Assented to 1998-06-18
An Act respecting the powers of the Mi’kmaq of Nova Scotia in relation to education
Her Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate and House of Commons of Canada, enacts as follows:
Marginal note:Short title
Interpretation and Application
2 The definitions in this section apply in this Act.
Agreement means the agreement between Her Majesty the Queen in right of Canada and the Mi’kmaq Bands in Nova Scotia with respect to education, signed on February 14, 1997. (convention)
band means a band within the meaning of the Indian Act. (bande)
community means a band that is named in the schedule. (communauté)
constitution means a constitution in relation to education adopted by the council of a community that is in conformity with the provisions of Schedule D to the Agreement. (constitution)
council, in relation to a band or community, means the council of the band or community as referred to in the Indian Act. (conseil)
member, in relation to a community, means a person whose name appears on the band list maintained for the community in accordance with the Indian Act or who is entitled to have that name appear on the band list. (membre)
reserve means a reserve within the meaning of the Indian Act. (réserve)
Marginal note:Legal capacity
Marginal note:Majority vote
4 The purpose of this Act is to enable communities to exercise jurisdiction in relation to education, as provided in the Agreement.
Marginal note:Application of Act
5 This Act applies to every community for which a constitution is in effect.
Powers and Duties of Communities
Marginal note:Legislative power
Marginal note:Legislative power — post-secondary support
(2) A community may make laws in relation to the administration and expenditure of community funds in support of post-secondary education, as provided by the Agreement, for members of the community wherever resident.
Marginal note:Programs and services
(2) The educational programs and services so provided must be comparable to programs and services provided by other education systems in Canada, in order to permit the transfer of students to and from those systems without academic penalty to the same extent as students can transfer between those other education systems.
Marginal note:Community education boards
8 A community education board established by the laws of the community may carry out any powers conferred on it by those laws or by resolution of the council acting pursuant to section 7.
Marginal note:Enactment of laws
(2) The council of a community shall publish a law not later than thirty days after its enactment in a manner that affords a reasonable opportunity to members of the community resident on the reserve to become aware of it.
Marginal note:Public access
(3) The council of a community shall make copies of the laws of the community and of its constitution available at its office for public inspection during normal business hours, and Mi’kmaw-Kina’matnewey shall make copies of the laws and constitutions of all communities available for public inspection at its office during normal business hours.
(4) In any proceedings, evidence of a law of a community may be given by the production of a copy of the law, certified to be a true copy by a person authorized by the community, without proof of that person’s signature or official character.
Marginal note:Statutory Instruments Act not applicable
Marginal note:Corporation established
(2) The chiefs of the communities are the members of the corporation and together constitute its board of directors, and the board may provide, by by-law or otherwise, for the management and conduct of the affairs of the corporation.
Marginal note:Application of Canada Not-for-profit Corporations Act
(3) For greater certainty, Part 19 of the Canada Not-for-profit Corporations Act applies to the corporation and, in the application of section 160 of that Act to the corporation, a reference to members shall be read as a reference to directors.
- 1998, c. 24, s. 10
- 2009, c. 23, s. 333
Marginal note:Indian Act not applicable
Amendment of Schedule
Marginal note:Addition of band to schedule
Marginal note:Deletion of community from schedule
(2) The Governor in Council may, by order, delete the name of a community from the schedule if the Governor in Council is satisfied that the council of the community has, in a manner consistent with the Agreement, authorized the withdrawal of the community from the Agreement.
Marginal note:Effective date of amendment
(3) Where the council of a band or community, during the twelve-month period ending on June 30 in any year, authorizes the signing of the Agreement or withdrawal from the Agreement, the amendment to the schedule adding the name of the band or deleting the name of the community shall be made effective on April 1 of the following year.
Coming into Force
Marginal note:Section 10
(2) Section 10 comes into force on a day to be fixed by order of the Governor in Council following adoption by the chiefs of the bands named in the schedule of a resolution for the establishment of Mi’kmaw-Kina’matnewey.
Return to footnote *[Note: Act in force April 22, 1999, see SI/99-44.]
- Acadia Band
- Annapolis Valley Band
- Bear River Band
- Chapel Island Band
- Eskasoni Band
- Glooscap First Nation
- Membertou Band
- Paq’tnkek Band
- Pictou Landing First Nation
- Shubenacadie First Nation
- Wagmatcook Band
- Whycocomagh First Nation
- 1998, c. 24, Sch.
- Date modified: