulations or by any order made under this Part or the regulations;
(c) destroys, mutilates or falsifies any report or other document required by this Part or the regulations or by any order made under this Part or the regulations;
(d) produces any petroleum from a pool or field under the terms of a unit agreement within the meaning of Division II, or any amended unit agreement, before the unit agreement or amended unit agreement is filed with the Chief Conservation Officer;
(e) undertakes or carries on a work or activity without an authorization under paragraph 142(1)(b) or without complying with the approvals or requirements, determined by the Board in accordance with the provisions of this Part or granted or prescribed by regulations made under this Part, of an authorization issued under that paragraph; or
(f) fails to comply with a direction, requirement or order of an operational safety officer, the Chief Safety Officer, a conservation officer or the Chief Conservation Officer or with an order of an installation manager or the Committee.
(2) Every person who is guilty of an offence under subsection (1) is liable
(a) on summary conviction, to a fine not exceeding one hundred thousand dollars or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding one year, or to both; or
(b) on conviction on indictment, to a fine not exceeding one million dollars or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years, or to both.
Marginal note:Sentencing principles
(3) In addition to the principles and factors that the court is otherwise required to consider, including those set out in sections 718.1 to 718.21 of the Criminal Code, the court shall consider the following principles when sentencing a person who is found guilty of an offence under this Part:
(a) the amount of the fine should be increased to account for every aggravating factor associated with the offence, including the aggravating factors set out in subsection (4); and
(b) the amount of the fine should reflect the gravity of each aggravating factor associated with the offence.
Marginal note:Aggravating factors
(4) The aggravating factors are the following:
(a) the offence caused harm or risk of harm to human health or safety;
(b) the offence caused damage or risk of damage to the environment or to environmental quality;
(c) the offence caused damage or risk of damage to any unique, rare, particularly important or vulnerable component of the environment;
(d) the damage or harm caused by the offence is extensive, persistent or irreparable;
(e) the offender committed the offence intentionally or recklessly;
(f) the offender failed to take reasonable steps to prevent the commission of the offence;
(g) by committing the offence or failing to take action to prevent its commission, the offender increased their revenue or decreased their costs or intended to increase their revenue or decrease their costs;
(h) the offender has a history of non-compliance with federal or provincial legislation that relates to safety or environmental conservation or protection; and
(i) after the commission of the offence, the offender
(i) attempted to conceal its commission,
(ii) failed to take prompt action to prevent, mitigate or remediate its effects, or
(iii) failed to take prompt action to reduce the risk of committing similar offences in the future.
Marginal note:Absence of aggravating factor
(4.1) The absence of an aggravating factor set out in subsection (4) is not a mitigating factor.
Meaning of damage
(4.2) For the purposes of paragraphs (4)(b) to (d), damage includes loss of use value and non-use value.
(4.3) If the court is satisfied of the existence of one or more of the aggravating factors set out in subsection (4) but decides not to increase the amount of the fine because of that factor, the court shall give reasons for that decision.
Marginal note:Due diligence defence
(4.4) No person shall be found guilty of an offence under this Part if they establish that they exercised due diligence to prevent the commission of the offence.
Marginal note:Presumption against waste
(5) No person commits an offence under subsection 159(1) by reason of committing waste as defined in paragraph 159(2)(f) or (g) unless that person has been ordered by the Committee to take measures to prevent the waste and has failed to comply.
- 1988, c. 28, s. 199
- 1992, c. 35, s. 118
- 2014, c. 13, s. 78
- 2015, c. 4, ss. 100, 117
Marginal note:Offence by officers, etc., of corporation
200 (1) If a corporation commits an offence under this Part, any of the following individuals who directed, authorized, assented to, acquiesced in or participated in the commission of the offence is a party to and guilty of the offence and is liable on conviction to the punishment provided for the offence, whether or not the corporation has been prosecuted or convicted:
(a) an officer, director or agent of the corporation; and
(b) any other individual exercising managerial or supervisory functions in the corporation.
Marginal note:Offence by employee or agent
(2) In a prosecution for an offence under this Part, it is sufficient proof of the offence to establish that it was committed by an employee or agent of the accused, whether or not the employee or agent is identified or has been prosecuted for the offence.
- 1988, c. 28, s. 200
- 1992, c. 35, s. 119
- 2014, c. 13, s. 79
Marginal note:Imprisonment precluded in certain cases
200.1 If an individual is convicted of an offence under this Part on proceedings by way of summary conviction, no imprisonment may be imposed in default of payment of any fine imposed as punishment.
- 2014, c. 13, s. 79
200.2 [Repealed, 2015, c. 4, s. 117]
200.3 [Repealed, 2015, c. 4, s. 117]
200.4 [Repealed, 2015, c. 4, s. 117]
200.5 [Repealed, 2015, c. 4, s. 117]
Marginal note:Order of court
201 (1) If a person is found guilty of an offence under this Part, the court may, having regard to the nature of the offence and the circumstances surrounding its commission, in addition to any other punishment that may be imposed under this Part, make an order that has any or all of the following effects:
(a) prohibiting the offender from committing an act or engaging in an activity that may, in the opinion of the court, result in the continuation or repetition of the offence;
(b) directing the offender to take any action that the court considers appropriate to remedy or avoid any harm to the environment that results or may result from the act or omission that constituted the offence;
(c) directing the offender to take any measures that the court considers appropriate to avoid any injury or damage that may result from the act or omission that constituted the offence, or to remedy any injury or damage resulting from it;
(d) directing the offender to carry out environmental effects monitoring in the manner established by the Board or directing the offender to pay, in the manner specified by the court, an amount of money for the purposes of environmental effects monitoring;
(e) directing the offender to make changes to their environmental management system that are satisfactory to the Board;
(f) directing the offender to have an environmental audit conducted by a person of a class and at the times specified by the Board and directing the offender to remedy any deficiencies revealed during the audit;
(g) directing the offender to pay to Her Majesty in right of Canada, for the purpose of promoting the conservation, protection or restoration of the environment, or to pay into the Environmental Damages Fund — an account in the accounts of Canada — an amount of money that the court considers appropriate;
(h) directing the offender to pay to the Board an amount of money that the court considers appropriate for the purpose of conducting research, education and training in matters related to the protection of the environment, conservation of petroleum resources or safety of petroleum operations;
(i) directing the offender to publish, in the manner specified by the court, the facts relating to the commission of the offence and the details of the punishment imposed, including any orders made under this subsection;
(j) directing the offender to submit to the Chief Safety Officer, on application by the Chief Safety Officer within three years after the conviction, any information with respect to the offender’s activities that the court considers appropriate in the circumstances;
(k) directing the offender to notify, at the offender’s own cost and in the manner specified by the court, any person aggrieved or affected by the offender’s conduct of the facts relating to the commission of the offence and of the details of the punishment imposed, including any orders made under this subsection;
(l) directing the offender to post a bond or pay an amount of money into court that the court considers appropriate to ensure that the offender complies with any prohibition, direction, requirement or condition that is specified in the order;
(m) directing the offender to perform community service, subject to any reasonable conditions that may be imposed by the court;
(n) directing the offender to pay, in the manner specified by the court, an amount of money to environmental, health or other groups to assist in their work;
(o) directing the offender to pay, in the manner specified by the court, an amount of money to an educational institution including for scholarships for students enrolled in studies related to the environment;
(p) requiring the offender to comply with any conditions that the court considers appropriate in the circumstances for securing the offender’s good conduct and for preventing the offender from repeating the same offence or committing another offence under this Part;
(q) prohibiting the offender from taking measures to acquire an interest or from applying for any new licence or other authorization under this Act during any period that the court considers appropriate.
Marginal note:Coming into force and duration of order
(2) An order made under subsection (1) comes into force on the day on which the order is made or on any other day that the court may determine, but shall not continue in force for more than three years after that day.
(3) If an offender does not comply with an order requiring the publication of facts relating to the offence and the details of the punishment, the Board may, in the manner that the court directed the offender, publish those facts and details and recover the costs of publication from the offender.
Marginal note:Debt due to Board
(4) If the Board incurs publication costs under subsection (3), the costs constitute a debt due to the Board and may be recovered in any court of competent jurisdiction.
- 1988, c. 28, s. 201
- 2015, c. 4, ss. 101, 117
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